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coarse articles for sale. This is so work from tbeir house: and they distenaciously adhered to, that it will covered a deficiency in the amount of require more trouble than an indi- their earnings, when it was too late to virtual will undertake, in the present remedy it. Twenty children might stare or things, 10 inuoduce any inno- have earned, at this work, one hunva:ion. The master, who is gene- dred pounds a year; which is, prorally and very properly a weaver, bably, more than they now average thinks that there cannot be any thing in any worklıouse in

the kingse productive as the spinning-wheel, dom. and the loom; and when he who is The visitors, guardians, and goto execute sets his face against any vernors of workhouse;, ought to be new employment being introduced, compelled by the strong arm of the and puts impediments in the way to law, to avail themselves of local situarender it profitable, there can be tions. In the neighbourhood of linen, but little hope of succeeding with any woollen, and cotton manufactories, new plan.

the children shool be trained to such I will add a recent case to corrobo- branches of thein as they can eaily rate what I have asserted. A gentle- learn, and readily execute; and at man I am acquainted with wanted which they can be regularly, and conbetween twenty and thirty children stantly employed. Near inaritime to spin goats?-hair, whom he could towns, where fisheries are establishemplov constantly; and he was con- ed, they should be taught the knitfident that they might earn at the ting of nets for the fishermen ; they rate of

one,

hundred pounds a year. wouid gladly employ them, and it is For certain reasons be applied to the a profitable work for chillien. It is Committee of a neighbouring work- needless to multiply instances, to house, instead of his own ; and at prove a seif evident proposition, for every meeting he found some new they who are blind will not see any impediment started, to prevent the better by offering them additional adopting of the plan ; but it was at light. last' determined to try the experi- If annual officers are to be left to ment. The bair was sent, and in a direct the affairs of the poor, at their short time he received a summous to pleasure, without any active power to attend the Committee, who told him advise and control, or fixed rules to that the bair he had sent filled the guide them; and if our legislators are childre! with vermin. He reasoned determined to suffer those evils to against the improbability, and the im- remain unmolested, which time hath possibility of what they said; but rea- brought down to us; then we may son may err, and it must yield to the judge from the passed, what we are fact. The master bad provided the to expect from the future; that our committee with several lice in hair, poors' rates will increase from a dlųfolded up in papers, ready to shew the plicate to a triplicate ratio, and we employer. Wher he opened the pa- must, as long as we can, support the pers, he was obliged to yield to the burden. evidence of his senses; and they thought their triumph complete: but

An Enquiry respecting the late he saii, “ Gentlemen, this is not

Mr. Fox. goats', but human hair; and if we call in the children, and examine them THERE are always certain anecseparately, we shall soon discover from whose head the vermin were lative to the characters of eminent taken."

public men, about which the world is This plan was adopted, and when extremely eager to enquire-after it the right child was called, he con- has become too late, and that nothing fessed the truth; and the whole prov- farther than mere probable guesses, ed to be a scheme of the master's to can be formed. To obviate this dita save himself a little trouble. The ticulty, and to take old time by the gentleman, disgusted with the con- fore-lock, is the object of the present duct of tlie comınittee, withdrew his address to those, who are capable of

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affording the needful information, and missed, or the circumstance being who are willing thereby to oblige va- noticed, by his nearest and most tärious readers of the Universal Maga- miliar friends. Moreover, he is not zine.

represented by them, at any period of It is notorious, that during two or his life, as a studious character, otherthree years last past, or longer per- wise than by his rapid conceptions, haps, occasional paragraphs have ap- laying hold, quickly and with little peared in the public papers, stating, labour, of a part of most subjects, and ibat Mr. Fox was engaged in writing in such mode, attaining a sort of gea History of England, or at least, a neral knowledge, to be converted inhistory of the country during the deed to oratorial, but never intended reign of the Stuarts, and that the book for literary use. His well-known sellers liad actually waited on bin), at love of luxurious ease; of the world, St. Ann's Hill, in order to make him in his early, and of the joys of select. an offer for the purchase of his work; society in l.is latter days, totally preand fariber, that the sum offered a- cluded the possibility of literary lamounted to a considerable number of bour; nor could any thing in nature thousand pounds. This undertaking, arouse him, but those seemingly paralso, was a signed as the chief induce. anjount and darling objects of his ment for Mr. Fox's last journey to soul - the command of a political par. France, where he might examine the ty, and the pilotage of the vessel of archives, and consult the Stuart pa- State. Those even were but seconpers.

