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he formed several eminent scholars, into too long a discussion : suffice it, during the eight years he remained in that in 1790, he exchanged bis cuthis ottice. In 1780, he quitted the racy of Hatton for the rectory of Wacares and fatigue of public teaching, denboe, in Northamptonshire, by retiring to his living in Warwickshire, which he became master of an annual and devoting his leisure hours to a income of one hundred and thirtyfew private pupils. During his resi- seven pounds a year, namely, one dence at he took his degree hundred and twenty pounds a year by of Doctor of Laws at Cambridge, his rectory, and seventeen pounds a being admitted to it in the year 1781. year by his prebend.

In 1779, the Doctor was presented One man was at last found who by Lady Tratford, whose son had could make use of his patronage 10 been his pupil, to the living of As- reward merit, and the circumstance terby, in Lincolnshire, a small piece deserves to be recordet. In the year of preterment, not netting to him 1802, the doctor received the follow, forty pounds a year; and this he re- ing letter from Sir Francis Burdett :signed in 1783, for the perpetual cu

“Sir, racy of Hatton, in Warwickshire, to

“ I am sorry that it is not in my which he was presented by the same

power to place you in a situation wbich patroness. Bishop Lowth, on the re

would become you -- I 11.can in the commendation of the Earl of Dart- Episcopal Palace at Buckden: but I mouth, gave him about this time a can bring you very near to it; for I small prebend in the church of St. have the presentation to a rectory Paul's, bringing in an annual rent of

now vacant, within a mile and half seventeen pounds a year; and this of it, which is very imuch at Dr. miserable pittance of ecclesiastical parr's service. It is the rectory of preferment' was for many years the Grati'hain, at present worth two hunonly rewards bestowed on a man con- dred pounds a year, and as I ain infessedly one of the first, it not the formed inay soon be worth two huna first scholar in England: and who, dred and sevonty; and I this moment by the discourses he had preached and learn that the incumbent died last published, had shown himself worthy 'Tuesdas. to rise to the highest dignities of the “ Dr. Parr's talents and character church.

might well entitle him to a betBut the lot of Dr. Parr was cast in ter pationage than this from those evil days. The reign of Mr. Pitt, who know how to estimate his ineevery body knows, was fatal to ta- rits; but I acknowledge that a great Jents. This haughty supercilious mi- additional motive with me to the of. nister could brook no contradiction. fer I now make him, is, that I be Every one who was not his time- lieve I cannot do any thing more serving-tool, or by whose advance- pleasing to his friends, Mr. Fox, Mr. ment bis ministerial authority was Sheridan, and Mr. Knight; and I pot promoted, was compleiely ex, desire you, sir, to consider yourself cluded from any access to honour or obliged to them only. reward: add to this the whig prin- “Ž have the boitour to be, ciples of the tutor, and we need not

“Sir, wonder that he was kept in the back “With the greatest respect, ground. But it may be asked, how

“ Your obedient:ervant, it came to pass that the whig families

“FRANCIS BURDETT." whose private patronage was so extensive, could never find an opportu

To this letter the doctor returned nity of doing something for their the following answer :champion. The docior was received

Vicarage House, Buckden, by them with every mark of distinc

Sept. 26, 1802. tion, made one at their private parties “Dear Sie, -was panegyrised in a manner the “ After rambling in various parts most Hattering; but the solid marks of Norfolk, I went to Cambridge, of distinction were carried away by and from Cambridge I yesterday very inferior characters. The causes came to the parsonage of my most of this mode of patronage would lead respectable tsiend Sir. Maltby, at Buckden, where I this morning had give you great satisfaction, and there. the honour of receiving your letter. fore I shail heg leave to state it. The Mrs. Parr opened it last Friday at living of Graftham will be of infi. Hatton, and I trust that you will nite value to me, because it is tena. pardon the liberty she took in desir- ble with a rectory I now have in ing your s ryant to convey it to me Northamptonshire; and happy I am, in Huntingdonshire, where she knew that my future residence will be fixed, that I should be, as upon this day, and my existence closed upon that


