Page images
PDF
EPUB

It is to be recollected that Mr. Stone lic, the relative strength of the parpreached a sermon by desire of the ties will be tolerably well ascertained. archdeacon, before a body of clergy. We shall observe only upon this The reader might expect then, to hear point, that if the authority of the that some of this body were the ac- newspapers may be depended upon, çusers. No such thing! The clergy an irregularity has taken place, introhave not accused him; nor has the duced in these later and corrupt bishop called him to account. It is times, wbich deserves the severest a private individual, a Mr. Bishop. animadversion. Mr. Perceval has Not a bishop; but a Mr. Bishop: and written letters, according to the news: what is more singular, this Mr. Bishop papers, to all the members of his is a proctor; and this Mr. Bishop is party, desiring their earliest attendnot only a proctor, but the king's ance, as maiters of the greatest improctor; and what is very extraordi- portance will be brought forward. nary, this Mr. Bishop did not bring But pray, who is this Mr. Perceval, his accusation forward, till just after that writes such letters? Is Ms. Perthe late ministry were dismissed, and ceval king of the country? Is Mr. the cry of no popery was raised. Now, Perceval vested with any authority if this Mr. Bi hop has really at heart for this purpose? Has not the king the good of religiour; if he has really called his parliament only together studied the scriptures; it he is really and have not the Speaker and the competent to discuss the subject; and House the right to interfere with the if he dreads the promulgation of such appearance or non-appearance of doctrines as those taught by Mr. their members? We shall he told Stone; we lament only, that he did that Mr. Perccral is Chancellor of the not enter first, as the church pre. Exchequer. So much the worse. He scribes, into an amicable discussion is using the privilege of his office for on the points, on which they are at a private purpose: he is exercising variance; but has taken a course, the authority of a servant of the crown which assuredly excites suspicion, in a matter which does not concern that punishment, not the conversion him. The House of Commons does of an aged brother, is the object of his not know the Chancellor of the Expursuits. It is a singular thing also, chequer in its body. All the members ihat a proctor should enter upon such are equal, and it is a great detect in

Does he act for himself or our constitution, that a Chancellor of for others? He has already em- the Exchequer should be permitted ployed three doctors. The question to have a seat amongst them. But is of great importance to the clergy. his conduct arises froin a variety of We shall continue our remarks upon causes, which proceed from the dethis curious cause as it goes on, as gradation of the House of Commons, well as on a similar subject among by the permission of placemen and the dissenters; among whom, one of pensioners to hold a place in that their clergy bus started a doctrine si- body. We despair of seeing Mr. milar to that of Mr. Stone, and some Perceval called to account for writing of his hearers were for censuring in- this letter; but if he really did, lie stead of examining his opinions. So ought, in our opinion, to be brought biassed are most people in all ages in to the bar of the House, and compel. favour of opinions, with wliich the led on his knees to beg pardon for the chance of birth has filled their heads : insult offered to its dignity. so true is the remark of Gibbon, It will be curious, when the memthat it was an even chance at onc bers are assembled, to calculate the time, whether the cross or the cre- price at wirich each bolds his seat. scent should be tised on the walls of Yorkshire sends only two members to Oxford.

parliament, and the contest for the The disputed contests for elections seats is supposed to have cost hetween are over, and every one is looking two and three hundred thousand to the grand contest in the House of pounds; and Mr. Wilberforce had Comuns. Both parties are musier- inoré votes than return one third ing their forres for an early day. and of the members of tive House. Yet betore this statement appears in puls the vote of Mr. Wilberforce stands for

a cause.

no more than the vote of the members toast-Lord Grenville, and the men for Melcombe Regis, or for New Rom- who dare be honest in the worst of , ney, or for Old Sarum. What an ab- times. What a strange association! surdity! Every body is conscious of Lord Grenville, the author of the pagit . Every body allows it in private. ging bills, the great friend of Mr.

