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some his prey.

when captured, two of which were wound- neral Belliard, the chief of his staff. The ed. Fortunately our shot cut away his general saw there the Prince of Hohenlohe. jib when we first commenced our fire upon The language of the Prussian officers was him, otherwise the chace would have been much changed. They loudly demanded long, and our success doubtful.

peace. I have, &c.

The confusion in Berlin is extreme. All (Signed) Jos. James. the good citizens who groaned under the Vice Admiral Holloway, &c.

false direction given to the politics of their Feb. 14.—Transmitted by the Hon. country, reproach the fire-brands kindled Captain Stopford.

by England, with the sad effects of their His Majesty's Ship Nereide, off Madeira, intrigues. There is but one cry in all the Dec. 2.

country--against the Queen. The enemy SIR_His Majesty's ship under my com. appears to be endeavouring to rally behind mand captured, on the 25th ult in lat. 42 the Oder. deg. N. long 11 der W. Il Brilliante The Sovereign of Saxony has thanked Spanish lugger privateer, of four guns and the Emperor for the generosity with which fiity men, out iwo days from Vigo, on a he has treated him. four months cruize, and had captured no.

Fifteenth Bulletin.-Willenberg, Oct. 23. thing.

Here is the intelligence we have collecied I was much pleased at this capture, as concerning the causes of this strange war, there were several sail in sight when I

General Schmettau (dead, a prisoner at chaced him, some of which might have be. Weimar), drew up a memorial, written

with much force, in which he established, I have the honour to be, &c.

that the Prussian army ought to regard it(Signed) R. CORBET. self as dishonoured; ihat it was, notwithHis Majesty's Ship Neriede, at Sea, Nov. 21. standing in a state to beat the French;

SIR-Yesterday, whilst under separa'. and that it was necessary to make war. tion from the convoy under your orders,

General Ruchell (killed) and Blucher in lat. 47 deg. N. long. 10 deg. W. I cap (who only saved himself by a subterfuge, fured after à chace of some hours, Él and by abusing the French good faith Veloz Spanish corvette, pierced for 20 subscribed this memoir, whicb was drawn guns, fitted out at Bilboa, with 10 guns up in the form of a petition to the king. mounted, and 75 men, to carry dispatches, Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (killed) some passengers of distinction, and a cargó supported it by every species of sarcasm. of Hour on government account, to the The Hame spread through every head. The Caraccas. She is a beautiful vessel, was Duke of Brunswick (wounded very badly), to have been full armed abroad, and since a man known only to be without a wili, her capture has kept way with the Neriede and without decision, was enrolled in the on all points of sailing.

war-faction. In short, the memoir, thus R. CORBET. supported, was presented to the King.

The Queen undertook to dispose the mind

of the King, and to make known to him DULLETINS OF THE FRENCH ARMY. what was thought of him. She reported

Fourteenth Bulletin.-Dessau, Oct. 22, to him that he was not thought brave; 1805.-Marshal Davoust arrived on the and that if he did not make war, it was 20th at Wittenberg, and took by surprise because he was afraid of putting himself at the bridge on the Elbe, just as the enemy the head of his army. The King, really as were setting fire to it.

brave as any Prussian prince, gave way, Marshal Lasnes is arrived at Dessau. The .without ceasing to preserve the opinion, bridge was burnt. He set people to repair that he committed a great fault. it immediately.

We should signalise the men who have The Marquis Lucchesini appeared be. not partaken of the illusions of the war fore ihe advanced posts, with a letter from partizans. These are the respectable Field the King of Prussia. The Emperor sent Marshal Mollendorf and General Kalkthe Grand Marshal of his Palace, Duroc, reuth. to confer with him.

The Emperor, already master of the Magdeburgh is blockaded. Marshal communications and magazines of the Soule has his posts round the city. The enemy, wrote, on the 12th of this month, Grand Duke of Berg has sent thither Ge- the letter which is annexed,* which he * Letter to the King of Prussia, carried by Monsieur De Montesquieu, caplain, who set

out from Gera, the 13th of October, 1806, at 10 o'clock in the morning, and arrived at the camp of General Hohenlohe at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.

