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tachment to the fair sex, gradually on the 23d of August, 1803, and marinvolved him in poverty and ruin, ried in Dec. 1798, Miss Frances Ann and rendered bin in the end, after Agar, only daughter of Charles, Earl various and uncommon changes of of Normanton, Archbishop of Dubfortune and situation, the broken lin and Primate of Ireland. Dying down, pitiable object of a charitable without issue he is succeeded in titles institution. Highly favoured by na- and estates by his half brother, the ture, he possessed great powers of Hon. Cornwallis Maude, now Visbody and mind, he was social and count Hawarden.- General William convivial, could at will “set the table Dalrymple, aged 72, Colonel of the on a roar," and was accounted one of 47th regiment, and Lieutenant Gothe handsome t men of his time. In vernor of Chelsea Hospital. His prohis happier days, lawyers and medical motions in the army were, Colonel

, inen had a great deal of his money; Aug. 29, 1777, Major General, Nor. nor was his purse ever shut to the 20, 1782, Lieutenant General, Oct. claims of a brother officer, or to the 12, 1799, General, Jan. 1, 1793, and wants of the unfortunate. He was Colonel of the 47th regiment, March very respectably connected both in 19th, 1794.-In Great CumberlandEngland and Wales, yet the hu- street, Sir Hyde Parker, K night, Adinanity of the officers of the Hospital miral of the Red. His promotions retained his body a full fortnight, in in the navy were, Post Captain, 1762, the dead house, in the vain hope Rear Admiral, 1793, Vice Admiral, that some relation might come for- 1794, and Admiral, 1799. [ An account ward to pay the last sad duties to the of the gallant Admiral shall appear in dead. The charity of a stranger fur- our neit.] nished a covering for his remains, In Queen-square, William George which were deposited in the burying Sibley, esq. Treasurer of the East ground of the Hospital.-At Peck- Ivdia Company. -Mr. Solomon Soloham, aged 20, Mr. Richard Sause, mons, celebrated as a Broker and son of Capt. Sause, who commanded Underwriter. He is supposed to have la Sensible, under Sir Home Pop- possessed property of different deham, in the Red Sea. He was the scriptions to an ainount little short of only officer wounded in the Orion, one million sterling.--In Fleet-street, in the battle of Trafalgar, since which Mr. John Pridden, nearly balf a centime he has lingered of his wounds.- tury a Boukseller in that street, who Killed by being crushed between the by his persevering industry, acquired wheel of a waggon and a post in an independent fortune with strict inPaul's Chain, St. Paul's Church- tegrity.' The following anecdote of yard, Kyd Wake, Printer, of Albion this worthy man is recorded as a Buildings, Bartholomew ('lose, who, specimen of the goodness of his heart: about the year 1795, was convicted of seven years ago, on the failure of his insulting his Majesty on his way to less fortunate next door neighbour, the Parliament Mouse, and suttered he invited him to his house, and rean imprisonment of five years for it.- linquished business to give him the At her house in Ely Piace, Mrs. opportunity of living on the same Knowles. (A further account of this spot. Ilis kind intentions met with lady in our nert. )-At his house in success, and he frequently expressed Seymour-street, aged 53, General the pleasure he felt on seeing his Charles Crosbie, Colonel of the 50d friend prosper under his roof.--- Feb. regiment. His promotions in the 23, Master Henry White, aged 1.1, army were, Colonel, Nov. 17, 1780, one of the unfortunate sufferers in the Major General, Sept. 28, 1787, Lieu- melancholy catastrophe at the Old tenant General,Jan. 26,1797, General, Bailey. Impelled by a curiosity naApril 29, 1802, and Colonel of the tural to young people, and in some 53d regiment, Jan. 3, 1798. — In instances alas ! too powerful to be Clarges-street, Feb. 27, aged 39, the controuled, he went to the eventful Right Hon. Thomas Ralph Maude, spot: and though on all occasions he Viscount Hawarden, 1791, Baron de possessed both spirit and conduct, Montalt, 1783, aud a Baronet, all yet he was overcome by the pressure Irish titles. lle succeeded bis father of the immense crowd, swooned and

