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savages gathered around to witness the execution. At length the club of the destroyer was raised, and every one was waiting in silent suspense to see it fall on the victim.

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2. At this critical instant, Po-ca-hon'-tas, the eldest of the king's daughters, now scarcely twelve years of age, rushed forward with a shriek, and threw herself between the unhappy stranger and the executioner. Her hair was loose, and her eyes were wild and streaming with tears. She raised her hands to her father, and besought him, with all her power of eloquence, to spare his captive.

3. Powhatan, though little used to pity, could not resist her entreaties and tears. He paused, and looked round upon his warriors, as if to gather their opinion of what was proper to be done. They too were touched with pity, though they were savages. At last he raised

his daughter, and promised her to spare the prisoner's life. 4. He was accordingly saved, and the very next day conducted by

2. What did Pocahontas now do? 3. What of Powhatan and the savages? was done with Smith? What treaty did he make?

4. What

a guard of twelve men to Jamestown. He had been a prisoner about seven weeks. Before his departure he made a treaty with the king, by which he was to send back two cannon and a grindstone, for which Powhatan was to let him have a large tract of country, and forever regard him as his son.

5. He reached Jamestown in safety, but not wishing to send guns to the savages, he determined to frighten them. However, he brought forward the two cannon and a grindstone, but they thought them too heavy to carry. He then discharged the cannon, loaded with stones, among the trees, which so terrified them that they were glad to return to Powhatan with a quantity of toys and trinkets in their stead.

6. Powhatan was greatly pleased with the presents, but Indian friendships are not always permanent. Some time afterward, his savage feelings became again excited against the English, and a plan was laid for cutting them all off at a blow, which, but for the interference of Pocahontas, would probably have succeeded. The day and the hour were set, and Pocahontas was informed of both.

7. The very night before the deed was to be done, in the midst of a terrible storm, which, with the thick darkness, kept the savages in their huts, Pocahontas proceeded to Jamestown, and revealed the plot. The colonists were, therefore, on their guard, and a part of them saved. This first Indian plot to massacre the English took place in 1609.

8. It does not appear that the savages ever found out who revealed their plan, for Pocahontas remained at her father's house for some time afterward. In the meanwhile, with the aid of Captain Smith, peace was once more established between the two nations.

9. Pocahontas, having now become the warm friend of the English, came every few days to the fort at Jamestown, with her basket of corn for the garrison, which proved of great service to them. At length, however, she was stolen by a foraging party of the white people, and a large sum was demanded of her father for her ransom.

10. Powhatan was unwilling to comply with the terms proposed, and began to prepare for a war with the English; and had it not been for an event as singular as it was unforeseen, a most fatal conflict would doubtless have arisen. A young Englishman, by the name of Rolfe, proposed to marry Pocahontas, and the proposal met the approbation of the king.

11. She accordingly professed the faith of the Christian religion, and was baptized from a font hewn from the trunk of a tree, in the little

5. Why did not the Indians take the cannon? 6. What plot was soon laid? 7. How did Pocahontas save the colony? 8, 9. What of the capture of Pocahontas? 10. How was war prevented? 11. What of Pocahontas as a wife and mother?



rugged church at Jamestown. Soon after she was married. She became a faithful wife and an exemplary and pious mother. Some of the principal families in Virginia are descended from this union of a young planter with an Indian princess.

12. In 1616, Pocahontas went with her husband to England, but she was unhappy there. Captain Smith, who was in London at the time of her arrival, called to see her, but he was a little reserved in his manners toward her. This added to the intensity of her feelings, and she wept like a child.

13. Captain Smith inquired the cause of her grief. "Did I not save thy life," said she, "in America? When I was torn from the arms of my father, and conducted among thy friends, didst thou not promise to be a father to me? Didst thou not say that if I went into thy country, thou wouldst be my father, and I should be thy daughter? Thou hast deceived me; and behold me here, now, a stranger and an orphan!"

He introduced

14. Captain Smith could not resist such eloquence. her to many families of respectability, and did all he could, while she remained in England, to make her happy; he never, however, ventured to bring her before the king. She fell a victim to the united influences of grief and the climate, and died at the age of twenty-two, as she was about to re-embark for America.


