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which had so precipitately raised his poll. Nothing could be wiser framed arm against the life of his friend.. ihan this determination. A very few
Wbilst these transactions were going days shewed the difference between on in the country, Mr. Paull's con- their mode of acting and that of the inittee in town were weighing the con- young Coriolavusses at the last elecduct of their principal, and were se- tion. The Sheridans came to implore riously dissatisfied with it. The news the assistance of the men they had be. of the duc and its result made the fore treated with such contempt and step, to which they had previously insolence; but the uniform answer been approaching, absolutely neces- was, that their determination was sary; and the next day the connection fixed, they could not recede from it, was put an end to: a new committee they did not interfere with the second was formed, with the determination to votes of the clectors, they thought put Sir Francis Burdett in nomina- Burdett to be the man of the people, tion, and to take, in the fullest man- and they trusted that the close of the ner and in the cheapest and most re- poll would completely justify their gular mode, the sense of the city. Of conduct. this and the subsequent proceedings The fifteen days, during which the Sir Francis Burdett had no knowledge election lasted, lield out to England a for several days; and his brother, with memorable instance of what may be some other personal friends, deter- done by the people, and how unjust mined for him and themselves that the accusation against them is, which they would not directly or indirectly the parties in possession or in expecinterfere with the election. The con- tation of places bring against them. duct of it rested then entirely with The riots at Westminster in preceding the committee, and the result would elections are well known. The con depend on the sense of the people. test has generally been between the
The first business of the committee court and the whig factions, and bludwas to find a person capable of stand- geon men were introduced to settle ing on the hustings for Sir Francis the controversy. The heads of the Burdett, and him they found in Mr. respective parties looked on and enJennings, a gentleman, educated at couraged the maddening conflict; Trinity Ilall, Cambridge, and of great each reproached the other for their skill in the profession of the law, of conduct, and both stigmatised the which he is 'a barrister. They could people as incapable of being regunot have made a hetter choice: for in lated of the principles or order.the fifteen days, on each of which he This stigma is now entirely removed. addressed the public, and followed From the first to the last day of the Mr. Sheridan, reputed the best ora- poll, it cannot be said that the poputor for a popular audience, he never lar party were guilty of the least oututtered ore absurd sentence, kept ragt.
The committee brought up closely to liis point, maintained the their voters without riot and without dignity of his situation, disregarded tumult: every thing was arranged the buffoonery of the two Sheridans; with the utmost prudence: each mal and, as he was himself seriously af- knew his post: every voter seemedio feried with the arduous task he had to feel the interest he had in his coure perform, he intused that seriousness try's welfare. into the people, and made them duly A Mr. Elliot, a brewer of l'estminsensible of the importance of choosing ster, was the head of the court paris. their own representative.
Lord Cochrane, a gallant captain, The committee made a subscription took the place which is generaliy asfor the necessary expenses of the elec- signed to naval commanders: histion, and arranged every thing in the speeches made it evident that lie was completest manner for canvassing the hostile to the late adininistration, and citi, and leringing up most conve- he was accused of being supported by nintly the voters. They made a re- the present ministers. dir. Sheridan solution also not to interfere with any headed the whigs. Mr. Paull gave up other candidate; to adhere closely to so soon, that it is needless to enquire their own pose, and to place Sir into his conduct. On the first day of Francis Luideit at the lead of the election the parties were nominaiced
by their respective friends. Sir Fran- processions: Mr. Jennings, with his cis Burdeti by 111. Glossop and Mr. party, paradid on funt through some Adam-, both members of the commii. of the principal streets, preceded at tee. Lord Cochrane at first gare intervals by bands of music, and accountenance to the idea that he would companied by an immense mutilude, be an exceilent candidate; but his congratulating each other on their subsequent speeches degenerated, and success. The procession closed at the he brought forward questions relative Crown andanchor,where a large comto the navy, which ought not to be pany assembled at dinner, and after agitated in a popular assembly. Mr. dinner the letters of Sir F.Burdett and Elliot could say but little for himseil, the committee were read, and the reand in that little be convered the idea solutions also of the committee, detail. that he should al:vars vote with these ing the principle and the mode on ministers whioin the king might please which the election had been conductto appoint. Mr. Sheridan, as he was ed. In the sentiments of these reso. brought up to thestaye, ücted the part lutions the company unauimously which he undertook admirably, but it concurred, and their illanks weregiven was one of the low parts of a comedy with the enthusiasm which the occaor farce; and if he succeceled in rais- sion required. One sentiment is highly ing a laugh, which he repeatedly did, worthy of them: that is, their solemni with this success he ought to be am- determination to use every legal means ply compensated, for hie deserved no in their power to bring back the liouse viter. Mr. Jennings, as we mentioned of Commons to its original state, that before, stood for Sir Francis Burdett, of being the representatives of the and was the only one who seemed fully people, not the livery-servants of the to appreciate the nature of his situa- minister, or a few noble and opulent tion. He was listened to with the use families. They unanimously agreed most attention, and the mild but dig- also to keep the anniversary of that nified rebuke which he gave to the day; and the company separated beSheridans for their butionnery was tween ten and eleven, having spent universally felt. Ile regretted that their time with the utmost harmony, such higli taients should be emploved enjoying their mutualcongratulations, for the purpose only of creating a listening at one time to speeches and laugh, when so fair an opportunity reports, at the em to some excellent was offered of conveving great and songs and music. Among other things, important truths to the people. the strikiny manner in which ile