“ Sire, My Brother, "I have only received upon the 7th your Majesty's letter of the 25th of September.

sent by the orderly officer, Montesquieu. The horizont was already very cloudy; the This officer arrived on the 13th at the quar- cabinet was not willing to see this envos: ters of General Hohenlohe, who kept him he was told, that perbaps there was line there, and took the letter of which he was safety for his person, and they engaged the bearer.

him to return to Hamburgh, there to wait The camp of the King of Prussia was the event. about iwo leagues behind. That prince The French columns are already marchshould, therefore, have received the leiter ing upon Potsdam and Berlin. Deputies of the Emperor at six in the evening at from Potsdam are arrived to request prothe latest. We are assured, however, that tection. he did not receive it till nine o'clock in the The Imperial head-quarters are now at morning, on the 14th ; that is to say, when Wittenberg. the battle was already begun.

Sirteenth Bulletin - The Duke of Bruns. The Queen was always to be found at wick has sent bis Marshal of the Palace to the head-quarters at Weimar. It was ne. the Emperor. That officer was entrusted cessary at last to tell her that circum- with a letter, in which the Duke recomstances were serious, and that on the mor- mended his States to the proiection of his low great events for the Prussian monarchy Majesty. The Emperor said to him, “If might occur.

I were to demolish the city of Brunswick, Lord Morpeth, sent by the Court of and if I did not leave one stone upon anLondon, arrived on the 11th at Weimar, other, what would your prince say? Does charged to propose considerable subsidies, not the law of retaliation authorise me to

I am sorry that you have been induced to sign a pamphlet of that kind*. I only an. sper your Majesiy's letter for the purpose of assuring you, that I shall never attribute to your Majesty the things contained in it. Every thing in it is conırary to the character of your Majesty, and to the honour of us both. I pity and despise those who have been the au' hors of such a production. I received immediately afterwards the note of your minister, dated the 1st of October. It has given me the rendezvous for the 8th. As a irue knight, I have kept my word, and am now in the middle of Saxony. Let your Majesty believe me, I have such a force, that all your Majesty's forces cannot keep the victory long doubtful. But why should we shed so much blood? For what purpose is it? I shall use in your Majesty the same language that I used to the Emperor Alexander, tefore the ba tle of Austerlitz. May heaven grant, that corrupt men and fanatics, who are more the enemies of you and your throne, than they can be of me and my nation, may noi give you the same advice, to bring you to the same result!

« Sire, I have been your friend for these six years. I do not wish to profit by this kind of vertigo which animates your councils, and which has made you commit errors in politics, with which Europe is quite astonished, and errors, in a mi itary point of view, with which Europe will soon resound. If your Majes:y had, in your noie, de manded any things that it was possible for me to grant, I should have granted them: you have asked what would be dishonour to me, and therefore you might be sure about what would be my reply. War is, therefore, declared between us, and the alliance broken for ever. But why shonld we shed the blood of our subjects? I set no value upon a victory which is purchased by the lives of my children. If I were now beginning my military career, and if I could fear the chances of war, this language would be out of its place. Sire, your Majesty will be conquered : you will have compromised the peace of your life and the existence of your subjects, without even the shadow of a pretext. This day you are unbroken, and may treat with me in a manner suitable to your ralık: your Majesty may treat with me before a month is ever, but in a situation very different. Your Majesty has permitted yourself to use irritating expressions, which have been artfully prepared. You have told me that you have often rendered me services. Well, then, I shall give you a great proof of the recollection that I have of them. It is now in your power to save your subjects from the ravages of war. It is hardly now be

you may finish it, and Europe will be much indebted to you. If your Ma

fun, and

This alludes to a letter of the King of Prussia, consisting of twenty pages, which was a mere rhapsody, that the king, most certainly could not have read or understood. We cannot print it, because, whatever relates to the private correspondence of sovereigus, remains in the port-folio of the emperor, and does not come before the public. If we publish that of his Majesty, it is because many copies of it having been made at the Prussian head-quarters, (where it was much admired) one copy has fallen into oar hands,

