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CRITICISM. BF4C8* HEAD: with other Poems, there was some reason to suppose

ly CHARLOTTE SMITH, pp. 140, berselt [Mrs. Smith) had written, arxl notes, 79. Johnson, 1807. and partly an intention of annexing a

FOWEVER rationally conceired, short account of her life; but it often that our anticipations are hap- Biographical Memoirs, and a selecpily realised. This seems particularly tion of per Correspondence, on a ibe case with respect to the posthu- more enlarged plan, and under the mous publications of distinguished immediate authority of her own nearanthors. The solicitude with which est relatives, the motives for deterthe public generally look forward to ring the publication are altogether such productions, when announcedi, removed.” and the avidity with which they are

Notwithstanding the hope expressed inspected immediately on their ap- by the anonymous editor of the prepearance in the world of letters, have sent volume, that “ the public, who a natural tendency to stimulate inte- have received the sereral' editions of rested individu is to collect toreiher Mrs. Smith's former poems with unthe scattered tragents of departed bounded approbation, will, without genius, and, for the sake of enjo- doubt, admit the chains of the present lument merely, to hury them in work to an equal share of their faalmo-t any shape, and without consi- vour," we must beg leave to be so deration, before the tribunalofopinion, sceptical as 10 denur on what to her and the judgmreni-seat of criticism. editor appears altogether unquestionThe dead are aline personally unstable. lit from deaying, at the same fected either by commendation or time, the real merits of the poenis censure, and if therefore appears of now under reviews, we shall proceed no consequence, in this point of view, to point out what we feel to be their how far their surviving friends may diously dwelling on what we consider

bejuties, without minutely or invi. commit their reputation with posterity.

to be their defects; yet we must be The solemn duties of sepulture, understood as declaring, according to however, are not the only ones which our estimation of works of this nature, require to be perforined in the manes that the present publication will not of illustrious characters. If men con- angment, it indecd it does not dimisnier as sacred the selerated arrange. Bish, ibe splendour of Mrs. Smiths ment of the pecurity affairs of a de poeticai effulgence. reased person, ought not something

"BEACHY Urad is not completed," like respect and inejitv to be ei says the editor, “s according to the dence in the conduct of those who original design." This we fully beare entrusted with the fame of a cuce lieve; and as, except in point of celebrated writer?

length, we do not esteem this poem We shall not attempt to ascertain entitled to precedence, our excerpts 10 what extent the preceding animad- from it shall be desultory: We think versions actually apply to the friends the following among the best passages of the late Mrs. Charlotte Smith; it contains:since it is more than intimated, in the Ah! who is happv? Happiness! 3 word preface to the volume betore us, that Thatlike fakefire from marshefilusia born, pie poceos of which it is composed Mink ads the www.derer, cleiinid to contend were delivered to the publisher pre lethe world's wildernes, with want or worn viously to her decease, though, in Yet they are happy, who have never ask u consequence of that melancholy

What good or evil means. event, the duty of publishing de Solved to other hands., "The deky," Tonce was happy; wh.on while yet a child, iz is added, " which since that period And, when elastic as the mountain air, has taken place, has been occasioned To my light spirit, care was yet unknown partly by the hope of finding a pre- And evi unforeseen :-Lasiv it came, luce to the present publication, which And childhood scarcely passed, I was cort


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Aguiltless exile, silently to sigh,

Creeping like bearded coral; or who there While Memory, with faithful pencil, drew Gathers, the copse's pride, anémones, The contrast ; and repreiting, I coinjard Wiih ravs like golden studs en ivory laid With the pollutedsmoby atmosphere

Moji delicate : but touch'd with purple And dark and stilling streets, the southern cloud, hills

Fit crown for April's sair but changeful That to the setting Sun, their graceful heads bruw. Rearing, o'erlook the trail, where Vecta Ah! bills so early lored! in fancy still break's

I breathe yolit pure keen air; and still be. With her white rocks, the strong impetu

hold ous ride,

Those widely spreading views, mocking When western winds the vast Atlantic alike

The Poet and the Painte.'s utınost art. uige To thunder on the coast-Haunts of iny In the passage beginning "Ah! youth!