At the close of the poll Sir F. Eur- memory of Mr. Fox was celebraicit deit stood the highest, having upwards deserves peculiar notice. After it of five thou and votes in his favour; solemn siience, a solemn dirge was at a great interval came next the noble played, and the resolution was inmeCaptain; and very far behind Mr. diately after proposed, with due alluSheridan, who on the last day only sioni, for keeping the anniversary of passed Mr. Elliot, who had lahen his this clection. name from the board some days be- The ele tions for London and the fore, and thus prevented Mr. Sheridan Borough attordert but little interest from being the lowest on the poll. -- Ineed all election histories munt afIndeed there was great reason to be pear vapid alier the üccount of that lieve, that he would have been the at Westiniuster. Even that for Yorklowest on the poll, unless some parti. shiit, thout likely to be most violentcular exertionis had been inade, which ly contested, and to wasto an enormous created the bon mot ---that his lattor sum of money, is deserving of but voters were Frust-bitten: and it Mr. little notice. The two noble families Cilot and Mr. Sheridan caine to a ot Lascelles and Fitzwillian are conscrutiny, we should very much fear tending for an object on which muchi for the success of the latter.
more is pending than at most lore. After the High Bailili has declared races. Whoevor wins, boil will have Sir F. Burdett and Luid Cochrälle tu'enough to pay; and the only satisbe the two burgesses elected to serve iaction one will receive is chai le bus the city in parliament, the friends of beat the other. These and similar the respective parties made ile usual cicctions cliew the necessity vi cora recting the present mode of taking the orthodoxy; and the members are a poll in large counties.
very numerous body, dis; ersed over Liverpool had done itself the greatest all England. The concerns of this honour in the last parliament, by send body are managed in a small rooin, in ing to it the elegant historian of the Ba tlett's Buildings, by a very few house of Medicis; but he voted against people, whose names would not give the slave trade, and the supporters of weight to any undertaking: Upon the tilat trade took the advantage of this revival of the cry of So Popery, and circumstance and the cry of NoPopery, the dismissal of the late ministry, Dr. to excite the mob against him, and he Gaskin and his associates thought it in a very spirited letter declined to be a good opportunity to reconi mend a c«ndidate for a place where he could themselves to the new ministry, and not obtain his election without rint or they issued an advertisement, expresperhaps bloodshed. His friends, how- sive of the opinion of the societs on ever, brought him forward, and polled the late measures, and reciaratury of a few hundred votes for him, and there their zeal for the constituticnin church is some probability that they will be and state, supposed by thein to be ressufficient to seat him. For Cambridge cued from the most imminent danger. University there was a most violent Lord Grenville is a member of this contest, which ended in Lord Henry society, and he naturally feels himPetty, now no longer chancellor of the self much hurt by the stigma tlus Exchequer, being the lowest upon the cast upon him. In consequence of poll. A similar fare awaited Lord these feelings, he has written a good Howick, who was under the necessity letter to the secretary, protesting of resigning his pretensions to the against the interference of the society county of Northuinberland, after hav- in electioneering squabbles, and the ing figured away at the hustings with countenance given by it to gioudies a very long speech. But Lord Howick calumnjes. His arguments are good; had been just long enough in power and, if the members of the societ had to shew that he was no longer that concurred in the advertisement, they Mr. Grey who, early in life, had such would justly deserve to be stignati ed strong pretensions to popular favour, as the fomenters of civil discord, and Lord W.Russell lost Surry; and these, unworthy to promote christian kluwwith some minor losses, will atord to ledge. But the society at large took the ex-ministers sufficient food in very little part in this transaction. their retirement for reflection. It is The merit or demerit of the measure not iinprobable that they will cry out belongs solely to Dr. Gaskin and about against the people's ingratitude; but a dozen other persons resident in ald before they venture to make that near London; and Lord Giensille charge, they will do well to consider would have done well by exhibiting what right they had, from their con- their names to the public. The whde duct in power, to expect popular is a mere electioneering trich, unda favour. But we must vot press too very ebcacious one it is: for this sohard upon these unfortunate men, cieti for promoting christian knowespecially as the country has so little ledye is a species of corresponding reason to expect better things froin society, much better arranged than their successors; we must not, b+w- the society under that name, which ever, overlook a circumstance which some years ago excited so much alarm has called forth the principal of the in the public iniud. The advertiseex-ministers to make a detence before ment, and any thing relative to No the public of his conduct in the Popery, Dr.Gaskin can circulate in catholic question.
