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PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES

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THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE TWELFTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY OF

WASHINGTON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1811.

Monday November 4, 1811.

tials, which were read, and the oath prescribed The first session of the Twelfth Congress com- by law was administered to them, and they took menced this day at the City of Washington, con- their seats in the Senate. formably to the proclamation of the President of The oath was also administered to Messrs. Conthe United States, of the 24th of July last, and PIT, CRAWFORD, Giles, Gilman, and Taylor, the Senate assembled in their Chamber.

their credentials having been read and filed dur

ing the last session. PRESENT:

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House GEORGE CLINTON, Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate.

of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate Nicholas Gilman and CHARLES Cutts, from is assembled and ready to proceed to business. New Hampshire.

Resolved, That each Senator be supplied, durChauncey Goodrich and Samuel W. Dana, ing the present session, with three such newspafrom Connecticut.

pers printed in any of the States as he may choose, STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, from Vermont.

provided that the same be furnished at the usual John Smith and OBEDIAH GERMAN, from New rate for the annual charge of such papers; and York.

provided, also, that if any Senator shall choose Joan Condit and John Lambert, from New to take any newspapers oiher than daily papers, Jersey.

he shall be supplied with as many such papers as ANDREW GREGG and Michael Leis, from Penn- shall not exceed the price of three daily papers.

On motion of Mr. GREGG, sylvania. OUTERBRIDGE HORSEY, from Delaware.

Resolved. That the Senate will, to-morrow, at SAMUEL Smith and Pailie Reed, from Mary- keeper

, who shall also discharge the duty of Ser

twelve o'clock, proceed to a choice of a Doorland. William B. Giles, from Virginia.

geant-at-Arms. JESSE FRANKLIN, from North Carolina. Mr. Taylor presented the memorial of Joseph

John Gaillard and John Taylor, from South Wheaton, praying remuneration for services renCarolina.

dered the United States in the Revolutionary war, William H. CRAWFORD and Charles Tait, and compensation for losses sustained therein. from Georgia.

A message from the House of Representatives JOHN POPE, from Kentucky.

informed the Senate that a quorum of the House Joseph ANDERSON, from Tennessee.

of Representatives is assembled, and have elected Thomas WORTHINGTON, from Ohio.

Henry Clay, Esq., one of the Representatives GEORGE M. BIBB, appointed a Senator by the from the State of Kentucky, their Speaker, and Legislature of the Siate of Kentucky, for the term are ready to proceed to business. They have apof six years, commencing on the 4th day of March pointed a committee on their part, jointly with last; GEORGE W. CAMPBELL, appointed a Sen- such committee as may be appointed on the part ator by the Legislature of the State of Tennessee, of the Senate, to wait on the President of the in place of JENKIN WHITESIDE, resigned; Jere- United States, and notify him that a quorum of MAA B. Howell, appointed a Senator, for the the two Houses is assembled and ready to receive term of six years, commencing on the fourth day any communications that he may be pleased to of March last

, by the Legislature of the State of make to them. Rhode Island and Providence Plantations; JOSEPH The Senate concurred in the appointment of a B. VARNUM, appointed a Senator by the Legisla- joint committee on their part, agreeably to the reture of the State of Massachusetts, for the term solution last mentioned; and Messrs. ANDERSON of six years, commencing on the fourth day of and GAILLARD were appointed the committee. March last; respectively produced their creden- The Senate then adjourned.

SENATE.

President's Annual Message.

NOVEMBER, 1811.

Tuesday, November 5.

in order that it might receive full consideration in the Richard Brent, from the State of Virginia, depending discussions. This communication appears attended.

not to have been received; but the transmission of it Mr. ANDERSON reported, from the joint com- hitherto, instead of founding on it an actual repeal of mittee, that they had waited on the President of the orders, or assurances that the repeal would ensue, the United States, and that the President informed will not permit us to rely on any effective change in the committee that he would make a communi- the British Cabinet. To be ready to meet with cordication to the two Houses this day, at twelve ceed, in the mean time, in adapting our measures to

ality satisfactory proofs of such a change, and to proo'clock.

the views which have been disclosed through that MinOn motion, by Mr. Leis, a committee was ap- ister, will best consult our whole duty. pointed agreeably to the forty-second rule for conducting business in the Senate; and, Messrs. and redress for other wrongs have continued to be

