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CONVENTION OF PEACE, AMITY, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION. Concluded May 16, 1832; ratification advised by the Senate December

19, 1832; ratified by the President April 26, 18.34; ratifications ecchanged April 29, 1834; proclaimed April 29, 1834. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 131.)

This treaty, containing thirty-one articles relating to commerce and navigation, consular and diplomatic privileges, etc., remained in force until January 20, 1850, when it was terminated on notice given by the Chilean Government.

Federal case: U. S. v. Trumbull, 48 Fed. Rep. 94.



Concluded September 1, 1833; ratification adrised by the Senate April

24, 1834; ratified by the President April 26, 1834; ratifications exchanged April 29, 18:34; proclaimed April 29, 18.34. (Treaties and

, ,

This convention of four articles extended the time for the exchange of ratifications of the convention of 1832, and was explanatory of certain articles. It was terminated January 20, 1850, on notice given by the Chilean Government.



Concluded Norember 10, 1858; ratification adrised by the Senate

March 8, 1859; ratified by the President August 4, 1859; ratifications exchanged October 15, 1859; proclaimed December 22, 1859. Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 112.)

The claims of the owners of the property referred to in the treaty were submitted to the arbitration of the King of Belgium, who, on May 15, 1863, rendered an award in favor of the United States, allowing $12,400 with interest.



Concluded August 7, 1892; ratification adrised by the Senate Decem

ber 8, 1892; ratified by the President December 16, 1892; ratifications erchanged January 20, 1893; proclaimed January 28, 1893. (U. S. Stats., Vol. 27, p. 965.)

This treaty of twelve articles provided for the submission of the claims of the United States citizens against Chile and of Chilean citizens against the United States to a commission. The commission, met in Washington, D. C., October 9, 1893, and held their final session April 9, 1894, awarding 8240,561.35 to the United States for its citizens.


1844. TREATY OF PEACE, AMITY, AND COMMERCE. Concluded July 3, 1844; ratification advised by the Senate January

16, 1845; ratified by the President January 17, 1840); ratifications exchanged December 31, 1845; proclaimed April 18, 1846. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 115.)

As the Treaty of 1858 was negotiated as a substitute, the references are here given to the corresponding articles in the later treaty, and the articles not referred to therein are printed.


I. Peace and amity. (See Art. I, p. 96.)
II. Import and export duties. (See Treaty of Novem-

ber 8, 1858, p. 105.)
III. Open ports. (See Art. XIV, p. 100.)
IV. Consular officers.. (See Art. X, p. 98.)

V. Commerce. (See Art. XV, p. 100.)
VI. Tonnage duties. (See Art. XVI, p. 100.)

ARTICLE VII. Passenger and cargo boats. No tonnage duty shall be required on boats belonging to citizens of the United States, employed in the conveyance of passengers, baggage, letters and articles of provision, or others, not subject to duty to or from any of the five ports. All cargo boats however, conveying merchandise subject to duty shall pay the regular duty of one mace per ton, provided they belong to citizens of the United States, but not if hired by them from subjects of China.

VIII. Pilots, etc. (See Art. XVII, p. 101.)
IX. Custom-house officers. (See Art. XVIII, p. 101.)

X. Vessels arriving in China. (See Art. XIX, p. 101.)
XI. Ascertainment of duties. (See Art. XX, p. 105.)

ARTICLE XII. Standard weights and measures. Sets of standard balances, and also weights and measures, duly prepared, stamped and sealed according to the standard of the custom house at Canton shall be delivered by the superintendent of customs to the Consuls of each of the five ports to secure uniformity and prevent confusion in measure and weight of merchandise.

XIII. Payment of duties. (See Art. XXII, p. 103.)
XIV. Transshipment of goods. (See Art. XXIII, p. 103.)

ARTICLE IV. Liberty to trade.
The former limitation of the trade of foreign nations to certain per-
sons appointed at Canton by the Government and commonly called
Hong-merchants, having been abolished, citizens of the United States,

engaged in the purchase or sale of goods of import or export, are adınitted to trade with any and all subjects of China without distinction; they shall not be subject to any new limitations, nor impeded in their business by monopolies or other injurious restrictions.

XVI. Collection of debts. (See Art. XXIV, p. 103.)
XVII. Privileges of open ports. (See Art. XII, p. 99.) )
XVIII. Chinese teachers, etc. (See Art. XXV, p. 103.)