“ Permit me, dear Sir, to request spot where Sir Francis Burdett has that you would accept the warınest given me the power of spending my and most sincere thanks of my heart old age with comforts and conveni. for this unsolicited, but most honour. ences quite equal to the extent of my able, expression of your good will to- fondest wishes, and far surpassing wards me. Nothing can be more im- any expectations I have hitherto ven. portant to my worldly interest than tured to indulge. the service you have done me, in “ I have the honour to be, with presenting me to the living of Graft- the greatest respect and most unham. Nothing can be more exqui. feigned thankfulness, dear Sir, sitely gratifying to my very best Your very obedient feeling, tlån the language in which

“faithful servant, you have conveyed to me this mark

“S. PARR." of your friendship. Indeed, dear Sir, you have enabled me to pass dett' the doctor was first made easy in

By the public spirit of Sir F. Bur. the years of declining, life in com- his circumstances, and this was a prefortable and honourable indepen. Jude to another piece of good for. dence. You have given me additional and unalterable conviction, had a small prebend in the church of

tune. It has been mentioned that he that the firmness with which I have St. Paul's. Soon after his accession adhered to my principles has obtained for me the approbation of to the living, the lives on which the wise and good men. And when

that income derived, dropped ; and the

lease was held whence his prebendal approbation assumes, as it now does, doctor had the power of granting? the forın of protection, I fairly confess to you, that the patronage of new lease for three lives, by which Sir Francis Burdett has a right to his ir.come of a few hundreds a year,

he secured to himself an addition to be ranked among the proudest, as well as the happiest, events of my an income which all his friends wish life. I trut that my future conduct him long to enjoy, though they de. will justify you in the disinterested and spair of seeing him in that situation geverous gift which you have bestowed into which they expected, that a whig upon ine and sure I am that my administration would have placed him. friends Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, and

The doctor, it has been observed, Mr. Knight, will not only share with is a staunch whig. This is a sufficient me in my joy, but sympathise with ground of exclusion, in these unhappy me in those sentiments of respect and times: but besides, though a true son gratitude which I shall ever feel to- of the church, he is a true protestant, wa:ds Sir Francis Burdett.

and a friend to the most enlarged to“ Most assuredly I shall myself leration. Of course, here was anset a higher value upon your kind other ground for depriving him of ness, when I consider it as intended the rewards due to his talents; but to gratify the friendly feelings of the manner in which he manifested those excellent men, as well as to his tolerant principles deserves to be promote my own personal happiness, recorded, and may rescue his name

“I shall wait your pleasure about from the disgrace which will attach to the presentation: and I beg leave to the county, in which he resided in the dd that I shall stay at Buckden for memorable year 1791. week only, and shall have reached Dr. Priestley was born among the

Yon about this day fortnight, dissenters, received a Calvinistic eduVedte I shall obey your commands cation, and by the study of the Holy One hircumstance, I ain sure, will Scriptures rescued hjoiself from the

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slavish principles which had been in- brace his sentiments. A greater folly culcated by his parents and teachers. cannot exist, than to draw a line of He adopted the beliet, and boldly separation on account of certain duca promulgated the truth, that the scrip- trinal points ; but this line is vinditures acknowledge no other God than cated by a passage of scripture. Rethe God and Father of Jesus Christ. ject an heretic. Unfortunately, the This opinion created him as many people in general who use this phrase enemies among the dissenters as among do not know what Paul meani by a the church people, for the dissenters heretic; and they would be surprised are many of them as much or more to hear from him, if he could visit us bigotted to their traditions than either at this time, that they were the he. the churches of England or at Rome. retics. In fact, every man is a heretic Dr. Priestley was a minister at Bir- who becomes a partisan of any sect, mingham, but, from various circum- whether that sect is established or stances, he did not fall into the

way not, whether he is a papist or a proof Dr. Parr till the year 1790. Early testant, a church of England man, a in that year they happened to meet calvinist, or a methodist. It is an unat the house of a common friend, and due attachment to names and parties, it is needless to say, that when two that constitutes heresy: and from this men of enlarged minds meet together sin every true christian should endenthey are atıracted to each other by vour to free himself, by not permitmutual sympathy, and a friendly con- ting any man or sect to get the betnection took place between them. ter of his understanding, and by bend

“Here," to use Dr. Parr's own ing in religious matters to no other words, “ begins a black catalogue authority than that of our only master of crimes, which have been long Jesus Christ. enveloped in darkness, but which I The Warwickshire men in 1791 am now audacious enough to plant thought differently. Not to believe betore legions of senseless and merci- as they believed, or pretended to beless caluiniators in open day. lieve, was the greatest of crimes, to

