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prophets or politicians; but probably these days of remuneration from all there are many who do not conceive others. how it may be said to be among the The great founder and teacher of natural course of human events. Such the Christian religion, when he fore. persons I would wish to consider, told the destruction of Jerusalem, 1. That it is natural that the best predicted another visitation, that was state of society should have a ten- not to be less signal : this destruction dency in itselt to degenerate--2. That was to be preceded by extraordinary no society, institution, or body cor- revolutions in states and kingdoms. porate, having degenerated, possesses If we paraphrase Matt. xxiv. 29, 30. virtue or capacity to reformi itself it will read thus: “Inmediately after and, 3dly. That it is therefore neces- the tribulation of those (the former sary, that each degenerated portion of days, shall the sun (of monarchy) be society should be reformed by the darkened, the moon (the church) operation of some power, interest, or shall not give her light, and the stars, agency distinct from itself. The (dignities and distinctions) shall fall prophecies in the Old and New from heaven (the heaven ofauthority), Testament are grounded upon a tore- and the powers of the heavens (ile sight of the apostacy and degeneracy. force of governments) shall be not only of the ecclesiastical but even shaken. Then shall appear the sign the secular powers of Christendom, (the token of the Son of Man, Christ to which the Christian church has coming, or making his authority been most fatally allied ; the restora- known, in heaven, viz. among the tion, therefore, which has been fore- ruling powers; and they shall see seen, is, philosophically speaking, ike Son of Man, the fulfilment of nothing more or less than society his predictions, coming or making finding its own level.'

him (his doctrines) known in the It is natural for extremes to destroy clouds of heaven, the darkness and oach other. Let vice and immorality distress of thrones, with power and hear and tremble at this confirmation great glory, and all the triles of the of the doctrines of scripture, while earth, the lower and interior orders they contemplate the uncommon ca- of people, shall have cause to mourn." lamities* which are to distinguish The beginning of these sorros,

wars and runours of wars, notion • However it may appear to half- kingdon, famines, earthquakes, or

rising against nation, kingdom against reasoning theologiaus, Bishop Butler, revolutions, and men's hearts failing in his Analogy, is an impartial

, because them for fear, we have already seen, an involuntary, witness to the truth of but the end is not yet. What is the the doctrine here advanced. He sup- end of all this commotion? Why hath poses a society or kingdom upon this heaven, as it were, assembled so carth in a situation advantageous for ·

many nations to battle? Why have Universal Monarchy. In such a state the kings mentioned in the Revelahe observes, " there would be no such tions, who had given their kingdom thing as faction; but men of the and authority to the beast, been gagreatest capacity would, of course, all thered to the battle of that great day along, have the chief direction of of God Almighty? Wliy, we are affairs willingly yielded to them." He told in Rev. xviii. 14, These shall thinks, that the general influence of make war with the Launb, viz. the such a kingdom over the face of the earth by way of example, without any reference to supernatural influence or ages, and claiming its protection in causes, would " plainly render it su- successive exigencies The head of perior to all others, and the world it would be an Universal Monarch in must gradually come under its em- another sense than any inortal has yet pire, not by lawless violence, but been, and the Eastern style would be partly by what must be allowed to he literally applicable to him, "THAT just conquest, and partly by other ALL PEOPLE, NATIONS, AND LANkingdoms submiting themselves vo. GUAGES SHOULD SERVE HIM."-Thus luntarily to it throughout a course of far Bishop Butler,

