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real state of that country is little blows; and the States are employknown. It is possible that the disti- ed in judicious councils for their culty of maintaining such a number welfare, both in domestic and foreign of troops is much greater than can be attairs. imagined in this country; and Swit- But the aff.irs of England are of zerland wishes to adopt its ancient the greatest importance to Engli hmode of hiring out its inhabitants to men ; and we recur to the great point any one who will pay for their ser- which has occasioned so much contuvices,

sion in our cabinet, and conversation In Turkey the holy standard is in the higher circles. Lord Howick raised. A great army is formning. brought a bill into parliament to perThe holy men of the land have sanc- mit bis Majesty to employ his Caihotioned the just and necessary war lic subjects in the army and navy which Turkey wages against Russia. The bill, on its entrance, gare general Mahometans can, as well as Chris- satisfaction; scarcely any opposition tians, use the terms just and neces- was made to it; the second reading sary; and the people of both sects are was ordered for an early day, and it equally fools in being led away by was expected to pass in a very short terms. As Turkey is still under a time through both houses. Circunfeudal government, its iroops are stances occiioned a little delay in the not easily levied. The Asiaticks are first instance; rumours afterwards pouring into Constantinople; and we escaped of certain dificulties respectmay in a month or two expect to hear ing this bill; these ditiiculties were of their operations. This diversion of a serious nature, involving a total will be greatly in favour of the change of the administration. At French,

as a considerable body of last, Lord Howick hiniselt, in his Russians will be wanted towards the place, informed the House, that cernorth-eastern region of the borders iain circumstances had occurred of the Danube, to secure those terri- which must postpone the measure'. tories from Mahometan plunder. It was not at that time expedient to The Turk has also shut up the straits give the house and the public the of the Black Sea against neutral 13- information which both had tions-a prohibition not likely to be right to expect; but he hoped for much regarded by an English feet; the indulgence of the liouse, till he and if an English and a Russian fleet should be authorised to give a further should co-operate before Constantino- explanation. Thus the order for the ple, the Crescent on the dome of second reading of the bill being drapSanta Sophia would be in danger. ped, the measure may be considered The Turkish provinces on the south io have dropped for the present sesof the Danube are in commotion, sion; and it persons are divided on but will probably unite wiil vigour the propriety of the measure at first, against the common enemy, the there can be little doubt that a ininis. Russian.

ter who brought such a measure beAmerica affords to us the news of fore the public, must be highly culour having taken Curacva, but does pable if he did not sufficient reanot hold out any thing very encou- sons for the concurrence of those raging on the retaking of Buenos persons in the measure, without Ayres. The troops we have sent to whom it could not be expected to that quarter may find more difficul- succeed. ties than are imagined ; if, from the The bill for permitting the king to specimen the natives have hail of the use the services of our Catholic breEnglish, an armed population should thren, that is, the services of about be prepared to defend its property, one-filih part of our tellow subjer is, and

preserve its independenre. Mi- rinsed the indignation of Mr. Dipiny Tanda's expedition, it is nou decided, Birch, a celebrated pistry-cook in the has absolutely failed. The Spaniards city; and on who, from liis educahave not settled their diferences with tion and bis talents, might have been the States of America, but it is not expected to be free from stie! itle probable that they will not come to prejudices. The deputy is a well in