" I knew that Dr. John Leland of be expiated only by fire and faggot, Ireland lived upon terms of intimacy An easy pretext was found for their with many English prelates; that intemperate zeal: they bụrned down Archbishop Secker preserved his ac- the house, destroyed the philoso. quaintance with Dr. Chandler; that phical apparatus, and tore to pieces Dr. Johnson admitted the visits of the books of Dr. Priestley; and would Dr. Fordyce, and did not decline the have roasted him by a slow fire, if company of Dr. Mayo. When I he luckily had not, by escaping in myself too lived at Norwich, Mr. time, prevented such an accumulaBourne, a dissenting minister, not less tion of national disgrace. They eminent for the boldness of his opi- wreaked their vengeance on the nions than for the depth of his re- chapel in which he preached, and on searches, was very well received by several houses of dissenters in the the worthiest and most respectable town; and their zeal was applauded clergymen of that city. I was there- by those, whose education and birth fore, and now am at a loss to see gave hopes of a better spirit. why a clergyman of the church of Dr. Parr had also a library, was a England should shun the presence of man of talents, and was known to a dissenting minister, merely because have visited Dr. Priestley.. This was they do not agree on doctrinal points, enough for the wise men of Warwhich have long divided the christian wickshire, to whom talents and books world; and, indeed, I have always were odious, and they threatened found that when men of sense and with similar "destruction the library virtue mingle in conversation, the and residence of Dr. Parr. Fortuharsh and confused suspicioos which nately the men of Warwickshire they entertained of each other give were prevented from putting this deway to more just and more candid sign into execution, but not till they sentiments.”

had created the greatest confusion in Dr. Parr is perfectly right, but men the doctor's family, and the auxiety he of aarrow ininds will not easily em- felt upon the occasion is best expres.

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sed in his own words : « Suchi, and the last affectionate tribute of respect such only has been my connection to his memory in the following inwith Dr. Priestley. And was it for scription : this that, in a season of deep distress

THIS TABLET and dreadful danger, my principles

is consecrated to the meinorg were on a sudden gnawed at by verr

of the Rev. JOSEPH PRIESTLÉY, L.L.D. min whisperers,and brutalreproaches? Trouse

by his affectionate congregation, was marked out for

in testimony conflagration that my family were of their gratitude for his fai-hful attention for three days and three nights agi- to their spiritual impropernèiit, tated with consternation and dismay? and for his peculiar diligence in ttaining up that my books, which I have long

their youth been collecting with indefatigable in- to rational pi: ty ani genuine virtue: dustry, upon which I have expended of their respect for his great and various tamore than half the produce of more lents, which were uniformly directed to

the noblest purposes : than twenty years unwearied labour, and which I considered as the pride for the pure, benevolent, and holy principles


and of their veneration of niy youth, the employment of my which, through the trying vicissitudes of life, riper age, and, perhaps, the best só. and in the awful hour of death, lace of declining life :- Was for animaled himn with the hope of a blessed this, I say, that my books were ex

immortality. posed to most uumerired destruc- His discoveries as a philosopher

Sequel, &c. Second edit. p. will never cease to be remembered and ads 103. 4.

mired by the ablest improvers of science. The event drew forth the doctor's His firmness as an advocate of liberty, talents. He wrote some spirited let. and his sincerity as an expounder of the ters to the inhabitants of Biriningham,

scriptures, and a controversy took place between endeared him to many of his enlightened him and a liev. Charles Curtis, the rec

and unprejudiced contemporaries. tor of Birmingham. In this the doc- will be instructive to the wise, and interest

His example as a chri-tian tor, in a most masterly manner, discus- ing to the good of every country and in sed the momentous topics of religion

every age. and politics, and proved to the satisfac- He was born at Fieldhead, near Leeds in tion of every body except the men of

Yorkshire, March 15, AD, 1731, Warwickshire, that to burn the house

was chosen minister of this chapel and apparatus of a philosopher is not

Dec. 31, 1780, the exact way of treating these sub- continued in the office ten years

and jects, and that all deserve to be tole.

six months, rated except the intolerant. The embarked for America April 7, 1794, rector's conduct had subjected him to died in Northuinberland Town in Pensyl. kevere animadversion, but we are

vania, Feb. 6, 1804. happy to say, that after some time the doctor, who could not long entertain

