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ral view of the progress of electricity edition is illustrated, was strongly reand galvanism, from the time of Gil- coninended to the audience. bert to the present day. He pointed The works of Sir John Maundeout four epochs in the science :--the ville forined the next subject of Mr. first formed by the discovery of the D.'s consideration; and a sketch of simple electric phenomena, by Gil- this traveller's life and labours was bert, Hauksbee, Boyle, and Newton. given from his early biographer Pits, The second by the discovery of the as were also some curious specimens difference between conductors and of his voyages, to shew the nature of non-conductors, by Stephen Gray; his style and the peculiar turn of bio and the different electricities by Du thuught. Fay. The third, by the development The remainder of the lecture was of ihe theory of positive and negative devoted to a particular account of electricity, by Franklin. And the the poetry of Robert Langland, and fourth, by the discovery of the new especially of his singular production galvanic phenomena, and the facts called “The Visions of Pierce Ploughascertained by the use of the appara- man:" this poem (a satirical one, le tus of Volta. He dwelt upon the iin- velled against the vices of all profes: portance of these discoveries in a sci- sions) was conjectured to have bees entific point of view; and stated, that written about the year 1960, and a they were daily gaining new relations first printed in 1550 Many interest to the phenomena of nature and the ing specimens of it were adduced by operations of art.

Mr. D.; and, among others, a remark: The Rev. Mr. Dibdin's Course on the by Mrs. Cooper, in her Muses' Li

able passage, which was first observed Rise and Progress of English Lile- brary, to have suggested to Milton the rature.

idea of his Lazar House, in the 11th Mr. DIBDIN, in his third lecture, book of Paradise Lost. took a view of the poetry of Rich- "The Crede of Pierce Ploughman, ard Rolle and Laurence Minot. Of an anonymous and nearly contempothe form it was observed, that raneous poem, written in the serie his principal poem (a religious one) alliterative metre, without- rhrine, called “The Pricke of Conscience, formed the concluding part of the contained very little sentiment, ima lecture. The first edition of this cugination, or elegance of expression. rious production was said to be printed The MSS. of this work were said to be by Wolfe, in 1559, but to have alınost rather common in the public libraries the scarcity of a MS.: the second edi: of the country; and a few speciinens tion was printed in 1561, along with of it, descriptive of moral duties and the 4th edition of “The Visions.' the goodness of Providence, served to His fourth lecture was devoted edshew how the author had moulded a tilely to the life and writings of number of curious and technical ex- Chaucer. He began by observing pressions into the structure of his that the chronological priority of verse.

Gower to Chaucer was by no meals Of Laurence Minot, Mr. D. re. decided from the word disciple, marked, that, till Mr. Ritson published used by the former in his 'Contes. his beautiful and correct edition of sion of a Lover;' for it appeared that the poems of this writer, in 1795, the this word was spokeu by Venus as appublic were ignorant of the great me- plicable to Chaucer's being her disrits of the anthor, who it seems was ciple and poet, and not by Gower in very imperfectly known to T. Warton reference to Chaucer's connectica and Dr. Tlenry. In point of ease, har- with himself. T.Warton, Johnson, å mony, and variety of versification, as Ritson had concluded, from this very well as general perspicuity of style, he expression, that Gower was anterior was allowed by his editor to be equal, to our venerable bard, who, it seems, if not superior, to any English poet had composed all his principal works before the 16th or, with very few ex- except the Canterbury Tales, beige ceptions, even the 17th century. The the appearance of the Confession of perusal of his poetry, as well as the a Lover,' in 1399-3. interesting notes from Lord Berners' The biographical accounts of Chautranslation of Froissart, by which the cer were then rather minutely entered

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into; and, it was remarked, that hard- Shakspeare and other earlier English
ly one material fact, of the very few poets had borrowed with considerable
with which we were acquainted of success.
Chaucer's life, was found in subsequent Barbour's poem of “The Bruce,'
biographers that had not been already was next discussed, and Mr. Pinker-
noticed by Tyrrwhit.

ton's edition of it strongly recomA succinct account was then given mended. It was said to be faithfully of all the works of Chaucer in poetry printed from a MS. of the date of and prose; and the character of the 1489, in the Advocates' Library at poet was delineated from some strong Edinburgh, which was copied from a descriptive passages, in the anony- still earlier Ms. of equal antiquity mous biography prefixed to Urry's with that of Wyntown's Chronicle. edition of his works.

