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succeeded in surrounding the town, and killing and captur ing almost (if not entirely) the whole of the hostile Creeks assembled there, consisting of about 316, of which number about 60 warriors were killed on the spot, and the remainder made prisoners. We lost not one drop of blood in accomplishing this enterprise. We destroyed this village; and, in obedience to your orders, commenced our march for this post, which we were unable to reach until yesterday.
I have the honor to be, &c.
Killed 60-Prisoners 256.
Gen. Floyd to Gen. Pinkney.
Catahouche, Dec. 4, 1813. [Extract.] SIR-I have the honor to communicate to you an account of the action fought on the 29th ult. between part of the force under my command, and a large body of the Creek Indians. Having received information that the hostile Indians were assembled at Autossee, I proceeded thither with the force under my command, accompanied by about 300 friendly Indians. We encamped the 28th at night, within ten miles of our place of destination, and the next morning by half past 6, were formed for action.in front of the town.
It was my intention to have completely surrounded the enemy, by appaying the right of my force on Canlehee creek, at the mouth of which, I was informed, the town stood; and resting the left on the river below the town ;but to our surprise, as day dawned, we perceived a second town 500 yards below Autossee. The plan of attack was immediately changed; five companies immediately surrounded the lower town, and the remainder attacked the upper. The battle now became general. The Indians presented themselves at every point, and fought with the desperate bravery of real fanatics; but the well directed fire of the artillery, with the charged bayonet, soon forced them to take shelter in their houses, and many, it is believ ed, secured themselves in caves previously prepared in the
high bank of the river. The friendly Indians were lo cross the river above the town, for the purpose of taking such as might attempt to escape; but owing to the coldness of the water, they declined, after making the attempt: they crossed the creek, thronged to our flanks, and fought with an intrepidity worthy of any troops. At 9 o'clock, the enemy was completely driven from the plain, and the houses of both towns wrapped in flames, to the number of about 400. It is difficult to determine the strength of the enemy, but the chiefs say there were assembled the warriors of eight towns, for the defence of Autossee, it being their beloved ground, on which, they proclaimed, no white man could approach without inevitable destruction.
Gen. Claiborne to the Secretary of War. Fort Claiborne, Jan. 1st, 1814. [Extract]SIR-On the 13th ult. I marched a detachment from this post with a view of destroying the towns of the inimical Creek Indians, on the Alabama, above the mouth of the Cahaba. After having marched about eighty miles, from the best information I could obtain, I was within thirty miles of a town newly erected on a ground called Holy, occupied by a large body of the enemy, under the command of Witherford, the half breed chief. On the morning of the 22d, the troops resumed their line of march, chiefly through woods without a track to guide them.. When near the town on the morning of the 23d my disposition for attack was made.-The troops advanced in three columns. With the centre column I advanced myself, ordering Lester's guards and Well's troop of dragoons to act as a corps of reserve. About noon the right column composed of the twelve month's volunteers, commanded by Col. Joseph Carson, came in view of the town called Eccanachaca (or Holy Ground) and was immediately vigorously attacked by the enemy, who were apprized of our approach, and had chosen their field of action.
Before the centre, commanded by Lieut. Col. Russell, with a part of the 3d regiment of U. S. infantry and mountéd militia riflemen, or the left column, which was compos ed of militia and a party of Choctaws under Pushamuttaha, commanded by Maj. Smoot, of militia, who were ordered to charge, couldcome generally into action, the enemy were repulsed and were flying in all directions, and many of them casting away their arms.
A pursuit was immediately ordered but from the nature of the country, nothing was effected. The town was nearly surrounded by swamps and deep ravines, which rendered our approach difficult, and facilitated the escape of the enemy. In the town we found a large quantity of provisions and immense property of various kinds, which the enemy, flying precipitately, were obliged to leave behind, and which, together with two hundred houses were destroyed.
The next day was occupied in destroying a town consisting of sixty houses, eight miles higher up the river, and in taking and destroying the enemy's boats. At the town last destroyed was killed three Indians of some distinc
I have the honor to be, &c.
FERD. L. CLAIBORNE.
Killed 1-wounded 6.