FOREIGN EVENTS.

rose no more! He was just finishing our moderation or forbcarance. The de. his education through which he had lays, which have since taken place in our passed with credit to himself and sa- negociations with the British Government, tisfaction to his tutor, who loved him appear to have proceeded from causes which as his own child. He was to have

do not forbid the expectation that, during been placed in the Counting-house

the course of the session, I may be enabled of his father, an eminent wine-mer- will be that of the negociations for settling

to lay before you their final issile. What chant at Portsmouth, who, together our differences with Spain, nothing which with Mrs. W. have borne this severe had taken place, at the date of the last disdispensation of Providence with a patches, enables us to pronounce. On the truly christian fortitude and resigna- Westerti side of the Mississippi, she adtion. He was beloved, not only by vanced in considerable force, and took post his relatives and friends, but by all at the settlement of Bayou Pierre, on the who had the pleasure of knowing him. Red River. This village was originally His sorrowful tutor, deeply affected settled by France, was held by her as long by the early and premature death of as she held Louisiana, and was delivered to an amiable pupil bears this sad tri- Spain only as a part of Louisiana. Being

small, insulated, and distant, it was not bute of respect to his memory.

observed, at the moment of re-delivery to France and the United States, that she con

tinued a guard of half a dozen men, which America.

had been stationed there. A proposition, A monument is about to be erected however, having been lately made by our to the memory of Lord Nelson, at Commander-in-Chief, to assume the Sabine Montreal, in Canada. It is to be a River, as a temporary line of separation bepillar of solid stone, sixty feet high, ween the troops of the two nations, until surmounted by a figure of the gallant this has been referred by the Spanish Comadmiral, of artificial stone, eight feet high upon the capital. Three sides of time he has withdrawn bis force to the

mandant to his superior, and in the mean the pedestal are to be decorated with western side of the Sabine River. The coremblematical designs of his great vic. respondence on this subject, now commutories, of the Nile, Copenhagen, and nicated, will exhibit, more particularly, the Trafalgar; on the fourth, in front, an present state of things in that quarter. inscription, of which the most strik- The nature of that country requires in. ing feature will be the gallant admiral's dispensabiy that an unusual proportion of last order-“ England expects every the force employed there should be cavalry, man to do his duty."

or mouted infantry. In order, therefore, The Bill for abolishing the Slave that the commanding officer might be enTrade in South Carolina has been abled to act with effect, I had authorised thrown out by the Assembly of that him to call on the Govornors of Orleans province. It was lost by the casting volunteer cavalry. The temporary arrange

and Mississippi, for a corps of five hundred vote of the president. WASHINGTON City, Dec. 2 – this winecessary.

ment he has proposed, may perhaps render

But I inform you, with This day, at twelve o'clock, the Presi- great pleasure, of the promptitude with dent of the United States communi- which the inhabitants of those territories cated, by Mr. Coles, his Secretary, have tendered their services in defence of the following Message to both Houses their country. It has done honour to them. of Congress :

selves, intitled them to the confidence of To the Senate and House of Representalives their fellow-citizens in every part of the

of the United States of America, in Con- union, and must strengthen the general de gress assembled.

termination to protect them efficaciously, It would have given me, Fellow Citizens, under all circumstances which may occur. great satisfaction to announce, in the mo- Having received information, that in ment of your meeting, that the difficulties another part of the United Statei, a great in our foreign relations, existing at the number of private individuals were come time of our last separation, had been ami. bining together, arming and organising cably and justly terminated. I lost no time themselves, contrary to law, to arry ou a in taking those measures which were most military expedition against the territories of likely to bring them to such a termination, Spain, I thought it necessary, by proclamaby special missions, charged with such tion, as well as by special orders, to take powers and instructions, as, in the event of measures for preventing and suppressing failure, could leave no imputation on either this enterprise, for seizing the vesseis, arnis,

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VII.

