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HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 May 5

(114)

465

468

May 16

(31)

469

May 18

(40)

469

May 26

(44)

471

May 29

(46)

From the Minister in Haiti

Transmittal of general outline of proposed financial con-
vention (text printed) presented to the Foreign Minister and
his observations for Department's comment; request for
authorization to accept minor changes.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Department's disinclination to agree to limiting number of
American officials in the Financial Services to two; non-
objection to other Haitian proposals, and authorization to
accept minor changes.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Explanation that recommendation was not to limit the
number of Americans in the Customs Service but the number
nominated by the President of the United States.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Foreign Minister's threat of a Cabinet crisis over U. S.
insistence on Colvin's appointment as Director General of
Service Technique as a condition precedent to Haitianization.
Opinion that internal political questions hold more interest
than Haitianization and that conflict with United States for
political purposes is possible.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that Colvin's appointment has been rejected,
but that if Colvin would resign, Haiti would be willing to pay
him an indemnity; recommendation that Department decide
at once, as an impasse on the question might cause serious
difficulties.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Recommendation that if all Americans are to be released
from Service Technique by January 1, 1932, they be paid 6
months' salary as an indemnity.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Recommendation that if Department accepts the proposal
regarding Colvin, its acceptance be conditional upon explicit
assurances of enforcement of treaty provisions governing the
Garde, in view of Haitian attitude toward appointment of
American officers and promotion of Haitian officers.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Instructions to advise Foreign Minister that Department
acquiesces in the proposal regarding Colvin; advice that
Department is agreeing in order to facilitate Haitianization
negotiations and desires to be informed if this result is not
expected.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that internal political situation may prevent
prompt conclusion of Haitianization negotiations; recom-
mendation that United States proceed with whatever appears
advisable in each Service while continuing general negotiations.

473

June 1

(47)

474

June 1

(49)

474

June 2

(34)

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475

June 3

(52)

HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 June 3

(36)

476

478

June 3

(37)

478

June 4

(53)

479

June 6

(39)

480

June 6

(40)

To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Instructions to inform President Vincent that U. S. acqui-
escence in the Colvin compromise is conditional upon assur-
ances that the Garde treaty provisions will be respected and
that Haitianization discussions must be confined to limits of
1915 treaty.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Authorization to work out a plan for indemnities to American
personnel in connection with Haitianization of Service Tech-
nique.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that a law giving members of Congress an
expense allowance retroactive to November 10, 1930, has been
passed disregarding President Vincent's promise of a balanced
budget prior to enactment. Advice that Financial Adviser is
withholding funds, upon Minister's instruction, and that this
action may create serious situation in Congress; inquiry if
Department approves action taken.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Advice that Department prefers some agreement for Haiti-
anization but will, if agreement fails, carry out withdrawal in
its own manner.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Approval of position outlined in Legation's telegram No. 53,
June 4, and instructions to inform Haitian authorities of U. S.
insistence on full observance of treaty commitments affecting
Financial Service.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Preference for employees in Customs Service to be appointed
by Haitian President upon nomination by President of United
States; instructions to make clear U. S. Government's accord
as to the desirability of the withdrawal of Americans as soon as
feasible.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that Haitian Government will agree to general
assurances provided the United States does not insist on the
commissioning of Captain Aarons; recommendation that
proposal be refused on principle.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Recommendation that, in view of attitude of Government
and public and the possibility of a definite break in negotia-
tions over the Aarons case, United States have a plan of its own
ready to be announced if negotiations break down.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Authorization to Financial Adviser to refuse Finance Minis-
ter's order to pay the expense allowances to members of Con-
gress; discussion with Foreign Minister of possible modification
of 1918 agreement on condition that laws relating to financial
affairs be submitted to the Financial Adviser.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Report that Aarons was cleared of charges by Board of In-
vestigation.

480

June 13

(41)

481

June 18

(61)

482

June 18

(62)

483

June 19

(64)

484

June 20

(66)

HAITI AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931-Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

484

484

485

486

488

1931
June 22 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(44) Authorization to conclude an agreement as suggested in tel-

egram No. 64, June 19, provided that financial legislation and
projects affecting Services headed by Americans be submitted
to the respective heads of the Services before presentation to

the Legislature.
June 22 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(43)

Opinion that Aarons case would not justify jeopardizing Haitianization program; instructions to acquiesce in the President's refusal to commission Aarons provided written assur

ances are received on certain points. June 23 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.) (68) Outline of Haitianization plan for public health work;

inquiry as to Department's attitude and if Navy Department

will cooperate as indicated in plan.
June 25 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(69) Further explanation of Haitian proposal reported in tele-

gram No. 61, June 18, of considerations in Aarons case, and of
plan recommended in case of break in Haitianization negoti-

ations.
July 3 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(47) Retention of opinion, after reconsidering situation, that

Aarons case does not warrant rupture of negotiations; instruc-
tions to draw up and submit in writing to Haitian Government
the entire program for Haitianization, and to discuss it as a
whole instead of piecemeal in order to avoid trouble over

individual cases. July 3

To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(48) Outline of conditions of Navy Department's acquiescence

in public health program, and authorization to discuss plan
with Haitian authorities as part of general Haitianization

agreement.
July 4 From the President of Haiti to President Hoover (tel.)