injured and suffering party, and the of this vial ? So I hope and heartily Laml shall overcome them, for ke is pray. Gird thee with thy sword, Lord of Lords and King of Kings; therefore, Ogreat king, go on prosand they that are with him, viz. in perously and bear rule, because of his interest, are called and chosen ou truth and righteousness, and thy purpose to oppose the kings of the right hand shall teach thee marvellous earth, and are therefore said to be things.” faithful. Now it is plain, ihat, as That nilitary means may be as the system and the kingdoms that are necessary to demolish an offensive to be overthrown were built upon the system of policy, civil and ecclesiasblood of martyrs, and worthies, and tical, as others had been before during great oppression, so it was necessary the dark ages to establish it, cannot that the 'Babel or Babylon, thus be doubted: and it seems highly proerected, should be overthrown by the bable, as hinted by a late author (Vide sword of the warrior, which, in its An Essay on some important passages turn, shall punish and destroy those of the Revelation of the Apostle John, that destroyed the earth. The nine- compared with correspondent pasteenth chapter of the Revelations sages of the Book of Daniel, 2d edit, therefore presents us with so great with additions, by Lauchian Taylor, and mighty an angel, or rather an A.M. Minister of Larbert, Edinburgh, agent of the Messiah, that the pro- printed and sold by A. Dopalson, phet, to distinguish him like another and E. Dilly in the Poultry, 1770), Nebuchadnezzar, of whom it is said, " that even the angel, which, in Rev. " Whom he would he set up, and xix, 17. is represented as standing in whom he would he put down, whom the sun, signifies some person who he would he slew, and whom he shall then be possessed of an imperial would he kept alive,” calls him also crown.” Mr. Taylor, however, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, looked upon the immortal Frederic See Ezekiel xxvii. 6, and therefore of Prussia as one of the greatest of he cannot be Christ in person, as the scourges to the oppressive) House commentators have hithertoimagined, of Austria, because this prince rebut a warrior, another mighty poten- sembled Moses in many respects, as tate or agent in his service, to slay, a legislator, a prince, and a general. with the sword, to make a fort, and Relative to the particulars of the cast a mount against the mystical hero's character, for whom the great Babylon of the Now, just as Nebu- task was reserved, Mr. Taylor thought chadnezzar had done against the literal he would be one untainted with Bolylon of the Old Testament. And vice, yet loaded with reproach; of thus what the Messiah chuses to do singular moderation, yet accused of by his agents, he may be properly ambition; of highest dignity, yet and strictly said to do himself. condescending to the meanest ; in a

The necessity for a great warrior to word, one of invincible fortitude, introduce the Millenium, or the pe- supported by the God of Heaven, and țiod of the restoration of all things, whose heart glows with the love of is neither a new norą solitary opi- truth, of liberty, and of mankind." nion. It has been expressed by some The exploits of the great Frederic writers of the soundest principles. were certainly uncommonly brilliant; The learned Mr. Joseph Mede, in his he had surmounted innumerable obClavis Apocalyptica, seemed to en- stacles, and vanquished a host of foes; tertain great hopes of Gustavus Adol- but as the writer I have just quoted phus, King of Sweden, “There is did not live to see army after army, now," said he, “ at length come kingdom after kingdom, and empire from the North, God's avenger of after empire, overthrown by a greater wrongs, to succour afflicted and dis- than Frederic, it is certain that though tressed Germany; a godly king, right in the principle, he was wrong happy, and which way soever he in its application. Still the applicaturneth, a conqueror, whose pros- tion is strengthened by the remarkable perous progress is wonderful speedy. affinity it bears to the truth. Is not this he whom the Lord of Hosts If we consider that the great Bahath destinated to execute the work bylon of the New Testament is not, strictly speaking, either the City or Behold another Cyrus, before whom Church of Rome, governed by a suc- the Lord went to make crook. cession of priests; but a powerful ed places straight, to break in politico-religious interest, partly a pieces the gates of brass, and cuc lamb and partly a dragon, ruling over asunder the bars of iron, whom the many nations, commanding slaves Lord also surnamed and girded with and souls of men, and supported by power, though the (modern) Assy“all that had ships in the sea, the rjan knew him not. weaith of Ormus and of Ind," - I say, To conclude, an earthly potentate considering all this power on one side, is undoubtedly necessary to usher in on the other hand we ought not to the Millenium, the reign of peace. be surprised, if the imagery which The question who this monarch is, describes the agency brought to act it would as yet be presumption to against it is uncommonly grand and determine ; but, if we consult our terrific. To me it seems to attempt celebrated monthly prognosticator, such a display of the divine energy, Francis Moore, he has most probably as was perhaps never before delegated decided it; he justly observes, in to any human being. The final and page 5, of this year's almanack, decisive victory over the enemies of 'Tis only war can introduce our peace; the Christian cause, in chap. xix. v. 11. 'Tis only arms can make the wars to cease ; seems to be announced as one of the Our mighty Monarch "tis, 'tis he alone, most inscrutable acts and manifesta. Can peace entail upon each tott'ring throne; tions of divine providence. He, the 'Tis only he that, under God, can give earthly representative of the trium- The end of war, and say to peace, Now phant Messiah, the faithful and true, live!

