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the régime of which shall be applicable to Greek subjects on the same terms as to its own subjects.

The Egyptian Government may institute, in warehouses or dwellings, any immediate search that it may deem necessary. A duplicate of the order of search shall be sent to the Greek consular officer, who may repair to the spot at once, if he think proper, although that formality shall not delay the search.

ART. 6.

By way of exception to the stipulations of article 3, the importation into Egypt of arms used in war (including firearms and side-arms) and munitions of war shall not be permitted.

The above restriction does not apply to weapons used in hunting or for ornament or amusement, nor does it apply to gunpowder used in hunting; the importation of these articles shall form the subject of special regulations to be adopted by the Egyptian Government.

ART. 7.

Goods imported into Egypt and re-exported within a period not exceeding six months, shall be considered as goods in transit, and shall pay, as such, only a transit duty of one per cent., computed on their value in the port of discharge. After such period of six months, they shall be subject to the full import duty.

If the re-exportation takes place from the port of discharge, after a simple transshipment, or after the goods have been discharged and kept on land, under surveillance, as provided by the customs regulations, for a period not exceeding one month, such goods shall be liable to no duty; but the transit duty shall be payable, if, after having been discharged and temporarily deposited, either in the warehouses of the custom-house, or in private warehouses, whether floating or not, the goods are reëxported, after having been the object of a commercial operation.

ART. 8.

If goods, after the import duty has been levied upon them in Egypt, are sent to other countries before the expiration of the term of six months from the day of their discharge, they shall be treated as goods in transit, and the Egyptian customhouse shall return to the exporter the difference between the duty paid and the transit duty mentioned in article 7.

In order to obtain the drawback, the exporter must furnish proof that the import duty has been paid on the re-exported goods.

ART. 9.

The productions of the soil and industry of Egypt when sent to Greece, shall pay an export duty of one per cent. ad valorem, computed on the value of the goods in the port of exportation.

For greater facility, these productions shall, as far as possible, be periodically tariffed, by mutual agreement, by the representatives of the merchants engaged in the export trade and the Egyptian customs authorities.

ART. 10.

Articles and personal effects belonging to Consuls-General and Consuls not engaged in other than consular business, not performing other duties, not engaged in commercial or manufacturing business, and not owning or controlling real estate in Egypt, shall be exempt from any examination, both when imported and exported, and likewise from the payment of duties.

ART. 11.

Within 36 hours at most after the arrival of a vessel in an Egyptian roadstead or port, the captain or the agent of the owners shall deposit at the custom-house two copies of the manifest of cargo, certified by him to agree with the original. In like manner, captains shall, before their departure from an Egyptian port, present at the custom-house a copy of the manifest of the goods on board of their vessels. The original manifest, either on arrival or departure, shall be presented at the same time with the copies, in order to be compared with them.

If a vessel stops in an Egyptian port for a reason that appears suspicious to the custom-house, the latter may require the presentation of the manifest, and may immediately make any search that it may deem necessary: the order of search shall, in that case, be addressed to the Greek consular officer, as provided in article 5.

Any surplus or deficit that may be shown by the comparison of the manifest with the cargo shall furnish ground for the imposition of the fines provided for by the customs regulations which shall be issued by the Egyptian Government.

ART. 12. Any custom-house operation in Egypt, either on arrival or departure, must be preceded by a declaration signed by the owner of the goods or his representative.

The custom-house may, moreover, in case of dispute, require the presentation of all the documents that are to accompany any shipment of goods, such as invoices, letters, etc.

Any refusal to make the declaration on arrival or departure, any delay in making the said declaration, or any excess or deficiency found to exist between the goods and the declaration shall furnish ground for the imposition of the fines provided for by the Egyptian custom-house regulations, in each of the cases specified.

ART. 13. The custom-house officers, the officers of the vessels belonging to the Egyptian postal-service, and the officers of national vessels, may board any sailing or steamvessel of less than 200 tons' burden, be that vessel at anchor or tacking, at a distance not exceeding ten kilometers from the shore, without furnishing evidence of vis major; they may ascertain the nature of the cargo, seize any prohibited goods, and secure evidence of any other infraction of the customs regulations.