The poetry of Blind Ilarry was said The Canterbury Tales' formed the to be an English translation from a next subject of discussion. Dryden's Latin poem composed by Robert criticism on the poem, and Tyrrwhit's Blare, chaplain to ihe famous Sir W. edition of it, were brought forward to Wailace, describing the exploits of particular notice: the latter was pro- that hero. Mr. D. gave a fi w speci. nounced, on the authority of the late cimens of the descriptive beauties of Mr. Ritson, to be the most erudite, the poem, and observed that the latest curious, and valuable performance edition of it of any repute was that of that has yet appeared in this country.' 1758. The first edition was printed

Mr. D. concluded with adducing in 1601. the testiinonies of a number of ancient Hoccleve's poetry formed the next and modern English authors, in praise subject of discussion, particularly of Chaucer, from Ascham to Warton; Mr. Mason's edition (1796) of some and remarked that the incorrect state select poems never before published. in which the poet's works now ap- This edition, although severely atpeared was, in a great measure, to be tacked by Ritson, was said to be of attributed to the mutilated and imper- value, inasmuch as it gave us inforfect condition of the MSS.; still there mation of some particulars in Hocwas room for an improved edition : cleve's life, which had escaped the rethe MSS. had been carelessly collated searches of Warton and others. and transcribed; and, it was hoped, The prose works of Trevisa were that our ancient bard would one day then minutely examined, and various receive the same advantages of editor- specimens given of his style. His ship as were already bestowed on Shak- translation of Higden's Polychronicon speare, Milton, and Spenser. was said to be first printed hy Caxton,

In his fifth lecture, Mr. Dildin in 1482; the question of his having dwelt on the poetry of Gower, Bar- translated the Bible was particularly bour, Blind Harry, and Hoccleve. discussed. From the private inforlle also particularly noticed the prose mation of a friend, Mr. D. observed works of Jolin Trevisa, of whom, it that there was recently discovered in appeared, that very little was known the Vatican at Rome a work translated with accuracy. The French poetry ot' by Trevisa, given by some of Lord Gower was said to be greatly superior Berkeley's ancestors to Charles I. when to his English compositions; and, in Prince of Wales, and resident at the the opinion of Mr. G. Ellis, not to papal court. It was supposed to be a sutler by a comparison with the best translation of the Bible into English. contemporary sonnets written by pro- The sixth and last lecture of Vir, fessed French poets.' The principa! Dibdin was devoted exclusively to the work of Gower was said to be his works, lives, and characters of Wic. Confession of a Lover,' written at life and Win. of Wvkeham. The bes the instigation of Richard II., who, neficial effects of the writings of tire meeting with our poet lowing on the former, and of the academical instituThames, invited him into the royal tions of the latter, were particularly barge, and after inuch conversation illustrated and commended. These requested him to broke some new six lectures concluded Mr. Dihdin's thinge.' The poein was said not to be inquiry into the state of English litedestitute of incidents, tion which rature during the fourteenth century. UNIVERSAL LAG. VOL. VTI.

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MEMOIRS OF REMARKABLE PERSONS. Edward KING, Esq. F.R S. and A.S. and sometimes a little whimsica! in

R. KING vs a native of Nor- bis apriicution of natural i biogorihi;

folk, and adunited as Fellow but never without a scious intenson Coumoner of Clare-hall, Cambridge, and a profi un liitr. Le never forand of Lincoln's Inn. Le inherited gets te nudure of the subjects which from his uncle, Mi. Brown vi Laeter, he is treating the scams to approach a wholesale linen-oriser, un milesor the curred wii'in ; with thit nrintratune, and a good collection of pictures. tion of mindthe trust of his own His various lucubratjen; were the ci: powers, an lihat sell: ha errent, ubi h fect of assiduous realios, and what are required of those, who desire to Lok ever opinions be iubibel, were main. into the bividen thin a of God. I shall tained wit', teruitra Ilis arst pinis couturi for po interption given by cation, we believe, 18. in triey ari; 07, !. king; but I projuese them to puband was enʻitled, dit Essen und die Chora

lis consel atian; for I neveroherrer lish Consiit zeilor alice Governient;

mora rau in and more wiriners t'ian which, though it slesed the author in this uniter.". The author then otius to be a man of cand er and relection,

some pasmines from this work, written vet it contained nonning tant sobat bainous bufore the present events before heeu fill as abls enforceed. In had taken place in Europe, or could 1777, le publi-hed in Guarto, Oisera boconceived to be possible. Mr. hinz ratios on Lacion Castin, which had cirere ti(-1} opis as his interretii been read to the societi ei loparies of scripture, submitted to a calu dithe precedint year, and were inscried Chion; butthus diet this learned and in the ui soiuine of the Archeologia. Listin, in a traincf serious, teme In these pages, Ir. Kinrudertook to perve, and impressive eloquence, deexplain the curious asutices and the livertisinion and his interpreturion. ingenious cenérisaicei, bouti fr The will stand betore us and cur strength and defcace, in these build fouterity as the memorial of that lonely inan, for annosing the besiegers, ivi , that reverential applicati å and for the convenience and use it ifth Divine Worl, and of that ilot those who were to chenil the works.