Dr.. Parr las written several monu animosity against any one, held out mental inscriptions, and in his niultithe hand of reconciliation, and the farious reading the works of Tabretti, parties set the unusual example of Gruter, Reinesius, Spon and Muratori, iwo theologians, burying their diffe. held a distinguished place. Every one rences in oblivion; an exainple, which has read his inscriptions on the mocannot too often be quoted in times nument of Dr. Johnson in St. Paul's; of religious disputation.

and that on Gibbon. His Lauin epiDr. Priestley, it is well known, was tapta on Burke will we trust, notwilicompelled by the illiberality of his standing his declarations to the concountrymen to seek refuge in Ame- trary, in due time see the light : it it rica, where he ended å long and must not be while the author is with laborious lite in the active pursuits of us, we hope the moment will be de religion and philosophical enguiries, terred to a very late period. His congregation at Birmingham [To le concluded in our next, which erected a monument in their new will leomlellished with an accurate place of worship, and Dr. l'arr paid likeness of the Doctor. !

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Letter the 11th.-On the Affairs of worship of God, they will be imitated

the Poor ; or, Observations on a Biủl by those under them; and every irrefor promoting and encouraging In-, ligious and immoral action will grow dustry, and for the relief and re- more gross as they descend, till they gulation of the necessitous and cri. efface from the minds of the lower minal Poor.

order of the people all sense of the F we turn our eye back to the con- necessity of a religious, sober, and tion of a late minister, whose flatterers When an evil is become general, it said, he had by intuition a know- is not to be thought that it can be ledge of all subjects, we shall have counteracted by teaching children the reason to fear, that there is but little alphabet, so irksome to their active to be expected from a theorist, for spirits. What can be expected from checking the evils, and easing the two years education, to enable them burdens, under which we are labour- to pass untainted in the midst of ing in maintaining the vicious and temptation through the dangerous profligate part of the community. path of youth up to man? To change

The late Mr. Pitt brought forward ibe morals of a nation from bad to a bill for this purpose, but he was to- good will require the aid of religious tally unacquainted with the existing examples; and they who have difevils ; and, if it had passed into a law, fused the poison must offer the antihe would inevitably have ruined every dote. The cause must be sufficient parish in the kingdom ; and we oughí, to produce the intended effect. Every as we wish to keep clear of new bur- one is looking up to those above them, dens, to look strictly into the schemes and watching their manners, their of theoretical men.

We have now habits, and their actions; and when another bill offered for consideration, they are irreligious and immoral, they by a person who stands high in the will soon imitate them, as far as they public opinion, and whose good in- are able. If ever we expect a national tentions there are but very few will reform, it must begin in the first cirdoubt; but he, like his predecessor, cles; they must attend the public woris no more than a theorist.

ship themselves, and see that their Mr. Whitbread, in the preamble to servants and their dependents do the his intended Act of Parliament, seems same; that they may learn the necesto think that the greatest part of the sity of leading a religious, sober, and moral evils which have, in the course industrious life in their station, as it of two centuries, been introduced into is required of them both by the laws the

management of the affairs of the of God and the laws of man. poor, may be counteracted by edu- If any one should think, from what cating the children of the poor in the I have advanced, that I am wishing first rudiments of reading. This opi- to keep the rising generation in ignion of his rests upon a very tottering norance, they entirely mistake my foundation. He supposes, that, be- argument. My wish is, that cause they have no compulsatory every one of them could read this laws in Scotland for raising money lesson-Servants be obedient to your for the relief of the poor, it must be masters. My meaning is simply this, owing to the education their children that a village education of two years, receive in their infancy. If he had to teach children to spell, can never made a little enquiry into the state of produce what is expected from it, by society in Scotland, he would have the patriotic framer of the bill; nor found, that as refinement, dissipa- can it answer the great expense the tion, and a neglect of the sabbath in- nation must be put to in trying the crease, the expenses for maintaining experiment. Though theorists seldom the poor keep pace with them. gain much from experience, obser

Experience and observation on vation, and facts, it may be prudent what hath been passing among us and necessary, before we begin to during the last twenty years, ought build, to consider whether we shall to have taught those who move in do it to any advantage, and whether the first ranks of men, that, as they we shall be able to finis!. cast off all appearance of the public In the returns made to parliament, UNIVERSAL MAG. Vol. VII.

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