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Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, a Member of Parliament, and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs :
His Majesty the King of the French, the Sieur Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, Prince-Duke de Talleyrand, Peer of France, His said Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, of the Order of St. Andrew, of the Order of the Black Eagle, &c. &c.
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the Sieur Christopher Prince of Lieven, General of Infantry in His Armies, His Aide-de-Camp General, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, Knight of the Orders of Russia, Grand Cross of the Black Eagle and of the Red Eagle of Prussia, of the Royal Order of the Guelphs, Commander Grand Cross of the Sword of Sweden, and Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem ;- And the Sieur Adam, Count Matuszewic, Privy Councillor of His said Majesty, Knight of the Order of St. Anne of the 1st Class, Grand Cross of the Order of St. Wladimir of the 2nd, Grand Cross of the Order of the Red Eagle of Prussia of the 1st, commander of the Order of Leopold of Austria, and of several other Foreign Orders :
Aud His Majesty the King of Bavaria, the Sieur Augustus Baron de Cetto, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to his Britannic Majesty:
Who, after having exchanged their Full-Powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and signed the following Articles :
Art. 1. The Courts of Great Britain, France, and Russia, duly authorized for this purpose by the Greek nation, offer the hereditary sovereignty of Greece to the Prince Frederick Otho of Bavaria, second son of His Majesty the King of Bavaria.
II. His Majesty the King of Bavaria, acting in the name of his said son, a minor, accepts, on his behalf, the hereditary sovereignty of Greece, on the conditions hereinafter settled.
III. The Prince Otho of Bavaria shall bear the title of King of Greece.
IV. Greece, under the sovereignty of the Prince Otho of Bavaria, and under the guarantee of the three Courts, shall form a monarchical and independent State, according to the terms of the Protocol, signed between the said Courts, on the 3rd of February, 1830,* and accepted both by Greece and by the Ottoman Porte.
V. The limits of the Greek State shall be such as shall be definitively settled by the negociations which the Courts of Great Britain, France, and Russia, have recently opened with the Ottoman Porte, in execution of the Protocol of the 26th of September, 1831.f
VI. The three Courts having beforehand determined to convert the Protocol of the 3rd of February, 1830, into a Definitive Treaty, as soon as the negociations relative to the limits of Greece shall have terminated, and to communicate such Treaty to all the States with which they have relations, it is hereby agreed that they shall fulfil this engagement, and that His Majesty the King of Greece shall become a Contracting Party to the Treaty in question.
VII. The three Courts shall, from the present moment, use their influence to procure the recognition of the Prince Otho of Bavaria as King of Greece, by all the Sovereigns and States with whom they have relations.
VIII. The Royal Crown and dignity shall be hereditary in Greece; and shall pass to the direct and lawful descendants and heirs of the Prince Otho of Bavaria in the order of primogeniture.
In the event of the decease of the Prince Otho of Bavaria, without direct and lawful issue, the Crown of Greece shall pass to his younger brother, and to his direct and lawful descendants and heirs, in the order of primogeniture. In the event of the
See Protocol of Conferences in London, No. 23.
decease of the last-mentioned Prince also, without direct and lawful issue, the Crown of Greece shall pass to his younger brother, and to his direct and lawful descendants and heirs, in the order of primogeniture.
In no case shall the Crown of Greece and the Crown of Bavaria be united upon the same head.
IX. The majority of the Prince Otho of Bavaria, as King of Greece, is fixed at the period when he shall have completed his 20th year: that is to say, on the 1st of June, 1835.
X. During the minority of the Prince Otho of Bavaria, King of Greece, his rights of sovereignty shall be exercised, in their full extent, by a Regency, composed of three Councillors, who shall be appointed by His Majesty the King of Bavaria.
XI. The Prince Otho of Bavaria shall retain the full possession of his appanages in Bavaria. His Majesty the King of Bavaria moreover engages to assist, as far as may be in his power, the Prince Otho in his position in Greece, until a revenue shall have been set apart for the Crown in that State.
XII. In execution of the stipulations of the Protocol of the 20th of February, 1830,* His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias engages to guarantee, and their Majesties the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the King of the French, engage to recommend, the former to his Parliament, the latter to his Chambers, to enable their Majesties to guarantee, on the following conditions, a loan to be contracted by the Prince Otho of Bavaria, as King of Greece.
1o. The principal of the loan to be contracted under the guarantee of the three Powers shall not exceed a total amount of 60,000,000 of francs.
2o. The said loan shall be raised by instalments of 20,000,000 of francs each.
3o. For the present, the 1st instalment only shall be raised, and the three Courts shall each become responsible for the payment of one-third of the annual amount of the interest and sinking fund of the said instalment.
* See Protocol of Conference in London, No. 26.
4o. The 2nd and the 3rd instalments of the said loan may also be raised, according to the necessities of the Greek State, after previous agreement between the three Courts and His Majesty the King of Greece.
5o. In the event of the 2nd and 3rd instalments of the abovementioned loan being raised in consequence of such an agreement, the three Courts shall each become responsible for the payment of one-third of the annual amount of the interest and sinking fund of these two instalments, as well as of the first.
6o. The Sovereign of Greece and the Greek State shall be bound to appropriate to the payment of the interest and sinking fund of such instalments of the loan as may have been raised under the guarantee of the three Courts the first revenue of the State, in such manner that the actual receipts of the Greek treasury shall be devoted, first of all, to the payment of the said interest and sinking fund, and shall not be employed for any other purpose, until those payments, on account of the instalments of the loan raised under the guarantee of the three Courts, shall have been completely secured for the current year.
The diplomatic Representatives of the three Courts in Greece shall be specially charged to watch over the fulfilment of the last mentioned stipulation.
XIII. In case a pecuniary compensation in favour of the Ottoman Porte should result from the negotiations which the three Courts have already opened at Constantinople for the definitive settlement of the limits of Greece, it is understood that the amount of such compensation shall be defrayed out of the proceeds of the loan which forms the subject of the preceding Article.
XIV. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall lend his assist ance to the Prince Otho in raising in Bavaria a body of troops, not exceeding 3,500 men, to be employed in his service, as King of Greece, which corps shall be armed, equipped, and paid by the Greek State, and be sent thither as soon as possible, in order to relieve the troops of the alliance hitherto stationed in Greece. The latter shall remain in that country entirely at the disposal of
the Government of His Majesty the King of Greece, until the arrival of the body of troops above-mentioned. Immediately upon their arrival, the troops of the alliance already referred to shall retire, and altogether evacuate the Greek territory.
XV. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall also assist the Prince Otho in obtaining the services of a certain number of Bavarian officers, who shall organize a national military force in Greece.
XVI. As soon as possible after the signature of the present Convention, the three Councillors who are to be associated with His Royal Highness the Prince Otho by His Majesty the King of Bavaria, in order to compose the Regency of Greece, shall repair to Greece, shall enter upon the exercise of the functions of the said Regency, and shall prepare all the measures necessary for the reception of the Sovereign, who, on his part, will repair to Greece with as little delay as possible.
XVII. The three Courts shall announce to the Greek nation, by a joint Declaration, the choice which they have made of His Royal Highness the Prince Otho of Bavaria as King of Greece, and shall afford the Regency all the support in their power.
XVIII. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged, at London in six weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms. Done at London the 7th day of May, in the year of our Lord,
(L.S.) A DE CETTO.
EXPLANATORY ARTICLE, signed at London, 30th April,
The Courts of Great Britain, Bavaria, France, and Russia, acknowledging the advantage of more exactly defining the sense,