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Besides these, one or two Assistant-Councillors or Assessors may be named, who, however, will only act in the event of the impediment of an active member.

The nomination rests with the Government.

Art. 4. The President and the Councillors must be Metropolitans, Archbishops, or Bishops; the associates, however, Presbyters, or Hieromonarchs.

Every year a new nomination is to take place. The old members may, however, be nominated again.

Each acting Councillor and Assessor receives, besides the salary due to him from his ecclesiastical office, a sum of money according to the duration of his functions.

Art. 5. The march of business is collegial.

In the deliberations the majority decides.

When the votes are equal, the President has a deciding voice. All the members have to sign the decree.

If one or more member should differ in opinion, they may record their difference of opinion in the protocol of the sittings.

Art. 6. With the Synod are associated a Procurator and Secretary, named by the Government.

The remaining functionaries of the Chancellery are to be appointed by the Synod, but must be confirmed by the Government.

Art. 7. The Secretary is President of the Chancellery of the Synod, and conducts the Protocols of Proceedings.

He is empowered to take a part in the deliberations, without, however, having a deciding voice.

The State Procurator must assist at all the sittings, and represent the Royal Government in them.

Every decree resolved upon in his absence is ineffective.

He has also the right to lay before the Synod, on demand of a Royal Functionary or Magistrate, propositions on which the Synod must, without delay, deliberate and decide.

Art. 8. The following oath must be taken by the President, the Councillors, and the Assessors.

"I swear fidelity to the King, obedience to the laws of the Kingdom, a conscientious administration of the office entrusted

to me, a faithful maintenance of the rights and liberties of the orthodox Eastern Apostolic Church in the Kingdom of Greece, the maintenance of its independence of every foreign power, a conscientious promotion of its welfare, with a careful removal of any temporal views, and the punctual fulfilment of al! and each of the duties belonging to my office."

The usual oath of office is to be taken by the State Procurator, the Secretary, and the other officers of the Chancellery.

The President, the Councillors, and Assessors, the State Procurator and the Secretary, take the oath in the hands of the King, but the remaining functionaries at a sitting of the Synod.

Art. 9. In all the internal affairs of the Church, the Synod acts independently of the temporal authority.

With regard to the supreme superintendence of the Government over all acts, and incidents, and relations within the State, it is justified in taking cognizance of what is done, and no resolution of the Synod can be made known or acted upon without the previous consent of the Government.

In the preamble of such resolutions, the consent of the Government thereto is always to be mentioned.

Art. 10. To the internal affairs of the Church belong, under Articles 11, 12, 17, the following provisions.

1. The doctrine of faith. 2. The form and ceremonies of the divine service. 3. The direction of the duties of the Priesthood.

4. Religious instruction. 5. The discipline of the Church. 6. The examination and ordination of the servants of the Church. 7. The consecration of the vessels, &c., and edifices destined to the service of God. 8. The exercise of jurisdiction in purely spiritual matters, namely, in affairs of conscience, or the fulfilling of the duties of religion and of the Church, according to the dogmas, the works on the dogmas, and the constitution founded on them.

Art. 11. The Synod watches over the preservation of the purity of the received dogmas of the Eastern Church, and over the contents of the books sold for the use of youth or destined for that of the Priesthood and treating of religious matters; and endeavours, when it learns with certainty that any one is en

deavouring to injure the Church of the Realm through new doctrines or proselytism, or, in any other manner, to apply the temporal power, according to the temporal laws, to remedy the evil.

Art. 12. The Synod watches furthermore over the exact obedience to spiritual ordinances and uses, over the good order of the Church and of the Church ceremonies, and especially over the rites of the Church. It has the direction of all that refers to the preservation of the dignity of the Priesthood, and to its improvement, and has to take care that the Priest does not violate the spiritual and temporal laws by interfering in temporal matters.

Art. 13. All ecclesiastical affairs, having reference to the Church but not to its doctrines, but which rather (without exactly belonging to purely temporal affairs) relate to the State and to the temporal welfare of its inhabitants, come within the cognizance of the Synod, but no partial regulation of their's can be carried into effect without the participation and approbation of the Government. The Government is even authorised, not only to take cognizance of the regulations of the Synod, but even by their own ordinances to prevent what might be injurious to the welfare of the people.

