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civilized nations. Here they are sub- culiarly unfavourable under cirject to disease and death, in exact pro- cumstances which might have proved portion to the progress of luxury and highly dangerous, nay, destructive supposed refinement; or in exact pro- to he adult. In a word, daily obserportion to the degree, in which man- vation verities, that the state of in

kind wander from the paths and in- fancy, is much more favourable to re- stitutions of Nature. To accuse Na- covery from disease, than the state of

ture as the cause of infantile disease manhood. Were the powers of Naand death, or to suppose it a neces- ture, therefore, allowed to operate, sary consequence, or uvavoidable in and properly assisted-were the insu. the nature and constitution of things, tutions and intentions of Nature proinvolves a perfect, a direct absurdity. perly observed, in the management of This is the true state of the matter, the infantile state, instead of the and this the true source of the great great mortality which prevails among mortality of our infants; in their ma- them, a much smaller number of the nagement, we have forsaken the ways human race, would perish in infancy, and dictates of Nature, and adopted than at any other period of lite. those of art.

This opinion may not be at first sufIt is true, however, that the infan- ficiently obvious. It may be thought tile frame is delicate, and readily in- impossible, that the infantile contie jured by the action of every hurtful tution, tender and delicate, should power. Generally speaking, the same recover more readily from disease

, cause which would produce disease than the constitution of the auult. in the infant, would have no effect on But a mument's reflection the adult. But what does this imply? fully elucidate the matter. The It only implies, that we should be the adult constitution is not perfect and more careful to preserve our infants, entire, as it came from the hand of from the influence of those causes Nature; for no human being, esse which produce disease. It does not cially in civilized and corrupt society, imply that they have the seeds of dis- lives according to the rules of Nature

. ease abiding in their constitution, The adult constitution, therefore, or that in them more than in adults generally speaking, has suftered the disease takes place without a cause. action of many hurtful powers; irreBefore disease takes place in either, gularities of living of various kinds; they suffer the influence or ope- excess in eating and drinking, or priration of an injurious power;* and vations; various vicissitudes of beat the only difference is, that a more and cold; too much exercise or to simple cause may produce disease in much rest; various anxieties, and torthe infant than in the adult.

menting and depressing passions of Let it be observed, however, that the mind; various diseases, and ill in a general sense, infants enjoy the treatment under these diseases. In powers of life and health, in a greater short, the adult constitution has suf. degree than adults. If the infantile fered the action of inany powers body be more easily injured, and which exhaust and diminishi more easily thrown into disease gies; and thus, when it is thrown into tlan the adult body, it more readily the state of actual disease, its recorecovers and regains the healthful very is often both slow and instate. Besides, the infant is wholly perfect. free from all those tormenting pas

But the infantile constitution is sions of the mind, which are so many perfect and entire, as it came from sources of disease to the adult. The the hand of Nature. It has not sufadvantages in point of recovery from fered the reiterated, and continued disease, which intancy enjoys above action of any hurtful power, to exhaust the adult state, are extremely ob- or diminish its energies. The powers vious; for infants frequently recover which hurt this constitution,aird which from disease under circumstances pe- throw it into the state of disease, are

immediately operating, and no sooner * The number of hereditary dis- are they removed, than the salutary eases is much smaller than has been efforts of nature begin to operate, generally imagined.

and if they be properly assisted, the

ener

infanüle body immediately, or very The great source then, of all the soon, regaiós the healthful state. ills of infantile humanity, is misma

Thus, we have endeavoured to ex- nagement, or the want of a due atplain, why infantile recovery from tention to the laws and institutions of disease, is so ready and rapid, and Nature in their treatment. The rules why adult recovery is more slow and institutious of Nature have been and tardy. It will be at once per- superseded by those of art. Iguorance, ceived, that the same reasoning is false reasoning, and fancied improveapplicable to youth and old age. In ments, have introduced many absurdiyouth the energies of the body are ties, in the dress of infants, in their vigorous and lively, and it soon food, in the temperature or the degrees mounts up to health. Io old age the of heat or cold to which they are exenergies of the body are worn out and posed, in their medical treatment, as languid, and its recovery from disc well as in every other part of their ease is slow and difficult. In the in- management. But of all these abfantile body, the energies and ope- surdities, the use of improper nourishrations of nature are entire and per- ment is by far the most reprehensifect-are lively and unexhausted. It ble, Nature having so plainly pointed is only the derangement of these ener- out their proper food. gies by improper treatment-by the

J. HERDMAN. direct application of injurious powers Charlotte-strect, Bloomsbury, to his body, that subjects the infant 21st May, 1807. to disease and death.