dary; for whatever may have been his Now these paragraphs were so tim- professions in the ardour of tempoed, and came out in so peculiar a way, rary enthusiasm of debate, the whole that it is difficult to couceile they tenor of his life was a continued could be published without some proof, that for no carthly object stronger motive, than the mere idle would be compromise his personal whim of an uninformed and uninter- ease and security. These opinions of ested person ; neither are such the the extent of Mr. Fox's literary acusual stuff of the common paragraph quirements are fully borne out by manufactory. The present seenis his relics in verse, consisting of smooth a rery proper time, for clearing up and elegant trities; and by his single this mystery, since the thing is re- prose essay, the pamphlet addressed cent, and in every one's recollection. io the electors of Wesminster, in Perhaps the first step should be, who which critics pretended to have disewere the booksellers alluded to ? - If covered the elegant, plausible, and any will say, that ever they had such rational effusions of inoderate talent, a business in hand, an important, al- rather than the emanations of pruthough not decisive, part of the infor- found and transcendant genius. His mation required will be obtained ; al- studies, during his retirement, if they though it be true, that Mr. Fox might ought not rather to be styled amusehave been engaged in literary busi- ments, (for no proof exists that he ness, without having advanced so far ever studied laboriously throughout as to have encouraged the application life) were chietly of the refined and of booksellers.

amusing kind, in which modern triBut Mr. Fox's bioglaphers, and I fles, under the name of novels, had ford, his most intimate friends, gave no small share : and is this, although this matter up, as a thing totally with- in a less degree, be resembled his out the sphere of their knowledge; great competitor Mr. Fitt, whose toenough, one would suppose, to quash tal disuse and even aversion to learnthis story altogether : since it appears ed studies are so well known. nearly impossible, that a man, im- A strong and curious motive may mersed as Mr. Fox always was in be added for the elucidation of this political business and convivial con- question on Mr. Fox's supposed hisnections, could spare the hours and torical attempts. It is well known, days necessary for the prosecution of that the vanity of authors and public a most laborious study, without being men has soinetimes prompted 'thena L'NIVERSAL MAG. VOL.VII.

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to announce to the world great lite- expert, have proved themselves torary attempts, which they had not the tally incapable of protound speculaindustry, perhaps not the capacity, to tion as writers, even on those subexecute. Such a maneuvre may be jects which seem to have exercised suspected, however unjustly, in Mr. their minds through life. All statesFox. That he occasionally honoured men are not Clarendons or Bolinthe editorial columns of a certain brokes. The great orator Chatham, newspaper, with political specula- the thunder of whose eloquence retions adapted to the immediate crisis, sounded throughout all Europe, was is no longer doubted: and it is aver- the veriest driveler upon paper, a few red, that the first announcement of madrigals and letters of business exMr. Fox's historical engagement ap- cepted. His favourite son William, peared in that paper, that he saw who also raised himself to such an such announcements is out of all exalted pitch of greatness by his question. L'ad he disliked them, a tongue, would, for any thing that single hint from him would have has yet appeared, have been starved been sufficient; his silence proved, at by his pen. The few literary scraps least, that he did not wish to dis- which are preserved of the silvercourage such impressions on the pub- tongued orator, the greatest lawyer lic mind.

of his age, only serve to leave us in a Another most curious speculation doubt, whether their matter or style presents itself. Had Mr. "Fox's in- be most execrable. dolence of mind, or his various avo- But for such multitudinous proofs cations, permitted him to write an of acuteness, it would not have been historical work of length and conse- unfair to question the sanity of that quence, what kind of a history would man's intellect, who, towards the he probably have produced ? If conclusion of the eighteenth century, Jolson had much profundity of in- could write a panegyric on the feudal tellect, he surely did not evince it, system, as the wisest and most adwhen he declared that moderate la- vantageous of political constitutions ! lents only were required for histo- To cite but one more example—the rical compositions. The opiniated celebrated John Wilkes, the great Doctor probably thought with certain political oracle of his day, the writer modern booksellers, that nothing far- of witty verses, and essays in prose, ther was required in a historian, than to which both charmed and convinced transcribe the gazettes and public re- the public, and struck terror into the gisters, and tack esquire to his name. hearts of kings and ministers, found \Vithout detracting from the proba- himself totally incapable of writing a ble literary merits of Mr. Fox, and history of his country, even in the even agreeing with the popular opi- independent leisure of a prison, and nion of his great compass and pow- therefore, with the most commenders of mind, it must be allowable able impartiality and self-denial, reto state indisputable facts. Nature, linquished the task. The historical sparing of her choicest gifts, seldom specimen left by Mr. Wilkes would bestows on an individual, a variety of do honour to the smartest newspaper talents of the first order. The ex- historian, even of the present day : amples are too recent and obvious to But it is not intended to degrade Mr. need pointing out, of great practical Fox by comparisons, only to ascerlawyers, who were yet mere pigmies tain an important feature of his chaor infants in political or even legis- racter. Far less is it intended to burlative science. As men of profound lesque his memory, by fulsome and meditation, and writers of the highest totally inappropriate panegyrics, as eminence, are often the most einbar- has been lately done in the Morning rassed and uninteresting orators ; so Chronicle, by an eminent writer, and on the other hand, those orators who, in some of the most insipid English, by their eloquence, have led a nation to which that writer's name was ever captike, and those public men who affixed. have been most successful and most

