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NOTES TO THE READER. 1. To account for the absence of any Report of Debates in the Senate in the Second Congress, it is proper here to repeat that the Senate sat with closed doors during its Legislative as well as its Executive sittings, from the beginning of the First Congress up to the 20th day of February, 1794, in the first session of the Third Congress, except in the case of Mr. Gallatir's contested election, when a proposition succeeded, which had frequently before failed, in that body, that the Legislative sittings of the Senate should thenceforth, after the end of that session of Congress, be conducted with open doors and galleries.

II. In the History of the First Congress, the Proceedings of the Senate in its Executive capacity were given, with a view to showing how they began, were modified in their progress, and continued to the end of that Congress. From the beginning of the Second Congress, however, the Executive Journal being in general a monotonous record, no notice is taken of Executive Proceedings in the Senate, unless of some important principle being involved, as in case of a Treaty, &c., or of Debate which, finding its way to the public knowledge, can yet be traced in the records of the day.

III. In those early proceedings of the Senate, Bills of either House are inserted at large when so found on the Journal of that body; the object of doing so being to show the original form of each, and to enable the inquiring reader to ascertain, by comparing them with the Acts of Congress, (to be found in the Appendix,) what changes they may have undergone in their passage through the two Houses, before they became Laws.

MONDAY, October 24, 1791.

Pierce BUTLER and Ralph IZARD, from South

Carolina; and This being the day fixed by law for the annual

William Few, from Georgia. meeting of Congress, at the first session of the

Ordered, That Messrs. BUTLER, MORRIS, and second Congress, the following members of the Senate appeared, produced their credentials, and Dickinson, be a committee to wait on the Presi

dent of the United States, and inform him that a took their seats:*

John Adams, Vice President and President of quorum of the Senate is assembled, and ready to the Senate;

receive any communication he may be pleased to John Langdon and Paine WINGATE, from New make to them. Hampshire ;

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House CALEB Strong and George Cabot, from Mas- of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is sachusetts;

assembled and ready to proceed to business; and Theodore Foster and Joseph STANTON, jr., States that they are ready to receive such commu

that they have notified the President of the United from Rhode Island;

Roger Sherman, from Connecticut, in the place nications as he may be pleased to make to them. of William S. Johnson, resigned;

The petition of Robert Aikin, praying to be apAARON BURR, from New York;

pointed printer to the United States, was read, PAILEMON Dickinson and John RUTHERFURD,

and ordered to lie for consideration. from New Jersey:

The petition of James Alexander, that he may ROBERT MORRIS, from Pennsylvania;

be appointed Sergeant-at-arms, Doorkeeper, or GEORGE REad, from Delaware;

Messenger, was read; and ordered to lie for conSamuel Johnston and BENJAMIN Hawkins,

sideration. from North Carolina;

Mr. BUTLER, from the committee appointed to

wait on the President of the United States, re• Mr. CARROLL, srom Maryland ; Mr. Ellsworth, from Connec. ported that they had executed their commission. ucut; Mr. Foster, from Khode Island; Mr. MONRO, from Vir. A message from the House of Representatives, ginia, anul Mr. READ, from Delaware, wire will uted to the class of by Mr. Beckley, their Clerk, informed the Senate unu to two years ; but they had been re elected by their respect that they have resolved that a committee be apSenate ajecially convened for the transaction of Executive business late shall appoint, to wait on the President of the xe States, and had produced their credentials at the session of the pointed, jointly with such committee as the Senon the of

2d Con.-2




[OCTOBER, 1791.

United States, and notify him that a quorum of demand our grateful acknowledgments, the abundance the two Houses is assembled and ready to receive with which another year has again rewarded the inany communications he may please to make to dustry of the husbandman is too important to escape them; in which resolution they desire the concur

recollection. rence of the Senate.

