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Adams' American Railway Accounting. Review. By W. J. Cun-
American Railroads under Government Control, Organization of.
Behavioristic Man, The. Note. By T. N. Carver
"Conditions of Labor," A Definition of. Note. By P. H. Douglas
Economist Confused, An Eminent. Note. By H. G. Brown.
Eight Hour Problem, A Peculiar. Note. By W. Z. Ripley
Foreign Exchange and International Balances during the War,
Latin American. By J. H. Williams.
Government Control of Šugar during the War. By Joshua Bern-
Indebtedness of Principal Belligerents. By L. R. Gottlieb
International Trade and Prices. Note. By J. E. Norton
Iron-Ore Problem of Lorraine, The. By Abraham Berglund
Labor Programs, Four. By T. N. Carver
Railroads during the War, Federal Operation of. By F. H. Dixon
Relations of Recent Psychological Developments to Economic
Standard of Living in China, An Estimate of the.
By C. G.
Taxation of Luxuries and the Rate of Interest, The. By A. F.
Theory of Incidence, An Oversight in the. Note. By H. G. Brown
Wage Theory and Theories. By H. J. Davenport.
Walsh's The Climax of Civilization; Socialism; and Feminism.
War and Future Generations, The Burden of. By A. C. Pigou.
War Labor Policies and Their Outcome in Peace. By L. B. Wehle
War Prices Are High Prices, Another Reason Why. Note. By
Wheat and Flour Trade under Food Administration Control: 1917
Published by Harvard University
Books, periodicals, and manuscript to be addressed, EDITORS of QUARTERLY
Business letters to be addressed, HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS, Randall
CONTENTS FOR MAY, 1918
I. HOW TO PROMOTE FOREIGN TRADE
II. RECENT RAILROAD FAILURES AND REORGANIZATIONS
III. A STUDY OF THE INCIDENCE OF AN INCREMENT VALUE
F. W. Taussig
Carl C. Pleha
Charles J. Bullock
N. S. B. Gras
CONTENTS FOR AUGUST, 1918
I. INTERNATIONAL TARIFF RELATIONS AS AFFECTED BY
II. SUGAR PRICES AND DISTRIBUTION UNDER FOOD CON-
III. PRICE-FIXING IN THE IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY
IV. PERISHABLE PRODUCE UNDER FOOD REGULATION
V. THE DISTRIBUTIVE RELATIONS OF INDIRECT GOODS
War time Control of Industry
History of Labor in the United States
NOTES AND MEMORANDA:
International Trade under Depreciated Paper: A Criticism
COPYRIGHT, 1918, BY HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
W. S. Culbertson
Roy G. Blakey
W. F. Gephart
H. J. Davenport
N. S. B. Gras
Jacob H. Hollander
[Entered as Second-class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special postage rate provided for by Section
I. Commercial situation and price trend during the crop year 1916-
17, 2.-II. Evident necessity for government control, 5.-III. Slow
progress of legislation, 11.— IV. The Food Act, 14.-V. Voluntary
agreement between millers and Food Administration, 18.-VI. The
Wheat Price Committee, 23. VII. Resentment of wheat growers,
25.-VIII. Efforts to stimulate milling, 25.-IX. Distribution of
wheat stocks, 29.-X. Stabilizing the market, 32.-XI. Effort of
growers to get an advanced price, 36.-XII. Decline in milling activ-
ity early in 1917, 38.-XIII, XIV. Increase in output after price
stabilization, 39.-XV. Control of percentage of flour and feed, 43.
-XVI. "Cost plus" method of price regulation, 45. - XVIII. Eva-
sions, 48.— XX. Complications with excess profits tax, 51.—XXII.
THE act authorizing the President to establish agen-
cies for the control of foods and fuels was approved
August 10, 1917. Under its provisions the Food Ad-
ministration was at once given legal standing and began
to function as the directing and controlling authority in
the food trades of the United States. Sufficient time has
now elapsed to permit a review and critical estimate of
directions at least. Easily the most important of its problems, and in some respects the most difficult, have been encountered in the regulation of the wheat and flour trade. In this paper an attempt is made to analyze these problems and to discuss the efficacy of the measures adopted to meet them.
THE COMMERCIAL SITUATION AND PRICE TREND DURING THE CROP YEAR, 1916-17
In 1913, in 1914, and again in 1915, the United States produced the largest wheat crops ever harvested in this country; the average for the three years was almost 900,000,000 bushels. The average exports of wheat (and flour) for the same years were almost a quarter of a million bushels; the exports for the years 1914-15 and 1915-16 were much the largest recorded during the present century. In striking contrast to these huge crops was the exceedingly disappointing harvest of 1916, which amounted to only 636,318,000 bushels. However, there was a large “carry-over " from the 1915 crop, amounting at the beginning of July, 1916, to 179,174,000 bushels, which, together with the new crop, made possible an export movement of 209,438,795 bushels during the succeeding twelve months.
It is the occurrences of these twelve months to which this paper must first give attention. The facts just recited make it evident that during the first two years of the European war this country had played a large part in the provisioning of western Europe. The neutral nations as well as the entente allies had drawn very heavily upon the United States for wheat and flour, but it had also been possible for them to draw upon the