Any illicit importation of goods shall furnish ground for the confiscations and fines provided for by the Egyptian customs regulations.

Decisions ordering confiscations and fines shall be communicated, within the period fixed by law, to the Greek consular officer.


It is understood that this convention can in no wise impair the administrative rights of the two contracting Governments, and that they may enforce any regulations calculated to promote the efficiency of the service and the repression of fraud.

ARTICLE 16. The present convention shall be operative for seven years from the twentieth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four.

At the expiration of that period, the present convention shall remain in force during the year following, and so on from year to year, until one of the contracting parties shall notify the other of its desire for the cessation of its effects, or until the conclusion of another convention.

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE. The effect of the modifications in the present tariff which are provided for in article IV, shall be suspended until those modifications have been adopted by the other powers interested.

In testimony whereof, the undersigned have signed the present convention.

Done in duplicate at Cairo this third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four. SEAL





Concluded at Paris February 6, 1778; ratified by Congress May 4,

1778. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 296.)

This treaty, abrogated by the act of Congress July 7, 1798, consisted of thirty-one articles, and in many important respects formed the basis of subsequent treaties of commerce.

Federal cases: Glass v. “The Betsey," 3 Dall., 6; Geyer v. Michel, 3 Dall., 285; Moodie v. “ The Phoebe Anne,” 3 Dall., 319; Chirac v. Chirac, 2 Wheat., 259; Carneal v. Banks, 10 Wheat., 181; British Consul v. “The Favorite," Bee's Adm. Rep., 39; Stannick v.“The Friendship,” Bee's Adm. Rep., 40; Salderondo v.“ The Nostra Signora del Camino," Bee's Adm. Rep., 43; Williamson v. “The Betsey,” Bee's Adm. Rep., 67; British Consul v.“ The Mermaid,” Bee's Adm. Rep., 69; Bolchos v. Slaves, Bee's Adm. Rep., 74; Gray v. U.S., 21 Ct. Cl., 340; Hooper v.U.S., 22 Ct. Cl., 408; “ The Brig William," 23 Ct. Cl., 201; "The Venus,” 27 Ct. Cl., 116.

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Concluded at Paris February 6, 1778; ratified by Congress May 4,

1778. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 307.)

This treaty, consisting of twelve articles, provided for an alliance to carry on the war with Great Britain, for the sovereignty of the lands to be acquired as the result of the war, and the guaranty of the French possessions in America and the dominions of the United States.

An additional article was agreed to at the same time reserving to the King of Spain the right to participate in the two treaties. This additional article was also ratified by Congress May 4, 1778. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 309.)

By an act of Congress approved July 7, 1798, the treaties with France then in force were abrogated.



FRANCE. Concluded July 16, 1782; ratified by Congress January 22, 1783.

(Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 310.)

Under this contract the United States pledged itself to pay in twelve equal annual installments of 1,500,000 livres each the amount of the indebtedness to the King of France, which was 18,000,000 livres. It was also agreed to pay the loan obtained from Holland of 10,000,000 livres in ten annual payments.




Concluded February 25, 1783; ratified by Congress October 31, 1783.

(Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 314.)

By this agreement 6,000,000 livres were to be loaned the United States from the royal treasury in the course of the year, and to be repaid in six annual installments beginning in 1797. It was also agreed that the payments under the contract of 1782 should commence in 1787.



Concluded November 14, 1788; ratification advised by the Senate July

29, 1789; ratified by the President September 9, 1789; ratifications exchanged January 6, 1790 (dated January 1, 1790); proclaimed

(Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 316.) This convention of sixteen articles was abrogated by the act of July 7, 1798.

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Federal case: U.S. v. Lawrence, 3 Dall., 42.