dzity, which can be attained by For his exaules, he took the castles a retirement at intervals from this of Rochester, ('anterburi; Dover, Vor- world with God has made to !! wich, Portrbester, Colchester, and alone, and by that worship in sirrit Guildford. In 1799, he published, in add in truth, which, when joined to a quarto yolume, iduriels of Criticism, hum a crition, and to the sobereultending to illusirate swine frw Passoes tivationsf the understanding, wilproin the Holy Scririures, u: on piilosophi duce l'RUIT INTO LIFE. This alone cal Principles and an entar zrú View of made ihe work very popular, and enThings: The idea which appears tó ccurace!! thart hort publish a second have given ile to this work is, thit edition, in three volumes octavo. inorden improvements in knowledge In 1793, VIr. King published a paz inav he advant, peously applied to the jhlei, ejued, Considerations on the elucidation of the surteil scriptures. Vi121,7

% of the Visional Debt, and on the This work, from the odness of its title, present durming Crisis; üzt, in 174 though full of deep and various learn- hepicented the world with a tbintojo irg, did not attract much rele; the visine, uuder the title of testigos un first edition was soid for waste-táper, Orfurd Castle; which was imroductory and would never more havbeen bed in to dlarıer work on the Frisury of inof, hed 1 t the author ef the l'ursuits cient Cas:les, and on the Progress of of Literature diaries it from itsluding Architecture. The discovers of sonne place. He speaks of Mr. hing in the chieus remains of the ancient ca-tie following words.—“Theanchörorthis ef sterd, by Mr. Larris, served to book apears to me to be a gentleman exercise the sagacity of Mr. hin, in of extensive erudition and inznuit;, tracing out a plan fióm a few obscure and of accurate biblical knowledge; vestiges. perhaps a little too fond of the theory, In 1793, he published a quarto pain

philet, entitled Remarks on tie Signs viction, tłat the study of antiquities, of the Times. In these pages Urking as far as it tended only to cherish the pointed out, withi becoming awe and idle admiration of frivolous works of timidity, some parts of scripture pro- retined ingenuity, ayıplied at ørsteven { hecy of which he conjectured recent to the purposes of gross idolatry and events to be an accomplishment. This banetul superstition), is one of the most expositions certainly are singularly childish and viseless pursuits on the striking, und wearsome features which face of the caith. But, as applied, may have a resemblance to what has either by medallic remains or otherbeen for a yes emblematically foretoid. wie, to elucidate truth, and to invesL'arly in the foliowing year, be pub- tigate the real bistory of pasi ages, is lished a supplement to the pamjhlet one of the most noble, and interesting just mentioned, in which he contended employments that can occupy the hufor the genuineness of the prophecy man mind.” contained in the 15th and joch chap- In 1784, on the demise of Dr. Mills, ters of the second book of Esdras, le- Mr. King was elected i'resident of the lative to Egypt, Arabia, and Syria; Society of Antiquaries, and introduced and, connect ny some predictions of a number of regulations, and the apIsaiali, Zechuial, and Zephaniah, pointment of two rezuial secretaries, from the whole inicis the restoration and a draughtsman Conantly; but of the Jews to their own country, in at the succeeding election in the year part before their conversion to cbristi- following, afteran unpre evented colla anity, but principaily after such an test for the chair, drobiny wila obliged event is accompli bed.