do at Brunswick what he would have done If the House of Brunswick lose the sove. in my capital ? To threaten to destroy reignty of its anscestors, it can only be cities may be merely the act of madness; ascribed to the author of two wars-wlo, but to attempt to deprive a whole army of in one, would have sapped the Great Cabrave men of their honour to propose to pital to its foundation ; and who, in the them to quit Germany at stated marches, other, attempted to dishonour two hunis what posterity will hardly credit. The dred thousand brave men, who, perhaps, Duke oi Brunswick ought not to have miglit be conquered, but who would never committed such an outrage. Men, who be surprised out of the path of honour and have grown grey under arms, should re- glory.' Much blood has been shed in a spect the honour of military men: it was few days. Great disasters press upon the not in the plains of Champagne that that Prussian monarchy. How blameable is the general acquired the right to treat the man, who, by a single word, might have French colours with such contempt. Such prevented them; if, like Nestor, rising in a summons only dishonours the soldier who the midst of the councils, he had said, makes it. That dishonour does not belong “ Be silent, ye inconsiderate youth !-to the King of Prussia; it attaches to the women, return to your spindles, and to Chief of his Military Council; 10 the the management of your domestic congeneral to whom, in difficult circumstances, cerns! And you, Sire, believe the comhe had confided his affairs. It is the Duke panion of the most illustrious of your pre of Brunswick alone whom France and decessors; since the Emperor Napoleon Prussia can accuse of the war. The frenzy does not wish for war, do not place him in of which that old general set the example, the alternative of war or dishonour. Do encouraged a set of turbulent youn: men, not engage yourselves in a dangerous conand hurried on the King, contrary to his test with an army, 'that boasts of fifteen own disposition and conviction. Sir, tell years spent in glorious labours, and that the inhabitants of the country of Bruns- victory has accustomed to every sacrifice." wick, that they will find the French gene. Instead of holding this language, which tous enemies; that I wish to soften the agreed so well with the prudeike of his rigours of war with regard to them; and that years, and with the experience of so long a the inconvenience which the passage of career, he has been the first to raise the cry troops may occasion, will be against my of war; he has even been faithless to the inclination. Tell General Brunswick, that ties of consanguinity, in arımning a son he shall be treated with all the attention against his fatħer; he has threatened to due to a Prussian officer, but that I cannot place his colours on the palace of Stutgard, recogaise a Sovereign in a Prussian General, and accompanying those proceedings wilde

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jesty shall listen to those frantic persons, who, fourteen years ago, wished to take Paris, and who now have induced you to embark in a war, and in offensive projects equally inconceivable, your Majesty will do an injury to your people, that the renainder of your life will not be able to heal. Sire, I have nothing to gain in a contest with your Majesty : I want nothing, nor ever did want any thing from you. The present war is a most impolitic one. I feel that, perhaps, by this letter, I am irritating that sensibility which naturally belongs to every sovereign; but the present circumstances admit of 10 disguise. I tell your Majes what I think. Let you Majesty moreover permit me to tell you, that it is no great discovery to Europe to learn that France is three times more populous, and as brave and warlike as the Siaies of your Majesty. I have uot given you any real subject for war. Let your Majesty then order this swarm of malevoleat and inconsiderate persons to be silent, with that respect that is due to your throne, and restore that tranquillity that is due to yourself and to your dominions. If you will nerer again find an ally in me, you will find a man who is desirous of never waging any wars that are not indispensable for the interests of my people, and of never shedding blood in a contest with Sovereigns who have no opposite interest to me from industry, commerce, and political system. I pray your Majesty to see in this letter only the desire I have to spare the eifusion of human blood, and to save a nation that, from its geographical position, cannot be an enemy to niine, from the bitter repentance which it would have to feel, from having listened too much to those momentary passions which are so casily roused and appeased among all nations.