Your own observations in your respective situations Resolved, That the Senate concur in the ap- will have satisfied you of the progressive state of agripointment of a joint committee to wait on the culture, manufactures, commerce, and navigation. In President of the United States, agreeably to the tracing their causes, you will have remarked, with parresolution of the House of Representatives; and ticular pleasure, the happy effects of that revival of conthat Messrs. Izard and LANGDON be the commit- | fidence, public as well as private, to which the Consti

tution and laws of the United States have so eminently tee on the part of the Senate. Ordered, That the Secretary communicate this interest, new and decisive proofs of the increasing repu

contributed; and you will have observed, with no less resolution of concurrence to the House of Repre- tation and credit of the nation. But you, nevertheless, sentatives.

cannot fail to derive satisfaction from the confirmation A message from the House of Representatives, of these circumstances, which will be disclosed in the by Mr. Beckley, their Clerk, informed the Senate several official communications that will be made to that they have resolved that two Chaplains, of you in the course of your deliberations. different denominations, be appointed to Congress The rapid subscriptions to the Bank of the United for the present session, one by each House, who States, which completed the sum allowed to be subshall interchange weekly.

scribed in a single day, is among the striking and pleasThe Senate proceeded to consider the resolu- ing evidences which present themselves, not only of tion of the House of Representatives of this day, confidence in the Government, but of resource in the for the appointment of two Chaplains; and,

community. Resolved, That they do concur therein, and that

In the interval of your recess, due attention has been the Right Reverend Bishop White be appointed paid to the execution of the different objects which were on the part of the Senate.

specially provided for by the laws and resolutions of the

last session. Ordered, That the Secretary communicate the concurrence of the Senate in this resolution, to- and security of the western frontiers. To accomplish

Among the most important of these, is the defence gether with their proceedings thereon, to the it on the most humane principles was a primary wish. House of Representatives. Mr. Izard, from the joint committee appointed been provisionally concluded, and other proper means

Accordingly, at the same time that treaties have to wait on the President of the United States, used to attach the wavering, and to confirm in their agreeably to the resolution of the two Houses, of friendship the well disposed tribes of Indians, effectual this day, reported that they had executed the busi- measures have been adopted to make those of a hostile ness, and that the President of the United States description sensible that a pacification was desired upon proposed to-morrow, at 12 o'clock, to meet the two terms of moderation and justice. Houses of Congress in the Senate Chamber. Those measures having proved unsuccessful, it be

came necessary to convince the refractory of the power

of the United States to punish their depredations. OfTUESDAY, October 25.

fensive operations have therefore been directed, to be The petition of Thomas Bradford, that he may conducted, however, as consistently as possible with the be employed in printing such bills, journals, and dictates of humanity. Some of these have been crowned other papers, as may be from time to time pub- with full success, and others are yet depending. The lished, was read; and ordered to lie.

expeditions which have been completed were carried on Ordered, That the Secretary inform the House under the authority, and at the expense, of the United of Representatives that the Senate are ready to States, by the militia of Kentucky; whose enterprise, meet them in the Senate Chamber, to receive

intrepidity, and good conduct, are entitled to peculiar any

commendation. communications the President of the United States may be pleased to make to the two Houses of tribes, and considerable numbers of individuals belong

Overtures of peace are still continued to the deluded Congress; and that the usual seats will be as- ing to them have lately renounced all further opposisigned them.

tion, removed from their former situations, and placed The House of Representatives having according- themselves under the immediate protection of the Unily taken their seats, the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED ted States. States came into the Senate Chamber, and ad- It is sincerely to be desired, that all need of coercion dressed both Houses of Congress, as followeth: in future may cease; and that an intimate intercourse Fellow-Citizens of the Senate, and

may succeed, calculated to advance the happiness of the

Indians, and to attach them firmly to the United States. of the House of Representatives :

In order to this, it seems necessaryI meet you upon the present occasion with the feel- That they should experience the benefits of an imings which are naturally inspired by a strong impres- partial dispensation of justice. sion of the prosperous situation of our common coun- That the mode of alienating their lands, the main try, and by a persuasion, equally strong, that the labors source of discontent and war, should be so defined and of the session which has just commenced will, under regulated as to obviate imposition, and, as far as may the guidance a spirit no less prudent than patriotic, be practicable, controversy concerning the reality and issue in measures conducive to the stability and in- extent of the alienations which are made. crease of national prosperity.

That commerce with them should be promoted under Numerous as are the Providential blessings which regulations tending to secure an equitable deportment

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