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NICARAGUA
AMERICAN ASSISTANCE FOLLOWING THE DESTRUCTION OF MANAGUA BY

EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 31, 1931—Continued

THE

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1931 Apr. 3 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Arrival of Mr. Swift; appointment of central and local relief

committees; comments on general situation. Apr. 4 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Assertion that reports of bandit activity connected with the

catastrophe are totally unfounded. Apr. 4

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Expression of gratitude from the city of Granada for assist

ance of American forces in the disaster. Apr. 4 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Information that airplanes of the Pan American Airways have rendered great service in evacuating American families

to Corinto for embarkation. Apr. 4

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Continued exodus from Managua; reports of favorable progress in various phases of relief, and turning of attention

toward problem of restoring normal conditions. Apr. 5

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Outline of relief organization, including specific responsibilities and activities of the various committees, the Marines,

the Guardia, and other groups.
Apr. 5 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Appreciation for action of Commanding General, Canal
Zone, in issuing Army subsistence stores without charge to
Navy transport for Nicaraguan relief, as supplies were urgently

needed without delay.
Undated From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(Rec'd Commendation from Major Mitchell, commanding aircraft

forces of Marine Brigade, for cooperation of Pan American
Airways planes, mentioning specially the splendid work of cer-

tain individuals.
Undated From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(Rec'd Report of work of the committee in charge of sanitation of
Apr. 6] Managua.
Apr. 6 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Progress in restoring water system, organizing food distribu

tion, providing shelter before the rainy season, and fire control. Apr. 6 From the Nicaraguan Minister

Expression of gratitude to the United States, including
President Hoover, Departments of State, War, and Navy,

and American Red Cross.
Apr. 7 To the President of the Pan American Airways, Inc.

Transmittal of texts of the telegrams of April 4 and 6 from the Minister in Nicaragua concerning the great assistance rendered by Pan American Airways; expression also of Department's appreciation.

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Apr. 6)

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796 NICARAGUA AMERICAN ASSISTANCE FOLLOWING THE DESTRUCTION OF MANAGUA BY THE

EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 31, 1931-Continued

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1931 Undated From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

(Rec'd Information that relief measures continue satisfactorily and Apr. 7] that efforts of Central Relief Committee are being concentrated

on restoring normal living and commercial conditions. Apr. 10 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (1) Advice that President Moncada and certain Government

offices will remain in Managua, while remaining offices will be

established temporarily in Masaya. Apr. 10 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (2) Debt of gratitude owed to Will Rogers by entire community

for his visit, which brought cheer and hope to everyone.
Apr. 10 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(3) For the Red Cross from Swift: Belief that $100,000 is a

reasonable contribution for the Red Cross, in view of abnormal
difficulties of the situation, particularly the urgent need for

providing employment and shelter. Apr. 10 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Hope that Department will support and stimulate efforts to obtain financial assistance for Central Relief Committee and Government of Nicaragua, because of urgent need for employ

ment and reconstruction. Apr. 11 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (69) Message for Swift from McClintock of the American Red

Cross (text printed) authorizing expenditure of $100,000 as

requested.
Apr. 14 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(10) Telegram sent to U. S. Legations in Central America (text

printed) declaring that reports concerning many persons having
been killed for looting after the earthquake are grossly exag-

gerated. Apr. 15

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (16) Message for McClintock expressing appreciation for the

relief work done by Swift. Apr. 15 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.). (21) Expression of admiration for wonderful work performed by

U. S. military organizations in Nicaragua and by the Guardia

Nacional, with special mention of various individuals. May 13 From the British Ambassador (160) Appreciation of British Government for assistance of U. S.

Marines in protecting lives and property of British subjects. June 18 From the Minister in Nicaragua (404) Communication to President Moncada, June 11 (text

printed), concerning work of Central Relief Committee of the American Red Cross and its plans for the near future; Moncada's reply, June 18 (text printed), setting forth his gratitude for relief work being done by American Red Cross, and containing message of appreciation to Government of the United States.

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802 LIST OF PAPERS

NICARAGUA ASSISTANCE BI THE L'NITED STATES MARINES IN THE SUPPRESSION OF BANDIT

ACTIVITIES IN NICARAGUA

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4634 Tomme il mister con Nicaragua fetele Asheville has been instructed

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Apr. 13 From the l'ice Consul at Bluefields (tel.)

Fiare-up of bandit activities at Logtown, 60 miles from
Puerto Cabezas; preparations of Guardia to protect Puerto
Cabezas, and expected arrival of two U. S. naval vessels at that

port.
Apr. 14 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(14) Information that Foreign Minister reports a tender of good

offices from the Presidents of Guatemala and El Salvador in the
restoration of order in Nicaragua, provided U. S. Government

is in accord.
Apr. 14 To the Minister in (tel.)

to land forces at Puerto Cabezas to protect Americans until a

Guardia detachment can take over the situation.
Apr. 16 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(80)

Inquiry as to whether any plans are contemplated for trans-
porting reenforcements from Managua to the east coast, as

bandits appear to be making their way eastward.
Apr. 16 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(81)

Instructions to advise American citizens that U. S. Govern-
ment cannot undertake general protection of Americans
throughout Nicaragua with American forces, and to recom-
mend that they withdraw from the country or at least to the

coast towns.
Apr. 17 From the Vice Consul at Blue fields (tel.)