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and other means provided for it, and for of the legislature, are renewed by them at arresting and bringing to justice, its authors short periods, where, under the character and abetrors. It was due to that good faith of jurors, they exercise in person the greatest which ought ever to be the rule of action in portion of the judiciary powers, where the public, as well as in private transactions; it laws are consequently so formed and adwas due to good order, and regular govern- ministered as to bear with equal weight ment, that while the public force was acting and favour on all, restraining no man in the strictly on the defensive, and merely to pro- pursuits of honest iudustry, and securing 10 tect our citizens from aggression, the cri- every one the propery which that acquires, minal attempts of private individuals, to it would not be supposed that any safedecide for their country the question of guards could be needed against insurrecpeace or war, by commencing active and tion or enterprize, on the public peace or unauthorised hostilities, should be promptly authority. The laws, however, aware that and efficaciously suppressed.

these should not be trusted to inoral reWhether it will be necessary to enlarge straints only, have wisely provided punishour regular force, will riepend on the result ment for these crimes, when committed. of our negociations with Spain. But as But would it not be salutary to give also it is uncertain when that result will be the means of preventing their commission? known, the provisional measures requisi'e Where an enterprize is meditated by private for that, and to meet any pressure inter individuals against a foreign nation, in vening to that quarter, will be a subject amity with the United States, powers of for your early consideration.

prevention, to a certain extent, are given The possession of both banks of the by the laws. Would they not be as reaMississippi reducing to a single point the sonable and useful, where the enterprise defence of that river, its waters, and the preparing is against the United States? country adjacent, it becomes highly neces. While adverting to this branch of law, it is sary to provide for that point, a more ade- proper to observe, that in enterprises me quate security. Some position above its ditated against foreign nations, the ordinary mouth, cominanding the passage of the process of binding to the observance of the river, should be rendered sufficiently strong peace and good behaviour, could it be exo to cover the armed vessels which may be tended to acts to be done out of the jurise stationed there for defence; and in con- diction of the United States, would be cfjunction with them, to present an insu- fectual in some cases where the offender i6 perable obstacle to any force attempting to able to keep out of sight every indication pass. The approaches to the city of New of his purpose which could draw on liim Orleans, from the eastern quarter also, will the exercise of the power: now given by law. require to be examined, and more effectu- The States on the coast of Barbary seem ally guarded. For the internal support of generally disposed at present to respect the country, the encouragement of a sirong peace and friendship. With Tunis alone, setilement on the western side of the Mis- some uncertainty remains. Persuaried that sissippi, within reach of New Orleans, will it is our interest to maintain our peace with be worthy the consideration of the Legis- them on equal terins, or not at all, I prolature.

pose to send, in due time, a reinforcement The gun-boats, authorised by an Act of into the Mediterranean, unless previous inthe last Session, are so advanced, that they formation shall shew it to be unnecessary. will be ready for service in the ensuing We continue to receive proofs of the spring. Circumstances perinitted us to al. growing atiachment of our Indian neighlow the time, necessary for their more solid bours, and of their disposition to place all construction. As a much larger number their interests under the patronage of the will still be wanting to place our sea-port United States. These dispositions are intowns and waters in that state of defence to spired by their confidence in our justice, which we are competent, and they entitled, and in the sincere concern we feel for their a similar appropriation for a further pro- welfare. And as long as we discharge these vision of them is recommended for the en- high and honourable functions with the suing year.

integrity and good faith which alone can A further appropriation will also be entitle is to their continuance, we may necessary for repairing fortifications already expect to reap the just reward in their established, and the erection of such other peace and friendship. works as may have real effect in obstructing The expedition of Messrs. Lewis and the approach of an eneńy to our sea-port Clarke, for exploring the river Missouri, towns, or their remaining before them. and the best communication from that to

In a country whose constitution is de- the Pacific Ocean, has had all the success rived from the will of the people, directly which could have been expected. They have expressed by their free suffrages, where the traced the Missouri nearly to its source,

de. principal executive functionaries, and those scended the Columbia to the Pacific Oceal, ascertained, with accuracy, the geography those which had been made in the four of that interesting communication across years and a half preceding, will, at the close our continent, leamt the character of the of the present year, have extinguished upcountry, of its commerce and inhabitants, wards of twenty. three millions of prin. and, it is but justice to say, that Messrs. cipal. Lewis and Clarke, and their brave compa- The duties composing the Mediterranean nion, have, by this arduous service, de- fund will cease, by law, at the end of the served well of their country.

present Session.

