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an agreement for at least six years. An individual who would fulfil these conditions, who, besides having never taken part in the Polish revolution, should be found physically fit for the service, and against whose morality there could exist no unfavourable record, might be enrolled by the commandant, for a moneyed engagement to be fixed beforehand. It would be essential to settle the pay of the soldiers and officers of the militia of Cracow, in such a manner as to present some attraction for the service; and provision should be made for the case of ill-health and retirement. A Commission, to be named by the Senate, and in which the new commandant of militia should take part, would regulate the other points of detail for the formation of the militia, which the Conference of the Residents would have to sanction.

It would equally be a question of drawing up a regulation for the service, and a regulation of discipline and of punishments, for the militia of Cracow. As the definitive evacuation of the State of Cracow depends principally on the new formation of the militia on these bases, the three Courts expect to be informed as soon as possible of the progress of its being formed; and, in the event of its desired end not being attained, it would be for the Senate to indicate the obstacles which impede

it, in order that means may be devised for apply

ing a remedy.




As the police, in order to be well administered, requires unity of will, prompt execution, and a responsibility not to be shared, the Three Courts are of opinion that the supreme direction of the affairs of the police of Cracow, and especially the police for strangers, ought to be concentrated in the hands of the President, and that for this end the 16th Article of the organic statute of the Senate, which only reserves to the President the affairs of the high police, ought to be modified by an extension of this reserve to the affairs of the police in general. It would also be for the President, with the concurrence of a committee of the senators, to be chosen by himself, that the nomination of the commissioners and assistants of the police should be reserved; and as, according to Article VI. of the constitution, these nominations belong to the Senate, the Three Courts intend to modify on this point the article in question. The nomination of the director of the police would remain

with the Senate, but the Three Courts expect that its choice will previously be communicated to their Residents, in order to be certain whether there be no objection on their part, because the Courts would never consent to see at the head of a branch of the public service so important, even for the safety of the state of Cracow, and for that of the neighbouring provinces, a man who, besides the qualities required for that post, would not afford by all his preceding conduct a perfect guarantee for the rectitude of his political sentiments. The nomination and the destitution of the subaltern functionaries of police would belong to the director, because he is also responsible for the execution of all the measures of police judged necessary. In order to facilitate the surveillance of the police over the whole territory of Cracow, subaltern functionaries dependent solely on the director of police must be placed in each district. The director of the police ought to obtain funds proportioned for the secret service which has hitherto been wholly wanting, and for which he would only be accountable to the President. The salary of director of the police, at present fixed at 5000 Flor. crt. of Exchange, ought to be augmented on account of the greater responsibility.



1. That no permission shall be given to foreign subjects to visit the territory of Cracow without being furnished with a regular passport.

2. That, in addition, no stranger should be permitted to remain who should be unprovided with regular papers. The subjects of the three protecting Courts would in this case be sent back to the countries to which they belong, and the other strangers in the direction whence they came.

3. That there should be pronounced, in the event of such law not existing, the punishment applicable to falsifying passports, certificates, &c., &c., to which he who should produce falsified passports should be subjected in the state of Cracow: after which the guilty party, if he be a subject of the protecting powers, should be placed at the disposal of his government, and be sent out of the territory of Cracow, if he belongs to another country.

4. That the punishment for those who should receive individuals not furnished with regular passports, or who should neglect to denounce them to the police, should be increased. The protecting


Courts do not, however, mean to comprize in the obligation to produce the passports inhabitants of the frontier when they are known, and do not stop more than three days in the territory of CraNor do they mean to give to this law a retrospective effect, relative to the persons who should previously have settled in Cracow and work in their trades, on condition, however, that a term should be fixed for these persons to conform to the regulation. Finally, the protecting Courts mean to lend every facility compatible with their police regulations, as well to receive the individuals who should be sent away from the territory of Cracow, as to furnish passports or certificates to those of their subjects who might wish to enter for valid reasons into the state of Cracow. One cannot admit that a law such as that proposed, which is founded on the simplest rules of a good administration of police, can be contrary to Article 8 of the Constitution for the state of Cracow; since, most certainly, one would neither be inclined, nor have the power, to impose on the government of Cracow an obligation to receive and tolerate criminals, evil-disposed people, and vagabonds who might take refuge in their territory whenever they should not be claimed.

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