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is only prized as securing the esteem disposal of honours. And when I of the few. Nature, to çement that felt inclined to shrink from the maggeneral union in which she takes so nitude of the responsibility I bad inmuch delight, has inseparably con- curred in throwing my associates on nected public and private estimation; the public without having obtained but in the bosoms of individuals it is their previous sanction of such a step, that man deposits his happiness, and I recovered my courage by retlecting it is their opinion alone that affects that a secretary of state frequently

ventures on unauthorised measures, By converting the social metings of trusting to the patriotism of his mothe Coffee-Room into the basis of a tives for future indemnity, and that periodical publication, I had, to be there exists no good reason why the sure, stolen a march on my associates; secretary of a Coffee-Room should but then I had conferred on them an not be equally daring. iniportance which I supposed would My readers will readily perceive by afford the more satisfaction, as it was the above account, that our club was unexpectedly bestowed. Regarding the place where, as Othello says, “I myself as the founder of the celebrity had treasured up my soul." As there our society was about to acquire, I are peculiar parts of the body en. freely indulged in the wildest reve- dowed with more acute sensation and ries of sanguine anticipation. Nay, exquisite irritability than others, so I had the temerity to cherish a hope of the mind indulges particular feelings being promoted from the office of secre- and desires, the gratification or distary to that of president of our meet- appointment of which occasion supeing! The extravagance of this latter rior degrees of pleasure or of pain. speculation can only be excused by The fancied importance attached to considering that the greatest difficul- these wishes is but seldom proporties are in idea the soonest mastered: tioned to their actual merits. Like reason, as it were, bounds over inn- our paper currency, their value is too possibilities, while lesser impedi- often inerely noininal, and founded ments she patiently sets about ob- more on general custom than intrinviating. I must at the same time sic worth. Of all others, none is confess, that I also occasionally had more destitute of real and solid momy fears; for hope and tear, like ment than an itch (if I may so term man and wife, though ever at va- it) for precedence: yet, l'appeal to riance, are in this world inseparably my readers, male as well as female, connected. I was conscious that my if their experience does not prove it promotion to the rank of president both general and importunate. For would violate one of the fundamental my own part, I must confess that I ordinances of the society,

which strict. furnish no exception to the common ly prohibits all posts, offices, or em- rule; but, on the contrary, am trembployments whatsoever, save and ex- lingly sensible of every fluctuation in cept that of secretary. But this ob- the scale of friendly opinion. Being jection was easily answered on the thus constituted, the decided disapprinciples beld by our modern and probation which the first number of most approved reformers; who in. the Coffee-Room met with from its culcate, that the body establishing a members, naturally occasioned me constitution must ever retain the right much and severe uneasiness. I nos of altering and violating it, or in other only lost in some degree the esteem I words, that it is the makers who may formerly possessed, but I had the adwith the greatest propriety become ditional mortification of incurring cen. the breakers of a law. When the sure through the very means by which superior talents of Mr. Courtland I had hoped to gain an encrease of seemed to point him out as the person respect. Such a total discomfiture of most likely to be benefitted by any my hopes must doubtless attract gedeviation from our rules in the above neral sympathy. That this feeling

respect, recollection speedily quieted may not be absorbed by emotions of ine on this head, by bringing forward personal regret, I hasten to declare many living examples of the little at that the displeasure of my associates tention paid to degrees of merit in the has not gone the length of interdict



ing the future progress of my under- Fox,-if on thee some remnant fall,
taking. The Coffee-Room is still to The shred may to thy mund recall
be continued, but under certain re-

Those hours of loud debato strictions and modifications, The

When thy unhallow'd lips of prais'i!

“ The glorious fabric” traitors rais'e description of these, as well as of the

On Bourbori's tallen statem discussion that gave rise to them, shall furnish the subjects of my next Thy soul let Pitt's example fire, paper. And if this delay should for- With Patriot zeal thy tvingne inspire, tunately serve to create suspense, I

Spite of thy Gallic leaven; am well aware that curiosity will fur- And teach thee in thy la cst day, nish a more powerfirl incentive to the His form of prayer, (if thou canst pray)

O save my Country, lleuren.'"
perusal of my third essay, than any
ability displayed in the execution of Windham, --if e'er thy sorrows flow
my second.

For private loss, or public woe,
March 30, 1807.

