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Some few writers have indeed ima- retaliation," the punishment of evil-
ANTI-MERCATOR. This is extracted from the second P.S. I wish to remark, that a new edition of a Letter to Dr. Hurd, article in the creed of some of the Bishop of Worcester, By Edward Orthodox is calculated to counteract Evanson, A. M. He therefore, thus any attempt to enlarge or enlighten concludes his observations : "Now their understandings. They seem alindeed, my Lord, the conscientious most inclined to admit a duality of Christians in France, may with rea- Devils; one incarnate, the other, as son exclaim in the classical language, usual, disembodied. Antichrist, or very unjustly applied by your Lord- the man of sin is now not made up ship to the Protestant Reformation in of many, as the apostle John exour own country :
presses it; but, according to them, he Libertas nos sera tamen resperit." is one individual person.
Not the What shall we say to this evidence? Pope, according to the old mode of Shall we impute it to conjecture, to accounting for, or getting over these party.collusion, or mere chance? matters, but rather some Lay person. The tirst would be childish, the second A few years ago, in Scotland, Robesabsurd, and the latter sheer atheism. piere was the supposed Man of Sin. The incredulous may boast of their This new character may be exphilosophy, but here the judgment tremely useful to a venal Hierarchy, which ihese Christians have passed for tixing a moral or political stigma upon men and things, upon kingdoms upon any one who displeases them; and states, proves they possessed phi- and with a little spiritual juggling may losophy in reality. Their conclusions, be made to suit a Burdett, or a Buothough expressed in the oriental or naparte, just as the prevailing interest scriptural dialect, have been drawn may require. from long observations upon the ten
Á beneficed clergy man in Shropdency of virtue and vice, both in shipe, assured the writer of this article individuals and large bodies. Their a few months since, that, in his opi. application of the predictions of sa- nion, Antichrist was the Emperor of cred writ, are the result of those the French: he thought some canoeternal distinctions between right and nized quiz of the 10th or 12th century wrong, that can never be obliterated. had made it evident “ that Antichrist
They are the genuine conclusions would be a secular Prince, who, not. from a belief of God's moral govern- withstanding the great good he would ment of the world, from the law of do in the early part of his career,
his crimes having rendered bim odious had not been afraid lest the Peloponto God and man, would be slain in pesians would have combined to fight Palestine.” Has this chimerical An- in defence of Sparta. richristian Hy dra but one head: If No. 24.-The cruelty of Alexander, 30, after this excision, tinie-serving the tyrant of the Phæreans. Chucrchmen may circulate their co- Alexander, the tyrant of the Phænundrums or nod in their stalls with reans, had the character of a very out being any more disturbed by Lay- cruel man. At the representation of Reformers, Heretics, or Dissenters. a tragedy of the poet Theodorus, he Bishop Horsley, it is thought, favour- was soľ moved by the sorrows of ed this notion of Antichrist. Thus, as Aërope, that he burst into tears, and Dean Switt says,
rising up from his seat, went out of the And Hell to be sure is at Paris or Rome, theatre. Apologizing for this to Theo. How happy for us that is not at home! dorus, he assured bim “that it was
not from contempt, nor to shew any TRANSLATIONS from Ælian's VA- disrespect; but from shame to reflect, RIOUS History, by Dr. Toulmin. that lie should feel compassiou for the (Continued.)
miseries of a tictitious character on No. 21.-0f, Zeuris", picture of the stage, but none for his own subHelen, and of Nicastor, the painter. jects." X had drawn Helen. Nicastor, the injuries.
