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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
DR. PARR.

Dr. Parr's eminence as a scholar can[Concluded from page 301.). not be denied; and even his enemies

Emust not judge of the talents allow to him the merit of being a suby an epitaph or a monumental inscrip- of being unrivalled in the art of tion: we shall trace them in all his making good scholars in those lanwritings, and it is to be wished that the guages. They would confine his mer Doctor would either himself make a rit to these two points, and insinuate, collection of them, or leave them dia that he was nothing out of this parpested in such a manner, that they may ticular walk; and that in fact his exbe published by his friends. Among cellence in this walk rendered him them his celebrated preface to a work unfit for any other pursuit. What of Bellendarius will hold a distinguish- they allow is no small degree of merit: ed place. It shews his knowledge of but we, who knew him well, may be the Latin language, bis skill in the permitted to add some other particu selection of phrases, his judgment in lars, which make him the deserved the discrimination of character. But object of esteem, love, and admiramay we venture to proceed a little tion to his friends. farther? It shews what may be ex- We say, then, that he is a right pected from writing in a dead lan- good scholar, staunch whig, and a guage. There is not an expression true protestant. His scholarship is in the preface, which may not be jus- not confined to Latin and Greek, tified by authority, but it savours of but takes in the whole circle of poa course too much of the midnight oil. lite literature; and in metaphysics he A man who writes in Latin, must is unrivalled. No one excels' him in write in shackles, unless he has been the duties of a parish priest, whether by the habit of frequent conversation we view him in the reading desk, and meditation, brought to think en- pouring out the devotion of tlie heart tirely in that language; and if this before his creator, or in the pulpit deis not to be expected in the present livering his instructions to his 'flock, days, we do not recommend to any or in his parish promoting harmony one to employ it, except in works of and good neighbourhood, and by a vascience, where elegance of style is riety of affectionate services, gaining not so much to be expected or desired. the hearts of every class of his pa

The Doctor married, when he was rishioners. His religion is equally at Stanmore, Miss Marsingale, by removed from superstition and tanatiwhom he had several children, but cisin, and he can discuss a doctrinal two only remain. The eldest is mar- point without dooming his opporied to the eldest son of Colonel nent to everlasting perdition for not Wynne, the youngest is single. believing it.

The character of Dr. Parr is va-' The awfulness of his wig might riously appreciated. A person who at one time of his life, have struck thoroughly understands the princi- a terror in the distant beholder, but ples of civil and religious liberty, and it vanished the moment you beboldiy stands forward in their defence, held him in company: and, as the must in times when they are grow- ladies are assuredly the best judges ing out of fashion, have many ene- in this case, if he is universally their mies, and the sycophants of arbitrary favourite, we may be certain, that power will not fail to seize evey op- he is far removed from the spirit of portunity of depreciating talents, if pedantry and supercilious pride, by possessed by their opponents. But which the votaries of learning, from UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL.VII.

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want of keeping good company, are Millenium, or the grand deliverance sometimes distinguished,

As with of Christendom from civil and ecclethe ladies, he is the favourite of all siastical tyranny would commence. young people, for he can condescend Persons not used to theological ento amuse and instruct them, and in a quiry may bear to be told that this ex. moment turn from the profoundest pected æra was generally expected to disquisition to attend to juvenile en- commence with the second COMING quiries. This arises from the gaieté oF CHRIST UPON THE EARTH. du coeur, which the doctor possesses ; Sceptics may probably smile, when and that cheerfulness, which is the they recollect the miserable jargon result of goodness of heart and sound- that has been made use of by the ness of head.

many sectarians who have endeavourThe doctor is one of the old school, ed to apologize for Christian tenets fond of smoking and Greek.— and traditions ; but a little patient inHe is in his element with a pipe in vestigation may soon convince them his mouth, a company of social and that there is more of sound reason well-informed friends, and one to and the fitness of things in these docenter with him into a lively argu- trines than they are aware of. ment:-such was Jamie Mackintosh. In my letter upon the Prophetic InThe attack brought forth all the la- dirations of the Present Times, in p. tent powers of the doctor's mind: 124 of your Magazine for February, his shield was impenetrable, and his I enumerated some of the astonishing spear, that of Ithureal. Poor Jamie vicissitudes which Providence has Mackintosh! we regret that he lost permitted to be effected by France, the doctor's friendship; but the fault mostly under its present head, viz. was in himself, not with the doctor, the dissolution of the old Gallican Steady to his friends, the doctor was church, the pontificate; the Gernot to be drawn aside by any private manic empire, the principal support interest: and if his friends were at. of the Hierarchy both spiritual and tacked, he felt the wound, as if in- temporal, including several Protestant flicted upon himself.