Correct the Press in the last Report.
Page 374, 11th line from top, for more read mere.
Pag. 375, 8ih line

for last read least.
5th linc, 24 col.

for arrangement read derangement

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

TIE

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

conduct displayed by those corps in London.

the battle fonght at Assave, on Sept. WE oficers of the Coldstream 29, 1803. His Majesty also approves

Regt. of Guards have presented of the 91th regiinent bearing the a superb vase to the Duke of York, Elephant in iheir colours and appointwhich cost above 2001. It has engrav- ments, as an honourable and lasting ed on it the following inscription :- testiinony of their distinguished serThis vase is presented to his royal vices in India. highness the Duke of York, by the Two sheriff's officers having a writ officers of the Coldstream regiment to arrest a clergyman, who resided in of Guards, as a mark of their esteem Fenchurch-street, with some difficulfor the unremitting attention they re- ty got admittance into the house, ceived during the twenty-one years when the clergyman shot one of them, he was their colonel.”

but not dead, of whose recovery there His Majesty prorogued parliament is some doubt. The reverend gentles, on the 27th of April, and a few days man was with a good deal of trouble after issued a proclamation, dissolv- secured and sent to the Poultry ing it, and calling a new one to meet Compter. for the dispatch of business on the On the evening of the 14th of Fe22d of June.

bruary last, whilst the Ajax of 74 The king has granted permission to guns, Captain Blackwood, was lying the 19th light dragoons, the 74th and at anchor with Sir John Duckworth's 78th foot, to assume, in addition to squadron, off the entrance of the Darany other devices or badges, to which danelles, she unfortunately took fire, they may be severally entitled, and and was burut to the water's edge. The to bear in their colours, and on their following is Captain Blackwood's appointments, the Elephant, with the narrative of this dreadful accident, word “Assaye," superscribed, in com- before the court, appointed to enquire memoration of the gallantry and good into the causes of the fire.--" At nine

o'clock, p. m. on the 14th of February, consequently, all attempt to hoist the 1807, at anchor of the inouth of the boats out, were ineffectual, except in Dardanelles, in company with the the case of the jolly boat, which besquadron under Vice-Admiral Sir J. gan to take up the men who had T. Duckworth, K. B. just as I had jumped overboard. Immediately as gone to bed, the officer of the watch the fames burst up the main batch. ran into my cabin, and acquainted way, which divided the fore from the me there was a great alarm of fire in after-part of the ship, I called to every the after part of the ship; I immedi- body to get to the foremost part of the ately ordered the drummer to beat to ship; and as all hopes were at an quarters, which was ettected; and in- end of saving her, I desired every stantly as I came out of my cabin, I one to save himself as fast as he could. directed the proper signal to be made, I had scarcely reached the forecastle, and repeatedly enforced it by guns at when I saw all parts from the centre intervals. I called some of the senior of the booms aft in a raging fame. officers of the ship, who went down. When the fire had reached the other with me to the after cockpit and the part of the forecastle, after exhorting lower deck, from whence the smoke the officers and ship's company, to the issued. Iimmediately ordered as much amount of 400, who were on the fore. water as possible to be thrown down, castle and about the bowsprit, to be and the cock to be turned, which I cool, and depend on the boats; and found had been previously done. also seeing all hopes of saving the When I made the signal, I ordered a ship were vain, I jumped overboard, boat with Lieutenant Wood, a mid- froin the spritsail-yard, and being shipman, and a boat's crew, to go and about half an hour in the water, I was inform all the ships near us of the un- picked up by one of the boats of the fortunate situation of the Ajax. I Canopus, and taken on board that had scarcely been three minutes on ship, much exhausted. the lower deck, when I found the im- « In the execution of the duty possibility of any officer or man re- which devolved on me as captain of maining in the cockpit, to endeavour the ship in such a situation, I derived to extinguish the fire, perceiving, much assistance from all the officers, from the quantity and thickness of but particularly from lieutenants the smoke, that several men fell down Proctor, Brown, Mitchell, and Sibwith buckets in their hands, from suf- thorpe, as also the Master and Capfocation.