to resign it in favour of the tail of In 1799, he published, in folio, the Leicesier. Previously to this, Mr. first volume of Munimenta Antiqua, hing had printed in the Archetoogia or, Observations on Ancient Castles, some papers containing bis "onserwith Remarks on the whole Progress vations on Ancient Casties," which, of Architecture, Ecclesiastical as well as liave lieen already mentioned, were as lilitary, in Great Britain. This afterwards collected into one volume. worki Nr. King intended to complete in In 1780, he published, but wishout four volumes. The first refers solely to his name, which on this occasion he the earliest periods of ancient British studiously endeavoured to conceal, history, to the days of druidism and of a very excelent ociavo volume, uurier patriarchal manners, The second the title of Hymns to the Supreme volume relates to the works of the Being; and, in 1750, he amusen himRomans in this island, and the im- selt and the public with “ Remarks provements introduced by them; to concerning Siones said to have fallen such works of the Butons as were from the Clouds, both in these Days imitations of Phonician and Syrian and in ancient Times; 'the foundation architecture, with which they were of which was the suprising shower of nadie acquainted by the trathckers for stones, said (on the testimony of sevetin. The third volume contains the ral peons, to have fallen in Tuscany history of what relates to the Saxon on the loth of June, 1769, and investimes; and the tourih, the history of tigatot in an extraordinary and full the efforts of Norman yepius. Of the detail bv Abbate Soldani, profesor last volume, he was induced m publish of mathematics in the University of twenty-one sheets promituiely, in con- Sienna. sequence of the Rev. Mr. Duiens con- Mr. King, in his literary career, troverting some of his positions relat- met with some opponents, able to coning to arches. In this elaborate work, tend against those doctrines which he Mihing gave some account of bis advanced apparently with so much motives for undertaking it, and of the caution. His pamphlet on the National history of its progress, which his own Debt was ably answered by Mr. Aclaud, words wili bet explain:-“ A lite be. and Mr. Dutens attacked his positions guin in habits of intercourse with relating to the Antiquity of Arches in several persons of rented taste and two separate treatises. In the supple. elegant pursuits soon led to an admi- ment to the Remaiks on the signs of ration of the remains of antiquity; but the Times, he niet with a temperate fair ietlection soon led also to a con- and iearned antagonist in Dr.Horsley,

the Bishop of St. Asaph, in his Critical treatise On the Constitution of England, Disquisitions on the 18th chapter of which was originally written in French, Isaiah.

and translated by its author into the His first communication to the So- English language, and considerably ciety of Antiquaries was, his friend enlarged and inproyed. The cele Dr. Griffiths's Account of the Disco- brated Junius speaks of this producvery of Wheat under a Roman Pave- tion inore than once with high encompit at Colchester. He next pre- mium, and recommends it as a persented them with his Remarks on the formance deep, solid, and ingenious. Abbey Church at Bury, and on the Nor is it Junius alone who has praised Body of Thomas Duke of Exeter. He it in the strongest terms; it has been afterwards gave them an Account of mentioned with equal applause by an old Piece of Ordnance dragged up some of the most illustrious members near the Godwin Sands; and an Ac. of the British senate, among whom count of some Roman Antiquities in may be reckoned the names of a CamEsses.

den and a Chatham. Nor is it the If the literary character of Mr.King least remarkable circumstance respect. be estimated from his works, it will be ing this work, that it was written by a found that his eccentric mode ofthink- foreigner, who had passed the greatest ing caused him to view many things part of his life out of England. in a light somewhat different from po- In 1787, he published An Essay, pular apprehensions and prejudices; containing a few Strictures on the and by endeavouring to assimilate the Union of Scotland with England, and modern discoveries in science with the on the Situation of Ireland. The first philosophy of the scriptures, he some- part of this Essay gives a plain, contimes delivered opinions not conso. cise, and perspicuous view of the renant to those which are generally re- lative state of England and Scotland, ceived. However long and close an from the time of Edward the First, to attention he for many years bestowed the Union under Queen Anne in 1707 in the pursuit of philosophical en- This part is a most excellent introquiries, in the investigation of the duction to the History of that Union most serious subjects, and in search- by De Foe. The second part relates ing out the progress of arts and im- to Ireland, in which M. De Lolme provements in successive ages, yet his was assisted by another person. The works will be regarded by posterity as professed object of this part of the containing speculations of curiosity, work was to recommend an incorpo. rather than essays tending to the pro- rating union between Great Britain motion of science or the propagation and Ireland. This was followed, in of useful learning.

the succeeding year, by Observations He died at his house, in Mansfield- relative to the Taxes on Windows and street, on the 16th of April, 1800, in Lights, with a Hint for the Improvethe 72d year of his age.

ment of the Metropolis. M. De La seriously but ludicrously proposed,

that in lieu of the duty on windows, JOHN LEWIS DE LOLME, LL.D.

a tax on the tonnage of houses should THIS gentleman was a native and be substituted; and, like some famous practised some tiine as an advocate. ran on to a great length, turning and ile afterwards resided in England, returning the playful images suggested and gained very considerable celebrity by his fancy, and pleased to think that in the character of an author. His his readers might be at least diverted, fust work in this country was a Parallel if not much instructed. The improvebetween the English Constitution and ment proposed for the city of London, the former Government of Sweden, was the removal of the cattle-market which he published in the year 1772; from Smithfield to some place in the in which lie seemed to apprehend that fields near St. Pancrass; and he huthe inhabitants of Great Britain were manely proposed that the poor, thirsty, in the greatest danger of falling under tortured cattle should be provided thepowerofan aristocracy, Three years with water. aiter this he published his celebiated In 1759, he published Observations


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