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annexed, and which have been sent to Paris and Vienna by English couriers despatched on the 10th, (22nd.) instant.

Mr. Canning having communicated to me the note which Lord Granville and Sir Henry Wellesley have orders to annex, in remitting the documents above mentioned, I communicated it to my colleagues at Paris and Vienna, and, on the occasion of the departure of Lord Clanwilliam to his post, I put M. Le Comte d'Alopeus likewise in possession of it. Your Excellency will find a copy annexed.

Finally, I have the honour to submit to you, M. le Comte, the instructions which Mr. Stratford Canning received early in September, and

Votre Excellence trouvera ci-joints, et qui ont éte envoyés a Paris et Vienne par des couriers Anglais expediés dans la journée du 10, (22), du courant.

M. Canning m'ayant communiqué la note dont Lord Granville et Sir Henry Wellesley ont ordre d'accompagner la remise des documens ci-dessus indiqueés, j'en ai fait part à mes Collegues près les Cours de Paris et de Vienne; et à l'occasion du départ de Lord Clanwilliam pour son poste, j'en ai également mis en possession M. le Comte de Alopeus. Votre Excellence en trouvera une copie ci-près.

Finalement, j'ai l'honneur de vous soumettre, M. le Comte, les instructions que Mr. Stratford Canning à reçues dans les premiers

those which are sent to him this day. day. The principal Secretary of State communicated them to me, with the official letter annexed, which is accompanied by a translation, as well as the other English annexes, quoted in the body of my despatch.

The essential modification which these instructions make in the original plan, consists in suspending every step, until the receipt of the first intelligence of the course adopted by the three allied Courts. As our own had determined that every new attempt with the Porte, unless supported by energetic language, and by the adoption of coercive measures, which would assure its success, would be derogatory to the dignity of the intervening powers, and that the choice of these

jours de Septembre, et celles qui lui sont envoyées aujourd'hui. Le principal Sécrétaire d'Etat me les a fait tenir avec l'office cijoint, que j'accompagne d'une traduction, ainsi que les autres annexées Angloises citées dans le corps de ma dépêche.

La modification essentielle que ces instructions apportent au plan primitif consiste à suspendre toute démarche jusqu'à la reception des premiers avis sur le parti adopté par les trois Cours Alliées. Comme la nôtre avoit jugé que toute tentative nouvelle auprès de la Porte, à mions d'être appuyée d'un langage énergique, et de l'emploi de mesures coercitives qui en assureroient le succés, seroit contraire à la dignité des Puissances intervenantes; et que le choix de ces mesures alloit devenir un objet de discussion

measures was about to become an object of discussion between the allied Cabinets, we have thought it conformable to the intentions of our Courts, that their Representatives should not broach this question until they should be in a situation to avail themselves of the means placed at their disposal.

As the answers of the Courts are to be directly transmitted to Constantinople, the delay cannot be a long one.

I have the honour to be, &c.

entre les Cabinets Alliés, nous avons cru qu'il était conforme aux intentions de nos Cours que leurs Representans n'entamassent cette question que lorsqu'ils seront à même de faire usage des moyens mis à leur disposition.

Les réponses des Cours devant être directement transmises a Constantinople, ce delai ne sauroit être long.

J'ai l'honneur, &c.


[The following extract from a Wurtemberg journal shows the ingenious arguments with which Russia endeavours to blind European opinion to her real object. The memoir to which this letter refers is a genuine document, but the fallacy here adopted consists in the Russian Cabinet pretending that the conquest of Constantinople would divert her from her real aim-the acquisition of India; whereas the possession of Constantinople at once secures that aim, which never can be accomplished so long as the Bosphorus and the Euxine are accessible to a British fleet. We have marked in italics those passages in this extract which are expressly designed to mislead public opinion.]

September 28th, 1836:

WHILST in western Europe the greatest attention is paid to those operations of Russia which affect the more proximate interests, the Cabinet of St. Petersburg appears anxious for the present to place these affairs in the back ground, in order to be able to devote her entire activity to Oriental affairs. It would appear as if Russia had entirely abandoned her aim of incorporating, at a more or less remote period, European Turkey with the Russian Empire, and to have adopted a vast and certain plan of extending Russian power towards the centre of the commerce of the world and of universal dominion. Men exalted by their station allude to the existence of a highly interesting me.. moir which was presented a few years ago to the

Emperor by a talented Russian statesman, in which the natural motives and the necessary results of the proposed line of policy were elucidated with the most perfect knowledge of the question. The author therein represented how fruitless and replete with danger would be the efforts of Russia for the conquest of Constantinople, where, if the object were even attained, in consequence of the many points of interest between the new and then Christian capital of the South and the remaining European states, and the constant threats of the maritime powers, who would thereby be affected, a new policy would arise, which would be anti-national, and might, sooner or later, effect the division of the empire. In the latter case, Russia would lose all the fruits of her former victories. Nay, one might safely maintain that the possession of Constantinople would, of necessity, entirely draw Russia from the object which her military power and her geographical position point out to her, namely, supremacy over Asia, and the speedy acquisition of India; or, in other words, universal dominion; because she would have to exert the entire efforts of her colossal expansion to defend points against the European powers, probably Austria included, which, although of high importance in themselves,

* General Yermaloff. ED.



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