TREATY OF PEACE, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION. Concluded September 30, 1800; ratification advised by the Senate with

amendments February, 1801; ratified by the President February 18, 1801; ratified by the First Consul of France on condition of acceptance of amendments proposeil by him July 31, 1801; ratifications exchanged July 31, 1871; proclaimed December 21, 1801. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 322.)

This treaty consisted of twenty-seven articles and expired by its own limitations July 31, 1809.

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Federal cases: U.S. v.“ The Peggy." 1 Cranch, 103; Chirac v. Chirac, 2 Wheat., 259; De Geofroy v. Riggs, 133 U.S., 258; Gray 1'. U.S., 21 Ct. Cl., 340; Cushing v. .U.S., 22 Ct. Cl., 1; Hooper v. U.S.., 22 Ct. Cl., 108; The Schooner Jane,” 23 Ct. Cl., 226; The Ship Tom," 29 Ct. Cl., 68.

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TREATY FOR THE CESSION OF LOUISIANA. Concluded April 30, 1803; ratification advised by the Senate October 20, 1803; ratified by the President October 21, 1803; ratifications exchanged October 21, 1803; proclaimed October 21, 1803. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 331.)

(This treaty although executed is given on account of its historical value in defining the extent of the cession.)

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ARTICLES. I. Cession of the colony of Loui- VI. Treaties with Indians. siana.

VII. Privileges to French and Spanish II. Extent of cession.

ships. III. Citizenship to inhabitants. VIII. Most favored nation clause. IV. Transfer of territory.

IX. Approval of other conventions. V. Assumption of possession.

X. Ratification. The President of the United States of America, and the First Consul of the French Republic in the name of the French People desiring to remove all source of misunderstanding relative to objects of discussion mentioned in the second and fifth articles of the Convention of the 18th Vendémiaire an 9 relative to the rights claimed by


30 September 1800 the United States in virtue of the Treaty concluded at Madrid the 27 of October 1795, between His Catholic Majesty, & the said United States, & willing to strengthen the union and friendship which at the time of the said Convention was happily reestablished between the two nations have respectively named their Plenipotentiaries to wit the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said States; Robert R. Livingston Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States and James Monroe Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy extraordinary of the said States near the Government of the French Republic; And the First Consul in the name of the French people, Citizen Francis Barbé Marbois Minister of the public treasury who after having respectively exchanged their full powers, have agreed to the following Articles.


of between the First Consul of the

Whereas by the Article the third of the Treaty concluded at St. Idelfonso the

sgth Vendémiaire an 9 French Republic and his Catholic Majesty it was agreed as follows.

“His Catholic Majesty promises and engages on his part to cede to “the French Republic six months after the full and entire execution of the conditions and stipulations herein relative to his Royal Iligh

ness the Duke of Parma, the Colony or Province of Louisiana with

Federal cases: Foster v. Neilson, 2 Pet., 253; Soulard v. U.S., 4 Pet., 511; Delassus v. U.S.,9 Pet., 117; New Orleans v. De Armas, 9 Pet., 224; Smith v. U.S., 10 Pet., 326; New Orleans v. U.S., 10 Pet., 662; Strother v. Lucas, 12 Pet., 410; Garcia v. Lee, 12 Pet., 511; Keene v. Whitaker, 14 Pet., 170; Chouteau v. Eckhart, 2 How., 344; Pollard v. Hagan, 3 How., 212; McDonogh v. Millaudon, 3 How., 693; U.S. v. King, 3 How.,773; U.S. v. Reynes, 9 How., 127; Davis v. Police Jury of Concordia, 9 How., 280; U. S. v. D'Auterive, 10 How., 609; U. S. v. Philadelphia and New * Orleans, 11 How., 609; U. S. v. Turner, 11 How., 663; U. S. v. Lynde's Heirs, 11 Wall., 632; Slidell v. Grandjean, 111 U.S., 412; Bryan v. Kennett, 113 U.S., 179; Josephs v. U. S., 1 Ct. Cl., 197,2 Ct. Cl.,586; Gray v. U.S., 21 Ct. Cl., 340; “ The Ship Tom," 29 Ct. Cl., 68.

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