« PreviousContinue »
With great respect and esteem, your obe 123 rank and file passed this place this dient servant,
morning, for Greenbush. Colonel Drummond EDMUND P. GAINES, and six or seven officers were killed, one
Brig. Gen. Com'g. Dep. Q. M. Gen. (said to be captain Elliot). The Hon. John Armstrong, the Sec'ry of War. and two platoon officers, prisoners. Our loss, From the Buffalo Gazette, August 16.
in killed does not exceed twenty, most of SPLENDID DEFENCE OF FORT ERIE. which we learn are of the artillery. We We take great pleasure in presenting our lieutenant M'Donough, of the artillery, are
regret to state, that captain Williams and readers with the following glorious and in
killed ; lieutenant Fontaine, missing, supteresting news from our gallant army at Fort
posed taken prisoner. Erie, received last evening from undoubted authority :-
Some of our officers were wounded, but
we have not learned their names. On Sunday evening lieutenant general Froin the circumstance of the enemy's Drummond made his dispositions for storm- main body lying within grape and canister ing Fort Erie. About half-past 2 o'clock distance from the fort, their loss must be yesterday morning the attack commenced very severe, greater than what is mentioned from three coloums, one directed against the in the above estimation. The enemy's wag. Fort, one against Towson's battery, and the gons were nncommonly active yesterday third moved up the river in order to force a morning in removing the wounded. passage between the Fort and river. The
The prisoners are of the 8th, 100th, 103d, column that approached the Fort succeeded 104th, and De Watteville's regiments, and a in gaining the rampart, after having been few sailors. several times repulsed ; when about 300 of
It is impossible for us in this sketch, to them had gained the works and made a say anything of the individual skill and galstand, an explosion from some unknown lantry of the officers, or the steady bravery cause completely cleared the ramparts of the of the men engaged in this glorious defence; enemy, the most of whom were utterly de
we presume all did their duty. Brigadier stroyed.
The column that moved to attack general Gaines commanded the fort. the south (or Towson's) battery made des
Our army at fort Erie continues almost perate charges, but were met with such firm
daily to skirmish with the enemy, which is ness by our artillery and infantry, as to be com
principally confined to the attack of pickets pelled to fall back—they advanced a second
on both sides. There has been more or less and third time with great resolution, but
cannonading every day during the week being met with such distinguished gallantry,
past, without any material advantage to they gave way and retired. The column that either. On Wednesday a party of riflemen marched up the river, were repulsed before
under captain Birdsall, attacked and drove they assaulted the batteries.
in the enemy's picket; they lost from fifteen Shortly after the explosion, the enemy to twenty killed. We lost only one man.finding their efforts to gain the Fort or carry On Friday major Morgan with a detachment the batteries, unaviling, withdrew his forces from his rifle corps attacked the enemy in from the whole line, and retreated to the the skirts of the woods back of the fort; and woods. The action continued one hour and after a brisk musketry of some time returned an half, during which (except the short in- to the fort, with the loss of ten or twelve kil. terval that the enemy occupied the ramparts) led, among whom, we regret to say, was that the artillery from that fort and batteries excellent officer major Lodowick Morgan, of kept up a most destructive fire, as well on the 1st rifle regiment, who so gallantly rethe main body of the enemy as on the at- pulsed the enemy at Conjockety Creek, on tacking columns. These colums were com- the morning of the 3d instant. He was inposed of the best of the British army, terred at Buffalo, on Saturday, with all the volunteers from every corps, the forlorn hope. honour due to his rank and distinguished The onemy's loss is estimated at rising 800. bravery.
Our fleet on Lake Ontario, to the number the examples of ardor and firmness set them of nine sail arrived off fort Niagara about by their commanders. eight or ten days since. The Sylph, said to In the action at the Falls of Niagara, be the swiftest sailer on the lake, gave chase Captain Ketchum is again distinguished, in to a British brig, which being unable to being detached by Colonel Jessup to the rear escape, was abandoned and blown up. From of the enemy's line, supported by the Lieut. every appearance she was loaded with muni- Colonel with the 5th regiment, formed at tions of war, intended for the British forts. right angles, with the enemy's left flank, Commodore Chauncey commands the fleet, and keeping watch over the British regiment whose health is fast improving. Three of of dragoons', drawn up on a parallel line on the enemy's small vessels lie in Niagara his right. Thus did Ketchum under cover river, blockaded by our fleet.