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Description of the Chinese Plate. Frend, in his observations upon this THIS plate is taken, with the con- science, took the opportunity of shewin Mr. Frend's Evening Amusements, it is taught a very extensive emfor the present year, published last pire, and by a frame similar to that month. The work is the fourth in which accompanies his book, entitled the series of an annual publication, Tangible Arithmetic, published last to shew the appearances in the hea- year, and which he has recommended lens for every night of the year, with to, and which has been adopted by, Various observations and expériments many masters for the instruction of terding to make astronomy'a familiar their children in the art of numberand popalar science. As the know- ing. ledge of arithmetic is necessary in At the top of the plate is a reprefinding the places of the planets or sentation of the Chinese table' or moon among the fixed stars, Mr. frame for numbering, which is an ob

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long of various sizes, according to the ball stands for nothing unless it is
purposes for which it is designed. moved towards the division. Thus

The writer of this article has one now in the plate the bar on the left hand
before him, which was used for a long shews by the white and black circles
time in the counting house of an emi- what balls are moved, and what are
nient Chivese merchant: it is fourteen not. The white circle near the divi.
inches long and seven inches wide. sion denotes, that one ball is noved,
Mr. Freud designing his frame for and the bar in this position stands for
children, has made it of much smaller one: the black circle standing for no.
dimensions; and he has given to it thing.
the name of the arithmetical toy. 'The next bar has two white circles
They are made of various dimensions; near the division, and this bar, sup-
and'one, designed for the counting posing the other to have no ball
house, would be both too large and moved upon it, would denote two.
too expensive for the use of schools. ? he next bar has three white circles

In this frame is a division, as may near the division to represent the be seen in the plate, dividing it into balls moved, and this bar supposing two unequal parts, by a line parallel 10 balls to have been moved upon to the longer side. This division is the other bars would stand for three. of the same dimensions as the longer Four white circles upon the next bar side: and through it are passed small denote four, no balls being mored pieces or bars of wood, and fixed at upon the other bars. She next bar their ends in the longer sides. These has five black balls on the lower, are seen in the plate, noted by the and one white on the upper part lines parallel to the shorter sides. with the black above it. This de

Upon these bars are small balls, votes that of the upper balls, one is marked in the plate by the circles of brought down to the divisio!, and the black and white upon them: and other bar in this case, no other balls these balls are larger or smaller ac- being moved elsewhere, stands for cording to the dimensions of the fire. The reader will easily see by frame. Those on the frame upon the same process, that the next bar my table, resemble in great measure stands for six, the next for seven, the a turnip, being flat at the ends and next for eight, the next for nine. round in the middle. The diameter But in these cases we consider only of the middle is about nine-tenths of one bar at a time, wilhout reference an inch, and the breadth of the ball to the other bars; and then the in the middle is little more than half lower balls stand for units, the upper an inch.

These balls move easily balls for fires; and, if we bring down upon the bars; as the bars which pass 10 the division the two upper balls, through them are much smaller in and up to the division the two lower breadin than the holes of the balls balls, then the bar denotes fifteen. through which they pass. The bars Then with seveo balls, separated in are made of small slips of bamboo, the inanner above described, any the sides of the frame of a hard wool nun:ber up to titteen may be delike mahogany, the balls of a hard noted: and it is not uncoinmon to wood resembling box.

see a Chinese boy with a skewer In each bar are seven balls; two run through seven balls macle of carhetween the division and the upper rots or turnip parings, counting his side, and five between the division and uunibers up to titteen. the lower side of the frame. The The bars hitherto have been contwo balls at one end of the bar count sidered separately, but there is aneach for tive times as much as each other and much more important way of the five balls at the other end of ot considering them: and in this the bar. These, it we take the left mode, is the balls on the lower part hand bar in the plate, and suppose of one bar stand for units, then the each ball upon the larger end, wlien balls on the next bar in the lower the two balls on the shorter end will hundreds, in the next for thousands,

, stand for five. Any bar at pleasure and so on. Thus suppose the single . may be taken to count apon, but a white ball on the left hand of the

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