Killed 33-wounded not known.
Gen. Floyd to Gen. Pinkney.
Camp Defiance, Jan. 27, 1814. Extract.] SIR-I have the honor to acquaint your excellency that this morning at 20 minutes past 5 o'clock, a very large body of hotile Indians made a desperate attack upon the army under my command. They stole upon the centinels, fired on them, and with great impetuosity rushed upon our line in 20 minutes the action became general, and our front, right, and left flanks were closely pressed, but the brave and gallant conduct of the field and line officers, and the firmness of the men, repelled them at every point.
The steady firmness, and incessant fire of Capt. Thomas' artillery, and Capt. Adams' riflemen, preserved our front lines. The enemy rushed within 30 yards of the artillery, and Capt. Brodnax, who commanded one of the piquet guards, maintained his post with great bravery, until the enemy gained his rear, and then cut his way through them to the army. As soon as it became light enough to distinguish objects, I ordered Majs. Watson's and Freman's battallions to wheel up at right angles with Majors Booth's and Cleveland's battallions, who formed the right wing, to prepare for the charge. The order for the charge was promptly obeyed, and the enemy fled in every direction before the bayonet. From the effusion of blood, and the number of head dresses and war clubs found in various directions, their loss must have been considerable, independent of their wounded. I have the honor to be, &c.
Killed 17-wounded 132.
Killed 52-wounded not known.
Gen. Jackson to Gen. Pinkney.
Fort Strother, Jan. 29, 1814. [Extract] SIR-I had ordered 800 Tennessee volunteers to join me on the 10th inst, but they did not arrive until the 14th; the next day they, with the force before with me, 130, marched across the river to graze our horses. The motives which influenced me to penetrate further into the enemy 's country were many and urgent. 1 received a letter from Col. Snodgrass, informing me that an attack was soon to be made on fort Armstrong, by 900 of the enemy, collected from New Youka, Oakfuskee, and Ufauley towns, and were concentrated in the bend of the Tallapoosee. If I could have hesitated before, I could now hesitate no longer. On the 19th I encamped at Entochapco; here I soon perceived how little knowledge my spies had of the country, of the situation of the enemy, or of the distance we were from them, and the insubordination of the new troops, and want of skill in their officers, became more apparent; but my wishes and my duty remained united.
We arrived within a few miles of our destination the 21st, and encamped on a high piece of ground; about 10 o'clock at night our picket fired upon a few of the enemy, and killed one. At 11 o'clock our spies returned with information that a large body of the enemy were encamped about three miles distant. Being prepared at all points, nothing remained to be done, but await their approach, or be in readiness to attack them by day light. The enemy attacked our left flank, about 6 o'clock in the morning, which was vigorously met by our troops; the attack lasted half an hour. So soon as it became light enough to pursue the enemy, the brave Gen. Coffee led on our troops to the charge; the enemy was completely routed at every point, and chased two miles with great slanghter. Gen. Coffee was now sent with 400 troops to reconnoitre the enemy's camp, who returned after satisfying himself of their strength. In half an hour a considerable force of the enemy made its appearance on my right flank, and attacked us with great spirit. Gen. Coffee requested 200 men of me for the purpose of turning their left flank, which was granted; but by some mistake, not observed at the time, only 54 followed him, who were chiefly old volunteer officers. With this little band of heroes, the Gen. attacked it, and drove them from the ground; at the same time 200 friendly Indians were ordered to fall upon their right, and co-operate with the General. This order was soon obeyed, and in its execution, what I expected, was realized. The enemy intended the attack on my right as a feint, and soon attacked my left with their main force, which they hoped to find weakened and in disorder-they were disappointed-the whole line met the attack with firmness and astonishing intrepidity, and having given a few fires charged with great vigor; the effect was immediate and inevitable. The enemy fled with precipitation, and were pursued to a considerable distance with great slaughter. In the mean time Gen. Coffee was contending with a superior force, the Indians having joined my left. Jim Fife, with 100'friendly Indians, I forthwith ordered to his assistance; he no sooner reached the spot than the General made a charge, and the enemy were routed and driven three miles, with the loss of 45 slain. I was determined to commence a return march the next morning,