Depressed State of the Colony.—Arrival of Captain Newport and more Emigrants.-The Gold Fever.-Smith's Voyage of Discovery.

1. DURING the captivity of Captain Smith, he had been carried in triumph, by the Indians, from the Chickahominy River to their villages on the Rap-pa han'-nock and Po-to'-mac, and thence through their other settlements to the Pamunkey river, and finally to the lower residence of Powhatan, in what is now called Gloucester [glos'-ter] county.

2. "It is an ill wind that blows nobody good," says an old but * current and just maxim; and the captivity of Smith, though an evil

12. What of Pocahontas in the year 1616? 13, 14. What occurred between Pocahontas and Captain Smith in England? What was the fate of Pocahontas?

CHAP. XV.-1, 2. What good arose from Smith's capture by the Indians?

in itself, had its advantages. It gave him such a knowledge of the country, and of the character and condition of the native inhabitants, as proved to be of the highest importance afterward, both to him and the colony.

3. We have seen already that the number of the settlers at Jamestown had been much diminished before the massacre of the men who went out with Smith. Some had also died during his absence. From one hundred and five, who came over, he found them reduced, on his return, to forty, and of these, a part were contriving to desert the colony.

4. Attempts had been made at desertion twice before. Captain Smith resolved to put a stop to this, even if it cost him his life; and he succeeded in accomplishing his object. But the state of things in Jamestown was exceedingly discouraging; the government was of no force whatever, and every thing would have gone to ruin but for his courage and determination.

5. At this critical period in the history of the colony, Captain Newport arrived from England, with one hundred and twenty emigrants. The news of this arrival in James River raised the drooping courage of the people, and diffused general joy. It is not improbable that the spot on the James River which is known by the name of "Newport's News," is the point from which his vessel was first discovered. 6. But the joy was of short duration. The new-comers, like too many of those who first emigrated, were chiefly "vagabond gentlemen" -as the settlers called them—and goldsmiths. The latter, no doubt, came over filled with the idea of obtaining gold. None of them, however, expected to earn their living by hard work. All they thought or talked of was about digging, washing, refining, and carrying away the most precious of metals.

7. Even Martin, one of the council, and Captain Newport himself, became absorbed-if, indeed, their brains were not actually turnedin the idea of finding gold. Martin claimed, no doubt sincerely, that he had discovered a gold mine; and Newport, after loading his vessel with what proved in the end to be worthless yellow earth, believed himself to be rich, and returned to England.

8. Worn out with fruitless endeavors to direct the attention of his people to something more important than searching for gold, Captain Smith undertook to explore the inlets, rivers, and shores of Chesapeake Bay. This he accomplished, in the course of two voyages, in an open boat, and with only fourteen men.

3. How were the colonists reduced? 4. What of desertions? 5. What of Captain Newport? 6. 7. What of gold? 8, 9. What of Captain Smith's explorations?



9. These voyages were undertaken and completed in about three months. He ascended the Potomac, above where Washington now stands, discovered and explored the Pa-tap'-sco, and, it is thought, entered the harbor of Baltimore. The whole distance travelled was estimated at about 3,000 miles.

10. But exploration was not all that Captain Smith accomplished. He journeyed into the interior, and made treaties of peace and friendship with many tribes of the natives. He also prepared and sent over to the London Company a map of the country, which is still in existence, and is very correct. This expedition, considering all the circumstances, is one of the most remarkable on record; and displays not only skill and perseverance in Smith, but far-sighted and statesmanlike wisdom.


Increase of the Colony.-Smith's Administration of the Government.-Failure of his Health.-His Return to


1. IN three days after his return from his second voyage up


the Chesapeake Bay, Captain Smith-not yet thirty years of

age-was made president of the Virginia council. It is worthy of remark that, of the seven members of the council who came over about a year before, all but Smith and Kendall were now dead, or degrad


ed, or devoted to the vain and unprofitable pursuit of gold.

10. What did Smith do beside exploring the country?

CHAP. XVI-1. What office was conferred upon Smith? How old was he?

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