No. 25.- Phocion's forgetfulness of limper, was much struck with thelike- Phocion, the son of Phocus, who ness, and expressed a great admiration had often headed the armies of his of the picture. A person came up to country, was condemned to die, and him and asked him, “ Why he was was about to drink the cup of liemso wonderfully affected with this lock, in prison ; when, on the lictor piece of art?" He replied, " Thon handing it to him, his friends asked couldst not have asked me this ques- him if he had any charge to his son? tion it you had my eyes.” I should re- “Yes," he replied, “ I command him mark the same with respect to oratory, not to remember, against the Atlethe ears must be as nicely formed as nians, the cup which I am going to are the eyes of the artist.
drink.” He who does not admire No. 22.- The escape of Æschylus, and applaud this man, is not, in my after bring condemned for irreligion. opinion, capable of entertaining a
Eschylus, the tragedian, bad been sublime sentiment. sentenced to death for the impiety of No. 26.-The fortitude with which one of his dramas, and the Athenians Anaxagoras supported the death of were ready to stone him, when his children. Amyrias, his younger brother, throw
A person came and informed ing aside his robe, shewed his arm Anaxagoras, of Clazomene, as he was without a hand. Amynias had dis- engaged in giving lectures to his putinguished himself by his bravery in pils, that his two only sons were dead. the battle of Salamis; and baving with perfect composure he replied, lost his hand, was the first of the “ I know that I begot them mortal." Athenians who had been rewarded. No. 27.—Of Tachus, who din When the judges saw what he had frum luxurious living. suffered, they recollected his exploits Tachus, the Egyptian, as long as and acquitte Eschylus.
he made use of his own country diet, No. 23.--The vicissitudes of Fortune, and lived sparingly, was one of the
Who is ignorant of the quick turns healthiest of men. But, after be and sudden changes of fortune? The went to Persia, and adopted its deliLacedæmonians, for instance, were cate dishes, he could no longer relish masters of the Thebans, and then the food he had disused; and ended were subdued by them: so that the life by a dysentery, exchanging a Thebans not only advanced to the luxurious table for death. Peloponuesus, but crossed the Eu- No. 28.-Of the judges of the rotas, and laid waste the country of Egyptians, and the author of their the Lacedæmonians, and would have lare's. taken the capital, if Epiriinondas The Egyptians said, that they had
learnt their laws from Mercury. So all The following is a conversation of nations, by ascribing them to a divine Socrates with Alcibiades. The latter, origin, secure honour and veneration to when young, was greatly disheartened their institutions. The priests were and distressed with the thoughts of adformerly the judges in Egypt; among dressing ar: assembly of the people. whom the oldest was the chief, and Socrates encouraged him and raised decided on all cases. It was neces- his spirits. “ Don't you despise,” sary that he should be the most up- says he, “ that leather-cutter?” pointright and uncorrupted of men. He ing to one by name. Alcibiades red wore on his neck an image called plied, “ Yes." Socrates replied, Truth, made of the sapphire stone. “Don't you think very lightly of that But I wish not a judge so much to wear auctioneer who is haranguing the an image of truth made of stone, as croud; and of that tent-maker?" that truth should dwell in his mind. The youthful son of Clinias owned
No. 29.—Dionysius and Philip. he did. “Well," said Socrates, "the
Dionysius the second, and Philip whole assembly of the Athenians the son of Amyntas, happened at a consists of a number of such charactime to meet. Among many other ters collected together; and if, when topics, which as usual, turned up in taken singly, you have a low opinion the course of conversation, this was of each, you should not think much one:- Philip asked Dionysius, how it of them when they are hurdled towas, that when he had received from gether.” In this way the son of Sohis father so large an empire, he had phroniscus and Phænaretes instructed not preserved it? He answered, not the son of Clinias and Deimonasehes. very wide of the truth, " Because my No. 32. The counsel of Pyrrhus' father left me all things, but the good physician rejected by the Romans. fortune with which he obtained and Cineas, the physician of Pyrrhus, kept it.”
it is reported, in a private corresponN. B. Dionysius, the tyrant of dence with the Romans, promised, Sicily, was the son of Dionysius; he for a sum of money, which he asked, lost his kingdom by his cruelty, and to take off Pyrrhus by poison. They retired to Corinth, where he kept a would not hearken to his proposal'; school and taught boys their letters. for the Romans had learnt to be brave
Upton. by virtue, and not to conquer their The Roman emperors kept in their enemies by the arts of deceit and by chambers a golden image of Fortune, stratagems. And they discovered to which, on their death, passed over to Pyhrrus the designs of Cineas. their successors; as if they could be- No. 33.-The behaviour of Pericles queath with it their own fortune, as towards the Alhenians. hereditary. Dionysius denied that he Was not Pericles, the son of Xan. had thus succeeded to his father's, thippus, yielding and respectful to the
KUHNIUS. people of Athens? It appears to me No. 30 -The law of the Cretans that he was. For as often as he was on the instruction of youth.