C. Thy rigid brow unbend :

Tears, over Cæsar, Brutus shed,

His hatred warr'd not with the dead

And Pitt was once thy friend.

submitted to the public, in a se- Hold then his bantle up to scorn, parate form, we feel considerable His well-earn' Fame assail; pleasure on being authorised to pre- of fuocral honours rob his corse, sent the following poem to

And at his virtues, till thou’rt hoarse, readers. Previous to its publication,

Like curst Thersites rail. we had been favoured with a private But know that these ungenerous deeds, recitation of it; and, from various As long as age to age succeeds, circumstances, we are induced to con- Shall prove thy glory's bane; sider it as the legitimate production of That noxious as the vernal blast, the author of Ulm and Trafalgar. Shall on thy blighted memory cast In our next number it is intended to An everlasting stain. insert the poem of · Uti Possidetis

Ilustrious Roscius of the State, and Status Quo,' which is reported to New breech'd and hamess't for debate, come from the per of the writer of Thou wonder of ihy age!!! • Elijah's Mantle,' who, if runour be Petty or Betty art thou bight, Correct, now holds a very ostensible By Granta sent to striit thy night situation in his Majesty's Councils. On Stephen's bustling stage? When by th’Almighty's dread command, Pitt's 'Chequer robe will Petty wear? Elijali, call'd from Israel's land,

Take of his Manile then a share,
Rose in the sacred flame,

'Twill aid tiny Ways and Means; His Mantle goorl Elisha caught,

And should Fat Jack, and his Cabal, And, with the Prophet's spirit fraught,

Cry “rob 115 the Exchequer, Val!"
Her second hope became.

"Twill charm away those fiends. In Pitt our Israel saw combin'd

Sage Palinurus of the realm!
The Patriot's heart—the Prophet's mind, By Vincent calld to take thc helm,
Elijah's spirit here;

And play a proxy's part;
Now, sad reverse that spirit reft, Dost thou a star, or compass know,
No confidence, no hope is left;

Canst reef alofor steer below?
For no Elsha's near.

Hlast connd the seaman's chart?
Is there among the greedy band,

No! from Pite's Mantle tear a rag, Who've seiz'd on Power with harpy-hand, Enough to serve thee for a flag, And Patriot worth assume,

And hoist it on thy mast : One on wlion public faith can res

Beneath that sign (our prosperous star) One fit to wear Elijah's vest,

Shall future Nelsons rush to war,
And cheer the Nation's gloom?

And rival victories past.
Grenville,--to aid thy Treasury-fame, Sidmouth-hough low his head be laid
A portion of his Manile claim,

Who call'd thee from thy native shade, Piri's generous ardour feel;

And gave thee second birth; 'Bove sordid self resolve to soar,

Gave thee the sweets of Power and Place,
Amidst Exchequer gold be poor,

The tufted robe-the gildeil mace,
Thy wealth-the public weal.

And reard thy puny worth ;

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Think how his mantle wrapp'd thee round: respect to the extent of circulation Is one of equal virtues found

and quantity of impression, since Among thy new compeers?

three hundred thousand is a usual Or can thy cloak of Amiens stuff, number for an edition, and the work Once laughid to scorn by Blue and Buff,

annually reprinted. Screen thee from Windham's jeers?

Frank's knowledge and connecWhen faction threaten'd Britain's land, Thy new-made friends-a desperate band, pick-pockets, scamps, gan blers, pro

tions amongst traps, (police-officers) Like Alab--stood reprov'd : Pite's powerful tongue their rage could curesses, tumblers, and showmen,

field-preachers, and tabernacle saints, check; His counsel sav'd midst general wreck,

were as extensive as any man of his The Israel that he lov'd.

day could boast; he was nevertheless Yes, honour'd shade! whilst near thy grave babit as it was possible a man could

honest by nature, and as much so by The letter'd sage, and chieftain brave,

be, to whom the stars (who ought at The votive inarble claim; O'er ihy cold corse-he public tear

least to have been more propitious to Congeal'd a chrystal shriné shall rear one of his family) had allotted such a Unsullied as thy fame!!!

perilous walk in life. He was a phi

losopher, and had a real regard for Singular Instance of Gratitude in a truth: as a proof of it, he repeatedly Thief, with Ana from low, mid- told the late Lord Littleton, myself

, ling, and high Life.

