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Copy of the 1st and 22d articles of the preliminary treaty
between France and Great Britain.
ARTICLE I. Aussitôt que les préliminaires seront signés et ratifiés, l'amitié sincère sera rétablie entre sa majesté très Chrétienne et sa majesté Britannique, leurs royaumes, états et sujets par mer et par terre, dans toutes les parties du monde; il sera envoyé des ordres aux armées et escadres, ainsi qu'aux sujets des deux puissances de cesser toute hostilité, et de vivre dans la plus parfaite union en oubliant le passé, dont leurs souverains leur donnent l'ordre et l'exemple; et pour l'exécution de cet article, il sera donné de part et d'autre des passeports de mer aux vaisseaux qui seront expédiés
pour en porter la nouvelle dans les possessions des dites puissances.
ARTICLE XXII. Pour prévenir tous les sujets de plainte et de contestation qui pourroient naître à l'occasion des prises qui pourroient être faites en mer depuis la signature de ces articles préliminaires, on est convenu réciproquement que les vaisseaux et effets qui pourroient être pris dans la Manche, et dans les Mers du · Nord, après l'espace de douze jours à compter depuis la ratification des présents articles préliminaires, seront de part et d'autre restitués. Que le terme sera d'un mois depuis la Manche et les Mers du Nord, jusqu'aux Isles Canaries inclusivement soit dans l'Ocean, soit dans la Méditerranée ; de deux mois depuis lesdites Isles Canaries jusqu'à la ligne équinoxiale ou l'équateur; et enfin de cinq mois dans tous les autres endroits du monde sans aucune exception ni autre distinction plus particulière de tems et de lieux.
AMERICAN PASSPORT FOR BRITISH Ships.
We, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay, three of the ministers plenipotentiary of the United States of America for making peace with Great Britain ; To all captains or commanders of ships of war, privateers, ori armed vessels belonging to the said states, or to either of them, or to any of the citizens of the same, and to all others whom these presents may concern, send greeting.
peace and amity is agreed on between the said United States and his Britannic majesty, and a suspension of hostilities to take place at different periods in different places, bath also been agreed upon by their respective plenipotentiaries: And whereas it hath been further agreed by the said plenipotentiaries, to exchange one hundred passports for merchant vessels, to the end that such as shall be provided with them - shall be exeinpted from capture, although found in latitudes at a time prior to the taking place of the said suspension of hostilities therein: Now therefore know ye, that free passport, licence, and permission is hereby given to the commander, now lying at the port of, and bound from thence to And we do earnestly enjoin upon and recommend to you, to let and suffer the said vessel to pass uomolested to her destined port, and if need be, to afford her all such succor and aid as circumstances and humanity may require. Given under our hands and seals at Paris, on the day of
, in the year of our Lord 1783.
Proclamation for the cessation of hostilities.
BY THE KING,
A proclamation, declaring the cessation of arms, as well by sea as land, agreed upon between his Majesty the most Christian King, the King of Spain, the States General of the United Provinces and the United States of America, and enjoining the observance thereof.
Whereas provisional articles were signed at Paris, on the thirtieth day of November last, between our commisa sioner for treating of peace with the commissioners of the United States of America, and the commissioners of the said states, to be inserted in and to constitute the treaty of peace proposed to be concluded between us and the said United States, when terms of peace should be agreed upon between us and his most Christian majesty ;. and whereas preliminaries for restoring peace between us and his most Christian majesty were signed at Versailles on the twentieth day of January last, by the ministers of us and the most Christian king; and whereas preliminaries for restoring peace between us and the king of Spain, were also signed at Versailles on the twentieth day of January last, between the ministers of us and the king of Spain; and whereas, for putting an end to the calamity of war as soon and as far as may be possible, it hath been agreed between us, his most Christian Majesty, the King of Spain, the States General of the United Provinces, and the United States of America, as follows,
that is to say
That such vessels and effects, as should be taken in the Channel and in the North Seas, after the space of twelve
days, to be computed from the ratification of the said preliminary articles, should be restored on all sides. That the term should be one month from the Channel and the North Seas, as far as the Canary Islands inclusively, whether in the Ocean or in the Mediterranean; two months from the said Canary Islands, as far as the equinoctial line or équator ; and lastly, five months in all other parts of the world, without any exception, or any other more particular description of time or place:
And whereas the ratifications of the said preliminary articles between us and the most Christian king, in due form, were exchanged by the ministers of us and the most Christian king, on the third day of this instant February, and the ratifications of the said preliminary articles between us and the king of Spain, were exchanged between the ministers of us and the king of Spain, on the ninth day of this instant February, from which 'days respectively the several terms above mentioned, of twelve days, of one month, of two months, and of five months, are to be computed ; and whereas it is our royal will and pleasure, that the cessation of hostilities between us and the States General of the United Provinces, and the United States of America, should be agreeable to the epochs fixed between us and the most Christian king :
We have thought fit, by and with the advice of our privy council, to notify the same to all our loving subjects; and we do declare, that our royal will and pleasure is, and we do hereby strictly charge and command all our officers, both at sea and land, and all other our subjects whatsoever, to forbear all acts of hostility, either by sea or land, against his most Christian majesty, the king of Spain, the States General of the United Provinces, and the United States of America, their vassals or subjects, from and after the respective times above mentioned, and under the penalty of incurring our highest displeasure.
Given at our court at St. James's, the fourteenth day of February, in the twenty-third year of our reign, and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eightythree.
God save the king.
TO THE MINISTERS PLENIPOTENTIARY OF THE si!!!: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. GENTLEMEN,
Paris, Feb. 18, 1783. I have the honor to transmit to you herewith, å packet containing one hundred passports for American ressels, which I have this moment received by a courier from England.
I take this opportunity of acquainting you, that a proclamation was issued out in the king's name on the 14th inst, making known the cessation of hostilities which has been agreed upon between the several belligerent powers, and declaring further, that the several epochas 'at which the said armistice is to commence between his majesty and the United States of North America, are to be computed from the third day of this instant February, being the day on which the ratifications of the preliminaries were exchanged between his majesty and the most Christian king. I must add that his majesty was induced to take this step under the firm and just expectation that you, gentlemen, will corres spond to it on your parts, by adopting the same measure reci procally in the name of the States, your masters.
I have the honor to be, with great regard and esteem, gentleinen, yours, &c. (Signed)