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TABLE 8.-Geographical distribution of American gross tonnage.
REVISED INTERNATIONAL RULES TO PREVENT COLLISIONS AT SEA.
[Lights, steering, sailing, etc.]
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, BUREAU OF NAVIGATION,
TO COLLECTORS OF CUSTOMS AND OTHERS:
The attention of all persons concerned is invited to the changes in the rules relating to lights, steering, and sailing, etc., embodied in the act to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea, approved August 19, 1890, and proclaimed by the President, to take effect March 1, 1895.
On and after March 1, 1895, these rules are to be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by seagoing vessels.
Material changes from former acts are indicated by italics.
Amendments to the act are shown by a statement of the date of the passage of the amendment.
Article 9 of the act, relating to fishing vessels, was repealed May 28, 1894, and Congress by an act approved August 13, 1891, reenacted article 10 of the International Regulations of 1885, now in force, so far as said article relates to lights for fishing vessels. It is therefore inserted in place of article 9, repealed, of the act of Angust 19, 1890.
A copy of this circular may be supplied by any collector of customs to the master of any vessel of the United States visiting the custom-house, whether on the seacoast or on the lakes or rivers of the United States, but the master's attention should be carefully invited to the fact that the regulations have not yet gone into effect. The rules, and an extract from the President's proclamation putting them in force, are printed below. EUGENE T. CHAMBERLAIN,
J. G. CARLISLE,
ACT of August 19, 1890, to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea, as amended by the acts of May 28, 1894, and August 13, 1894 (proclaimed by the President of the United States to take effect March 1, 1895).
[Material changes from former acts indicated by italics.]
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by seagoing vessels.
In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steam-vessel.
The word "steam-vessel" shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.
A vessel is "under way" within the meaning of these rules when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.
RULES CONCERNING LIGHTS, AND so forth.
The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.
ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.
ART. 2. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less,than twenty feet, and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth, so, however, that the light need not be carried at a greater height above the hull than forty feet, bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.
(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.
(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken, light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.
(d) The said green and red side-lights shall be fitted with inboard screens projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.
(e) A steam vessel when under way may carry an additional white light similar in construction to the light mentioned in subdivision (a). These two lights shall be so placed in line with the keel that one shall be at least fifteen feet higher than the other, and in such a position with reference to each other that the lower light shall be forward of the upper one. The vertical distance between these lights shall be less than the horizontal distance.
ART. 3. A steam-vessel when towing another vessel shall, in addition to her sidelights, carry two bright white lights in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and when towing more than one vessel shall carry an additional bright white light six feet above or below such light, if the length of the tow measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the stern of the last vessel towed exceeds six hundred feet. Each of these lights shall be of the same construction and character, and shall be
carried in the same position as the white light mentioned in article two (a), excepting the additional light, which may be carried at a height of not less than fourteen feet above the hull.
Such steam-vessel may carry a small white light abaft the funnel or aftermast for the vessel towed to steer by, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.
ART. 4. (a) A vessel which from any accident is not ander command shall carry at the same height as a white light mentioned in article two (a), where they can best be seen, and if a steam-vessel in lieu of that light, two red lights, in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least two miles; and shall by day carry in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, where they can best be seen, two black balls or shapes, each two feet in diameter.
(b) A vessel employed in laying or in picking up a telegraph cable shall carry in the same position as the white light mentioned in article two (a), and if a steamressel in lieu of that light, three lights in a vertical line one over the other not less than six feet apart. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red, and the middle light shall be white, and they shall be of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon, at a distance of at least two miles. By day she shall carry in a vertical line, one over the other, not less than six feet apart, where they can best be seen, three shapes not less than two feet in diameter, of which the highest and lowest shall be globular in shape and red in color, and the middle one diamond in shape and white.
(c) The vessels referred to in this article, when not making way through the water, shall not carry the side-lights, but when making way shall carry them.
(d) The lights and shapes required to be shown by this article are to be taken by other ressels as signals that the ressel showing them is not under command and can not therefore get out of the way.
These signals are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance. Such signals are contained in article thirty-one.
ART. 5. A sailing vessel under way and any vessel being towed shall carry the same lights as are prescribed by article two for a steam-ressel under way, with the exception of the white lights mentioned therein, which they shall never carry.
ART. 6. Whenever, as in the case of small vessels under way during bad weather, the green and red side-lights can not be fixed, these lights shall be kept at hand, lighted and ready for use; and shall, on the approach of or to other vessels, be exhibited on their respective sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such manner as to make them most visible, and so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side, nor, if practicable, more than two points abaft the beam on their respective sides.
To make the use of these portable lights more certain and easy the lanterns containing them shall each be painted outside with the color of the light they respectively contain, and shall be provided with proper screens.
"ART. 7. Steam vessels of less than forty, and vessels under oars or sails of less than twenty tons gross tonnage, respectively, and rowing boats, when under way, shall not be required to carry the lights mentioned in article two, (a), (b), and (c), but if they do not carry them they shall be provided with the following lights:
"First. Steam vessels of less than forty tons shall carry
(a) In the fore part of the vessel, or on or in front of the funnel, where it can best be seen, and at a height above the gunwale of not less than nine feet, a bright white light constructed and fixed as prescribed in article two (a), and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.
“(b) Green and red side-lights, constructed and fixed as prescribed in article two, (b) and (c), and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile, or a combined lantern showing a green light and a red light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides. Such lanterns shall be carried not less than three feet below the white light.
"Second. Small steamboats, such as are carried by seagoing vessels, may carry the white light at a less height than nine feet above the gunwale, but it shall be carried above the combined lantern mentioned in subdivision one (b).
"Third, Vessels under oars or sails of less than twenty tons shall have ready at hand a lantern with a green glass on one side and a red glass on the other, which, on the approach of or to other vessels, shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side.
"Fourth. Rowing boats, whether under oars or sail, shall have ready at hand a lantern showing a white light, which shall be temporarily exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.
"The vessels referred to in this article shall not be obliged to carry the lights prescribed by article four (a) and article eleven, last paragraph.-[Act of May 28, 1894.]
ART. 8. Pilot vessels when engaged on their station on pilotage duty shall not show the lights required for other vessels, but shall carry a white light at the mast