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of the full Charter advocated by suffrage? If some were fitted,
Mr. O'Connor. [In the course of would they remain long tranquil,
this criticism, Sir George drew excluded from it? Men of the
from Mr. Hume the admissions, bighest intelligence were found
that he had no objection even to among the industrious classes, and
extend the franchise to females, he did not wish to see them
and that he would have "not the bandied in an order with the mark
least objection” to “ substitute of exclusion upon them.
for a hereditary House of Lords Mr. Henry Drummond regretted
an elective second Chamber."] that Mr. Hume had not separated
These admissions Sir George the extension of the franchise from
fixed upon as effective topics for other matters, in order that he
comment. In conclusion, he de- (Mr. Drummond) might have sup-
clared his opinion that the Bill ported him. Sooner or later, how-
would establish a pure democracy ever, he believed, every one would
in the House of Commons; which be carried; the reaping time was
would be inconsistent with the coming of seed long sown; the
harmonious working of the consti- Whigs had been preaching the
tution. He therefore asked the doctrine of democracy for the last
House to negative the motion.

150 years.
Mr. O'Connor defended himself Mr. Roebuck thought the coun-
and the Charter against some try was indebted to Mr. Hume for
remarks of Mr. Hume, whom he, bringing forward this question at
however, thanked for bringing the present time. Sir G. Grey
forward the measure.

had resisted the motion because it Mr. Wood did not see why the would be a departure from the principle adopted in the Irish Bill principles of the Constitution, and should not be applicable to the would make the House too de. constituency of England. Mr. mocratic; but there had been a Hume's was a plain and simple direct change in the representaproposition; and was it safe to go tive system—a quiet and salutary on, year after year, the Govern- revolution-by the Reform Bili. ment opposing reform, and bring. The motion did not controvert ing forward

for the English Constitution that remedying acknowledged evils?is, that there should be a body Was it wise to wait until driven, representing the people, and as in other changes, by some speaking in their name in the formidable convulsion? This mea- making of laws. He did not supsure was perfectly consistent with port this motion because he our Constitution; it was adapted thought that House did not reto the habits of the people, to present the feelings, opinions, and their system of Government, and passions of the people; nor did he to the direction their minds had hold that taxation and representataken. The question was, whether tion should go together, which it was unsafe to trust a larger they never did; nor that the portion of the people with the actual burdens of the people of franchise. Assuming Sir G. Grey's England were greater than those figures: there were 3,500,000 non- of other people. His ground of electors, and were there none support was, that a large body of amongst them fitted for the our fellow countrymen fancied

no

measure

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themselves aggrieved because they distrust the people, but he believed were not represented, which en they would be misled. With regendered a feeling of discontent spect to inequalities in the repreamongst the labouring population. sentation, if they were to be The franchise proposed by Mr. remedied, the country must be Hume was not universal: it re- equally divided into districts, or quired various conditions and an increase of members should qualifications; and the notion be given to counties as well as that the intelligent labourer and towns; but it was never proposed mechanic would

return men hostile to cure the inequalities in counto the institutions of the country ties; and he suspected that was a mere bugbear. He believed, there was a desire to give a prethat if this franchise were given ponderating weight to the great to-morrow it would be a harmless towns. Although he negatived the concession, and that there was motion, he did not therefore hold really no danger in endowing a that the existing limits of the large section of our labouring po- franchise must be permanently pulation with this privilege. maintained; but he and his col

Lord J. Russell vindicated Whig leagues had thought it would be principles, and the motives and advisable in the present Session, not objects of the Reform Act, against to put aside all other questions in the strictures of Mr. Drummond order to raise one that must lead and Mr. Roebuck. With respect

With respect to long and protracted debates; but to the motion, he reiterated the that the sentiments of the country argument of Sir G. Grey, that the should be matured and settled re. proposed franchise was one dis- specting other questions before joined from property. Mr. Roe- this, which must create a great buck's ground of supporting the division of parties, and required motion went to the extent of fuller information and further reuniversal suffrage; and whilst heflection, was launched. Referring (Lord J. Russell) denied that to recent events in other countries, the maxim that taxation and Lord John contended that we representation were reciprocal should derive a lesson from their should be literally understood and experience, and not grasp at too acted upon, he dissented from much at once, nor take a wide step Mr. Roebuck's theory that the without mature deliberation. What. maxim was a fallacy; it meant ever change was made should be only that the House of Commons effected, not by a substitute for legally and virtually represented the Reform Act, but by a supplethe people, and in their name ment to that law, which was granted taxes. The proposed fran- adapted to the institutions of the chise would open a door to fraud, country and to the wishes of the whilst it would be almost uni- people. The course proposed by versal; and was he to infer from Mr. Hume was one of conjecture the conduct of the labouring and uncertainty; his advice was to classes, or working men, which prefer to that conjecture and undeserved commendation, that if certainty the institutions we had, they had such a suffrage their prepared to amend their defects, choice would be a wise one? It but refusing to enter upon a new might be ungenerous to seem to career full of doubt and peril.

Mr. Osborne condemned the people a protection, they should speech of Lord J. Russell, and have it; and a return to triennial lamented his apostacy from the Parliaments, which were no novelty, cause of reform. He read some would be a wise step. He conamusing illustrations of the purity cluded his speech, which was of elections under the Reform Act, seasoned with humour and sarand asked what better remedy for casm, by stating, that he supported this political leprosy could be de. the motion because it would make vised than an increase of the fran- the house in reality the Commons chise? The only question was, House of England. how far it should go ? Household The House having divided, the suffrage was the ancient system. motion was negatived by 242 If the ballot was deemed by the against 96.

