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LIBERIA

PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF CONTROL IN LIBERIA AND CONTINUED

NONRECOGNITION OF THE BARCLAY ADMINISTRATION—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Jan. 15

657

659

Jan. 16

(9)

659

Jan. 16

(20)

659

Jan. 16

(11)

660

Jan. 17

(12) Jan. 20

(11)

660

Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European

Affairs of a Conversation With the British Ambassador,

January 14, 1931
British Government's contemplated suggestion to Liberian
Government that it ask the League for an international com-
mission of control to take over the country; also that it request
a loan from the League.
From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Inquiry concerning instructions contained in Department's
telegram No. 6, January 12.
From the Ambassador in France (tel.)

British Embassy's receipt of instructions from London to
support any. U. S. representations to French Government for
cooperation in Liberian slavery situation.
To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Substance of conversation between Assistant Secretary of
State and Ambassadors of France, Germany, Italy, and Japan
indicating U. S. policy of nonobjection to a Liberian request for
international control.
To the Chargé Liberia (tel.)

Reply to Chargé's inquiry in his telegram No. 9, January 16.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Substance of formal letter from Sottile to the League
denying rumors of alleged Liberian reprisals against witnesses
who had testified before the Commission.
From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Representations to Acting President Barclay by the Chargé
and his British and German colleagues regarding the partial
and unsatisfactory nature of Liberia's program for compliance
with Commission's recommendations.
From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Expectation that Barclay will request League's aid but will
not include a request for a control commission.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Report on League Council's consideration of the Liberian
question at morning session (decisions being adjourned to a
later date).
From the British Ambassador

Information of British Government's expression of displeas-
ure to Liberian Government over the small measure of support
accorded to Dr. Smith as Chief Medical Adviser to Liberia.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Significant portions of probable report by the rapporteur to the Council suggesting ratification by Liberia of the 1930 Convention on Forced Labor and designation of a small interim committee to study questions of administrative and financial assistance necessary to carry out reforms.

661

Jan, 21

(11)

662

Jan. 22

(12)

663

Jan. 22

(15)

665

Jan. 23

(16)

Jan. 23

(19)

666 LIBERIA

PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF CONTROL IN LIBERIA AND CONTINUED

NONRECOGNITION OF THE BARCLAY ADMINISTRATION—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Jan. 23

(14)

667

668

Jan, 24

(21)

669

Jan. 26

(16)

669

Jan. 31

(18)

From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Liberian identic memoranda (text printed) handed to U. S.,
British, and German representatives stating Liberia's decision
to apply to League Council for advisers in various spheres of
administration.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Council's adoption of report summarized in telegram No. 19,
January 23.
To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)

Notification of Council's appointment of the interim
committee to study questions of administrative and financial
assistance.
From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)

Council's invitation to United States to participate in
meetings of the interim committee (text printed).
To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)

U. S. acceptance of invitation (text printed), and appoint-
ment of Samuel Reber, Jr., Chargé in Liberia, as representative
on the committee.
From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)

Receipt from League of notification (for Reber) of convoca-
tion of the Liberian committee at London, February 26.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Liberia's ratification of the 1930 Convention on Forced
Labor.
From the Vice Consul at Monrovia (tel.)

671

Feb. 2

(16)

671

Feb. 13

(22)

672

Feb. 14

(31)

Feb. 15

672

672

Feb. 20

(24)

673

Feb. 24

(53)

Sottile at Geneva on slavery matters.
To the Vice Consul at Monrovia (tel.)

Instructions for the Minister, upon his arrival in Monrovia,
not to present his credentials at this time, and to maintain rela-
tions with Liberian administration on informal basis.

(Footnote: Information that the Minister, Charles E.
Mitchell, assumed charge of Legation on February 22.)
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Postponement of meeting of committee until
February 27. Indications that League Secretariat wishes to
send two experts to Liberia to make study and report to Liber-
ian committee; unfavorable attitude of Reber toward this plan,
and request for instructions
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State of_a Conversa-

tion With the French Counselor of Embassy, February 24,

1931
French Government's desire that it be understood in League
discussions that what was being done was at request of Liberia.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

For Reber: Desire not to make a decision, in advance of
the committee meeting in London, either for or against send-
ing further investigators to Liberia.

Feb. 25

674

674

Feb. 25

(47)

LIBERIA

PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF CONTROL IN LIBERIA AND CONTINUED

NONRECOGNITION OF THE BARCLAY ADMINISTRATION_Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Feb. 27

(55)

675

676

Feb. 28

(56)

677

Feb. 28

(57)

678

Feb. 28

(53)

678

Feb. 28

(54)

Mar. 2

679

From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Meeting of the committee, at which consider-
ation was given to question of sending experts to Liberia to
make detailed study; adjournment until March 2 for drafting
of proposed instructions to experts.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Substance of the draft instructions to experts,
as determined by informal discussions.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Liberian committee's inquiry, for transmittal
to Finance Corporation, if loan funds can be made available to
a health officer in Monrovia.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

For Reber: Transmittal of message to Finance Corporation;
U. S. belief that Liberian Government should itself arrange for
the requisite funds for a health officer in Monrovia.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