kingdoms and states engaged in sucThe integrity of the doctor, the cessive coalitions against France; the warmth of his attachments, the good- radical reform of the Roman church; ness of his heart, and his convivial the secularization of the dominions of powers, will ever be deeply fixed in most of the ecclesiastical princes; the hearts and minds of all who knew the abolition of celibacy, monasteries, him. The world will admire his ta- and other religious foundations; the lents; by those, who knew him most Protestant religion put upon an equal intimately, the man will be most be- footing with the Catholic; and lasily, loved.

the political and moral restoration of

the Jews to the free exercise and enFrance, an important Object of the joyment of all their rights, civil an 1

New Testament Prophecies. religious. The whole of this wonKal evextirn tñ õpex eyivero oso mos payas, xxo withstanding the opposition of al

derful change has been etfected, notτο δεκάλον της πόλεως έπεσε, και άπεκίανθησαν

most all the crowned heads in Europe, έντο σεισμώ νομαια ανθρώπων χιλιάδες επιά. within the space of sixteen years! Apoc. Cap. xi, 13.

All this, in the language of the New HIS being a subject which was Testament, has occurred in consetheological writers nearly one hun- CHRIST; the manner in which this dred and fifty years since, when ap- important phrase is to be understood, pearances little favoured any such spe- Bishop Hurd will best explain. culation, may pload as some apology It has been the peculiar fate of this for reviving the topic at this eventful phrase to be perverted and misunderperiod.

stood above its fellows. The gross The writers alluded to, as it will be ideas of the first Millenarians, and the easily conjectured, were persons who opinions attached to the last judg. had examined the New Testament ment, no doubt grew out of it. Bishop with a view to ascertain when the Hurd, in his Sermons at the Warbura

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tonian Lecture, thinks the prophe- terms have a meaning there peculiar ries concerning the coming of Christ to the prophetic books only, and no ibay be considered under iwo heads. relation to the final judgment and the

“They either respect the person, general resurrection spoken of by our character, and office of the Messiah, Lord in Matthew xxv. 31. Roin. ii. or the fate and fortune of that king- 14. And as the second coming of dom which he came to establish in the Christ is only in his power and proworld. Divines call these, prople- vidence, then of course the nineteenth cies of his first coming; and the chapter of the Revelations has been other, prophecies of his SECOND: strangely misapplied! He, who in only it may be proper to observe, that chapter is called the Word of that the second advent of the Messiah God, King of Kings, and Lord of is not like the first, confined to one Lords, and who executes the judgsingle and precise period, but is gra- ments of Heaven upon the kings of dual and successive."

the earth, the captains and mighty Now, in respect to the coming of men; upon the beast and the false Christ, it is clear, that the Bishop prophet, viz. the false church, is not gives up the vulgar idea of a motion Jesus Christ in person, but, as Bishop from one part of space to another, in Hurd has perhaps involuntarily indiwhich the body moved was not pre- cated, “Some agent of his power seut before; for he adds, “ Christ and providence; some state or concomes in his power and providence stitution of government unfolding through all ages of the Church. His itself by just degrees, and coming first coming was then over, when he as oft as the conductor of it thinks expired on the cross. His second tit to interpose by any signal acts.'' commenced with the resurrection, and It will now be incumbent on me to will continue to the end of the world. shew how far these signal acts, this So that this last coming of Jesus is to power and providence, making use be understood of his spiritual king- of the instrumentality of France, dom, which is not one act of sove. have been appreciated by several reignty exerted at once, but a state English commentators within the or constitution of government sub- period of the two last centuries. sisting through a long tract of time, One of the first of them in order unfolding itself by just degrees, and of time, is Doctor Thomas Goodwin, coming as oft as the conductor of it some time President of Magdalen thinks tit to interpose by any signal College, Oxford: he wrote his Exacts of his administration. And in position of the Revelations in 1039, this sense we are directed to pray that though it was not.published till 1053, his kingdom, though long set up, may soon after his death. Penetrated come; that is, may advance through with sympathy and affection for the all its stages, till it shall arrive at that French natior, he says,

" The saints full state of glory in which it shall and churches of France, God has shine out in the great day, as it is made a wonder to me in all his procalled, the day of judgment." ceedings towards them first and last;

