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A few months after this, in the under the orders of the Duke of year 1787, the Duke of Brunswick Brunswick, who, by a variety of skilwas appointed to the command of a ful and judicious movements, stopped Prussian army, for the express pur- the progress of the French armies. pose of reinstating the Stadtholder. Three times did they attack him on This expedition, so short in point of the Blise, and three times were they duration, so complete in respect to beaten and repulsed with consideraexecution, and so brilliant when con- ble loss. But above all, after the sidered as a scheme conceived and two French armies under Pichegru Inatured within the short space of a and Hoche had forced the lines of month, reflected great glory on the Weissemburg, and defeated the general who conducted it; and the Austrian army, who in the greatest statesmen and politicians of that day disorder, sought their safety behind considered him as the most skilful the Rhine, having their retreat prowarrior and ablest counsellor, that tected only by the corps of Condé. modern Europe had beheld since the Then it was that the Duke of Brunstime of the Great Frederick. wick convinced Europe of the high estimation of the pupil and the soldiers of Frederick. By wise and bold manoeuvres he stopped the French armies, saved the Austrians, and after having held the French in check, retired slowly to Mentz, to put his troops into winter quarters. Of all
On the breaking out of the French revolution, when all Europe became terrified at the gigantic projects of the revolutionary government, the Duke of Brunswick was looked up to as the only general capable of resisting its progress, and the courts of Vienna and Berlin united in the choice the campaigns of the present war on of him as the leader of their armies, the part of the allies against France, now about to contend with that of this was the most wise, and would France. Accordingly in July 1792, alone have sufficed to rank the Duke he prepared to advance from Coblentz of Brunswick among the most skilful with the combined armies under his generals. command, and entering France after come successes which were not of long duration, he was obliged by untoward events to retreat in the best mnnner an army consuming with disease in the plains of Champagne could effect. Scarcely, however, was the Prussian army out of France, when the Duke, notwithstanding the wretched condition it was in, the despondency and disease which prevailed, did every thing necessary for the safety of Germany; he hastened to occupy Coblentz, took Frankfort sword in hand, and thus deprived France of the power of uniting the armies of Dumourier and Custine.
He, however, soon after retired from the command of the Prussian army in disgust, and was replaced by general Mollendorf, one of the companions of his youth. His Serene Highness immediately returned to Brunswick, and, as usual, occupied himself without ceasing in the prosperity of his own dominions. But he was addicted to war from habit and from disposition, and notwithstanding he despised the intrigues of the court of Berlin, he pined for active employment in camps, and at the head of armies, where he had spent his youth.
With respect to the disastrous events which have occurred on the continent since October 1806, it is not our intention to enter into any detail of the causes which produced them; the King of Prussia having determined on war with France, the Duke of Brunswick, who was already at the head of an army of observation, collected troops from all parts; and in order to augment his forces, the guards left Berlin for the first time nearly for half a century. He then entered Saxony, and having advanced to its
Having re-established order and discipline, and recruited the Prussian army, the siege of Mentz in 1793 had the double advantage of restoring to the troops the high opinion of their prowess, which the retreat of Champagne had somewhat diminished, and to make Germany secure by the reoccupation of its best bulwark. After the reduction of this fortress, the King of Prussia, who had commandhis own army in person, left it
frontier, began to menace the states of he heard that the royal family was the new confederation of the Rhine. fled; that nearly all his troops had Bonaparte having on the 23d of been intercepted in their retreat, and September left Paris, and put himself that the tyrant-conqueror had wrested at the head of his army, advanced by his dominions from him. In this Bamberg, and Chronach to Schleitz, melancholy condition, after having where, on the 8th of October, he was lost his sight in consequence of his present at the first battle fought be- wound, overwhelmed with pain and tween the French and the Prussians. grief, and surrounded with misery, Notwithstanding the disastrous events died this virtuous and gallant prince, which followed, and which in some who, until eclipsed by a more sucmeasure rendered the French masters cessful, though not more able, but of all the future operations, the Duke certainly not so honourable a race of of Brunswick wished to attack Bona- warriors, was considered as the greatest parte, though Marshal Davoust had commander of his time, and to whom unexpectedly arrived at Nauenberg on at an extremely critical period, all the the 19th of October, and seized on sovereigns of Europe looked to for the magazines of the Prussians, and safety and protection. even obtained possession of their pontoons.