tain of Marines; and with respect to To obviate this, I desired the the ship's company, under such cirlower deck ports to be hauled up, to cumstances of fire, more rapid than give air; but very soon finding the I believe was ever before known, with harm it produced, I directed them to hammocks below, under the impresbe lowered down, and the after hatch- sion of terror, which fire at any time way to be covered up, in order to gain creates, but particularly when men time, by stopping the vent of the were just out of their beds, no people smoke, for the boats to be hoisted out; could have behaved with more coolwhich incasure I was induced to adopt, ness or perseverance than they did. finding that the fire was of that nature, pursuance of the standing orthat the ship must soon be in Hames. ders, I had received the report from Owing to there not being any cock the First Lieutenant of his having leading to the after magazine, I or- visited all parts of the ship, with the dered the carpenter, with his crew, Warrant Otficers and Master at Arms, to scuttle the after-part of the ship; which he had found clear and safe; but by this time (a period from the I had also received the particular recommencement of not more than ten port of the Master at Arms, but not minutes, as near as I can judge) the that of the Lieutenant of the Marine smoke, though endeavoured to be Guard, who was accustomed to visit stitled, had gained so much, that, all below, and report to me at nine though it was bright moonlight, we o'clock, at which hour this unfortucouid only distinguish each other, nate event took place." even on deck, by speaking or feeling; Captain Blackwood's narrative here

In

closed, and several evidences being elected member of parliament for called into Court, were examined. Westminster, without any solicitaThe Court having deliberated on the tion of his own; and, on his being desame, unanimously acquitted Captain clared representative for that city, Blackwood, his Officers, and crew. has published one of the most inflam

A similar honourable acquittal was matory, seditious, and revolutionary pronounced by the Members of a addresses to the electors that ever disCourt Martial held offCadiz, by order graced the pen of an Englishman; be. of Lord Collingwood.

ing worthy of the horrible days of A duel was fought on Saturday the Robespierrian tyranny.: 2d of May, between Sir Francis Bur- Married.) At Messina, in Sicily, dett and Mr. Paull, in Coombe Wood, Lieut.-Col. Bunbury, Quarter-master near Kingston. The parties assem- General to the British army in that bled at the same house, but no inter- island, to Miss Louisa Fox, eldest course whatever took place between daughter of General Fox, and niece them, and at the hour appointed, of the late Right Hon. Charles James seven in the morning, they were both Fox.-By special licence, at the house upon the ground. Sir Francis was of William Adam, esq. M.P. Blooms. attended by Mr. Bellenden Ker Gaw. bury-square, John Anstruther Thomler, as his second, and Mr. Paull by son, esq. of Charlton, in the County Mr. Cooper. No attempt at accoin- of Fife, to Miss Adam, only daughter inodation or explanation was previ- of Williain Adam, esq.-At Gretna ously made upon the ground, the dis- Green, Williain Green, esq. Proctor pute having been carried to too great of Doctors Commons, to Miss Mary a length to admit of an amicable ad- Brewster, eldest daughter of John justment. Every necessary prepara- Brewster, esq. of Brandon, Suffolk.tion having been made, 'the parties At St. Martin's in the fields, Robert received their pistols from their se- Heathcote, esq. to Miss Searle, late conds, and took their ground. They of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garboth fired at the same time, but with den.-Capt. John Alex. Paul Mac out any other effect than the loss of Gregor, of the Bengal Infantry, to part of Mr. Paull's left curl. Sir Miss Jane Ness, of Baker-street, PortFrancis's second then asked whether man-square.-Atst.George's Church Mr. Paull was satisfied? and was an. George Warwick Bamfyide, esq. only swered

Upon which they son of Sir Charles W. Bamfylde, to fired again, and both fell. The ball Miss Sneyd, only daughter of the rev. had struck the left leg of Mr. Paull, Ralph Sneyd, precentor of St. Asaph. near the front, a little below the knee, - At the same church, the Honoursplintering the bone. The ball from able Colonel Crewe, only son of Lord Mr. Paull's pistol wounded his adver- Crewe, to Miss Hungerford, of Casary in the right thigh. It passed vendishi-square.--Capí. John Croft, through about the middle, on the in- of the Royal Navy, to Miss Bucks side, near to the part called the pope's worth, of Finsbury-square. -At Mary eye, but without injuring any leading la bonne Church, Major General the vein or artery. They were now recon- Ilon. Charles Hope, to Miss Finch ciled and put into Mr. Paull's coach, Hatton, eldest daughter of George in which, as soon as they were seated, Finch Hatton, esq. of Eastwell Park, they shook hands, and expressed the Kent.–At St. George's Church, Lord greatest concern for each other. The Chartley, eldest son of the Earl of dispute originated in an advertise- Leicester, to Miss Gardner, daughter ment from Mr. Paull, which stated of W. D. Gardner, esq. of Lower that Sir Francis would take the chair Grosvenor-street, at a dinner, which was to be held at Died.] In the Fever Institution, the Crown and Anchor, when the Gray's Inn Lane, on the 18th of April, baronet had given no authority for Robert Ficron, author of the History such an use of his name. Mr. Paull of Scotland, Tour to the Highlands, alledged on the contrary, that he did; and several works of merit. and as the other persevered in the de- a native of Scotland, and bred to the nial, a hostile meeting was the result. church, and being a yonng man of Since this event Sir Francis has been promising abilities, was patronized UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VII.