Thus far the Bishop; but as his and there would seem some special Lordship mentions no third coming favour reserved for them yet at the of Christ to judge all mankind at one last. And so as that kingdom had time and place; nor any such idea the first great stroke, so now it should as a coming in person, during his have the honour of having the last second advent; nor otherwise than great stroke in the ruin of Rome. in his power and providence, it

Mr. Arthur Deni, preacher at follows that the judgment of the South Shoobury, Essex, has a very world, or rather that of nations singular opinion respecting the conand empires, may and must be exe- dition of the Pontificate before the cuted solely by the coming of Christ Millenium. The work he wrote and in his power and providence," and published in 1639 and 1650, is ennot by his person. This one thing at titled The Ruine of Rome, or an Exleast is certain, that, in the Revela- position upon the whole Revelation. tions, whatever is said of the judg. In page 344, he says,

" We know St. nuent and the first resurrection, these John's words are plain, that these

kingdoms which took part with the with this, the Confederated Princes Beast shall take part against her; as giving their kingdom yet to the therefore it followeth, ihat all the Beast, and even the Protestant Princes kingdoms of Europe shall take part so far as they enter into the constituagaint him: and it is very possible tion of Nebuchadnezzar's image, that in time, France, Spain, and wherever it is found, with its seven Italy, shall turn against the Beast. thousand names, Rev. xi. 13. shall be We know that he hath lost seven ground to powder also." of bis horns; the eighth, which is Mr. Peter Jurieu positively declared, France, beginneth to be somewhat one hundred and twenty years ago, loose, and to shake, which, if it fall tliat “the augmentation of France off, the rest will follow after apace.” would be no damage to the Protest

With respect to the See ot Rome, ants.” Respecting the tenth part of he observes, Through the revolting the city, he says, “ In my opinion and talling away of the kingdoms it we cannot doubt that it is France : shall be exceedingly weakened, and this does not signify that the French brought so low that the kings of the monarchy shall be ruined; it may be earth shall easily take it; or, as the humbled, but in all appearance ProHoly Ghost speaketh, Revelations vidence does design a great elera. xvi. 26, shall easily pass over, their tion for her afterwards.

One thing Euphrates being dried up, and enter is certain that the Babylonian Empire, their Babylon. But then will some viz. the Roman or Germanic, shall men say, shall there be no Pope at perish through the disobedience of all, a little before the coming of the ten kings : but who shall begin Christ? I answer, and not l, but this last revolt? It is probable that the Holy Ghost for me, He shall le France shall ; it cannot be any country a poor Pope, a desolate Pope; a Pope but France.". At length, after indíwhose fiesh shall be torn; whose fiesh cating that the Monks and Jesuits shall wither, as we shall hear anon. shall be abolished, he concludes as if He shall be such a Pope as Ishbosheth he had actually seen the effects of the was a King when Abner and all conquests of Marengo, Austerlitz, Israel tell away from him, Sam. ii. and Jena: these great events he says, 3.--He shall be such a Pope as the “ deserve to be distinguished from all King of Portugal is a King.” others, for they have changed, or shall

Mr. Thomas Beverley, who pub- change, the whole face of the world," lished The great Charter for the In- or rather the face of Christendom. terpretation of Prophecy, Londori Dr. Mather, in his Discourse on 1094, seems to have described France Faith and Fervency in Prayer, puband the Turkish Fmpire, as he judged lished in 1710, p. 97, speaking of the they would be previous to their tall, great earthquake (or revolution with remarkable accuracy. Speaking which was to overthrow the tenuh of France, as being in alliance with part of the great Papal city, says, the Turks, he says, « Notwithstand- May the kingdom of France be ing this, let what can be done, France that tenth part of the city which shall be kept within his own bounds, shall fall. May (or should) we hear to be but one of the ten (kingdoms) of a mighty revolution there, we and the Turk shall be in a low totter- shall then know that the kingdom of ing condition, to be supported only Christ is at hand." upon the aids of France, ihat he may Sayer Rudd, M.D. who, in 1734, not come to his end so soon, but must published an essay towards a new do at last. And further, the great explication of the doctrine of the Mile success of finishing the war upon (old) lenium, says, “ A period will be put France, God hath reserved for the to the reign of the Beast by a Revostone cut out of the inountain, which is LUTION IN France, and that under notiserely in any human band: these a Louis.” things shall be done. The French gran- The celobrated Mr. J. Whiston deur, as it now stands in opposition to was also persuaded, that France was the kingdom of Christ, shall be ground the tenth kingdom or government 10 pou der. The Turkish woe shall designed for a leader and example lo be clear removed, but then, together all the rest in Europe."

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