In consequence of the wounds received in the battle of Jena, on the 14th of October, the Duke of Brunswick breathed his last on November the 10th, 1806, in the 71st year of his age, having been born on the 2d of October, 1735. His body was cmbalmed on the 12th, and on this occasion it was found that the contu
On the 13th the Duke drew up his troops, supposed to amount to nearly 140,000 men, in battle array, and the two hostile armies lay upon their arms during the night, within half a cannon shot of each other, and by break of day prepared for battle. The intervention of a thick fog, prevented sion in the forehead had proved morthis for some time, but having cleared tal; a messenger was then dispatched up, a dreadful conflict ensued, and to the French camp, requesting that victory finally declared for the French. the corpse of his Serene Highness It is allowed however, by themselves, might be interred in the same grave "that at one moment there was room with those of his ancestors; but posfor doubt," and it is supposed that the terity can hardly credit the refusal arrival of a body of 10,000 under Mar- of the savage and brutal tyrant who shal Ney decided the fate of the day. now holds in his hands the destinies This confession enables us to judge of the continent of Europe.-His fathat the Prussians were well led on mily were denied even the sorrowful and ably directed; but though this satisfaction of mixing the dust of the was certain, yet the result of this ter- departed hero, whose bosom was the rible battle may be considered as depositary of every honourable prinlikely to prove fatal to the Prussian ciple, with that of his forefathers, Monarchy. and he was then destitute even of a place of interment ! ! !
It is generally understood that the Duke of Brunswick, while reconnoitering the enemy at an advanced post, with a telescope in his hand, was wounded in the face by a grape shot. He was obliged in a short time after to be carried off the field in a litter, in which he was conducted to the capital of his dominions on the 21st of October. But on the approach of the enemy, he left his little metropolis for the last time, and retired by easy journies to an obscure tended every department himself, village, near Altona, in Denmark. and took particular care that every There, in a small and inconvenient person in office performed his duty. lodging, attended by his consort, the His subjects, more properly his peosister of the King of Great Britain, ple, were happy and contented under
His character as a sovereign and a man was of the most estimable kind: his father left his dominions burdened with immense debts, but notwithstanding, the Duke administered the affairs of his dominions with such skill and economy, that in the course of a few years he liquidated every demand brought against him. M. de Ferouce was his principal minister, and though an able man, yet the Duke superin
his government; for in few of the during his father's life time, the Herestates of Europe was liberty so truly ditary Prince; born on the 18th of Feb. enjoyed. Though he was a military 1766, and married Feb. 14, 1790, to man, yet his dominions were govern- Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, daughed by laws founded on the basis of ter of Prince William of Nassau wisdom, and he wielded the sceptre Orange. with a lenient and merciful hand. The system under which he acted, being equally just and politic, became productive of the greatest advantages; his people grew rich under his wise administration; and his revenues encreased according as his people were prosperous.
2. Carolina Amelia Elizabeth, Princess of Brunswick, born May 17th, 1768, married April 8th, 1795, to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, by whom she has an only daughter, Princess Charlotte Augusta, born Jan. 7th, 1796.
3. George William Christian, born June 7th, 1769.
The children whom he had by the Princess Augusta of England were as follows:
1. Charles George Augustus, termed 9th, 1771.
4. Augustus, born Aug. 18th, 1770. 5. Frederick William, born Oc
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a Nomenclature of ancient ArchiA new edition of Mitford's History tecture, which is certainly a desideof Greece, in four volumes quarto, ratum in this branch of literature. revised and considerably augmented The gold and silver medals offered in the three' volumes before publish- by Dr. Wm. Turton, for the best ed, may be expected soon to make its poetical effusions to the memory of appearance. The fourth volume will Lord Nelson, have been adjudged to be composed entirely of new matter. two compositions. The first is the
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February In the Press, and will be published The Rev. Edward Nares will shortly early in February, The Pleasures of publish an Answer to the Sermon Human Life: - Investigated cheer- lately preached at Danbury, by the fully; elucidated satirically; promul. Rev. Francis Stone, Rector of Cold gated explicitly; and discussed phi- Norton. losophically, in a Dozen Dissertations The publication of a Hebrew Bible, on Male, Female, and Neuter Plea- printed with a literal and interlineary
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