who is happy?" and in the line “Ah! Scenes of fond day dreams, I behold ye yet! hills so early lov'd!”-in these, and Where iwas so pleasant by thy northern in several similar passages, the poeti

reader will instantaneously recogTo climb the winding sheep path, aided

nise the quaint moralising of Cowper, uft By seatter'd thorns : whose spiny branches' and the plaintise tenderness of Gray. bore

Our readers must become acquainted Small woolly iufts, spoils of the vagrant with the interesting Stranger, whom lamb

Mrs. Smith has introduced to us, There scekirg shelter from the noon-day In such a castellated mansion once

A stranger chose bis home; and where Asu pleasant, seated on the short sof turf,

hard by To look beneath upon the hollow way In rude disorder fallen, and hid with brush. While heavily upward mov'd the labour- wood ing wain,

Lay fragments gray of towers and butAnd stalkirig slowly by, the sturdy hind tresses, To ease his panting teain, stopp’d with a Among the ruins, often he would muse

llis rustic meal soon ended, he was wont The grating wheel.

To wander forth, listening the evening

sounds An carly worshipper at Nature's shrine, Of rushing milldam, or the distant team, I loved her rudest scenes-- warrens, and Or night jar, chasing tern-flies: the tired hea:hs,

hind And yell vw commons, and birch-shaded Pa s'd him at nightfall, wondering he biolows,

should sit And ledge rows, bordering unfrequented On the hill top so late: they from the

lanes Powered with wild roses, and the clasping Who sought bye paths with their clande;voodbine

une load, Where purple tassels nf the tang!ing vatch Saw with suspicious doubt, the lovely man With bitersweel, and bryony inweave', Cro-s on their way: but village muidens And the dew filis the silver bindweed's thought cus

His senses injur'd ; ard with pity say Moved to trace the brooks whose humid That he, poor youth! must have been

crossd in loveNourish the harebeil, and the freckled For, ofen, stretch'd upon the moun:ain

pagil; And stroll among o'ershadowing woods of With folded arms, and eyes intently fixid beech,

Where ancient ems and firs obscurid a Leiding in Summer, from the heals of


Some liitle space within the vale below, A whispering shade; whilst liaply there They heard hi m, as complaining of his fate, recliues

And to the murmuring wind, of cold neg. Some pelisive lover of unculturd Howers, lecc Who, from the lunips with bright green And baffled hope he told. The peasant moses clad,

girls Piucks the wood sorrel, with its light thin These plaintive sounds remember, and even

leaves, lleart-shaped, and triply foldad; and its Among them may be heard the stranger's


2 G







you still,

Were I a Shepherd on the hill

And with his prayers performd the obse. And ever as the mists withdrew

quies Could see the wllows of the rill

For the poor helpless stranger.
Shading tlie footway to the mill
Where once I walk'd with you

One dark night

The equinoctial wind blew souh by west, And as away Night's shadows sail,

Fierce on the shore ;-the bellowing cliffs And sounds of birds and brooks arise,

were shook Believe, that from the wondy vale

Even to their stony base, and fragments I liear your voice upon the gule

full In soothing nielodics;

Fla-hing and thundering on the angry And viewing from the Alpine height, Acod.

The prospect dress'd in hues of air, At day-break, anxious for the lonely man, Could say, while transient culours bright Ilis care the mountain shepherds visited, Tunch'd the fair scene with dewy light, Tho'sand and banks of wecds had choak'd

their way'Tis, that her eyes are there!

He was not in it; but his drowned cor'se I think, I could endure my lot Aud linger on a few short years,

By the waves wafted, near his foriner home

Receiv'd the ries of burial. Those who And then, by all but you forgot,

read Sleep, where the turf that clothes the spot Chiseld within the rock, these mournful May claim soine pitying tears.

lines, For 'is not easy to forget

Memorials of his sufferings, did not grieve, One, who tliro'life has lov'd

That dying in the cause of charity And you, however late, might yet

His spirit from iis earthly boudage freed, With sighs to Memory giv'n, regret Had to some better region Aed for ever. The Shepherd of the Hill.

