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ACCOUNTS, ACCOUNTING AND DISBURSING OFFICERS, PUBLIC MONEY AND PROPERTY, NAVY DEPARTMENT AND BUREAUS, CIVIL SERVICE, ETC.
ARTICLES FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE NAVY.
SEC. 1624. The Navy of the United States shall be governed by the Title 15,Chap. 10.
Commander's duty of
COMMANDING OFFICERS TO SHOW GOOD EXAMPLE, ETC. ARTICLE 1. The commanders of all fleets, squadrons, naval stations, vision and cor- and vessels belonging to the Navy, are required to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination; to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command; to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Navy, all persons who are guilty of them; and any such commander who offends against this article shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
of orders. Striking supe. rior officer.
Intercourse with an enemy.
Messages from an enemy.
Desertion in time of war. Deserting trust.
Ibid., art. 1.
DIVINE SERVICE-IRREVERENT BEHAVIOR.
ART. 2. The commanders of vessels and naval stations to which chaplains are attached shall cause divine service to be performed on Sunday, whenever the weather and other circumstances allow it to be done; and it is earnestly recommended to all officers, seamen, and others in the naval service diligently to attend at every performance of the worship of Almighty God.
ART. 3. Any irreverent or unbecoming behavior during divine service shall be punished as a general or summary court-martial may direct.
Ibid., art. 2.
OFFENSES PUNISHABLE BY DEATH OR OTHER PUNISHMENT.
ART. 4. The punishment of death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may adjudge, may be inflicted on any person in the naval service
First. Who makes, or attempts to make, or unites with any mutiny or mutinous assembly, or, being witness to or present at any mutiny, does not do his utmost to suppress it; or, knowing of any mutinous assembly or of any intended mutiny, does not immediately communicate his knowledge to his superior or commanding officer;
Second. Or disobeys the lawful orders of his superior officer;
Third. Or strikes or assaults, or attempts or threatens to strike or assault, his superior officer while in the execution of the duties of his office;
Fourth. Or gives any intelligence to, or holds or entertains any intercourse with, an enemy or rebel, without leave from the President, the Secretary of the Navy, the commander-in-chief of the fleet, the commander of the squadron, or, in case of a vessel acting singly, from his commanding officer;
Fifth. Or receives any message or letter from an enemy or rebel, or, being aware of the unlawful reception of such message or letter, fails to take the earliest opportunity to inform his superior or commanding officer thereof;
Sixth. Or, in time of war, deserts or entices others to desert; [See § § 1996-1998, DESERTION.]
Seventh. Or, in time of war, deserts or betrays his trust, or entices or aids others to desert or betray their trust;
Sleeping on Eighth. Or sleeps upon his watch;
Ninth. Or leaves his station before being regularly relieved;
Tenth. Or intentionally or willfully suffers any vessel of the Navy to ing or injury of be stranded, or run upon rocks or shoals, or improperly hazarded; or maliciously or willfully injures any vessel of the Navy, or any part of her tackle, armament, or equipment, whereby the safety of the vessel is hazarded or the lives of the crew exposed to danger;
Eleventh. Or unlawfully sets on fire, or otherwise unlawfully destroys, struction of pub- any public property not at the time in possession of an enemy, pirate, lic property.
Striking flag Twelfth. Or strikes or attempts to strike the flag to an enemy or rebel, or treacherously without proper authority, or, when engaged in battle, treacherously yielding. yields or pusillanimously cries for quarters;
Thirteenth. Or, in time of battle, displays cowardice, negligence, or disaffection, or withdraws from or keeps out of danger to which he should expose himself;