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formed man, but, unhappily, subject tion, now a days, are not to be led to those prejudices about church and away, by such bugbears. The insig. king, which might have suited the nificance of the Pope, in the eyes of days of Charles the Second. He sum- Catholics, is visible enough. Whatmoned the Common Council on the ever spiritual authority they allow' to alarming danger to Church and State, him, they take special care that he if Catholics should be permitted to shall not interfere in political conenter into the army and navy, and cerns; and many a minister of a methere promulgate their pernicious thodist meeting has far more sway doctrines. It was impossible, he said, over the consciences of his hearers, for Catholics to keep faith with here- than the Pope has over our Catholic tics, and read a great quantity of trash brethren. It may be ridiculous upon this subject, from various au- enough to bow down before a water, thors; not recollecting, at the same to make a God and then eat liim; time, the various treaties in which but a man with these crotchets in his we had been engaged with Catholic bead may perform., very honourably, Powers, whose fidelity was not, by all the duties of a good soldier, a good any means, more questionable than sailor, and a good citizen. It will be that of the Protestant Powers. The an indelible disgrace on the English subject was ably argued in the Com- character, if idle prejudices, about mon Council; Mr. Quin. Mr. Slade, religious opinion, should remain Mr. Waithman, Aldern en Watson among us, and obstruct our union in and Coombe, reprobating the depu- the common cause of our country. fy's language, and shewing how idly Let priests battle, as they please, he argued from the opinions of books about their conundrums; it does not men, to the real situation and know- become a good citizen to give them ledge of modern Catholics. On the a place in political discussions. question being put, there appeared In France they understand these 35 for the Deputy, and 53 against things better; and a writer at Paris, him; and thus his idle nonsense was at the close of last year, being engaged exploded. We are only surprised in a controversy on some point of that he should find so many support- divinity, expresses himself in the folers; but the rejection of his motion lowing manner, on the religions li. proves that the base cry of no popery, berty which he enjoyed : “ We canwill not do in the present times, and not testify too much gratitude to God, the Deputy attempts, in vain, to for the inestimable privilege we enemulate the fame of Lord George joy, of inhabiting a country where Gordon; and not even the display persons of opposite religions may of no popery on his tarts will re- equally claim the protection of the new the disgraceful scenes of the laws, and enjoy the same advantages year 1780.

under the shield of the protecting goBut these gentlemen, who are so vernment. Hence, they who are zealous to prevent the king from em- by an examination of the holy scripploying his Catholic subjects, should túres, whether Catholies or Protes. inform us, why they have not taken tauts, may publish, with perfect secuumbrage at the employment of foreign rity, the result of their enquiries, Catholies in our service ; why they without dread of the interference of did not exert their eloquence to im- government. The spirit of perseclipeach the minister who pernitted tion, which desires protection only for them to be brought into the coun- itself, exists no longer. We have no try; and why they viewed withi- longer, thanks to Heaven, any out any apparent disglist or hor- vins! and none of us fears the tragiror, the honours conterred or the cal end of Servetus." twelfth regiment of dragoons, by Shall France, which was once sa the Pope, for the protection they bigotted a country, go before us in bad rendered his holiness? Are religious liberty?' Shall our enemy Catholics niore d.?ngerous because boast of manly freedom, and we be they are our countrymen? The tale found incapable of understanding its is too ridiculous, Men of informa- north? The ditterence between Ca.

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tholics and Protestants is not so great tention of the capital of Ireland. A as is generally imagined. In both ineeting has there been beld of the sects the understanding of men is sub- principal Catholics, to consider the jected to idle trailitions; and authorita- propriety of petitioning partiament to five decisions on scripture are equal- resiore to them the enjoyment of ly culpable, from whatever quarter their civil rights. The chair was they may come. If the outcry against taken by the Earl of liugal, and the the Catholics is true, let our army measure was adopted. Their object and navy be purged of them; but it will scarcely be attained this session; is ridiculous, that in one part of the but they do right to persint in it; and kingdom it should be allowable toen- we, who cannot unite with them in list a Catholic, and that at another, religions sentiments, sheil be happy the Catholic so enlisted, should be to see every obstacle removed, which Lable to a prosecution for being in his prevents their sharing in the blessings Majesty's service. We trust, that of the British Consuturjoo. the good sense of this nation will not In our last we presume that Sir be duped by speeches of pastry-cooks, Home Popham would be brought to but consign tliem to the proper place, trial for his conduct on the Boenos to the counter, to wrap up tarts and Avras expedition. The court-marconfectionary.

