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of activity has prevailed in this branch, in which, during many years, nothing had been done.*

V. The works on the arsenal, and in the manufactories of arms, are limited to the manufacture of a very inconsiderable number of arms, with the intention of employing the workmen, and to attain to a double complement of the stock of arms which is to be kept in reserve. Very little activity is necessary to this end, the number of musquets of the old and new pattern amounting already to seven hundred and sixty thousand. There is a quantity of artillery, too, of every calibre, far exceeding the demands for it. In this estimate what is with the regiments is not included.

VI. Transmission of artillery and munitions to Hungary. I have myself heard some one assert that he had seen one hundred and forty pieces of cannon† pass the Danube at Presburg, whereas, on enquiry, it is found that this expedition was limited to ten pieces of a new construction, and in which the wind of the ball had been diminished: they are destined for trials in the plain of Pest,

As, according to the regulation, a pound of powder for exercise is allowed annually to each soldier of infantry, and two hundred and forty rounds for each company of artillery, it is easy to calculate that every year more than eight hundred quintals are necessary for all the troops, as well in Hungary as in Sclavonia, the Banat, Transylvania, and the regiments colonised on the frontiers. Part of this powder is manufactured in Hungary; but the greater part is sent from hence, on account of the facility of transport by the

It is, therefore, acknowledged that, with regard to the infantry, the Landwehr, the cavalry, and the harness, the armed force had been much neglected; and that simultaneously these four branches were re-organised.

This explains the rumours of the transmission of artillery. They may assert as they please that embarkations always take place at night.

Danube, and taken from the magazines situated between Laxemburg and Neustadt.

If we add to this account those articles which deteriorate through time, and which must necessarily be replaced in the supplies of the fortresses, it will be easily understood that a considerable quantity of munitions must be annually required in Hungary, without having any hostile intentions whatever.

It is certain that articles of artillery have not been embarked by night, unless the operation has been protracted till evening, or been commenced very early in the morning, which may have given rise to the supposition of nocturnal expeditions. It would be impossible to attempt to send secretly such articles beyond the frontiers of the monarchy, the population of Sclavonia being entirely composed of disunited Greeks.

VII. The assemblage of the greatest part of the Commandants-General at Vienna was purely accidental,* as is proved by their requests for leave, the originals of which I have the honour to transmit. The Commandant of Gallicia, the Prince of Hesse Homburg, was returning from the army; Count de Giulay came from Bohemia to consult Doctor Marenzeller about the health of his wife; Prince Lichtenstein from Moravia, because his brother-in-law, Count Harrach, was dying; the Archduke Ferdinand to see his mother, who was ill. Fresnelles went into Gallicia to see his estates, without passing through Vienna. Tomassich, from Dalmatia, is not, to this moment, arrived.

Their meeting was accidental, it is evident; but why not say that they had no conferences? It is true, they could not agree on the subject submitted to their deliberation, the idea of substituting for the Commandantships-General corps militarily organised; but the deliberations did, nevertheless, take place.

Frimont was only summoned to sit on a special commission, and not till after the departure of the other Generals. Thus does all appearance of a combined plan vanish.

VIII. The augmentation of the Hungarian regiments has not taken place.* According to a decree of the last Diet, the voluntary enrolment decreed by the Diet of 1807 is to continue. It is barely sufficient to cover the successive diminutions in time of peace.

IX. Assembly of troops in Transylvania.

According to the statement of the dislocation of troops from this province, drawn up by the Commandant-General himself, out of the three national regiments which belong to it (Mescery, Wacquant, and Leiningen, formerly Splenny,) there are there but one entire regiment, (Wacquant), two battalions of Leiningen, and one battalion of Mescery; in all, six battalions of infantry; one regiment of dragoons, and one of hussars, permanently stationed in the country. But, furthermore, when the moveable corps of Italy was placed in provinces where its maintenance was less expensive, and the Aulic Council proposed to send the battalion of the regiment Splenny into Transylvania, in order to bring into Temeswar the regiment Benezur, which had there replaced the regiment Mazuchelly, the latter being brought nearer to its canton of enrolment in Gallicia, his Majesty did not confirm this proposition, any more than the sending of the regiment Veyder to its canton of enrolment.

It is, then, evident that nothing has taken place to justify

It was not said that it had taken place, but that there had been thoughts of effecting it; and it was only given up from the acknowledged impossibility of increasing the voluntary enrolments at the expence of the Comitats, according to the original intention.

+ General Krasinski possesses a copy of this statement of dislocation, the original of which, returned to Prince Metternich, was signed by General Mohr, and dated November 12, 1828.

suppositions of hostile intentions on our part; and that we have, on the contrary, avoided with care all that could give rise to them.

In the course of this year the cavalry will not even be concentrated for the purpose of exercising.

In the annexed papers, A. and B., in answer to the first question, your Highness will find marked in red the date of the order of his Majesty to take into consideration the modification of the system of enrolment, the date of the conferences which took place in consequence, and the questions proposed by his Majesty. They prove that all which took place under this head was arranged long before the circumstances occurred, to which people would now attribute these


The first page contains these indications, and renders the reading of the whole Protocol unnecessary.

The paper B. proves that the recruiting commenced in 1827, before the war of Russia against Turkey; and that no extraordinary sums were allowed for what it was necessary to acquire. These documents are but copies; but it is easy to see that they have not been invented to serve as a refutation to the questions which have been proposed to us.

The annexes, which refer to the question No. 2, contain underlined in red the most remarkable passages: a, the notice of the advanced age of two chiefs of battalions in the Landwehr, to prove that the Landwehr is by no means ready to march; b. An imperial resolution of 1825, which commanded several reductions, among others the abolition of the practice of placing officers in the twenty-second battalions of the Landwehr.

Both these documents are originals. Next, I will request your Highness to cast your eyes over the sheet annexed to page 6 of the Protocol mentioned in the first question.



No. IV. proves that the principles of the regeneration rest on a general measure, and one in no wise calculated for the present moment.

If one would support, by documents, the answer to the third question, it would be necessary to extract from the acts too voluminous documents to be easily collected. The same is the case with the answers to questions 4, 5, and 6. If, however, your Highness should wish to possess them, I can send them to you afterwards.

The annexes to No. 7 contain the originals of the requests for leave of absence of the Commandants-General, and the decisions of his Majesty with regard to them.

To prove, in answer to question 8, that the Hungarian regiments are not reinforced, I must have annexed the resolutions of the last Diet, and I had them not at hand. They are, however, printed, and by no means secret.

In the statement of the dislocation of troops, in answer to question 9, as well as in the decision of his Majesty, which refers to the corps withdrawn from Italy, those passages which serve as proof are marked in red, to spare the trouble of reading the whole.

In hastening to reply thus to the orders of your Highness, I entreat you to be pleased to return to me my documents; and I have the nonour to be, &c. &c.




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