30

“ No."

He was

by Dr. Blair, who appointed him his in his family and commercial estaassistant, in which capacity he offi- blishment, which proved the estimaciated for some time. He was a man tion in which he was held by those of multifarious erudition, and during who were inost intimately connected his residence in Scotland, wrote, with him, while the regard which had translated, and compiled, several re- been shewn him by his fellow-citi. putable works in various branches of zens, and the honour that seemed to literatue. His views of church prefer- await him, are no slight proofs of his ment not answering his expectations, public virtues. He was elected alderhe abandoned his native country, and inan in the beginning of 1806, and came to London, where his talents was also one of the managers of the soon procured him the countenance London Institution.-On the 24th of of some eminent booksellers, as well as April, at an advanced age, Mrs. Kemthe friendship of literary men. Soon ble, relict of the late Roger Kemble, after his arrival in London, two news- eso. and mother of Mrs. Siddons and papers, The British Press and The Messrs

. Kemble. This venerable lady Globe, were established under the pa- was the daughter of Mr. Ward, who tronage of the booksellers, and of these was contemporary with Booth, Quin, he was for some tiine the editor. Last &c. on the London stage, and who, year he commenced a weekly news, after he quitted the metropolis, was paper called “Fame," which, not the manager of a respectable provin. succeeding, involved him in pecuni- cial company for many years. Mr. ary difficulties, that probably induced Ward was esteemed a very good acthe fever, which terminated his exist- tor in that style which prevailed be ence.-After a lingering illness, John fore the appearance of Garrick. Mr. Charnock, esq. F.S.A. late captain in Roger kemble was an actor

Ir. First Regiment Royal Tower Hamlets Ward's company, and married Miss Militia. A biographical account of the Ward early in life. The late Mrs. life and writings of this gentleman in Kemble possessed a sound underour nert. In child-bed, Mrs. Ebers, standing, was well acquainted with wife of Mr. John Ebers, librarian and the world, and a very judicious aco stationer, Old Bond-street, who, with tress, but never appeared on the Lon. three children, have deeply to lament don boards.--In Kingsgate-street, their irreparable loss.-İn Wimpole- Mr. Frodsham, aged 79, 64 of which street, aged 55, Colonel Henry Fane, he followed his profession as a watchmember of parliament for Lyme maker, &c.; he was one of the coinRegis, and a near relation of the Earl missioners appointed by act of parliaof Westmoreland. He was aid-de- ment, in the year 1763, to inspect the camp to the king.-Of an infam- principles of the time-keeper of Mr. mation in the bowels, on the 6th of John Harrison. - In the Adelphi, BenMay, John Peter Hankey, esq. Alder: jamin Booth, esq. for many years a man of the Ward of Candlewick, and Director of the East India Company, one of the candidates to represent the -At Draper's Hall, aged 72, the Rev. city of London in parliament. The George Walker, F.R.S. and President first symptoms of his complaint ap- of the Literary and Philosophical sopeared about eight on the preceding ciety of Manchester.-On the 20th of evening, when he complained of great April, the Right Hon. Lawrence-Har. fatigue and extreme thirst. He pre. man Parsons, Earlof Ross, 1806, Vis. ferred wine and water to tra, which count (1795) and Baron Oxmantown, had been recommended to him, and 1792 ; and one of the Representative felt himself so refreshed for the Peers of Ireland in the British Parliamoment that he proposed to pro- ment, His lordship married Lady ceed on his canvass in the neighbour. Jane King, eldest daughter of the first hood, but that proved only a momen- Earl of Kingston, by whom he has tary design, which he found himself left one daughter, who is married to yoable to execute. His disorder now Lord Erris, the nephew of the Coud. increased with an uncommon rapidi- tess of Ross, and who now inherits the ty, and he expired about six o'clock immense fortune, real and personal, in the following evening. This catas- of her late father. The title devolves trophe occasioned a scene of distress to Sir Lawrence Parsons, bast. whe

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