“ Sire, my Brother, I pray God that he may have you in his worthy and holy keeping

" Your Majesty's good Brother, From my Imperial Camp at Gera,

“ NAPOLEON," Oct. 12, 1806.

invectives against France: he was the and sixty pieces of cannon, served by the declared author of that frantic manifesto, riding artillery. These troops, which which he has denied for these fourteen have undergone so much fatigue, had years, although he could not deny that he the same appearance as when they were at kad given it the sanction of his signature. Paris. Serenteenth Bulletin.-Potsdam, Oct. 25.

The General of Division, Victor, received The corps of Marshal Lannes arrived here a musket-shot in the battle of Jena, and on the 24th.

was obliged to keep his bed some days. Marshal Davoust's corps entered Berlin

The general of brigade, Gardannes, aid-deon the 25th.

camp to the Emperor, had a horse killed, The corps of the Marshal Prince of and is slightly wounded. Ponte Corvo is at Brandenburgh.

The Emperor has been to view the tomb

of Frederic the Great. The remains of Marshal Angereau's corps will enter Berlin tomorrow, the 26th.

this great man are inclosed in a wooden

coffin covered with copper. It is placed in The Emperor arrived at Potsdam yester. day. In the afternoon he went to inspect phies of victory, without any distinction to

a vault without any ornaments, any trothe new palace of Sans Souci, and the country in the environs of Potsdam. He recal the memory of his great and heroic

actions. staid some time in the Chamber of Prede. rick the Great, the hangings and furniture

The Emperor has presented to the Hotel of which are the same now as at the tiine of the Invalids at Paris, the sword of the of his decease.

Great Frederic, the riband of his orrler, Prince Ferdinand, the brother of the the Black Eagle, and also the colours which Great Frederic, remains at Berlin. There he took in the seven years' war. are 300 pieces of cannon in the arsenal of Prussian court, was only six hours distance

Lord Morpeth, the English envoy to the Berlin, several hundred weight of powder, from the field of battle on the 14th. and a great quantity of arms.

The citadel of Spandau, three miles from General Hulin is nominated Governor of Berlin.

Berlin, and four from Potsdam, strong by General Bertrand, the Emperor's aid-de- its situation, in the midst of water, having

a garrison of 1200 men, and a great quan. camp, has been sent to Spandau. That fortress defends itself; he has invested it surrounded in the night of the 24th. Ge

tity of ammunition and provisions, wat with the dragoons of Dupont's division. The Grand Duke of Berg is gone to

neral Bertrand, the Emperor's aid-deSpandau to follow a Prussian column, camp, had previously reconnoitred the which is marching from that place to it, and the garrison began to be alarmed,

The cannon was ready to open upon Stettin. The Marshals Lefebvre and Bessieres ar

when Marshal Lannes proposed the capiturived at Potsdain on the 24th. The foot lation to be signed by the commandant. grands marched fourteen hours in a day. have been found at Berlin; we are em.

Large magazines of tents, clothing, &c. The Emperor remained the whole of the 25th at Potsdam.

ployed in taking inventories. Marshal Ney's corps blockades Magde- cepter, contains some interesting particu

A letter from Helmstadt, lately interburg.

lars. Marshal Soult's corps passed the Elbe a day's journey from Magdeburg, and fol

The Prince of Hatzfeld; Busching, the

Superintendant of the Police; the Presi. lowed the enemy to Stettin. The weather continues very encourag. sellor; M. M. Ruck, Siegren, Hermens

dent Kerchiefen; Foriney, a Privy Coun. ing; the present is the finest harvest ever

dorf, Counsellors, sent as Deputies by the The result of the celebrated oath, taken vered the keys of the place to his Majesty

City of Berlin, have this morning deliupon the tomb of the Great Frederic, on the 4th of November, 1805, was the battle at Potsdam. They were accompanied by of Austerlitz, and the evacuation of Ger

M. Groote, Counsellor of Finance, and the many by the Russian army, by forced Barons Vichnitz and Eckarlstein. marches.

The head-quarters are at Charlotten

burg. Eighteenth Bulletin.-Potsdam, Oct. 26. [Here follows the capitulation of the

The Emperor has reviewed the Impe- fortress of Spandau, consisting of sik Tial fout-guards, consisting of ten battalions, short articles, of no material importance.]

seen.

