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land and Russia between the Porte and the Greeks.

We are persuaded that on a careful study of the Protocol which was signed between the two Courts on the latter point, it will be apparent that the concert of Russia with England rendered the consent of the Porte a matter of impossibility, and that Russia, aware of this impossibility, signed the Protocol, and thus derived, from the fact of having committed England against Turkey, the courage necessary to send an ultimatum to Constantinople, to secure her own separate interests, by the Convention of Akerman.



Signed at St. Petersburgh, March 23rd, (April 4th) 1826.


His Britannic Majesty having been requested by the Greeks to interpose his good offices, in order to obtain their reconciliation with the Ottoman Porte-having, in consequence, offered his Mediation to that Power, and being desirous of concerting the measures of his Government upon this subject with His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias; and His Imperial Majesty, on the other hand, being equally animated by the desire of putting an end to the contest, of which Grecce and the Archipelago are the theatre, by an arrangement which shall be consistent with the principles of religion, justice, and humanity –

The Undersigned have agreed:

I. That the arrangement to be proposed to the Porte, if that Government should accept the proffered Mediation, should have for its object-to place the Greeks towards the Ottoman Porte, in the relation hereafter mentioned; Greece should be a dependency of that Empire, and the Greeks should pay to the Porte an annual tribute, the amount of which should be permanently fixed by common consent. They should be exclusively governed by authorities to be

chosen and named by themselves, but in the nomination of which authorities the Porte should have a certain influence.

In this state, the Greeks should enjoy a complete liberty of conscience, entire freedom of commerce, and should, exclusively, conduct their own internal Government.

In order to effect a complete separation between individuals of the two nations, and to prevent the collisions which must be the necessary consequences of a contest of such duration, the Greeks should purchase the property of Turks, whether situated on the continent of Greece, or in the Island.

II. In case the principle of a Mediation between Turks and Greeks should have been admitted, in consequence of the steps taken with that view by His Britannic Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople, His Imperial Majesty would exert, in every case, his influence to forward the object of that Mediation. The mode in which, and the time at which, His Imperial Majesty should take part in the ulterior negotiations with the Ottoman Porte, which may be the consequence of that Mediation, should be determined hereafter by the common consent of the Governments of His Britannic Majesty and His Imperial Majesty.

III. If the Mediation offered by His Britannic Majesty should not have been accepted by the Porte, and whatever may be the nature of the relations between His Imperial Majesty and the Turkish Government, His Britannic Majesty and His Imperial Majesty will still consider the terms of the arrangement specified in Article I. of this Protocol, as the basis of any reconciliation to be effected by their intervention, whether in concert or separately, between the Porte and the Greeks; and they will avail themselves of every favourable opportunity to exert their influence with both parties, in order to effect this reconciliation on the abovementioned basis.

IV. That His Britannic Majesty and His Imperial Majesty should reserve to themselves to adopt hereafter the measures necessary for the settlement of the details of the arrangement in question, as well as the limits of the territory, and the names of the Islands of the Archipelago to which it shall be applicable, and which it shall be proposed to the Porte to comprize under the denomination of Greece.

V. That, moreover, His Britannic Majesty and His Imperial Majesty will not seek, in this arrangement, any increase of territory, nor any exclusive influence, nor advantages in commerce for their subjects, which shall not be equally attainable by all other nations.

VI. That His Britannic Majesty and His Imperial Majesty, being desirous that their allies should become parties to the definitive arrangements of which this Protocol contains the outline, will communicate this instrument confidentially to the Courts of Vienna, Paris, and Berlin, and will propose to them that they should, in concert with the Emperor of Russia, guarantee the Treaty by which the reconciliation of Turks and Greeks shall be effected, as His Britannic Majesty cannot guarantee such a Treaty.

Done at St. Petersburgh, the 23rd of March, (4th April) 1826.







London, 7th (19th) November, 1826.

I hastened to communicate to my August Master the official letter dated the 4th of September, in which your Excellency, in exposing the views of your Government with regard to the pacification of Greece, has examined the course to be pursued, in order to induce the Ottoman Government to co-operate with us for this end, in the double hypothesis of a rupture, or of a happy termination of the negociations of Akerman.

Copie d'un office à Mr. Canning de la Part de M. le Prince de Lieven.

Londres, le 7 (19) Novembre, 1826.

Je me suis empressé de porter à la connaissance de mon Auguste Maître l'office en date du 4 Septembre, dans lequel V. Ex. en exposant les vues de son Gouvernement rélatives à la pacification de la Grèce, a examiné la marche à suivre pour amener le Gouvernement Ottoman à co-opérer à ce but, dans la double hypothèse de la rupture, ou d'une heureuse conclusion, des négotiations d'Akerman.

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