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Allingham, Mr., review of his poems, 356. See Poets, New.
Alps, the, review of works written by travellers in, 433-4-whence
the passionate love for mountain scenery, 434-Mr. Ruskin's curious
ideas concerning Shakspeare's love of nature, 434-5, and note—
Tschudi's enthusiastic description of the snow-clad region of the
Alps, 436, extract-the four principal mountain districts of the
Alps, 436-7-Professor Forbes on the superficial examination given
by most Alpine travellers, 437-8, extract-the ascent of Mont Blanc
without guides, by Messrs. Hudson, Kennedy, Ainslie, Stevenson,
and two Smyths, 439-40, and extracts-Chamouni guides, and the
'guide nuisance,' 440-2-Monte Rosa, 442-3-the Matterhorn and
the Weisshorn, 443-causes and effects of the earthquake in the
valley of the Visp, in 1855, 444-5-how far Switzerland is the cause
of the late inundations at Lyons, 445-Zermatt, and the 'Peak of
'the Meadow,' 445-6-the Riffelberg, and the Görner Grat, 447—
Mr. Willis's interesting description of his passage across the Saas-
grat, 447-8-Herr Imseng, the curé of Saas, 448-50, and extract
-difficulty attending the ascent of Monte Rosa, 450-the Bernese
Oberland, 450-1-the Jungfrau, 451-break-neck ascent of the
Wetterhorn, ib.-region of the 'many-peaked' Bernina, 452-3.
American, Central, Question, 280 et seq. See United States.
Appeal, Supreme Courts of, review of Mr. Macqueen's work on, 209

vast importance of the questions relating to the exercise of the
appellate jurisdiction, 209-10-nature and origin of the appellate
jurisdiction of the House of Lords, 210-2-blind veneration ex-
pressed by Blackstone for this feature of its constitution, 212-
different views expressed on the subject by Sir Matthew Hale
and Mr. Hargreave, 212-3-what the essential requirements of a
Supreme Court of Appeal are, 213-7-necessity for keeping it
clear of political influences, and open to embrace the highest judi-
cial authority of the whole bench, 217-8-Lord Brougham's Act
3 & 4 Will. IV. cap. 41., 218-9-reasons for maintaining the
jurisdiction of the Queen in Council, 219-causes whence arises
the dissatisfaction of late expressed at the House of Lords exer-
cising its powers as a Supreme Court of Appeal, 220-1-grievous
state of the House of Lords as a Court of Appeal fifty years ago,
221-2-Sir Matthew Hale on the right and expediency of in-
creasing its judicial strength by summoning judicial persons, not
Peers, to assist in the hearing of appeals, 223-4-suggestions for

restoring greater efficiency to the House of Lords as a judicial
body, 224-6-evils existing in the scheme proposed by the Com-
mittee of the Lords, 226-8-concluding observations, 228-9.
Arago, Francis, review of the life and works of, 301-his birth,
boyhood, and early education, 302-his preliminary examination
before entering the Ecole Polytechnique, 302-3, extract his early
promise of excellence, 303-4-is associated with Biot in experi-
ments on the refraction of gases, and in the extension of the
measurement of the arc of the meridian in Spain, 304-his mar-
vellous adventures in that country, 304-5, and extracts-his mis-
fortunes, sufferings, and difficulties on the coast of Spain and in
Algiers, 305-7-kind attention of Humboldt, who commences a
friendship for Arago, continued throughout his life, 307-scene
illustrative of the interior of the Imperial Court, and of the nature
of Napoleon's patronage of science, 307-8, extract-Arago's rapid
rise in the Ecole Polytechnique, and appointment to the Perpetual
Secretaryship of the Academy, 308-course pursued by him on the
outbreak of 1848, 309-on the change of government in 1851, he
is permitted by the Prince President to retain his office as head of
the Bureau des Longitudes, 309-his illness and death, 309-10-
his character as described by Humboldt, Flourens, and De la
Rive, 310-11-brief account of his literary and scientific labours,
311-12-his talents as a lecturer, 313-14, and extract—his experi-
mental discoveries in Magnetism, on the specific gravity of the
air, and in Physical Optics, 314-16-his optical labours, and those
of Malus, Fresnel, and Young, 316-17-brief biographical sketch
of Dr. Thomas Young, ib.-inquiries into the theories of the
nature of light, by Newton, Euler, Wollaston, Laplace, Young,
Fresnel, Arago, and others, 317-25-discovery of the polarisation
of light by reflexion, by Etienne-Louis Malus, and sketch of his
life and labours, 325-8-remarkable phenomena connected with
polarised light and polarisation, observed and examined by Arago,
328-32-his important investigations into the undulatory and
molecular theories for the purpose of testing their relative capa-
bilities to account for certain phenomena, 333-4, and extract—
concluding remarks as to the general condition and prospects of
the theory of Light, 335-7.