to be present in their public assembly, The Cretans commanded that the he prayed that not a word might sons of freemen should be taught the escape from his lips, which would laws in songs set to music; that, irritate them, or appear contrary to being captivated by the charms of their opinion and oppose their will. music, they might with more ease No. 34.-The Clazomenians les and pleasure retain them in their me- smear the benches of the Ephon with mory ; and that, if at any time they soot. did any thing which was forbidden, Some Clazomenians, on an em. they might not be able to plead ig- bašsy to Sparta, behaved in an insonorance.
In the second place, they lent and contemptuous manner; for were taught hymns in honour of the they besmeared with soot the benches gods; and thirdly, the eulogiums and and thrones on which the Ephon was praises of brave men.
accustomed to sit, to judge causes and No. 31.-How Socrates inspired pass decrees. The Ephon expressed Alcibiades with courage, and raised his resentiment at this, but calling the him above an undue fear of the people, public cryer, commanded him to pro
claim through the city, “ that it was instruments. He failed, however, permitted to the Clazomenians to be in resolution, and forbore to stake have indecorously.”
his reputation on so hazardous an exNo. 35.- Of Hiero and Themis- periment. tocles.
For the transfusion of blood into Themistocles excluded from the the veins, a vein is first opened in the contest at the Olympic games, Hiero arm of a patient. A small silver tube bringing his horses to it; remarking, is then inserted, in an elevated directhat the man who would not take a tion; the same preparatory steps must part in their greatest dangers, ought be taken with the sound person, from not to be admitted to their sports." whom the transfusion is to be bor. And Themistocles was greatly ap- rowed; with this difference, that the plauded for this.
tube must here be inserted down. N. B. Hiero was the king of Sicily. wards. This done, the smallest of The time referred to was the Persian the tubes is to be inserted into the war; in which he declined joining larger one, by which means a quan: the Grecians.
tity of blood, dependent on the judge
ment of the surgeon, passes from the On the Transfusion of Blood.
arm of the same subject to that of the patient. The incised veins are bound
or dresssed, as in bleeding. I Miscellanyna mboserved anenquiry formed inrelief of a vitiated States or respecting the Transfusion of Blood; blood, as well as in consideration of an operation which has sometimes the debility arising from Hæmorrhage. been practised in cases of active hæ- In such instances, before the patient morrhage. As no reply bas, I be- receives the blood of the sound perlieve, been given to the query. I do son, he ought to be bled proportion. myself the pleasure of submitting ably, that the new blood last sea some little information on that head; ceived may have the freer circulation. though as my researches in surgery Some recommended a vein to be and physic have been stimulated by opened in each arm at the saine time, mere curiosity, not by professional that as much of the vitiated blood ingenuity, it is possible that I may might flow out of one arm, as was fall into inaccuracies in my commu- received of the sound at the other. nication.
This transfused blood was not alThe operation termed Transfusion ways specifically the blood of human of the Blood, has long been banished subjects, it was sometimes that of a from the codes of practical surgery. calf or lamb. In which case the aniThat it was once not only in frequent mal was secured by ligatures, and an uise, but of occasional efficacy ,. is evi, artery opened in the neck, leg, or dent froin a law passed in the darker thigh; when the rest of the operaages of superstition, by which it be- tion was performed as before. cime a cognizable oftence for any Transfusions and injections, though practitioner of the surgical art to at- now out of repute, were much extoltempt the relief of the diseased by led by the physicians of the earlier transfusing into their veins the blood of part of the i7ih century. Most diseither man or beast. As this law was orders of the body are allowed to enforced from motives of mistaken re- spring from some latent vice in the ligious delicacy alone, it seems evident blood; from whence many were led that the practice had been sufficiently to think that that vice would be resuccessful to promote its notoriety. moved or carrected by the injection
The late Dr. Darwin once thought of sound blood, and the expulsion of of resorting to this obsolete experi- such as was diseased, ment, in a case of peculiar urgency The fact seems to have been, that and great interest. It is believed that the remedy was generally worse than he went so far as to give directions the disease. The trantased blood for the constructing of the necessary could not be received into the circu
culation, and the hapless patient who May 1806.