Piti! Yet, if reform is spoken of, an outcry if the whigs have chosen Lord Grenis raised, and it is attributed immedi- ville for their head, they nay be asately to jacobinisin and democracy, sured of this, that they wili not find No wonder. The men, who raise this the people with them in their coniest. outcry, know their own business: At this dinner it was first held out, they know, that if the House of Com- that no toast should be drank but what mons were made what it ought to be, had a connection with Yorkshire, and they would no longer have the oppor- on this account the triumph of Westtunity of plundering the country in minster, in the purity of election, was the manner they have done for the rejected. The rule was however last twenty years. It would be unac- broken in favour of Lord Grenville countable alınost, if we had not some and Mr. Sheridan. By small circummeans of ascertaining the point, that stances the spirit of a company may men of great landed property, the re- be discovered; and we do not look presentatives of counties and large for the reform of parliament to Lord cities, should be contented to be Milton and his friends. placed on the same level with the pur- Yorkshire, besides the political chaser of an insignificant borough. struggle, entertained the public with a That one man should give bimself an duel, and a more ridiculous one, on a infinity of trouble and vexation, and more ridiculous occasion, was never spend from ten to a hundred thousand fought. It was not between men of pounds for what another, sitting at his opposite sides, on some high principle desk, and writing a check on his of honour; but from two men of the banker, gets, without trouble, for five sanie side, who the day before were thousand pounds. But we may talk intimate friends, and who risked their of the constitution as long as we please, lives on a trife. We should like to the spirit of it is fast evaporating. The see these men in the field of real batHouse of Commons is the scene of in- tle, against the enemies of their counfluence, and rich men have sons and try, though their ievity on this occanephews and cousins to be provided sion gives no reason to expect that for; and the nod of the minister of they would discover much of either, the crown is unfortunately of much skill or prowess, when such qualities more consequence with us than it is were requisite. We hope that both even in the most despotic country in of them are ashamed of their conduct; Europe.

and that some friend wiiltell them, tvat The triumph in Yorkshire was sup- there is still a British public, which posed to be great. It was celebrated looks with contempt upon such brac by Lord Milton, and his friends, by a voes. In Ireland also, there has been public dinner in London, and at that duels, but this we expect frons that dinner the health of Mr. Wiberforce country; and two rival candidates was not drank. - But the real triumph for a county decided the contest in a was that of Mr. Wilberforce—it was fieid by pisol and ball, instead of pollthe triumph of character over im- ing the freehollers, one receiving a mense wealth and aristocratical influ- ball through his heart. The Irish ence. · Mr. Wilberforce was upheld will in time learn better; but we must by the people; and the contest be- make allowances for their egarements tween ile sons of two lords was a con- du caur et de l'esprit : fur the quicktest of pride and family spirit. Lord ness of their feelings, and want of suf: Milton, however, stood upon the old ficient intellectual balance. whig interest; and in this respect, if The triuinph of the Westminster the whigs had not so fatally deceived election received an alloy in the apour expectations, would have been prehension of some persons, from the entitled to the utmost support. At manner in which Sir F. Burdett rethis dinner the hearts of ihe party met, turned his thanks to bis constituents and there these honest whigs gave for å for the honour conferred upon him.

The honest baronet spoke plain truths Wherever it lands we do not apprein a plain manner, and the ins and outs hend that it will produce any effect were equally offended. A noble peer whatsoever in the great contest, on is said to have expressed himself in which the fate of Europe depends. very plain terms also upon the occa- One point, however, must be gratifs sion. 'On reading the advertisement ing to every Englishman-the Get. he exclaimed, Damn the scoundrel man Legion is on board. Let it sail for wishing it, but every word he says to any part of the carth, provided that is truc. We do not blame the honest it never brings back again to this baronet for his expressions. If he country the German Legion, we shall tells the people plainly that he despairs be satisfied. If the island is not strong of doing good; this is much better enough to defend itself by its own than to act as those gentlemen did, arms, the German Legion will not add who, under fair pretences and names to its strength; it is a disgrace to this of friends of the people, made great country to stand in need, or to be suppromises, 'not one of which did they posed to stand in need, of such assistperform, or attempt to perform, when ance, they came into power. 'If the baronet A lesson has been given to this uses the strange inetaphor of a gang country, how far it can rely on foreign of robbers falling out about the divi- troops, by the conduct of some of them 'sion of the plunder, who can deny, at Malta. A mutiny has taken place that in the eagerness for places and in that island among them, and a terpensions, and in the discoveries lately rible destruction has been the conse. made of rapacity and peculation, there quence. How far it is at this moment is too strong a ground for such a me- quelled, what were the real causes of taphor. If he exclaims in very bitter it, in what state that island is, we canterms against the red-book, we sec no not ascertain; but it would be a sad reason why every page is to he involved reflection upon this country, if a post, in the same censure; and common which has occasioned such high polisense and common candour would ex- tical disagreements, should be lost by plain his expression in the obvious internal mismanagement. A great ineaning. The baronet does not object magazine, it is stated, has been blowjı to honours and rewards being bestow. up, and the insurgents maiistained ed on real merit; it is against the pro- their ground for two or three days. fusion of both on the undeserving, We hope that the mutiny did not rise that he complains. But the whigs from one of those foolish causes, by will not forgive Sir F. Burdett, be- which martinets frequently ruin an ar cause he points out to the root of the my, and disgrace a country; such as evil; he would leave to the king his that shameful conduct which occaentire prerogative, but he demands sioned the massacre at Vellore, and a for the people the restoration of their few years back very nearly lost us privileges; he has undertaken a inost Gibraltar, arduous task; if he succeeds in it he The news from Malta has been sufwill gain immortal honour; if he fails ficiently afflicting, but the Mediterhe fails in a great attempt.