Considering, however, The attempt to explore the Red River, that they are levied chiefly on luxuries, under the direction of Mr. Freeman, and that we have an impost on salt, a nethough conducted with a zeal and pru- cessary of life, the free use of which otherdeuce meriting entire approbation, has not wise is so important, I recommend to your been equally successful. After proceeding consideration the suppression of the duties up it about six hundred miles, nearly as far on salt, and the continuation of the Media as the French settleinents had extended, terranean fuud, instead thereof, for a short while the country was in their possession, time; after which, that also will become our geographers were obliged to return, unnecessary for any purpose now within without completing their work.

contemplation. Very useful additions have also been When both of these branches of revenue made to our knowledge of the Mississippi, shall, in this way, be relinquished, there by Lieutenant Pike, who has ascended it will still, ere long, be an accumulation of to its source, and whose journal and map, monies in the treasury, beyond the instale giving the details of his journey, will ment of public debt, which we are pershortly be ready for communication to mitted by contract to pay. They cannot, both Houses of Congress. Those of Messrs. then, without a modification assented to Lewis, Clarke, and Freeman, will require by the public creditors, be applied to the further time to be digested and prepared. extinguishment of this debt, and the come These important surveys, in addition to plete liberation of our revenues, the most those before possessed, furnish materials desirable of all objects. Nor, if our peace for commencing an accurate map of the continues, will they be wanting for any Mississippi and its western waters. Some other existing purpose. The question, principal rivers, however, remain still to therefore, now comes forward, to what be explored, towards which the authorisa- other object shall these surplusses be apo tion of Congress, by moderate appropria. propriated, and the whole surplus of ime tions, will be requisite.

post, after the entire discharge of the pube I congratulate you, Fellow Citizens, on lic debt, and during those intervals when the approach of the period at which you the purposes of war shall not call for them? may interpose your authority constitution. Shall we suppress the impost, and gire ally, to withdraw the Citizens of the United that advantage to foreign over domestic States from all further participation in those manufactures? On a few articles of more violations of human rights, which have general and necessary use, the suppression, been so long continued on the unoffending in due season, will doubtless be right; but inhabitants of Africa, and which the mo- the great mass of the articles on which im. rality, the reputation, and the best interests post is paid, are foreign luxuries purchased of our country, have long beco eager to by those only who are rich enough to afproscribe. Alihough no law you may pass fórd themselves the use of them. Their can take prohibitory effect till the first day patriotism would certainly prefer its con. of the year 1808, yet the intervening period tinuance, and application to the great pur. is not too long to prevent, by timely no- poses of the public education, roads, rivers, tice, expeditions which cannot be com- canals, and such other objects of public impleted before that day.

provement, as it may be thought proper to The receipts of the Treasury, during the add to the constitutional enumeration of year ending on the 30th day of September federal powers. "By these operations new last, have amounted to near fifteen millions channels of communication will be opened of dollars; which have enabled us, after between the States; the lines of separation meeting the current demands, to pay two will disappear, their interests will be idenmillions seven hundred thousand dollars of tified, and their union cemented by new the American claims, in part of the price and indissoluble ties. Education is here of Louisiana; to pay, of the funded debt, placed among the articles of public care, upwards of three millions of principal, and not that it would be proposed to take its nearly four of interest; and, in addition, ordinary branches out of the hands of prito reimburse, in the course of the present vate enterprise, which manages so much mouth, near two millions of fire and an better all the concerns to which it is equal : hali per cent. stock. These payments and but a public institution can alone supply reimbursements of the funded debt, with those sciences which, though rarely called