tial has taken place, and the proceedOne tartiner observation deserves ings have been published. The sen. attention ; namely, that in the trans- tence has given general satistiction. action, relative to Lord Howick's Fle was found guilty of the charges bill for permitting the king to use the bronght against him, and was serereservices of his Catholic subjects, the ly reprimanded. The term severely, king's name has been frequently in- iš? I very expressive; and was very troduced; and it is eren said, that he properly introduced, to abate the conhas entered into the discussion of the fidence with which the accused instisubject. Now it would be impro- tied his conduct. We are astonished per in us to give credit to any such that any person should find fault with reports, because the king has nothing the court-martial, since it it errs, the to do, according to our constitution, error is on the side of o much in with bills in parliament, till they are nity; and we read with surprise, brought to him for his assent or vega- that the condemned aduind should tive. It may be said, that members have made a visit to Lloyd's Coire. of parliament, who re ministers, are house, and been received with cheers in duty bound to consult the king of acclamation. It this is true, it will upon every subjert they bring inio only shew what untit judges the peueither House; but if this were really ple at Lloyd's are of military merit. the case, our objections to ministers A melancholy circumstance bas orbeing in parliament would be increas- curred, which ought to excite an ened tenfold. They cannot always do, quiry into the propriety of the change in such a case, their duty to their which has taken place in the execumaster and their country; and we tion of criminals in London, and are persuaded, that, if the spirit of our which has been adopted in many constitution was adhered to, and other places. The place of execution every minister of the crown should be was formerly out of London; the excluded, during the time he is in criminal was drawn through the ottice, from holding a seat in either streets in a cai:, and was hanged in House, the king's business would be the sight of the public, standing is a better executed, and the interest of large open space around him. He is the nation better consulted.

now brouglit from his cell to the If the question of permitting the front of Newgaie, stands a few min king to employ the services of his nutes on a scatiold, and is, by a me. Catholic subjects has produced so chanical contrivance, dropped into much confusion in the higher circles eternity. The space in ishich the of this country, the question of en- specta ors stand is a contined street; larging still more the bounds of reli- a small part of them only cai be in gious toleration has engaged the at- front of the stage; they cannot stand much at their ease; and the whole man, on board a ship in the Atlantic, seems to be intended as a burlesque would be investigated in our Adiniupon the most solemn act, which a ralty courts; and the forcibly detraincreature, like man, can execute. The ing him, or transporting him with. consequences that have ensued, and out his consent, from one place to anwhich are likely to ensue, unless the other, is actionable. Why have the place of execution is altered, are such blacks been denied this privilege, but as might have been expected, when from an ill-founded prejudice? This the curiosity or feelings of ihe pub- prejudice is now overcome, and we lic have been strongly excited. rejoice that the blacks are restored to

In the House of Commons several their rights, not only for their sakes, important subjects were discussed, but for the sake of Englishmen. amongst them the Catholic Bill, the For an Englishman, who was partFreehold Liability Bill, the Bill for ner in that trade, whether as a merthe Abolition of the Slave Trade, and chant or common sailor, must necesthe examination of witnesses in the sarily entertain sentiments unworthy case of the Electors of Westminster of a freeman. The cradle, we are peragainst Mr. Sheridan, were the most suaded, did great injury to our seaimportant. The Slive Trade has men; and now it is dicue with, we received its death blow'. After twei!- will hope, that those gentiemen, who ty years'agitation, the question is now have taken the lead for the blacks, set at rest, and both Lords and Com- will have leisure to attend to the mons are agreed, that in this trade an whites; if their optics could be acEnglishman shall no longer be en- commodated to objects Dearer to gaged. In this decision we heartily themselves, they would discover, that concur ; not that we, by any mens, as great instances of cruelty have been agree with the chief leaders in this perpetrated in England and Ireland, question, in the node of their argue without any remonstrance on their ing; and we carefully distinguish the part, as they coniplain of in the West case of the slaves in the Indies from Indies. What are we to think of the situation of a black man in a slave the floggings and havgings in Ireship. The former has nothing to do land, and the solitary confinement with the latter question : nor would of persons in England without trial? it alter our opinion if the blacks were On March 23, the bill was finally carried by us into a paradise. Nor read in the House of Lords, when do we place any credit in the asser- the Bishop of Landaff, who had not tions of Mr. Wilberforce and Mr. had a previous opportunity of deliverThornton, particularly the latter gen- ing his sentiments upon the subject, tleman, respecting the treatment of entered into the history of slavery, the blacks in the West Indies. The from the earliest times; and after question was very ill argued in the many excellent remarks, declared the House of Commons. The members measure for the abolition of the slave talked their hours or two upon the trade to be founded on true princisubject, and the same arguments ples of policy and humanity, and one were repeated to nauseousness, that which was calculated to avert the had been so otien brought before wrathi of offended hearen against a the public. Irrelevant matter with guilty nation. Lord Percy would ont end was introduced ; and the have carried the question, respecting idle vanity of talking a great length the blacks, still tariher; and he of time,