See Isaiah xlvii. 13. is said to judge or make war in

I am, your's, &c. righteousness or justice--his eyes were

Anti-MERCATOR. as a flame of fire, his discernment London, Feb.7, 1807. was strong and piercing--and he had a name, a designation written, appointed for him, that no man knew To the Editor of the Universal Mag. but himself—and he was clothed in a SIR, vesture dipped in blood, viz. his vic O ou membres the other day, Lord tories and conquests had become his principal ornaments--and his name, Henry Petty's large quarto, on his his office, is called the Word, or ma- new scheme of finance, It has set nifestation, of God—and he had a us all to think on the subject, but it name written upon his vesture and his seems that the more we read his book, thigh, he had all the external appear- and the more we look into his tables, ances of supreme dignity, as King of the less we understand of the matter. Kings and Lord of Lords—and the It was discussed a long while the other armies which were in heaven, in the night at our club, and we all united heaven of supreme power and autho- in one sentiment, that it was a good rity, followed him upon white horses, thing not to have any more taxes ; the harbingers of peace, clothed in and that it was high time to look about fine linen, white and clean.

us, and to see into whose pockets the And besides these armies and their enormous sums raised by taxes went, weapons, out of his mouth goeth a and what those persons who so kindly sharp sword, viz. the conviction of eased us of our money, did for the the justice of his cause, that with it good of the nation. he should also smite the nations. In the midst of our discussion, our

The application of this character squire, who is generally very silent must yet be left to the few that can on these topics, surprised us by more discern the Signs of the Times. In the pertinent remarks than we had been mean while, following up the ideas accustomed to hear from him: “ You of the prophet, one may exclaim, ali think,” said he,“ my friends, that Behold another Assyrian and his I know nothing about this matter of host; another axe in the hand of him finance, but in this, let me tell you, thit heweth therewith; another saw that you are mistaken. I fatter myin the hand of him that shaketh it: self that I am somewhat better ac


quainted with this subject than the tain with only four hundred a year, Chancellor of the Exchequer; and I Fortunately for me my wife had liope that he will not learn it by the some spirit, and luckily my furniture, same experience I have had.” Here horses, and wine, produced a suffi. we all smiled, but the squire to our cient sum to hire a decent house, and astonishment went gravely on: “ You a few acres of land in Wales, where may smile,” says lie, " but I shall we lived, and for the next twenty not go back from my assertion, and years lived upon the produce of that I shall repeat it, that I know as much farm and two hundred a year from my of this matter of tinance as the Chan- own estate. The remaining eight cellor of the Exchequer.''

hundred a year was devoted to the " It would be very odd if I did payment of my debts. At the end of nict," he continued," for I began to these twenty years I returned back to learn it when I was of his age; and you, my debí being reduced to five dirty odd years have passed over my ihousand four hundred pounds. My head since I took my first lesson. steward and lawyer, in the mean You shall judge for yourselves. You time, had been so careful of my promay remember my settling in lise: perty, that the leases made at the I was about the same age as Lord beginning of my misfortunes, were Henry Petty, had been educated at long, and on niy return home I found the same College, and given more at- but few expiring. My stay in Wales tentiou to Greek and Latin authors, gave me some little insight into the whom I have now entirely forgotten; value of land, and the year after my than to arithmetic and ihe rule of arrival, an estate, let at only a hun. three. I thought myself, I recollect, dred a year, fell in. I sold it instantly, very clever, because I could make a and was biamed by all my neighbours; tolerable Latin declamation, and a but I did not tell them, that the sale miserable copy of verses. With this cleared me of all my debts, and put stock of knowledge I married ; and four hundred pounds into my pocket. you may remember my setting off. I had now only nine hundred a My estate was a clear pusand a year, year, and marriageable children, but and I thought it necessary to live up borrowed no more. Another estate to fifteen kuired a year. What sig- of a hundred a year fell in, and was nites, said I to myself, I can borrow sold at a still better rate than the last. five hundred pounds upon my landed My neighbours blamed me, but I becurity;

and it I set apart a hundred a gave to my two daughters, who were year to pay interest and principal, married on the same day, each three it will be coon paid ofi. The next thousand pounds as a marriage por, year I borrowed another five hun- tion. My income was now reduced dred; and so on I went, living away to eight hundred a year, but this was tery pleasantly for the first seven afluence to my wife and me, who years after marriage; though my had lived in Wales; and the next spending money was gradually dimi- estate at a hundred a year, thar fell in, nishing, and you may remenber it was sold, and produced tive thousand was found expedient that I should pounds for my younger son, set him take a trip into Wales for the sake of up in business, and paid all the colthe clear air on its mountains, and lege and temple bills of young hopeother conveniences.