and others, that he would never surTH THE late accounts in the news, vive his independence, or live to want:

papers, of the familiar chum- in conformity, he first hung hiniself ming-conversation between Mackay, in the skin-market, Leadenhall, and the veteran pickpocket, and Towns- most handsomely basted a girl, with end the Bow-street officer, brought to whom he cohabited, for cutting him ny recollection the anecdote which I down; to avoid which inconvenience, am about to relate; it also brought be afterwards took care to hang himinto my mind, reflections by no means self for good, in a lodging room in of the most pleasing kind, or such as St. Giles's, where happened to be no served to reconcile me to things as officious intruders, and in that parish they are, and on which, if my life be he was buried. He moreover assured spared, the public shail, at some fu-' me, and I have no reason to doubt ture period, hear from me.

the fact, which was beside confirined Some thirty years since, a fine ath- to me by another eye-witness, that he letic fellow, with only one leg, of the had seen a certain reverend doctor, name of Francis Moore, used to en- whose fervid eloquence in the pulpit, tertain the good citizens of London used to draw floods of tears from the and Westminster, in the streets, with eyes of the ungodly, sitting at the jumping, assisted by a crutch, over a parlour fire of a certain noted house horse, the head of which was held up of accommodation in Goodman'sto the utmost height. A certain fields, with a brace of cherubs on his noble Duke (and indeed many per- Jap, little thinking of his latter end. sons of rank) were much entertained Moore's anecdote of the thief was with the performances of this man, as follows:

-A miserable lad of fifteen who was a very singular character; years of age laid in the new gaol, in and they often inade hiin handsome the Borough, whither he had been presents. This man was my author, committed for some petty theft, with and I quote him, because I have seen scarcely a rag to cover him, half dewithin these two or three years, a voured by vermin, and perishing with biographical sketch of him, in some the ague. So repulsive are poverty one of the magazines, where it is as- and wretchedness, that no soul (not serted, that he was the great grandson even a pal, or bis flash-girl) would of the noted Francis Moore, M. D. come near him, but a humane police Almanac-maker and Soothsaver, in officer-an humane officer !-who, the reigns of Anne and Geo.l; an au- by his charitable attentions and assista thor, one of whose inmortal works ance, no doubt, saved the wretch's may put to shame the whole world of lite. This made an impression upon authors, ancient or niudern, with the boy too deep ever to be etfaced.


Being afterwards tried and discharged, some philosophy and of a milder kind and having no possible means of ex- of government, and who nevertheistence, but in those courses in which less live in a kingdom where the he had been bred, he proceeded in wretched peasant is loaded with that which, in our country, is a regu- irons if he should dare to mow his lar occupation, and (like other pro- meadow, or to disturb his field, fessions) distinguished by a regular during the season of the coupling system and precise terminology. In and hatching of the partridges; where the course of many years of various he is obliged to leave his vine to the success, he was at length had in pur- mercy of rabbits, and suffer his harsuit for a capital offence by the whole vest to become a prey to deers, stags, pack, in full cry, of the blood-hounds and boars; and where he would be ot' office. He now recollected the sentenced to the galleys, if he had the obligation to his old friend, saying, boldness to strike, either with his that the life which that friend bad whip, or with a stick, any of these preserved was justly his due, aud sur- voracious animals. rendering himself to that oflicer, and Such was the situation of the peabeing in course condemned at the santry of France. The most abject next sessions, he mounted the scal- submission and crouching servility fold, and took the never failing drop; were required of them. How diftshappy, to his last montent, that bis rent from those of England! From alfriend erclusively, would reap the most the first civilization of our counprice of his blood!!

try it was celebrated for freedom and An Observer of the Signs justice. The peasant and the peer had of the Times. an equal right to apply to the laws for

redress of injuries. 'Nay, the king

himself ventures not to exert undue To the Editor of the Universal Mag. influence in this land of liberty! Sir,

While e'en the peasant boasts these righis I pero sanguishem ailesine by sarees And let 0.6ca0 Fenerate himself as man! lebrated French author, I was sensi- The English peasant could not Lly struck with the superiority of our boast, perhaps, the ruddy sparkling own highly-favoured isle.

vine-juice in such great abundance as " The king of Siam keeps a great the French, but then he could boast number of elephants. Thuse of his of what was of intinitely more importpalace are particularly taken care of, ance to his happiness. Wretched, inand have extraordinary honours paid deed, must have been the lot of such to them. The meanest have fifteen men, who could tamely submit to have slaves to attend them, who are con, the dearest gift of life ravished from stantly employed in cutting hay, and them by every proud titled knaic, gathering bananas and sugar canes for who chose to exercise his authority! them. The king takes so much