An ode to · The Swallow,' is

among the pleasantest of our author's Wandering on the beach, poetical trifles. He learn'd to augur from the clouds of The gorse is yellow on the heath, Heaven,

The banks with speedwell flowers are And froin the changing colours of the sea,

82V, And sulley murmurs of the hollow cliffs, The oaks are huddling; and beneath, Or the dark porpoises, that near the shore The hawthorn soon will bear the wreath, Gambol'il and sported on the level brine The silver wreath of May. When tempests were approaching: then at night

The welcome guest of settled Spring,
He listend to the wind; and as it drove The Swallow too is come at last;
The billows with v'erwhelming vehemence Just at sun-set, when thrushes sing,
He, starting from his rugged couch, went I saw her dash with rapid wing,

And hail'd her as she pass d.
And hazarding a life, too valueless,
He waded thro' tho waves, with plank or Come, summer visitant, attach

To my reed roof your nest of clay, Towards where the mariner in conflict And let my ear your music catch dread

Low twittering underneath the chatch Was buffering for life the roaring surge;.

At the grey dawn of day. And now just seen, now lost in faming Asfables tell, an Indian Sage, gulpois,

The llindostani woods among,
The dismal gleaming of the clourled moon
Shew'd the dire peril.

Could in his desert hermitage,
Often he had

As if 'twere mark'd in written page,
Froin the wild billow, some unhappy

Trarıslate the wild bird's song.

I wish I did his power possess, Who liv'd to bless the hermi: of the

That I might learn, fleet bird, from thee, rocks.

What our vaill systems only guess, But if his generous carus cre all in vain, And kuow from wliat wide wilderness and with slow swell the title of morning You came across the sea.

bore Some blue swol'n cor'se to land; the pale I would a little while restrain recluse

Your rapid wing, that I might hear Dug in the chalk a scpulchreibove Whether on clouds that bring the rain, Where the dark sea wrack mark'd the ut. You sail'd above the western main, nost tide,

The wind your charioteer.


In Afric does the sukry gale

Our mode of examining this postThro’ spicy lower, and palmy grove, humous volume, for as such we must Bear the repeated Cuckoo's tale?

still consider it, will acquit us, we Dwells there a lime, the wandering Rail

trust, from the imputation of intendUr the itinerant Dove?

ing to depreciate the fame which Were you in Asia ? O relate,

Mrs. Smith deservedly possessed anIf there your fablert sister's woes tecedently to the publication in quesShe seem'd in sorrow to narrate;

tion. We have always esteemed her as Or sings she but to celebrate

holding a very high rank among those Her nuptials with the rose?

who have in this country cultivated I would enquire how journering long, the composition of sonnets; a species

The vast and pathless ocean o'er, of versification which, from the inYou plv again those pinions strong, successfulness with which it has been And come to build aucw anyong

attempted by the herd of poetasters, The scenes you left before;

seems to have fallen into unnerited But if, as colder breezes blow,

obloquy, but which must nevertheProphetic of the waning year,

less be highly estimated when selectYou hide, tho' none know when or how,

ed by the few who know how to connIn the cliff's excavated brow,

municate their feelings in the genuAnd linger torpid here;

ine language of poetry, and wbo join Thus lost to life, what favouring dream

to the natural endowments of genius Bids you to happier hours awake;

an enlightened taste. And tells that dancing in the beam,

It is not unworthy of remark, that The light gai hovers o'er the stream,

we owe to the talents of two ladies, The May-Ay on the lake?

Charlotte Smith and Anna Seward, Or if, by instinct taught to know

the greater portion of the Sonnets Approaching dearth of insect food;

with which our language is enriched. To isles and willowy aits you g',

We have no wish now to enter ipAnd crouding on the pliant bough,

on a critical investigation of the reSink in the dimpling rood :

spective claims of these distinguished How Icarn ye, while the cold waves boom females to literary eminence : indeed,

Your deep and ouzy couch above, The time when Aowers of promise bloom, parison of this kind could be fairly

we do not see that any relative comAnd call you from your transient tomb, To light, and life, and love!

made. They differ from each other,

both as to their turn of thinking, and Alas! how little can be known,

their style of writing. The sonnels Her sacred veil where Nature draws; Let baffled Science humbly own,

of Mrs. Smith affect by their exHer mysteries undersiood alone,

treme melancholy of feeling, and by By Him who gives her laws.

simplicity of expression; while those

of Miss Seward delight by felicity of Not a Sonnet have we been able to thought, by classical allusious, and by discover, throughout the miscella- their polished construction. The neous poetry, accompanying Beachy first interests our attections, the latter Head!'

enforces our admiration.