Aristocracy, principal points of difference between the French and
English, 543-5. See France before the Revolution.
Arnold, Mr., review of his poems, 358. See Poets, New.
Augustus the Strong of Saxony, 401. See German Courts.


Bailey, Mr. P. J., review of his poems, 354-5. See Poets, New.
Bavaria, Court of, 429. See German Courts.
Beaumarchais and his Times, review of M. de Loménie's work on,
453-nature of the materials of the work, 453-4-Beaumarchais
much like the Figaro whom he created, 454-5-his youth, mar-
riage, and entrance into favour at the Court of Louis XV., 455-8
-his connexion with M. Duverney, 458-9-his adventure with


Clavijo, 459-61—becomes a writer of sentimental dramas, 462-3 —
is made the object of slanderous charges, 464—his affair with the
Duke of Chaulnes, 465-6-the Goezman Process, 466-72-Beau-
marchais enters the service of the King, and undertakes a delicate
mission to London, 473-the Chevalier D'Eon, 473-4-advises his
Government to give secret aid to the Americans, 474-his exten-
sive dealings with them, 474-7-publishes the first complete edition
of the works of Voltaire, 477-8-history of his two famous comedies,
'The Barber of Seville,' and 'The Marriage of Figaro,' 479-85—
his Guilty Mother,' 485-Beaumarchais's political career under
the Republic, 486-8-his last years, death, and character, 488-90.
Botany, Geographical, review of works treating of, by M. de Can-
dolle, and Dr. Hooker, 490-present state of the science of Geo-
graphical Botany, 490-2-the labours and researches of Schouw,
Lyell, Forbes, De Candolle, and Hooker, 492-4-short sketch of
the stage to which Geographical Botany has been brought by M. de
Candolle, 494-what is meant in botany by the word species,
494-503-naturalised plants, 503-4- Moore's Ferns of Great
Britain and Ireland, 504-5-labours and researches of Mr. Hewett
Wilson and De Candolle on the subject of naturalised plants,
505-7-curious facts connected with the disappearance of indige-
nous species 507-8-remarks on the preservation in the earth of
stores of seeds as influencing the origin of wild plants, 508-9-
as influencing the origin of cultivated species, 509-10-remarks
on the fact of the plants on which the human race depend mainly
for subsistence existing nowhere as natives, 510-various hypo-
theses accounting for the immutability of cultivated races of
cereals, fruits, &c., 510-12-origin of our cultivated wheats, 512-7,
and extract-what is a genus? 517-concluding remarks, 517-8.
Brooks, Mr., his assault on Mr. Sumner in the Senate of Congress,

588. See United States.

Buchanan, Mr., a candidate for the Presidency of the United States,
589-his policy, 590. See United States.

Burton, Lieut., remarks on his pilgrimage to Mecca, 388 et seq.
See Mecca.

Butler, Archer William, review of sermons, letters, and lectures by,
229-his birth, childhood, boyhood, and education, 230-1-ap-
pointed to the chair of the College Historical Society,' 231-and
professor of Moral Philosophy, 232-his zealous devotion to his
duties as parish priest, 232, extract-his 'Letters on Development,'
233-his labours during the Irish famine, ib.—his last sermon and
death, 233-4-remarks on the perfection with which his mind
combined the poetic and philosophic temperaments, 234-6-
beauty, originality, and grace of many of his ideas and expressions,
236-7, and extracts-his 'Lectures on Ancient Philosophy,' 237-40
-his conception of the general spirit of Plato's philosophy, 240-1
-his explication of the sense in which Plato regarded Ideas' as
real and independent existences, 242-3, and extract-observations
on Innate Ideas,' and on Plato's philosophy, 243-50-concluding
remarks, 250-1.

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