of the night, between two lines of the enemy, We have the unpleasant task to inform seize a party of British officers and men, the public of the loss of two United States among whom were Major General Riall, and schooners lying near Fort Erie, by capture. an aid of Lieutenant General Drummond, It appears that the enemy fitted out an ex- (the Lieutenant General having narrowly pedition of nine boats, on the lake above escaped,) and bring them safely to his Fort Erie, and made a simultaneous attack Colonel. Soon after Captain Ketchum had upon our three schooners; the Porcupine obtained from general Riall his name, and succeeded in beating them off'; the Somers expressed to him his happiness at meeting and Ohio were captured, and taken down with him—the General is said to have inthe river, below the point, near Frenchman's quired, “where is the General ?'' creek. The Porcupine sailed on Sunday for
General Riall when at Buffalo, sent his Erie.
sword with a polite note, to lieutenant ColoWe learn that Captain Dobbs, of the nel Jessup—the lieutenant Colonel was there
on account of his wounds. British royal navy, commanded the party Thich captured the Somers and Ohio.
The defeat at Fort Erie, disastrous as it We have been correctly informed of par The Repulso at Conjocta was, was felt even more ticulars of the heroism of captain Ketchun
severely from the cirof the 25th regiment, whose name has cumistance of a similar repulse, although not received the just applause of the public-- attended with such loss of life, at Conjocta though, it is regretted by his fellow-oslicers, Creek, near Black Rock. We admit readily that he has not been honoured with a brevet that the intention of the British General to from the government. The gallant conduct effect a diversion here and carry the batteries of this young officer on the 5th of July, has at Black Rock was defeated, but w cannot been set forth by general Seutt. The parti- permit Major Morgan's statement as to culars which reflect on him honours equally numbers to pass unnoticed.
The Major high, are, that in the month of June previ- declares that the British numbered from ous he had marched his company from the twenty to fifteen hundred men, the actual rendezvous at Hartford—a full company of number having been four hundred and sixty. recruits, assembled by him under special It was quite unnecessary for Major Morgan authority from the commanding officer of to have increased the force opposed to him, the regiment, to form a tank company, par- in sum or ratio, as every one will readily ticularly dressed and equipped, and drilled admit the fact of his having, with littlo by him for light service--and all young men. better than half the number defeated an The intrepid conduct of these men, so lately attack which involved great results. Major from the interior in opposing three times Morgan's report* will be found below in our their force, when operating by themselves notes :on that day, completely proves that the good
*REPORT OF MAJOR MORGAN. conduct, of our soldiers, however inex
Fort, ERIE, August 5th 1814. perienced, will depend, as in the instance of
Having been stationed with the 1st battalion the gallant leader of this detachment upon of the 1st regiment of Riflemen at Black Rock;
on Luke Erie,
American Journals were loud in their Talbot on that lake; and robbed 50 heads
severities and atrocities article of household furnature, and wearing practised by the British in the Chesapeake, apparel
, belonging to them. The number but are most careful never to allow that of individuals who were thus thrown naked Americans could be guilty of similar “ atro- and destitutę upon the world, amounted to cities.” We find. however, on the authority 19 men, 37 women,-three of the latter, and of Mr. James, that an occurrence took place two of the former, nearly 70 years of age, on Lake Erie which we believe will parallel --and 143 children. A great many of the anything, however bad, that ever occurred more respectable inhabitants were not only along the shores of the Chesapeake. We robbed, but carried off as prisoners: among give the affair in Mr. James's words : them, a member of the house of assembly,