ranean has been the scene of still Μεγαλως απολισθαινειν αμαρτημευγενες. Strange and foolish conduct at Con

greater calamity to the country. The Domestic concerns have not en- stantinople was a prelude to farther tirely occupied the attention of the attacks on the Turkish empire. 10 ministry Europe atfords, indeed, was not probable, that defeated as we šufficient business for the cabinet, were in the Bosphorus, and having and a vast expedition has been pre- attacked the Turks, and brought on a pared. One thing is settled, that is, war, we should not use our strength in the appointments for the staff, and part other quarters. Egypt naturally preof the German Legion is on board. sented itself. It had been a scene nf Where it is to land, and what is its triumph to the British arms. We object, occasions various surmises. were fully acquainted with the nature Some say Stralsund; all conjecture f the country. There could not be that it is for a point in the Baltic, a doubt that, with proper conduet on

our part, it must easily be brought in- excited by indignation at cur conduct to subjection.

at Constantinople, will give the troops A British force has been unded in at Alexandria little respite. We fear Egypt. It has taken Alexandria, and that there is an end to our expectaa British Acet had the cominand of the tions of this country being the means Nile. But the Turkish arnis have a of restoring fertility to Egypt; and as second time triumphed over the Bri- the eastern shores of the Mediterratish; they drove our ships out of the nean are inaccessible to our merchantBosphorus, and the remains of those men, we must for some time expect to whom they have not slain in Egypt in be without the due degree of influ. battle,they have, we fear,driven to take ence in that quarter. With Gibralrefuge aboard our ships. The tale is a tar, Malta, and Alexandria, in our melancholy one, a disgraceful one, hands, we might have defied the and, with the affairs of the Bosphorus, power of the Freuch; but why we ought to be the subject of parliament- should have made the Turks our eneary enquiry. Our forces landed near mies without the certainty of taking Alexandria,andweresoop in possession possession of Egypt, we shall not give of the place. It was determined that ourselves the trouble of conjecturing, Rosetta should be taken. A sufficient till parliamentary papers have given force was detached to that place; and us a better opportunity of passing a by some strange misconduct in the judgment upon these extraordinary commander, it marched into the town transactions. without the necessary precaution of The Turks have been successful, ascertaining the disposition of the in- not only against us, but against our habitants, and the strength of its gar- allies the Russians; and it is said that rison. The commander relied it seems they have compelled them to retire upon the friendly disposition of all froin Moldavia and Wallachia. The parties. He marched incautiously in. Turkish spirit being roused, would, if to the town; and when sufficiently well directed, be capable of great efadvanced in it, was attacked on’all forts; and at any rate they must at sides, by vollies from windows and the present annoy very greatly the enemy. tops of houses, and was compelled to At this time the Russians are beginmake a precipitate retreat. At a dis- ning to feel the war. Hitherto it has tance from the town he had a small been inercly play to them. They deinterval of leisure to reflect upon his tached a horde of their barbarians to folly; but this interval was not long, a great distance from their homes, and for the garrison marched out against whether they returned or not was of him, gave him battle, and destroyed little consequence to the despot. The upwards of a thousand of his men. war is grow hovering over bis fronHe himself fell on the field of battle, tiers, and in his dominions it is not and thus avoided, by his death, that easy to convey supplies from one enquiry which the defeat might have quarter to another, and the expences excited, if the same power, which of a campaign are severely felt. has within these few years prevented The loss of ntzic is ihe great feaenquiries into the inisconduct of ge- ture of the war since our last refort. nerals of armies, did not interfere to After a strenuous resistance it surslur over this defcat. For our own rendered, and its garrison marched out parts we do not see why the land come with military honours, under the conmander of an expedition should not dition of not serving against the be as regularly brought to a court. French for a year. This time is martial, in case of ill success, as the quite sufficient for the emperor of the captain of a ship is for the loss of his French to effect his purpose; and if ship:

the barbarians keep their promises, The remains of the detachment to they will, unless a peace is made this Rosetta, got back with great difficulty summer, be made again prisoners in to Alexandria. . Whether they were their own country. In Dantzic were iininediately embarked, or not, we do military stores and provisions in great not know, but there can be little doubt abundance, and by it the left wing of that the Turks, spirited by success, and the French army is completely covers ed and protected. Strengthened in it is merely the change of its king. his positions, Bonaparte may now di. Their sovereign labours under the rect his troops more actively against displeasure of the great king, for some the enemy, and probably by this family disputes, and is, in consetime something important' has been quence, to be deposed, and another eitected. The Russians must either to be placed in his room. We should fight him or retreat. Flis army now not be in the lcast surprised at such an extends from Dantzic to Warsaw, and event. Bonaparte may allow to many presents such a front as must require of his dependants to take upon them all the resolution of the Russians to at- the name of king, but the title does tack. rls to skill, that must be put in not withdraw them from his authority, great measure out of the question. They are still his officers, and he can They cannot expect to conquer but exalt or depress them as he pleases. by dint of animal strength; and So strangely has Europe changed its wherever they can make a charge form, and from the outcry against re against equal numbers we do not publicans and democrats, it is dedoubt of their success.

servedly subjected to the forms of the The shores of the Baltic will proba- most absolute monarchy. bly direct the line of the French Deninark will soon be under the march. The Prussian sovereign must necessity of declaring herself. It is be made to evacuate the small part of said, that if our expedition is to sail territory that acknowledges his power, into the Baltic, this court will resist Koenigsberg, we should presume, is us, and its marine will be called out invested, or a battle has iaken place against us. It cannot be doubted, to prevent it; but it is not easy to that Denmark will endeavour, as develope the schemes of Bonaparte, much as possible, to retain its neutraWe do vot hear of expeditions pre- lity; and it may be a stipulation with pared by bim many months before Bonaparte, that our heets are not 10 their execution. The blow is struck enter the Baltic. In this case new before the enemy knows of the prepa- arrangements will be formed, and the ration. Lut Bonaparte is really a event of the great battle will decide commander-in-chiei, and knows what them. It is the interest of the French persons are invier his command, and to increase the power both of Denwhen and how to employ them. mark and Sweden, and the terms may Much has lieen talked of negociation, be the use of their navy against us. and of the interference of the Aus- for it cannot be doubted, that he will trianse But the lattor are grown wie as soon as possible, bring the war to by experience, and their court is mah: our own doors, and we cannot be too in such refwiins as may tead here soon prepared against such a couflict. alier to make the people fond of their The Americans have put in force gorenerent, and willing to fight in the law they made against some of our its defence. They are ickotine nad ships. The Driver sloop appeared and Quixotic scenes oilt. Pirt and pon their coasts, and orders were his adherents; they have learned that is inediately issued that no person menare met, c.!!1:27 it is not by in- should go on board of it, or supply it veighing against innovation, or rest- wiih provisions. The captain of ihe ing upon idle claims of ancient nobi- vessel was ordered also to retire, and lity, that a vigoroustiation can be de- he obeyed; but previously wrote a feated. The are tro wise to try most insulting letter, inveighing biragain the force of the Tiench arms, t rly against the President of the and are willing to leave the combat- United States, and the law by which he ants to destroy tauh other in which was excluded from the rights of howmanner they please.

pitality. We doubt, very much, the Spain is marching troops to the policy of such language, and the proslipport of their aily of France; and priety of keeping such a vessel on the thus, if they cannot citicaciously sups. coast of America. The Americans sort, they shew their zeal for his had for a certain reason prohibited alt Cairse. Holland, it is said, is likely to intercourse between certain vessels oi undergo a species of revolution, but our and iheir shores. The rcason was

« PreviousContinue »