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TABLE 2.-Maximum, minimum, and ordinary wages (expressed in dollars and cents) paid on British steam vessels in 1894.

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TABLE 3.- Average monthly wages (expressed in dollars and cents) paid to able seamen on British vessels.

Port.

1.-Bound to North Amer·

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1870. 1880. 1890. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1892. 1893. 1894.

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$17.01 $24. 30 $23. 08 $18. 22 $18. 22 $13. 36 $13. 36 $17. 01 $17. 01 $14. 58 $14.58 24.30

15. 79)

$19.44 17.01 22.47 23.08 19 44
19.44 17.01 21.87 21.87 19.44
19.44

19 44
19. 44
21.87

17.01 15. 79 17. 73 14.58 13.36 13.36
19 44 17. 01
17.01
15.79 12. 15 17.01 14.58 13.36 13.36
14.58'

17.01 15.79 21.87 19.44 19.44 19.44 13.36 12. 15
19. 44 17.01
21.87
17.01
17 01 17.01 21.87 20.68 19.44 19.44 14.58 13 36
23.08 23.08
15. 79 14.58

17.01 14.58 13.36 13.36
18. 22 17.01 14.58)
18. 22
14.58 14.58

18.47 17 18 24.55 22. 17 19. 19 19. 64 15.90 14. 12 17.53 15. 79 13.97 13.85

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London........

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14.58 14.58 13.36 15.79 16. 40 14.58 14.58 13.36 17.01

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15.96 16.09 21.00 20.04 18.05 17.45 13. 26 13. 18 17.41 15. 79 15.06, 14.70

America,

Bristol

Glasgow...

Liverpool

London........

Newcastle and Shields...

Average

IV.-Bound to Africa.

15. 18 14. 82 20.96 20.45 17.98 18. 02 12.90 12.49 16. 52 15. 64 13. 85 13.71

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15. 79 13.36 21.28 20.65 17.01 17.01 13.36 12. 15
21.87
14.58 13.36
14.58 13.36 19.44 19. 44
17.01 12. 15 12. 15
14. 58 13. 36 12. 15
14.58
19. 44
13.36
14.58 15.79 19. 44 18. 22
17.01 12. 15 12. 15 17.01 14.58 13.36 13.36
15.79
20.65 19.44
18. 22
17.01 14.58 14.58
17.01 21.87 23.08 19.44 19. 44
12. 15 17.01 17.01 14.58 14.58
13.36

17.01

14.58 13.36 13.36 17.01

14.58

12. 15
13.36

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14.57 15. 17 20.45 17.92 14.58 16. 71 13.45 12.66 16. 52 15. 49 14.58 13.97

Bristol

Glasgow

Liverpoo!

London....

12. 15 12.15 17.01

15.79 14.58 20, 65 19.44 15. 79 15.79 13.36 12. 15 17.01 14.58 13.36 13.36
17.01
21.87
13.36
13.36 13.36 19.44 19. 44 17.01 17.01 12.15 12. 15
14.58 14.58 19.44 17.01 17.01 17.01 12.15 12. 15
15.79 15.79 20.65 20. 65

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Newcastle and Shields... 14.58 17.01 21.87 23.08 19. 44 19. 44 12. 15 12. 15 17.01 13.36

23.08

14.82 15.38 20.85 20. 24 17.31 17.31 12.55 12.35 16.52 15. 55 13. 66 13.66

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12.75 15.79 21.14 19.64 17.25 17.41 12.39 12. 14 16.40 15.18 13.66 13.06

TABLE 4.-Average monthly wages (expressed in dollars and cents) of mates, petty officers, engineers, and firemen on British ressels in the foreign trade.

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1870. 1880. 1890. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1892. 1893.

1894.

Under 500 tons.

First mates.

Second mates
Boatswains
Carpenters
ailmakers
First engineer
Second engineer
Third engineer
Leading tiremen
Firemen

500 to 1,000 tons.

First mates.
Second mates
Third mates

Boatswains.
Carpenters
Sailmakers
Quartermasters.
First engineer
Second engineer
Third engineer.
Leading firemen
Firemen

1,000 to 1,500 tons.

First mates.

Second mates

$36. 45 $36, 45 $35. 47 $36. 45 $34. 02 $35, 24 $26, 73 $29. 16 $29. 16 $28. 67 $29. 16 $29. 16 25.75 26,00 26.73 26.73 29.16 29. 16 19.44 20.41 20.65 20.41 19.44 19.93 20.41 19.92 24.30 24.30 20.65 20.16 01 17.49 19.68 20. 16 19.44 19.93 26.24 26.73 27.21 26.73 26.73 26.73 25.27 24.78 23.08 22. 11 21.87 20.65 14.58 15.79 19. 19 18. 22 16.52

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61.70 65.34 68.72 75.63 68. 52 68.49
42.72 44.91

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47.38 46. 17

36.45

32.80 32.80

41 40.95 31.59 32 80 34.02 32.56 31.59 31.59

27.94

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222

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11 22.35

20.65

12453

20.65

14.58

21.87

24.30

17.01

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APPENDIX C.

AMERICAN COMMUNICATION WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

Following is a statement showing the American vessels employed during the last fiscal year in ocean communication between the ports of the United States and about fifty of the principal ports of the world. The list gives the names of the vessels so employed, their rig, gross tonnage, material of construction, year of build, the port from which they entered, and the number of entries each vessel made at the foreign port. Where the vessel has entered several times at the same port during the year it may be usually regarded as permanently engaged in trade between the United States and that port.

United States consuls are required to report every year the American vessels which enter the ports to which they are assigned, and the following tabulation is made up from these reports. It may thus be regarded as a complete statement of the American shipping which visited the ports named during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1895. În a few instances reports from consuls have only partially covered the year, giving one, two, or three quarters. Where such reports are for but part of the year the fact is indicated.

It will also be noted that some vessels appear at different ports. Thus, vessels of the Pacific Mail Line are noted at Honolulu, Nagasaki, Kanagawa, Hiogo, Osaka, Hongkong, and Amoy; and vessels of the Spreckels' Oceanic Line are noted at Honolulu, Apia, Auckland, and Sydney. In numerous instances the same sailing vessel will also be observed to have entered at various ports.

This statement is designed to show both the character and extent of our shipping in the foreign trade. The entries of vessels at European ports during the year noted in this table number 119, and it is virtually a complete statement of the shipping under the American flag which visited Great Britain and the Continent during the last fiscal year. The total entries of American vessels at European ports during the previous fiscal year were 138. The statement is also virtually complete concerning all Asiatic and Australian ports.

In the annual report of this Bureau for 1894 was published a table showing the means of steam communication between the United States and foreign ports, giving similar information to that contained in this table concerning steam vessels of all nations engaged in over-sea trade with the United States. That table, taken in conjunction with the table appended, is designed to illustrate the materiel by which navigation is maintained between ports of the United States and the principal foreign ports. Attention is particularly directed toward our meager shipping fac.lities with German ports compared with the facilities furnished by the two great German steamship lines; our entire lack of communication under our own flag with the Netherlands and with France, both of which nations have strongly established steamship lines running to this country; and the absence of our vessels from the Mediterranean ports. It will be observed that our merchant marine is practically unrepresented on the North Atlantic, except by the steamships of the International Navigation Company. No statement is made of vessels entering near-by ports of the British Possessions in North America and near-by ports to the south of the United States, such trade being essentially coasting trade.

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