fil, my presumed heir, who out of "The fact was, that the habit and my ineome, now reduced to seren facility of borrowing had inued a hundred a year, had the modesty to habit and facility of spending; and expect two hundred and fifty tor his in both I was very kindly assisted by annual expences. I did not grudge my wife, my attorney, and my stews the young rogue the money; but let ard. At the end then of seven years, him' have that sum and a bonus of instead of my presumed additions of fifty pounds besides. five hundred a year of debt, I found Thus were my wife and I cut that the debt amounted to twelve down to four hundred a year, but thousand pounds, bearing interest at our prospects were brightening ; every six bundred pounds a year, and that I year saw a lease run out, and my rehad a wife and tour children to main maining lands have been so well let, CSEHRSAL MAG. VOL. VII.

2 F

that my income is near fifteen hun- led, maketheir fortunes, there is none dred a year ; and young hopeful is set- whose history is more anzusing than tled with eight hundred a year of it that of the Abbe Primi; a man of for his fortune, of which I leave him extraordinary spirit, and concerning to make the most, for the rest of my whom the following particulars are property will be divided amongst my here transcribed from a work of colother children. Now judge," said siderable merit. the old gentleman," whether I ought not to kuow as much of finance as The Abbe Primi was born at our young Chancellor of the Ex- Bologna; and was the son of a capchequer."

maker. Beside a good figure, he pos We all nodded assent, and begged sessed a lively wit, and a determined his opinion of the grand schemes of resolution to make his fortune. With finance. “ I will tell it you,'' he re- this intention he came into France, plied: “ all those tables that the and at Lyons took his place in the young Chancellor has published for diligence for Paris. One of his felyour amusement, are not worth one low-travellers happened to be a man farthing. He has made a loan for of talent, named Duval, who took a this year of fourteen millions. The liking to Primi. Among the travel, nation will redeern in the course of lers was one whose person was so ofthe year, by its sinking fund, eight fensive, that the others heartily wishmillions tive hundred thousand ed to get rid of him. Duval attempted pounds. Of course at the end of the this service, and making use of Primi, year, the national debt will be ic- after having concerted the scheme creased five millions five hundred together, he inquired of Primi whethousand pounds. The next year the ther any credit might be given to the debt will be still farther increased; rumour current in France, that there and when the time will come for were persons in Italy who could forediminishing this debt, God only tell what would happen to an indiviknows. It may amuse the young dual by only seeing his hand-writing? Chancellor to talk about such a time; Primi answered, that although he but no one can tell what the national could not take upon him to allirm the income will be seven years hence, absolute infallibility of this art, yet it and who may then preside over the was often practised successfully; and finances. My experience tells me, that he himself having made this that it you place young men in such kind of study an amusement, had sela situation, they cannot fail at the end dom failed' of informing persons, of that time to have learned some- from the inspection of their handthing, if they will but study, as I did, writing, what actually had happened, the doctrine of compound interest: or what would happen to them. but, if they trust to the underlings of Duval appearing somewhat em. office for calculations of schemes, boldened by the modesty of Primi, they will be just as wise at going out shewed him his hand-writing. Atier of, as they were on coming into the having carefully examined it, the cabinet.' Here we all laughed, and Italian enumerated, at great length, the good old squire took his pipe and a variety of extraordinary events, dishis punch, and resumed his usual eases, successions, and gallantries : 'composure.

these Duval acknowledged to be true I remain, your obedient servant, as to the past, and therefore he trusted

T. HEARTY, in the truth of what was foretold him.

The other travellers also submitted

their writing to the inspection of HE court of Lewis the Four- Primi, who related to them what had characters and occurrences. Among acknowledged, and foretold what the most memorable and successful awaited them, which they affected to of those adventurers who resorted to believe. The stinkard, surprized at Paris during the reign of this mo- what he had heard, spurred on by his narch, in order to acquire celebrity curiosity, and convinced by the sucand riches, or, as it is commonly cal. cess of Primi, shewed him bis band


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