in-tead of expressing moved for leave to bring in a bill for plainly and clearly an opinion, was giving liberty to the chillren of slaves apparent. We should, from the bee in the West Indies, at the age of ginning, have rested the whole me- twenty-one. We give his lordship rits of this question upon constitu- credit for humanity and good princitional grounds. Every man, except ple, but are well satisfied with the a black, has an action against the determination of the House, to leave mariner, who treats him ill upon the such a matter to future discussion. high seas. The murder of a French- Slavery is an evil of too long standing.

The best mode of getting rid of it in the House of Commons of Ireland. will require much deliberation, and That the country liad already received We are persuaded it must be gradual, the benetit of the act, was testified By the permission that is now granted by the shores of Egypt, and the plains tu slaves, to buy out their own tree- of Calabria. The proposed measure dom, or that of their childrell, an ad- permitted only the executive governdition is yearly made to the free inent to admit Catholics into the arblacks, and this matter being settled my; if any danger could be appreby good laws, will restore, in the best hended from it, the

government manner, buman nature to its rights. would ward it off in the appointment lve may add also, that benevolent of its others. It was proposed also masters, from a sense of duty, will to give the Catholies tlie free use of increase this nunber; and Dr. Lett- their religion, as far as was consistent som will not be the only person who, with military discipline. This, he on receiving a legacy of slaves, gave conceived, could meet with no objecimmediately to each bis freedom. tion. it held out no encouragement

Lord Howick's Catholic question to the Catholics-it established no inwas brought forward on the 5th of stitution for their support or increase. March, and his lordship trusted, 'that The evident effects of such a bill a mare, for' allowing the services would be a powerful stimulus to all of his Majesty's subjects, on an oath ranks in Ireland, to exert themselves to be prescribed by parliament, and for the benefit of the common coungiring them the free exercise of their try, and destroy the artifice of those respective religion, wonld meet with who were daily endeavouring to stir no opposition. This he presumed, up the coals of sedition and rebellion. from the present state of the Catho- Mr. Perceval considered the bill to lics, against whom, on account of be one of the most important and their religion, severe laws had for- dangerous measures that had ever merly been made. These politics no been submitted to the judgment of longer existed; and, at this time, a the legislature. Not the measure very large body of Catholics was serv- merely, but the system on which it ing both in our fleets and armies. In was founded, excited in liim the most Ireland, by law, they were allowed to formidable objections. Where are do this; for in 1793, a bill passed, we 10 stop, if this is granted? The permitting Catholics to hold commis- protestani interest ought to be mainsions in the army, and this permission, iained in Ireland ? From the arguit was the intention of the bill to ex- ments used to-day, the reformation tend generally to the Catholics of this might seem to be only a convenient country; and it to the Catholics, it political measure. The incongruity was unnecessary to state, that none of in the law might be great in theory, the dissenters' would be excluded but was it so in practice. The presfrom a similar privilege. The neces- byterian of Scotland is sacrificed just sity of such a bill was evident, from as much as the Catholic of Ireland, the strange incongruity of the law, yet when had either suttered the peasit stood at present; for by law, the nalties of the act. But he denied, Catholics in Ireland might rise to be that a Catholic, having obtained a generals, lei, if the service of the coun- commission in Ireland, was liable to try required a regiment to be in Eng, penalties in England: the Union land, the Catholic, legally inlisted sanctioned the act; and, after ail, if into it, would be disqualified by law inconvenience did actually occur,

the trom remaining in the service, and if Annual Indemnity, Bill completely he did remain in it, would be subject covered the case. We must look alto various pains and penalties. In fact, so to the inconvenience to the service. when the bill passed in Ireland, a pro- One seldom would go to a methodist mise was given in the irisha parliament, chapel, another to a presbyterian that a siinilar bill should piss in meeting, a third to a Roman Catholic England, by Lord Clure, in the House church; and this would be greater in of Peers, and Lord Luckinghamshire, the nary. The evil that is stealing

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