Mr. Barnwell, though ill of fever and The Americans will not allow us to give ague. An authenticated account of this an uninterruppted detail of open and honora- most attrocious proceeding, delivered in by ble warfare. Among several petty outrages colonel Talbot, the owner of the settlement, upon private property, one that occurred on stands upon the records of the “Loyal and Lake Erie is too heinous to pass unnoticed. Patriotic Society of Upper Canada ;" yet On the 16th of August, a party of about not a whisper on the subject has escaped 100 Americans and Indians landed at Port
any one American Historian. on the evening of the 2d instant, I observed the tu have been torn to bind their wounds. We British army moving up the river on the op- took six prisoners, who stated the British force posite shore, and su pected they might make opposed to us, to consist of from 12 to 1500 à feint on Fort Erie, with an intention of a men, commanded by lieutenant colonel Tucker, real attack on the Buffalo side. I immediately of the 41st regiment. They also state that their moved and took a position on the upper side of object was to re-capture general Riall, with Conjocta Creek, and that night threw up a other British prisoners, and destroy the public battery of some logs, which I found on the stores deposited at Buffalo. The action conground, and had the brilge torn away, tinued about two hours and half. I am happy
About 2 o'clock the next morning, my to state they were completely failed in their picquets from below gave me information of the
attempts. Our loss is trifling compared with landing of nine boats full of troops, half-a-mile theirs-we had two killed and eight wounded below. I immediately got my men (210 in I am sorry to inform you that captain Hamilnumber) to their quarters, and patiently waited ston, lieutenants Wadsworth and M’Intosh are their approach. At a quarter past four they amc ngət the latter. Their gallantry in exadvanced upon us, and commenced the attack ; posing themselves to encourage their men, I sending a party before to repair the bridge under think entitles them to the notice of their the cover of their fire. When they had got at
country. My whole command behaved in a good rifle distance, I opener a heavy fire on them, manner that merited my warmest approbation; which laid a number of them on the ground, and in justice to them, I cannot avoid menand compelled them to retire. They then tioning the names of the officers which are formed in the skirt of the wood, and kept up as follwos :-Captain Hamilton, lieutenants the fight at long shot, coatinually reinforcing Wadsworth, Ryan, Calhoun, M’Intosh, Arnold, from the Canada shore, until they bad 23 boat Shortride, M'Farland, Tipton, Armstrong, loads, and then attempted to outflank us, by send-Smith, Cobbs, Davidson and Austin, with ensign ing a large body up the creek to ford it, when Page. I detached lieuts. Ryan, Smith and Armstrong,
If, sir, you believe we have done our duty, with about 60 men, to oppose their left wing,
we shall feel highly gratified. where they were again repulsed with considerable loss—fter which they appeared disposeu
I am, sir, respectfully, our obedient servant to give up their object, and retreated by
L. MORGAN. throwing six boat loads of troops on Squaw
Major 1st rijle Regiment Island, which enfiladed the creek, and prevented me from harassing their rear. Their superior
Major-General Brown. numbers enabled them to take their killed and RECAPITULATION OF OUR KILLED AND WOUNDED. wounded off the field which we plainly saw, and
Captain, Subalterns, Rank and file. observed they suffered severely. We found Wounded, 1
5 some of their dead thrown into the river, ani Killed, 0
7 and accoutrements, with clothing that appeared Aggregate....
rence, Niagara, Lady Prevost, Caledonia and
Porcupine. The fortification at Fort Erie repaired.-General
Reduced as General Drummond was by the Brown's boasts of victory.--Skirmish at
losses at Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, and Fort Lyon's Creek.---Armstrong and Ingersol on
Erie, the arrival of the 6th and 82nd regiGeneral Izzard. — Passamaquoddy Bay and ments, mustering some one thousand and the events in that quarter.
forty men was insufficient to place him in a Little time was lost by the Americans, position to threaten so formidable a post, The fortification at Fort after General Drum- especially as he had been compelled to send Erie repair, ..