XIX. Protection to United States citizens. (See Art. XI,

p. 98.)
XX. Reexportation. (See Art. XXI, p. 102.)

, )
XXI. Punishment for crimes. (See Art. XI, p. 98.)
XXII. Trade with China in case of war. (See Art. XXVI,

p. 104.)

ARTICLE XXIII. Reports by consuls. The Consuls of the l’nited States at each of the five ports open to foreign trade shall make annually to the respective Governors General thereof a detailed report of the number of vessels belonging to the United States which have entered and left said ports during the year; and of the amount and value of goods imported or exported in said vessels for transmission to and inspection of the board of Revenue. XXIV. Communications with officials. (See Art. XXVIII,

p. 104.) XXV. Rights of United States citizens. (See Art. XXVII,

p. 101.)
XXVI. Merchant vessels in Chinese waters. (See Art. XIII,

p. 99.)
XXVII. Shipwrecks, etc. (See Art. XIII, p. 99.)

ARTICLE XXVIII. Embargo. Citizens of the United States their vessels and property shall not be subject to any embargo; nor shall they be seized and forcibly detained for any pretence of the public service; but they shall be suffered to prosecute their commerce in quiet, and without molestation or embarrassment.

XXIX. Control over seamen. (See Art. XVIII, p. 102.)

XXX. Official correspondence. (See Art. VII, p. 97.)
XXXI. Communications. (See Art. VIII, p. 88.)
XXXII. Naval vessels in Chinese waters. (See Art. IX, p. 98.)
XXXIII. Clandestine trade. (See Art. XIV, p. 100.)

ARTICLE XXXIV. Duration; ratification. When the present convention shall have been definitively concluded, it shall be obligatory on both powers, and its provisions shall not be altered without grave cause; but, inasmuch as the circumstances of the several ports of China open to foreign commerce are different, experience may show that inconsiderable modifications are requisite in those parts which relate to commerce and navigation; in which case the two Governments will, at the expiration of twelve years from the date of said convention, treat amicably concerning the same, by the means of suitable persons appointed to conduct such negotiations.

And when ratified, the treaty shall be faithfully observed in all its

parts by the United States and China, and by every citizen and subject of each. And no individual State of the United States can appoint or send a Minister to China to call in question the provisions of the same.

The present Treaty of peace, amity, and commerce shall be ratified and approved by the President of the United States by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the August Sovereign of the Ta Tsing Empire, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within eighteen months from the date of the signature thereof or sooner if possible.

In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipotentiaries of the l'nited States of America and of the Ta Tsing Empire as aforesaid, have signed and sealed these Presents.

Done at Wang Hiya, this third day of July in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ, One thousand Eight hundred and forty four, and of Taou Kwang the twenty fourth year, fifth month and eighteenth day.

[SEAL.] C. CUSHING TSIYENG, (in Manchu language.)


The Tariff of Duties to be leried on importeil and erported Merchandise

at the Five Ports. (See Convention of November 8, 1858, p. 107.)

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TREATY OF PEACE, AMITY, AND COMMERCE. Concluded June 18, 1858; ratification advised by the Senate December

15, 1858; ratified by the President December 21, 1858; ratifications exchanged August 16, 1859; proclaimed January 26, 1860. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 159.)

ARTICLES. I. Declaration of amity.

XVII. Pilots, etc. II. Deposit of treaty.

XVIII. Control of ships, etc. III. Promulgation.

XIX. Ships' papers, etc. IV. Diplomatic privileges.

XX. Customs examinations. V. Visit of minister to Capital.

XXI. Reexportation. VI. Residence of minister at the Cap- XXII. Payment of duties. ital.

XXIII. Transshipment of goods. VII. Correspondence.

XXIV. Collection of debts. VIII. Personal interviews.

XXV. Chinese teachers, etc. IX. Naval vessels in Chinese waters. XXVI. Trade with China in case of

X. Consuls authorized. XI. United States citizens in China. XXVII. Rights of United States citiXII. Privileges in open ports. XIII. Shipwrecks; pirates.

XXVIII. Communications with officers. XIV. Open ports; clandestine trade XXIX. Freedom of religion. prohibited.

XXX. Most favored nation privileges XV. Commerce permitted; tariff.



to United States citizens; XVI. Tonnage duties.

ratification. The United States of America and the Ta Tsing Empire, desiring to maintain firm, lasting, and sincere friendship, have resolved to

1 See Treaty of July 4, 1868, p. 115.

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