CHAPTER II.

COLONIAL APFAIRS—Constitutional Government for the Colonies-In

creasing public interest in that subject - Development of the views of Government by Lord John Russell, in moving Resolutions in the House of Commons on the 8th of FebruaryHis able and comprehensive Speech-Remarks of Sir W. Molesworth, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Adderley, Mr. F. Scott, Mr. Hume, and other Members. AUSTRALIAN COLONIES BILL-Second Reading moved by Lord John Russell, on the 18th of February-Mr. Roebuck criticises the MeasureAfter a general discussion the Second Reading is carried-Committal of the BillNumerous Amendments are moved by Sir W. Molesworth, Mr. Mowatt, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. C. Lushington, Mr. E. Denison, and other MembersThe Bill, in its main features, is successfully supported by the Government- Various questions of Colonial Policy mooted in debate-On bringing up the Report Sir W. Molesworth moves the re-committal of the Bill, explaining at some length his views of Colonial Policy-Mr. Gladstone supports the Motion, which is resisted by Mr. Labouchere and Sir George Grey, and is negatived on a Division by 165 against 42Mr. Gladstone moves the addition of a Clause giving to the Church of England in the Colonies a power of synodical action - Interesting discussion on this Motion--Speeches in favour of the Amendment are made by Mr. A. B. Hope, Mr. W. P. Wood, Mr. Roundell Palmer, Mr. Walpole, and Mr. Adderley, and by Sir George Grey, Mr. Hume, Mr. Roebuck, and the Attorney-General, contraThe Clause is rejected by 187 to 102On the Third Reading being moved, Mr. Gladstone proposes that the operation of the Bill be suspended until the opinion of the Colonies respecting it can be ascertained-Mr. Roebuck supports the proposition, which, after a full discussion, is negatived by 226 to 128 — Other Amendments are rejected, and the Bill is passed In the House of Lords the Second Reading of the Bill is carried nem. dis.- Motion made by Lord Brougham that the Opponents may be heard by Counsel against the Bill Opposed by Earl Grey, and negatived by 33 to 25The Bishop of Oxford moves that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee-His Speech-Earl Grey opposes the Motion, which, after some discussion and a Speech from Lord Stanley, is rejected by 34 to 21.- Various Amendments proposed in Committee-Certain Clauses abandoned by MinistersThe Amendments made in the Lords are ultimately adopted by the House of Commons. AFFAIRS OF Ceylon-Proceedings of the Select CommitteeSubstance of the Report-Indignation expressed in the House of Commons at the conduct of Lord Torrington. "West

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INDIAN ISLANDS-Resolution moved by Sir E. F. Buxton, affirming the injustice of exposing the free-grown Sugar to competition with Slavetrading CountriesHis Speech-Mr. W. Evans seconds the MotionSpeeches of Mr. Hume, Mr. Mangles, Mr. Grantley Berkeley, Mr. Wilson, Mr. E. H. Stanley, Mr. Hutt, Sir John Pakington, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Gladstone, and Lord PalmerstonThe Resolution of Sir E. F. Buxton is negatived by 275 against 234.

MONG the subjects of proA

there were many members of that posed legislation foreshadowed House who had applied their time in the Royal Speech at the open- and talents to the subject. He then ing of the Session, a measure for took a retrospective view of the extending the benefits of consti- manner in which most of our Cotutional government to some of lonies, except the Australian, were our colonial dependencies held a acquired and founded. The main prominent position. The subject object seemed to have been to send had for some time engaged public out settlers from this country, and attention, and had been enforced also to maintain a strict commeron the consideration of Parliament cial monopoly in relation to the by men whose opinions deservedly Colonies. At the same time it was carried great weight. It bad be- established on various authorities, come the conviction of most of by the whole policy of the Marthe leading men of all parties, that quess of Halifax, King James's the vast communities which Eng- minister, by the decision of Sir land had planted in distant regions Philip Yorke on the Jamaica proof the world could neither attain clamation, by Lord Mansfield's their full development, nor be held decision on the case of the Island in permanent attachment to the of Grenada, &c., &c., that Engmother country, without the con- lishmen carry out with them their cession of a larger measure of native rights and privileges, and self-government, and more that the simple proclamation of complete realization of the repre- those rights and privileges prosentative system, than had been tects them against being taxed, hitherto accorded to them. Acting except by the Imperial Parliament, upon these principles, Her Majesty's or by their own consent in a local Ministers announced their inten- assembly. From 1763 to the tion, at the commencement of the peace of 1814-15, the model of Session, of embodying their views the English Constitution was not in an Act of Parliament applicable imitated in respect of possessions to the British Australian settle- acquired during that period. Lord ments. On the 8th of February John Russell read a mass of staLord John Russell made his tistics, to show the progress that promised statement in the House had been made by the Colonies in of the intended policy of Govern- population and wealth. ment in respect to the colonial

By our recent legislation, espossessions of the Crown. The pecially by the repeal of the Navinoble Lord began his speech by gation Laws, continued the noble confessing that he felt appalled at Lord, we have utterly broken down the magnitude of his task, but the relation of monopoly; and was consoled by the reflection that question has arisen, Whether it is

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