CAMBRIDGE.

HAMPSHIRE.

2

PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES.

whom so many of the letters of the JANT

ANUARY 23. Eighty-three stu- poet Cowper are addressed.

dents of the University were admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Dicd.] Jan. 01. At Portsmouth, Arts, and seven as Coinpounders. J. Swaflield, jun. Esq. chief clerk of

Two graces passed the Senate; cne the Navy Pay-office ai that docka for assigning a place in the senate- yard.-At Alverstoke, near Cosport, house for the intended statue of Mr. aged 74, the Rev. J. M. Bingham, Pitt, and the other for removing the rector of Bircharger, and of Runwell, statue of glory from the senate-house in Essex, and many years an acting to the law-schools.

magistrate of the county of SouthThe subject for the Norrisian prize ampton.-At Southampton, aged 07, for the next year is, The Fulness of Arthur Hammond, Esq. a justice of the Time when Christ cume into the the peace for the town and county, world.

and late one of the surveyors-general Died.) Mr. l'm. Cooper, formerly of the customs in London.At Brama hookseller on the Market-hill, C'am- dean, aged 80, Mrs. Shakspeare, rebridge. - The Rev. William Elliston, lict of John Shakspeare, Esq. late D.D. ayed 73, Master of Sidney Sus- alderman of London. sex college, Cambridge, to which he

HEREFORDSHIRE. was appointed in the year 1760. Died.] At Hereford, Mrs. Knill, DEVONSHIRE.

wife of Thomas Knill, Esq. maror of A more violent gale of wind blew that town. She was sitting alone by at Ereier on the 22d of January than the fire, when her clothes unfortunates has been felt for a number of years, ly caught fire, and were instantly in and occasioned considerable damage blaze; by which she was so dreadfully to many buildings in that city and burnt before her situation could be neighbourhood. Nearly the whole discovered, that she expired on the front of the theatre, with the piazza, following morning. She was nearly and the pillars on which it was erect- 90 years of age. ed, was levelled with the ground. In the streets many persons were wound- Died.] At Paul's Walden, aged 35, ed by siates, &c. blown from house, the Hon. George Bowes, second son tops, and one of the hand of the of the late, and brother of the preMontgomery militia was killed by the sent Earl of Strathmore. fall of a stack of chimnies.

LINCOLNSRIRE. Died.] at Plymouth, aged 70, Lien- A few days ago, as some labourers' tenant-colonel Hatfield, much lament- were digging clay in the brick-yard ed by his friends and acquaintance. of Mr. Pool, at Bottleford, near He dis:inguished himself on several Granthamn, about nine féct from the occasions during the late American surface they discovered the bead and var, as commanding officer of the horns of an animal of the bull' kind, 4'd and 45th grenadiers, and was truly of most extraordinary dimen-ions. 2 s vldier's real friend.

The weight of the horns, with a piece DORSETSHIRE.

of the frontal bone, is 91 pounds, the Died.) At Poole, aged 58, John span from tip to tip is two feet oné Bird, Esq. an alderman, and one of inch; and the greatest hulge of the the oldest members of the corpora- horns three feet two inches; each tion of that town.

horn from the skull to the tip mea. GLOUCESTERSHIRE,

sures two feet eight inches, and is at Died.] At Eules Green, aged 89, its base one foot one inch and half in the Rev. J. Carless, vicar of Strat- circumference. One tooth weighs ford, Herefordshire, and of Kerry, two ounces and a half. There is an Blontgomeryshire.-At Clifton, Lady imperfect cavity in the clay, in which Hesketh. She was the eldest daugh- the body of the animal was supposed ter of Ashley Cowper, Esq. formerly to have been, and on each side was a clerk of the Parliañient, and widow large piece of an oak tree, as black as of Sir Thomas Hesketh, of Rufford ebony. Some part of the horns near hall, Lancashire. This is the lady to the tip is completely petrified.

UNIVERSAL Mag. Vol. VII. 2B

HERTS.

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