In the friendly spirit of those disclosures, indemnity LEIB, FRANKLIN, and Cutts, were appointed the withheld; and our coasts, and the mouths of our harcommittee.

bors, have again witnessed scenes not less derogatory On motion, by Mr. Gilman, a committee was to the dearest of our national rights, than vexatious to appointed agreeably

to the 22d rule for conduct. the regular course of our trade. ing business in the Senate; and Messrs GILMAN, Among the occurrences produced by the conduct of CAMPBELL, of Tennessee, and BiBB, were appointed British ships of war hovering on our coasts, was an the committee.

encounter between one of them and the American frigOn motion, by Mr. Franklin, the Senate pro- ate commanded by Captain Rodgers, rendered unavoidceeded to the election of a Doorkeeper, agreeably able on the part of the latter, by a fire, commenced to the resolution of yesterday, and the whole num- without cause, by the former; whose commander is ber of ballots collected was 27, of which Mount- therefore alone chargeable with the blood unfortunately Joy Bayly had 20, and was accordingly elected, shed in maintaining the honor of the American flag. in the place of James Mathers, deceased.

The proceedings of a court of inquiry, requested by

Captain Rodgers, are communicated, together with the ANNUAL MESSAGE.

correspondence relating to the occurrence between the

Secretary of State and His Britannic Majesty's Envoy. The following Message was received from the To these are added the several correspondences which PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States:

have passed on the subject of the British Orders in Fellow-citizens of the Senate

Council; and to both, the correspondence relating to and House of Representatives :

the Floridas, in which Congress will be made acquaintIn calling you together sooner than a separation ed with the interposition which the Government of from your homes would otherwise have been required, Great Britain has thought proper to make against the I yielded to considerations drawn from the posture of proceeding of the United States. our foreign affairs; and in fixing the present, for the The justice and fairness which have been evinced time of your meeting, regard was had to the probabil- on the part of the United States towards France, both ity of further developments of the policy of the bellig- before and since the revocation of her decrees, authorerent Powers towards this country, which might the ized an expectation that her Government would have more unite the National Councils in the measures to followed up that measure by all such others as were be pursued.

due to our reasonable claims, as well as dictated by itsAt the close of the last session of Congress, it was hoped amicable professions. No proof, however, is yet given that the successive confirmations of the extinction of the of an intention to repair the other wrongs done to the French decrees, so far as they violated our neutral com- United States, and particularly to restore the great merce, would have induced the Government of Great amount of American property seized and condemned Britain to repeal its Orders in Council, and thereby under edicts which, though not affecting our neutral authorize a removal of the existing obstructions to her relations, and therefore not entering into questions becommerce with the United States.

tween the United States and other belligerents, were, Instead of this reasonable step towards satisfaction nevertheless, founded in such unjust principles that and friendship between the two nations, the Orders the reparation ought to have been prompt and ample. were, at a moment when least to have been expected, In addition to this and other demands of strict right put into more rigorous execution; and it was com- on that nation, the United States have much reason to municated through the British Envoy just arrived, that, be dissatisfied with the rigorous and unexpected rewhilst the revocation of the edicts of France, as officially strictions to which their trade with the French dominmade known to the British Government, was denied ions has been subjected; and which, if not discontinto have taken place, it was an indispensable condition ued, will require at least corresponding restrictions on of the repeal of the British Orders that commerce should importations from France into the United States. be restored to a footing that would admit the produc- On all those subjects, our Minister Plenipotentiary, tions and manufactures of Great Britain, when owned lately sent to Paris, has carried with him the necessary by neutrals, into markets shut against them by her en instructions; the result of which will be communiemy; the United States being given to understand that, cated to you, and by ascertaining the ulterior policy of in the mean time, a contintance of their non-importa- the French Government towards the United States, tion act would lead to measures of retaliation.

will enable you to adapt to it that of the United States At a later date, it has indeed appeared that a com- towards France. munication to the British Government, of fresh evi- Our other foreign relations remain without unfavor. dence of the repeal of the French decrees against our able changes. With Russia they are on the best footneutral trade, was followed by an intimation that it had ing of friendship. The ports of Sweden have afforded been transmitted to the British Plenipotentiary here, proofs of friendly dispositions towards our commerce

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