THE NEW PATENTS. Mr. CHARLES SCHMALCALDER's of and from two to twelve feet, or still

Little Newport Street, Festminster; longer, chiefly made of copper and for a Delincutor, for taking Profiles, brass, sometimes wood, or any metal and for copying recersely upon Cop- applicable. The one end carries a per, c. in uny required Proportion, fine steeltracer, made to slide out and direcity froni Nature, Landscapes, in, and to be fastened by the milled Pictures, 8c.

head, screwed; the other end of the Dated Dect intér 92, 1806. rod having likewise a round hole, to THU THIS invention consists in con- take up either a steel point, black-lead

structing a machine, which pencil, or any other metallic point; is called a Delineator, consisting which may be fastened therein by a of a hollow sod, screwed together, milled head screw. A tube is tixed in a ball about ten inches long, and in this invention, so as to enable any diameter sufficiently to allow the rod person to work and make an instruto slide easily, and without shake in ment accordingly, the use of the deliit. Tlie ball with this tube is move- neaior is as follows: Ist, for taking proable between two half socket:, forming tiles, previously to the fixing of ihe together what is commonly called a instrument against the partition, you ball and socket. A frame is then must have taken the height from the made of wood about two and a half boitoin to the middle of the face of a or three feet long (this length depend- person sitting upin a chair; and, that ing from the length of the rod), and height transieired upon the partition supported by two brackets. Through in the place where the sockets are 10 the sides of the frame are boles at cer- be fastened, let the person's head sest tain distances, corresponding with the against a piece of wood lined with marks on the rod; hence it is evident leather. Begin tracing at the back; that in copying any original, supposing and in tracing observe, the screw to to the size of one-eislith, one-fourth, form a right angle with every part of one-half, three-fouilis, &c. a swing- the face in passing over it; in conseboard, and a clamp-screw must be quence whereof, tuin the rod round transplanted to the different holes aud in the socket, and the cutter, previdivisions corresponding. The paper, ousiv fixed in the rod, will cut out the ivory, or copper, &c. is fastened upon profiles. edly, when pictures, landthe swinging-board, either by screws scapes, &c. are copied and traced, or by a hiass frame formed of two fiat hang the original up, so as to swing, pieces of brass joined together at the and fix either paper, ivors, copper, end by hinges, and having on the &c. upon the swinging board; the!, other end two buttons to fasten the placing the tracer to the edge of the paper between. In the uppermost of ori inal picture, beyin following and this plate an opening is made to allow tracing over every part of the riture; the point to mark upon the paper. by which means a copy is received The edges of this fiame form and upon the copper, ivory, &c. reversely slide in a dovetail moveable upon the from the construction of the instiu. swinging-board, and kept in the pro- ment. It is evident that ihe original per situation by a spring.

On the as well as the ivory, &c. must swins, back of the board is aflixed a weight on account of the tracer in the rod with a hook, to which is attached a describing a circle fiom the centre of spring, forming a pulley, serving to the ball. Supposing, however, a sicprevent the point from acting upon ture of the size of eight feet square the paper when not wanted.

is to be copied upon copper to half The machine is fixed either to a the original size, by a rod of about partition in any room, or to any piece tep feei, or even eight feet long, the of wood portable, and so constructed circle described by the rod or tracer as to be easily fixed upright with a from the centre of the ball would rot screw clamp, upon a table or any other deviate above one foot from the plane stand. The instrument is perfect, surface of the picture. Tience this 1st, when all the parts are firmly con- would be the space the original would nected, and without flucination: swing during the operation, and the 2dly, when the ball and sockets are swinging board in proportion. Sdly truly circular, and inove easy: 3dly, and lastiy, when landscapes are copied when the rod passes truly through the from nature, or whatever object excentre of the ball: 4thly, when the poses itself to view, the machine rerod is perfectly straight (the diameter mains as during the operation above, of the rod is from half an inch to two and looking along the iod keeping inches and upwards, according to the the tracer and the perpendicular onlength); 5thly and lastly, in turning ject together in sight, ibe latter is folthe rod round in the sockets the tracer lowed and traced; and a copy is reand point in the two ends of the red ceived as above. must remain in the centre. To obtain which, sometimes an adjustment Mr. John BYWSTER'S of Nating, with four screw3, is required. Having ham, I now of Ratcliff' Cross Stairs) thus described the construction of for reefing the Square Sails of Ships

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