For Reber: Information that United States would raise no
objection to the sending of further expert investigators to
Liberia, although it had hoped the data available to the
committee would be sufficient.
Memorandum by Mr. Ellis 0. Briggs of the Division of Western

European Affairs
Trans-Atlantic telephone conversation between Mr. Reber
in London and Mr. Marriner in Washington regarding the
proposed sending of further experts to Liberia.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Liberian committee's acceptance in principle
of the draft instructions to experts as outlined in telegram No.
56, February 28.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Committee's approval of instructions to ex-
perts and resolutions as to immediate sanitary measures.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

From Reber: Expected arrival in Monrovia of Dr. Howells,
British health officer, about March 12; receipt of further queries
as to funds.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Finance Corporation's assertion that no request for funds
for sanitation has been received from Liberian Government.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Summary of information and viewpoint conveyed to the
Consul by League officials; request for instructions on attitude
to be assumed if again approached by them respecting Liberia.
To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Opinion that it would not be desirable for Consul to discuss
Liberian matter with League officials; instructions as to reply
to be made if again approached.

679

Mar. 3

(59)

680

Mar. 4

(61)

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LIBERIA

PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF CONTROL IN LIBERIA AND CONTINUED

NONRECOGNITION OF THE BARCLAY ADMINISTRATION_Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

683

683

684

685

685

687

1931 May 2 To the Minister in Liberia (tel.) (33) Instructions to telegraph summary of political situation

following Liberian elections, with recommendations as to

desirability of presenting credentials. May 6 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.) (36) Report that incomplete returns indicate election of Edwin

Barclay to the Presidency; belief that presentation of creden

tials would be desirable.
May 8 From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
(55) Intention of the League to put before the Council the report

on the work so far accomplished by the Liberian Committee;
League's desire to be informed in case United States wishes to

arrange participation in Council meeting.
May 8 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
(52) Desire to be informed by League of any further meeting of

the Liberian Committee sufficiently ahead of time if possible

to enable an American representative to be present. May 21 From the Consul at Geneva (tel.) (72) Résumé of the League Council's consideration of report of

the Liberian Committee. May 26 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.) (45) Election of Edwin Barclay as President of Liberia and

James S. Smith as Vice President, inauguration to be January

4, 1932. May 29 To the Minister in Liberia (tel.) (41) Instructions to continue relations with the present Liberian

administration on an informal basis. June 8 To the Minister in Liberia (tel.) (44) Instructions for guidance in relations with the experts soon

to arrive.
July 14 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
(80) Instructions to convey informally to Drummond (Secretary

General of League) that U.S. Government is in sympathy with
what it understands the experts are endeavoring to accomplish

in the nature of reforms.
July 24 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
(59) Information that experts are leaving July 26, having com-

pleted investigation.
Aug. 14 From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
(100) Enumeration of chief points contained in a communication

from Sottile to Drummond indicating probable position of
Liberian Government when matter comes before next meeting

of Liberian Committee or Council.
Aug. 17 | From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
(106) Improbability that experts' report can be transmitted to

interested countries in time to permit the Liberian Committee to meet and submit recommendations to the forthcoming session of the Council.

687

687

688

689

690

691

LIBERIA PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF CONTROL IN LIBERIA AND CONTINUED

NONRECOGNITION OF THE BARCLAY ADMINISTRATION—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Aug. 19

(92)

692

692

Aug. 20

(108)

693

Oct. 3

(79)

694

Oct.

6 (52)

694

Oct. 16

(139)

694

Oct. 31

(104)

695

Nov. 24

(113) Dec. 9

(86)

To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)

Concern over delay in consideration of experts' report;
inquiry if fixing of date of Committee meeting is imminent.
From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)

Information that United States will be consulted as to
meeting date for Committee; that the hope is for a date toward
end of September.
From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

President Barclay's inquiry as to U.S. willingness to receive
a special envoy from Liberia to ascertain terms upon which
Liberia may obtain formal recognition from United States.
To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Belief that no useful purpose would be served by visit of a
special envoy prior to next meeting of the Liberian Committee.
To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)

Communication from Reber to Under Secretary General of
the League (text printed) expressing U. S. concurrence in
proposal for meeting of Committee in January, prior to next
session of the Council.
From the Minister in Liberia

Further indications of Liberian Government's desire for
formal recognition by U. S. Government.
From the Minister in Liberia

Receipt of the experts' report.
From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Report of appeal from a council of native chieftains to the
League (through U. S. and British Legations) for protection
against the administration's alleged inhuman treatment.
To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)

Message for Drummond (text printed) indicating that
American member of the Liberian Committee is prepared to
participate in the Committee's meeting in January.
To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Receipt of information through Consul at Geneva of Liberian
efforts to have meeting of Committee postponed until April
1932; Department's reply to Consul (text printed) giving
opinion that postponement would be most unfortunate.
From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Information that new administration will take office on
January 4.
To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Receipt of information from Consul at Geneva that League
Secretariat still plans to hold meeting of Committee in
January.
To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)

Instructions not to participate in inaugural ceremonies, in
view of U. S. nonrecognition of the Barclay Administration.

696

697

Dec. 12

(167)

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