2N2

for, are vet necessary to complete the circle, paration. But much will depend on the all the parts of which contribute to the im- promptitude with which these means can provement of the country, and some of be brought into activity. If war be forced them to its preservation.

upon us, in spite of our long and vain apThe subject is now proposed for the con- peals to the justice of nations, rapid and sideration of Congress, because, if approv- vigorous movements, in its outset, will go ed, by the time the State Legislatures shall far towards securing us in its course and have deliberated on this extension of the issue, and towards throwing its burdens on federal trusts, and the laws shall have pass- those who render necessary the resort from ed, and other arrangements made for their reason to force. execution, the necessary funds will be on The result of our negociations, or such hand, and without employment. I sup- incidents in their course, as may enable us pose an amendment of the Constitution, to infer their probable issue; such further by consent of the States, necessary; be- movements al: o on our western frontier as cause the objects now recommended are not may shew whether war is to be pressed among those enumerated in the Constitu- there, while negociation is protracted elsetion, and to which it permits the public where, shall be communicated to you from monies to be applied.

time to time, as they become known to The present consideration of a national me; with whatever other information I establishment for education, particularly, possess, or may receive, which may aid is rendered proper by this circumstance your deliberations on the great national also, that if Congress, approving the pro- interests committed to your charge. position, shall yet think it more eligible to Dec.2, 1806.

TH. JEFFERSON. found it on a donation of lands, they have it now in their power to endow it with HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, Dec.3. those which will be among the earliest to SPECIAL MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. produce the necessary income. This foun. To the Senate and House of Representatives dation would have the advantage of being of the United States of America. independent on war, which may suspend I have the satisfaction to inform you, that other improvements, by requiring for its the negociation depending between the own purposes, the resources destined for United States and the Government of Great them.

Britain, is proceeding in a spirit of friendship This, Fellow Citizens, is the state of the and accommodation, which promises a republic interests, at the present moment, sult of mutual advantage. Delays, indeed, and according to the information now pos- have taken place, occasioned by the long sessed. But such is the situation of the illness and subsequent death of the British nations of Europe, and such, too, the pre- Minister charged with that duty. But the dicament in which we stand with some of Conimissioners appointed by that Governthem, that we cannot relv, with certainty, ment to resume the negociation, have on the present aspect of our affairs, that shewn every disposition to hasten its promay change from moment to moinent, gress: it is, however, a work of time; as during the course of your Session, or after marry arrangements are necessary to place you shall have separated. Our duty is, our future barmony on stable grounds. In therefore, 10 act upon the things as they the mean time, we find, by the communiare, and to make a reasonable provision casions of our Plenipotentiaries, that a temfor whatever they may be. Were armies porary suspension of the Act of the last to be raised whenever a speck of war is Session, prohibiting certain importations, visible in our horizon, we never should would, as a mark of candid disposition on have been without them. Our resources our part, and of confidence in the temper would have been exhausted on dangers and views with which they have been met, which have never happened, instead of being have a happy effect on its course. Teserved for what is really to take place.- A step so friendly will afford further eviA steady, perhaps a quickened pace in dence, that all our proceedings have flowed preparations for the defence of our seaport from views of justice and conciliation, and towns and waters, an early settlement of that we give them willingly that form the most exposed and vulnerable parts of which may best meet corresponding disthe country, a militia so organized, that positions. its effective portions can be called to any Add to this, that the same motives which point in the Union, or volunteers instead produced the postponement of the Act till of them, to serve a sufficient time, are ihe 15th of November last, are in favour means which may always be rearly, yet of its further suspension : and as we have never preying upon our resources, until reason to hope that it may soon yieid to ar actually caller into use. They will main- rangements of mutual consent and convewin the public interests, while a more per- nience, justice seems to require that the manent force shall be in a course of pre- same measure may be dealt out to the few

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