Art. 14. Amongst such subjects of a mixed nature (Art. 13.) are more particularly,

1. Regulations with regard to external worship, the time, place, frequency, &c., of the same. 2. The institution, suppression, or limitation, of convents. 3. The regulation, limitation, or sup pression, of those ceremonies, processions, fêtes, &c., which do not belong to the essential part of worship. 4. The distribution of the offices of the Church, and the permission to consecrate Priests and Deacons. 5. The distribution, in the dioceses, of the Church orders. 6. Regulations respecting the institutions for spiritual improvement, instruction, and punishments. 7. Matters of health; discipline, in so far as it has reference to the regu lations of the Church. 8. Extraordinary Church ceremonies→→ when these occur on work days and outside the Church. 9. Laws of marriage, in so far as they do not concern the civil contract.

Art. 15. Decrees respecting affairs of a mixed nature, concluded by the Synod and approved by the Government, have the force of laws, and as such are to be published by the Government in the Government Gazette.

Art. 16. All the Bishops of the Realm are under the superintendence of the Synod, receive commands from it, and inform it of all that affects the efficacy of the Synod. The number and extent of Bishoprics is to be regulated by the Government, according to the representation of the Synod. The Bishoprics shall be endowed in a suitable manner, and the Archbishops and Bishops shall be named by the Government on the recommendation of the Synod; on the representation of the Synod, in matters referring to canonical cases, they may be punished by removal or entirely deposed. With respect to the distribution and endowment of livings, as well as the nominations to them and to other spiritual offices, particular regulations will be framed.

Art. 17. In purely spiritual matters, the Synod exercises the highest jurisdiction over the whole Priesthood, and, according to the regulations of Art. 10, also over the Laity. Its decisions, however, can only be carried into effect after the approbation of the Government, and in conformity with the existing laws. In worldly matters, the Priests are under temporal laws, and subject to temporal civil punishment.

Art. 18. We may enumerate as temporal matters, and to be judged by temporal laws, and exclusively to be ruled and judged by temporal authority,

1. Contracts, testamentary deeds, and other civil acts of the Priests. 2. Regulations with respect to moveable and immoveable goods, rents, profits, and other rights of the Church, convents, or spiritual persons. 3. Decrees and deeds of recognition upon all acts of the ecclesiastics which may be considered as common breaches of law, crimes, or errors. 4. Laws of Marriage, so far as they do not affect the civil contract or its operation. 5. Arrangements with regard to the institution of registries of births, deaths, and marriages; and, farther, to the regulation

and authority of the Church books, and other ecclesiastical documents; and, finally, 6. All kinds of rules respecting the obligation for the building and maintenance of Churches and ecclesiastical edifices.

Art. 19. Neither the Synod, nor any other assembly of ecclesiastics, nor any individual priest, may enter into correspondence, or maintain any immediate relations with any foreign, civil, or ecclesiastical community. All such correspondence must pass through the competent Minister of State.

Art. 20. As long as the ecclesiastical authority does not overstep the sphere of its operation, it has a right to the protection of the civil power; and all the provinces of the realm are bound on its appeal to protect and support it, on any injury offered to its rights.

Art. 21. Every Greek who considers himself injured by the ecclesiastical authority, by a breach of the existing regulation, is authorized to appeal to the civil power. Complaints against the abuse of the ecclesiastical power may be brought directly before the Government, or before the civil power in any other place. It is to be investigated by the competent department of State, and only to be decided upon after the cognizance of it by the Synod, excepting in urgent cases, in which the disputed point can be arranged by the ministerial department, before the Synod takes cognizance of it.

Art. 22. The Government can, on solemn occasions, by informing the Synod of it, order public prayers and festivals of thanksgiving. It is also entitled to call upon the general assembly of the Church, under the Kingly protection, to make temporary regulations, viz. to name its presidents and secretaries, without, however, interfering in its dogmas.

Art. 23. The President, State Procurator, and the Councillors of the Synod, not excepting the assistant Councillors, have the rank of Councillors of State, the Assessors and Secretaries that of Ministerial Councillors. The President and State Procurators have, according to the collegiate order, precedence over the Councillors.

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