Expression of good will on U. S. independence day and appeal for more vigorous execution of the recommendations

for Haitianization, July 7 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.) (75)

Letter from President of Haiti to Commandant of the Garde (extract printed) stating disposition to reconsider Aarons case. Intention to present note to Haitian Government in compli

ance with Department's telegram No. 47 of July 3.
July 8 From the Minister in Haiti
(168) Memorandum embodying general plan of Haitianization

(text printed) handed to the Foreign Minister, who objected
to the form and the substance and especially to the U. S.

attitude that 1915 treaty is still valid.
July 9 | Prom President Hoover to the President of Haiti (tel.)

Acknowledgment of President Vincent's telegram of July 4.

490

491

492

492

497

HAITI AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 July 9

(49)

497

497

July 10

(76)

499

July 10

(77)

499

July 13

(51)

500

July 14

(78)

To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Message to be conveyed to President Vincent, if deemed ad-
visable, that President Hoover appreciates his desire for settle-
ment of problems between the two countries and considers
that program outlined in Department's telegram No. 47, July
3, is in accord with recommendations of Forbes Commission
and will expedite Haitianization.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Outline of Haitian counterproject in reply to Legation's
general Haitianization plan. Request for Department's views
on a protocol of disoccupation and on the relinquishment of
martial law rights.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Report of President's agreement to sign Aarons' commission
when Haitianization agreement is reached.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Disapproval of any consideration of a protocol of disoccupa-
tion prior to execution of Haitianization agreement; willingness
to withdraw martial law proclamation after conclusion of Haiti-
anization agreement.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Request for Department's views on unsettled points, in-
cluding sanitary control at Port-au-Prince and Cape Haitien,
indemnities of non-commissioned personnel, Haitian Co-direc-
tor in Internal Revenue, and further discussion on military
disoccupation.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Request for Department's views on Financial Adviser's
proposal that Haitianization of state lands administration be
offered in place of a Haitian Co-director in Internal Revenue.
Inquiry as to authorization to sign agreement without sub-
mitting final text to the Department.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Disapproval of concessions in sanitary control at Port-au-
Prince and Cape Haitien, and in Financial Service; conditional
agreement to waive indemnities for non-commissioned
personnel, to Haitianization of state lands administration, and
if essential, to an accord on evacuation. Authorization to
effect agreement without submitting final text to the Depart-
ment if necessary.
To in (tel)
employees if desirable.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Transmittal for Department's approval of formula (text
printed) suggested as final concession to be made to Foreign
Minister in view of his insistence on abrogation of 1918 accord
regarding the visa of the Financial Adviser.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Approval of tentative draft of Haitianization agreement;
suggestion of two modifications, if obtainable.

500

July 15

(80)

501

July 17

(53)

July 24

502

1573* | Authorization to walke. indemnities for Public Works

502

July 25

(86)

503

July 30

(59)

HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED AUGUST 5, 1931—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Aug. 5

(94)

504

505

Aug. 6

(187)

Aug. 10

508

From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that accord has been signed, that letters are be-
ing exchanged on indemnities and on service payments (text
printed), and that martial law has been repealed by proclama-
tion.
From the Minister in Haiti

Haitianization Agreement signed August 5 (text printed).
From the Haitian Minister

Expression of Haitian Government's gratitude to the Secre-
tary and to President Hoover, its great pleasure over the happy
conclusion of its pour parlers with the United States, and hope
for success in the coming negotiations.
From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)

Information that the President has signed Aarons' commission.
To the Haitian Minister

Acknowledgment of Haitian Minister's note, and expression
of U. S. satisfaction over the successful outcome of the negoti-
ations.

509

Aug. 11

(99) Aug. 17

509

OBJECTIONS BY THE UNITED STATES TO Haitian BUDGETARY LAWS PASSED WITH

OUT PRIOR ACCORD OF THE FINANCIAL ADVISER

1931 July 17

(81)

510

512

July 20

(54)

513

July 20

(82)

From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Information that Haitian Government has presented the
budget to Congress without the Financial Adviser's accord and
presumably with many objectionable features; recommenda-
tion of strong protest and of demand for withdrawal of the bud-
get.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Instructions to inform Haitian Government of U. S. concern
over Haitian action in contravention of 1915 treaty and 1919
protocol, and to request formally the withdrawal of the budget
from Congress.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Haitian Government's assertion that it can withdraw the
budget only by concluding the Haitianization agreement at
once and using it as a pretext; Minister's willingness to accept
such a solution provided a satisfactory agreement is signed
promptly.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Opinion of the Foreign Minister that budget withdrawal is
impossible; his plan to obtain a grant of power authorizing
the President to make changes in the budget after enactment.
Opinion that the matter should be treated separately from
Haitianization agreement.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Receipt of a note from the Foreign Office defending Haitian
budget action but not denying Financial Adviser's rights,
Opinion that Haitian Government will not reach an accord
with Financial Adviser until it has to.

513

July 28

(87)

514

July 29

(90)

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