the most efficacious manner throughThere is a society in London, called out the kingdom. Under his direction The Society for promoting Christian it accompanies every order for bibles knowledge, whose avowed object is and prayer books; pervades every to distribute bibles and religious tracts, crook and cranby; is read in every and to assist in the maintenance and village school; and is stuck up in formation of charity schools. The every cottage. What danger must not secretary to this society is a Dr. Gas- a poor country parson think both kin, a great advocate for what is called church and state to be in, when the
trumpet of alarm is sounded by the to which he had been exposed, and Society for promoting Christianki now- the expences to which he had been ledge ! - With whai horror must not made liable. He was proceeding to his hearers be oppressed, when they read some affidavits, when he was hear ihe dread tidings from the pulpit, called to order; and he then stated, and see the advertisement in the par- that there was no proof of any direct son's hands! Little do they think that act or agreement on the part of the the whole is a fabrication of a Ds. baronet; and he moved that the resoGaskin, whom nobody knows, and lution be taken into consideration about a dozen other insigniticant be three months hence. Lord A. Hamilings, who have brought themselves ton stated, that froin the attention he into consequence by managing the had given to the case for four or five guineas of very well-meaning chris- weeks in succession, he was clear that tians, who intended their subscriptions the charge was proved. Anotlier for very different purposes than those member of the committee confirmed of intammatory advertisemenis in this statement. Various opinions were newspapers.
But however we may then brought forward, and the discus. reprobate in this instance the conduct sion ended with Capt. Herbert's mor of Dr.Gaskin and his associates, we by tion being negatived. A new discuss no means feel any great concern for sion now took place, whether the baLord Grenville; for we wonld ask his ronet should be expelled the house or lordship, whether, had circumstances pot? This motion was not carried; been changed, and he could have used but an important one was carried imthe same instrument against his op- mediately after, and it was ordered, ponents, he would have had any scru- that the Attorney-General be directed ples whatscever in patronising the said to prosecute Sir Christopher Hawkins Dr. Gaskin and his dozen fiends in for bribery and corruption. We reThat great minister, as his lordship joice when any of these rich nien, calls that most wretched and unfortti- who are encouraging profligacyamong nate statesman Mr. Piit,—that great the people, are brought to the bar of minister was notorious for starting and justice. This crime is of a very high supporting alarms; and we have not nature, next to high treason, and far forgotten the state trials, and the ridi. worse than forgery, for which poor culous plot broached by the ministers men are banged: but the true way to of those days, and more known under prevent the repetition of this crime is, the name of the Pop-gun Plot, which to prevent the members of the House was intended to serve a turn; and the of Commons froin being bribed, and cry circulated through the country the ministers from bribing them with was as bad as that of No Popery. places and pensions. Nec ex est justior ulla
On the 24th of April, Mr. WhitQuam necis arutices arte perire sua. bread's Poor Bill, as far as it went to The proceedins in parliament, be- education, was considered; and Mr. fore its close, were of no great extent. Elliston very properly thought, that a From the moment that Mr. Canuing bill of such importance ought to pass held out the threat of dissolution, the over to the next session. Mr. Rose members of both sides were preparing regretted, that a system of labour and for the event. We trust that ove act coercion was not combined with that of the House of ('ommons will be car- of instruction. Mr. Roscoe viewed it ried into full effect. On the 22d of in the light of elevating the general April, the resolution of the Penr:ln character of the poor, and therefore election coinmittee, charging ir save the bill his support. Mr. H. Christopher Hawkins and his agents Erskine adduced the instance of Scot. with gross bribery and corruption at land, as a happy instance of the effect the late election, was taken into con- of educating the poor.