Your constant reader, pride in these creatures, which are of

AMATOR LIBERTATIS. no real use, that he estimates bis London, Feb. 19, 1807. power rather by their number than by that of his provinces. Under pretence of feeding these animals well, (Continued from puge 120.) their attendants will drive them into UT we can never get to the botgardens and cultivated lands, that they

is may trample upon them, unless the infinite. But where did the atoms first owners will purchase an exemption come from? Why from infinite space from these vexations by continual above. But if they can never traverse presents. No man would dare to en- the infinite space below, 'tis impossiclose his field against the king's ele, ble they can have passed through the phants, niany of whom are decorated infinite space above, therefore they with honourable titles, and advanced never did pass through it. But supto the highest dignities in the state. posing they did ; they must naturally

“ These things are revolting to our descend in parallel lines, as Polignac minds; and yet we have no right to says, according to the nature of all discredit thein: we who boast of bodies; especially as there could be


nothing to hinder it in empty space, tonians equally wanted it for their atand so nothing could be forined froin traction, wbich, unless space be infithem. Oh but they had a certain nite, yes, and the heavenly bodies bending or inclination towards each intinite too, would bring on, in some other; and so the sun, moon, &c. years, the most horrible confusion were formed. But from what ethicient and catastrophe. And what could they cause, means, or instruments did this tid to fill up so much room except inclination, and bending their course they took Epicurus’s vacuum, which towards each other proceed? Why was exactly big enough for the purfroin the same that the Newtonian pose? Por, as I read, the Newtocourse of the planets in vacuo, and mans assert that all the heavenly attraction ; viz. they are all effects bodies attract each other, therefore, without any cause. And indeed the those that are near are attracted by Newtonian attraction seenis evident- those farther off; and those farther of Jy borrowed from the inclination of are still attracted ud attract those that Épicurus’s atoms to each other. De- are still farther off, and so on through mocritus, the philosopher, is said to intinite suns and planets, and through be the first that invented these atoms intinite space, and they prove it thus: and vacuum; but in order to remove If there were any bounds, say ther, all impediment to his atoms joining to the succession of heavenly bodies themselves to each other, gave great one beyond the other, those that are part of them understanding and rea- nearest those bounds would be atsou, which I am sure is what he tracted by those within side, but wanted himself.

would have none to retract them on It is certainly vain to bestow too the outside; it would therefore hapmuch time in perusing the ancients; pen that all would be attracted to the yet some insight into their physics inside, and would in a course of time and metapbysics may be of use; for be all heaped together in one immense though they contain little besides lump without notion and without such truisms as every body thinks he lighi --Oh horrible! But it is some understaads without them, yei as they thonsands of years ago that the old treat the subject of common reason philosophers found out that there is and sense with some regularity, and no such thing existing as a process to clear up a number of mistakes people infinity; and since Newton's time the are apt to fall into, some acquaintance most noted mathematicians have rewithibem I cannotthink ainiss. They jected the same in regard of their sty when any thing is said to be done, science also,--a great victory of meta. seren questions may be asked about physics over its rebellious servant it included in the sentence below.. Mathesis. Besides, I would ask how which except they can at least be pro- it is possible that our sun should atbably answered, the thing is impossi- tract, or be attracted by the nearest ble, viz. Who did it? What was done? fixed star, which the astronomers say Where? By what helps, machines, is more than fourteen millions of or instruments? Why was it done millions of miles distant, when both In what manner? When was it done? consist of the most brilliant fire and

Although the freqnent circumnavi- fiame, which, so far from being attracgation of ihe earth having proved that tive, are repulsive in a very ligh dewe bave Antipodes, must necessa- gree. I shall not ask by what means rily have disturbed and destroyed the or instruments this attraction is pereverlasting till of Epicurus's atoms, formed, for it must be something and all other bodies downwards, yet equivalent to ropes and pullies, which hi intinite vacuun has some way es. I never saw attempted to be assigned ; caped the same destruction ; fór in but was alway forced to be contented my opiniin, the destruction of the with the general concrete noun ai. one ini olies that of the other, as the traction, which signifies only an abiacuum was made only for the sake stract notion. But to come to the

of the atoms. This would certainly point, I can but be of the opinion of ! have been the case, but that the New- those who attribute the weight of

bodies to the pressure of the incum, * Quis, Quid, Ubi, Per quæ, Cur, bent air, and in no wise to a general Quomodo, Quando?

Cic. attraction of one body to another, and

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