escaped death under the operation,
were found to degenerate to stupor verily all is vanity,"—Would, in this and melancholy inadness, or to expi- place, be unnecessary; since men of the ate their extreme temerity by sudden inost briliant talents, and indefatigadissolution. I remain, Sir, ble in their exertions have gone over
Your's, &c. the ground before me. I shall there. An OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTOR. fore endeavour to illustrate the sun.
ject, by relating some circumstances The WiG.–No. VII.
which have occurred to my notice as “I must appear important: big as a
remarkable instances of vanity, country -peda ogue', when he enters the
though perhaps a better illustration school-room with a hem! and terrifies the
could scarcely be offered, than the apple-munching urchins with the creaking old story of Dr. Franklin and his of his shoes
I'll swell like a shirt bleich wbiste. ing in a high wind; and look burly as a Dining with a large parts at the sunday-beadle when he has kickd down Freemason's Tavern,
tew the unhallow'd stall oi a profane oll apple. months back, after the cloth was rewoman."
moved, the circulation of the bottle VA
ANITY appears to be a ruling very freely produced a circulation in
passion implanted in the breast the heads of some persons at the turof all the buman race; and although ther end of the rooi, who, after disin some it may not be so apparent as puting some time to the utter destrucin others, this can by no means be tion of all harmony, by way of satisimplied as a reason that vanity dues faction to each other, determined not attach to their characters; for I manfully to fight it out: upon the have seen enough of men to conceive, commencement of this sınart contest, that although it may be, and no doubt which threatened a numerous quanis very active in the breasts of some; tity of glasses, tables, decanters, &c. in others, (where it was according to with demolition, and the combatants outward appearance little to be ex. with severe blows, I was not a little pected) I have been satisfied of its surprized to see a person who sat not existence in a passive state, until far from me, arise trom his seat and called upon by some particular cir- strip off his coat, waistcoat, and neckcumstance or sentiment.
cloth, with the utmost deliberation Thus every man has the vanity to and composure: as he was hastening conceive well of himself, and even past me towards the scene of action, the very pick-pocket, who daily com- I could not refrain from asking him mits his depredations on his fellow if he knew either of the parties, or man will brag of his superior bonor the cause of dispute of all which and honesty-nay, not only speaks of particulars, he declared he knew noit in ternis of exultation, but (the thing: . However,' said he, throwfirst compunctions of conscience being ing himself into a pugilistic'attitude, banished from his thoughts) uit»s • D-mme, it I don't have a knock at detected he absolutely believes it some of them! I'll set ’um to rights, himself. Every man has the vanity to I warrant!-- cannot say I regretied conceive better of himself than he to see the vanity of this man punished does of his neiglıbour, and potuitla- by seeing him completely vanquished. standing the unassuming and bun.ble I was, a short time since, invited to manner in which almost every author spend a day with a friend at Highgate. of the present day addresses himself The party cousinted of three gemleto the public, his vanity would be nen, myself, and two ladies, besides much disappointed, were that public host and hostess. The conversation, to conceive of his performance as atter dinner, turned upon various humbly as by his own account he subjects, politics, literature, and seenis to conceive of himself.
the amusements of the town-the To expatiate on the vanity of hu- Theatre, the Invisible Girl, the Phanman wishes and pursuits, and endea- tasmagoria, the Panorama, and S2015 vour to shew from what cause this Souci. These subjects ailorded ample vanity, so general among men, arises, food for mirth and laughter ; au length and thereby to prove the truth of some remarks were made upon the the old assertion—" Vanity, vanity, merits and ingenuity of Mr. Dildin
UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VII. 3 F