Mr. Giddy sideration, Captain He bert was for was against compulsion. Mr. S. Stanletting the matter rest where it was, hope looked upon the success of the and to consider the Hon surable Baro- plan as doubtful, if not improbable; net (as he called him, but by a strange and, from his kuowledge, he asserted, perversion of language) to have been that the children of the poor are very sufficiently punished by the vexations averse to going to school. Mr.Simeon observed, that the bill was unnecessary; committed in the financial departthat there were schools enough in ment. But we would ask thein, why En land to teach reading, and those that reçoit was not brought in letores he would not wish to desirov, by a bill They had full tine to bring it in, imposing a heavy tax for a merely whilst they weie in pover; and, if speculative advantage. JIr.D.Hathurst they had been as a'urt during the pro bought that we should not give the session of power as they were in ile poortoo high an opinionofthemselves, interval between their dismission and and thereby thin the ranks of the com- the prorogation, there would lave inon people. This is a singular opi- been no peerd for the complaint.pion in a christian country; but we Alacrity seems not to have been well's recommend this gentleman to an oldt. ing after the dispuesjon; and a cari. fashioned book, teaching us that to the catuie repre-ents a noble lor making poor the Gospel is and ought to be use of his time to procure paper, pens, preached; and if they are to hear the tape, boxes, wateis, &c. &c. from the good newsof this exaltation, the saviour pubric, more than would be suificient incant also that thevshouid be enabled to set up a respectable stationer's to read and judge for themselves). shop. Mr. Wilberforce agreed with the prin- The parlia:nent was prorogued after ciple of the bill, ard was for the House the following speech.com going into a committee. VIr.Windlam My Lords and Gentleren, opposed the bill. Mr.li hitbread con- We have it in command from his tended that his pian would decrease Majesty to inferin you, that his Viathe poor rates; and he observed, that jesiylas thought fit to avail himself the quantity of executions in London of the tirst moment, which would adwere exactly in proportion to the want mit of an interruption of the sitting of education. The greater number of parliament, without material incen. was from Ireland, the next from Log- venience to the public business, 10 land, the last from Scotland. After close the present session: and, ihat various observations, the bill was his Majesty has therefore been plea-et committed. The dissolution of par- to canze a commission to be issued liament has, we are happy to say, put under the great seal for proroguichs a stop to ail farther proceddings upon the parliam.«nt. it. The real iact is, that the poor are We are tariber commanded to state much beiter educated by the schools to you, that his Majesty is anxious to now in existence, the school-masters recur to the sense of his people, while already forned, and the charity of the the events, which have recently taken rich, which supplies in numberless place, are yet fresh in their recolinstances the wulit of their poorer lection. neighbours. Were a bill of this kind His Majesty feels that, in resortto pass, the lower o:dcro of school. ing to ibis measure, under the premasters would become the spies of go. sent circumstances, he at once devernment; would lose the attachment monstrates, in the most unequivocal of the people; would grow idle; the manner, his own conscientious per. whole would degenerate into a job; suasion of the rectitude of those inoand the country would be without tives upon wiw he has acted; and education. Before any steps are taken alfords to hic
canle the best orrorto introduce a system of education tunity of test. their determir.a. among the poor, we won!d recommend tion to support um, in every exercie the House of Commons to examine of the prerogatives of his crown which the state of the graminar-schools in is contormable to the sacred obligaEngland, in what manner the duties tions under which they are held, and of those schools, where the masters, conducive to the welfare of his kin. receive a salary, are perforined. dom, and to the security of the con
On the 27th, the parlament was stitution. prorogued by a speech from the com- His•Majesty directs us to express his missioners of the crown; and the ex- entire coliviction, that after so long a ministers complain that they were reign, marked by a series of judul. indecently prevented from bringing gences to his Roman Catholic subin their ieport ou some enorintie, jects, they, in common, with every