Message from Puerto Cabezas (text printed) that all Ameri

cans are evacuating by first available transportation. Apr. 17 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Message from Guardia officer at Puerto Cabezas (text printed) requesting instructions as action in case of evacua

tion of Americans and departure of naval vessels. Apr. 17 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Data on distribution of the Guardia for opposing banditry;
success of Guardia patrols in stopping advance on Puerto
Cabezas; cooperation of Marine air service with the patrols;
report that reenlistment of trained men recently discharged
was the only speedy way of obtaining reenforcements for the

Guardia.
Apr. 18 To the Vice Consul at Bluefields (tel.)

Advice that naval vessels now on duty at east coast ports

will remain until the present difficulty is over.
Apr. 18 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(85) U.S. desire that the Guardia take over situation on the east

coast as soon as possible so the American vessels may be

withdrawn.
Apr. 18 From the Vice Consul at Bluefields (tel.)

Information that a group of Guardia are being sent from
Bluefields to El Gallo in view of rumors of threatened bandit
| attack.

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ASSISTANCE BY THE UNITED STATES MARINES IN THE SUPPRESSION OF BANDIT

ACTIVITIES IN NICARAGUA-Continued

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1931 Apr. 19

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(90)

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Indications that the situation on the east coast is compli-
cated by labor unrest and subversive propaganda involving
unusual danger for foreigners.
To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Understanding from the Navy that further planes for trans-
portation can soon be made available for the Guardia.
To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Statement issued to the press, April 18 (text printed),
regarding the problem of bandit activities in Nicaragua em-
phasizing points of difference between the present situation and
that of 1926, with particular reference to the Guardia.
To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Advice that Minister may inform his British colleague that
U. S. naval vessels on duty on the east coast will remain until
present difficulty is over.
To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Department's preference not to express approval or dis-
approval of plan referred to in Minister's telegram No. 14,
April 14.
From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

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(93)

Apr. 21

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634.31 Froelegeam frister Genericamaattheters, Jefe Director of Guardia,

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Apr. 28

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(53)

to the Guardia Commander at Bluefields (text printed)
instructing that he request U. S. forces to reembark as soon as
Guardia is able to control the situation.
From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Report that 18 enlisted Guardia were transported by marine
airplane to Puerto Cabezas, April 21.
From the Vice Consul at Bluefields (tel.)

Belief of Guardia Commander of eastern area that most of
bandits have left the area; assertion that conditions on the
coast are rapidly returning to normal due to presence of naval
vessels.
From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Information that most of Marines in northern area have been
withdrawn to Managua; General Matthews' increasing con-
fidence in ability of the Guardia to handle situation.
To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Instructions to inform the Committee of the Foreign Colony
of Matag Ipa, in view of protest from them against withdrawal
of U. S. Marines from that region, of the U. S. Government's
views concerning competency of the Guardia to protect foreign
lives and property.
From the Minister in Nicaragua

Report of various clashes occurring between April 23 and
May 10 between Guardia patrols and small groups of bandits.
From the Minister in Nicaragua

Further clashes between Guardia patrols and bandits, May
10-May 25.

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ASSISTANCE BY THE UNITED STATES MARINES IN THE SUPPRESSION OF BANDIT

ACTIVITIES IN NICARAGUA-Continued

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1931 June 22 From the Minister in Nicaragua (408) Report on an encounter on June 9 between a Guardia patrol

and a group of 50 bandits. June 24 From the Minister in Nicaragua (412) Two further encounters between Guardia patrols and

bandits, June 14 and 15. July 16

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (139) Rumors of considerable bandit movement toward the east

coast. July 20 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (140) Report of bandit attack, July 17, on a Guardia patrol

reconnoitering from Cape Gracias up the Coco River. Undated From the Consul at Bluefields (tel.)

(Rec'd Telegram to Legation at Managua (text printed) describing
July 201 situation at Bluefields and Puerto Cabezas.
July 20 From the Minister in Nicaragua
(431) Encounter, July 9, between a Guardia patrol and small group

of bandits near Telpaneca.
Aug. 3 | From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
(146) Information that Mr. Scott, Manager of the Bragmans Bluff

Lumber Co. at Puerto Cabezas, desires airplanes stationed there
to cooperate with the Guardia; that practicability of the plan

is being considered.
Oct. 29 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)

printed) recommending that he send a warship to Puerto Ca-
bezas, as it will reassure the population and be of assistance

to the Guardia.
Nov. 2 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
(193) Belief that a war vessel should remain continuously at Puerto

Cabezas until the contemplated permanent air patrol on the

east coast is established.
Nov. 23 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
(202) Increased activity of bandits in Leon and Chinandega;

President Moncada's alarm and desire to organize a volunteer
force of Nicaraguans outside the Guardia to put down the

bandits.
Nov. 24 From the Charge in Nicaragua (tel.).
(203) Possibility that armed guards will have to be placed on pas-

senger trains and bridges between Managua and Corinto; in-
quiry if Department would object to use of Marines for this

purpose.
Nov. 25 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
(202) Message for President Moncada (text printed) expressing

confidence that Guardia can handle situation, and opinion as to

inadvisability of creating any outside force. Nov. 25 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.) (203) Authorization for placing of the armed guards on passenger

trains and bridges as indicated in Chargé's telegram No. 203, November 24, if the situation requires it.

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