six companies of the 41st to Fort George, mond's repulse, in com- and what was left of the 103rd to Burlingmencing the re-construction of the defences
ton, thus leaving himself in point of numat Fort Erie, injured by the explosion ; the
stronger than before. completion also of the new works that were in course of erection, at the time of the The heavy and constant rains, and the low assault, was pressed on so rapidly that, in a swampy grounds on which the army had been very short space of time, they were able to so long encamped, and the privations they had boast that “ Fort Erie was rendered impreg- undergone, spread typhus and intermittent nable to the attacks of any other than a vastl fevers amongst the troops, to such an extent superior force.” These defences were mount-that General Drummond, so far from being ed with twenty-seven heavy guns, and the able to assume the offensive, was compelled garrison was reinforced by new levies of to act most cautiously on the defensive. militia. It almost appeared from the strength The position of the two armies was, at this of the reinforcements as if the Americans time, as follows:- The Americans occupied were resolved at all hazards to keep posses- Fort Erie with their rear covered by the sion of Fort Erie as a sort of equipoise to ships. The British batteries were placed the British holding Fort Niagara. We learn directly in front, but strange to say were from “ sketches of the war” that three hun- guarded only by a line of piquets, the main dred and twenty regulars arrived in the St. body being about a mile and a half to the Lawrence from Lake Huron; a company of rear; we presume that this position was riflemen from Sandusky; and several other taken up by General Drummond on account detachments of regulars from Batavia and of the ground being somewhat higher and Sackett's Harbour, giving in all a force of less swampy. three thousand four hundred men, and besides
From the 1st to the 17th September little these large numbers the Fort was protected, occurred of consequence, except a few trifling lakeward, by the broadsides of the St. Law- affairs of piquets, but General Brown, who
had by this time entirely recovered from his piquets between No. 2 and No. 3 batteries, wounds, having learned from stragglers the and, having succeeded in penetrating by No. sickly condition of General Drummond's 4 piquet, part of his force turned to his left. army, and that the - General was meditating and thereby surrounded our right, and got the removal of his forces to a healthier lo-almost immediate possession of No.3 battery. cality, determined to anticipate the move- The enemy then directed his attacks, with a ments, and to gain the credit of having very superior force, towards No. 2 battery; compelled the retreat. On the afternoon of but the obstinate resistance made by the the 17th he accordingly advanced with a piquets, under every possible disadvantage, large force, and succeeded after a gallant delayed considerably his getting possession resistance in carrying the whole line of bat- of No. 2 battery; in which, however, he at teries. The Americans were, however, not last succeeded. permitted sufficient time to destroy the works, As soon as the alarm was given, the 1st indeed they were not even able to spike the brigade, being next for support, composed of guns, as detachments of the Royal Scots, the the Royal Scots, the 82nd and 89th regiments, 89th, the Glengary light infantry, three com- under Lieutenant-Colonel Gordon, received panies of the 6th and seven companies of the orders to march forward ; and also the light 82nd now made their appearance, and drove demi-brigade under Lieutenant-Colonel the enemy, at the bayonets’ point, from the Pearson: the 6th regiment remaining in batteries nearly to the glacis of Fort Erie, reserve, under Lieutenant-Colonel Camp making several prisoners in the charge and bell. From the Concession-road, the pursuit. By five o'clock the works were Royal Scots, with the 89th as support, again occupied and the line of piquets moved by the new road, and met the renewed.
the block-house, on tho As will be seen by General De Watteville's right of No. 3 battery; whom they en. letter to General Drummond the loss of the gaged, and, by their steady and intrepid conBritish in this affair was very severe.
duot checked his further progress. The 82d
The Americans acknowledge a total loss of five
regiment, and three companies of the 6th hundred and ten killed, wounded and pri
regiment, were detached to the left, in order to support Nos. 1 and 2 batteries. The
enemy having, at that time, possession of Despatch from Major-General De Watterille, No. 2 battery, and still pushing forward, to Lieutenant-General Drummond. seven companies of the 82d, under major
Camp before Fort-Erie, Proctor, and the three companies of the 6th,
Sept. 19, 1814. under major Taylor, received directions to Sır,—I have the honor to report to you, oppose the enemy's forces, and immediately that the enemy attacked, on the 17th in the charged them with the most intrepid braafternoon at three o'clock, our position be very, driving them back across our entrenchfore Fort Erie, the 2nd brigade, under colonel ments; and also from No. 2 battery, thereby Fischer, composed of the 8th and de Watte- preventing their destroying it, or damaging ville's regiments, being on duty.
its guns in a considerable degree. Lieu. Under cover of a heavy fire of his artillery tenant-Colonel Pearson, with the Glengarry from Fort Erie, and much favoured by the light infantry, under Lieutenant-Colonel nature of the ground, and also by the state Battersby, pushed forward by the centre of the weather, the rain falling in torrents road, and attacked, and carried, with great at the moment of his approach, the enemy gallantry, the new entrenchment, then in succeeded in turning the right of our line full possession of the enemy. of piquets, without being perceived, and The enemy, being thus repulsed at every with a very considerable force, attacked point, was forced to retire with precipitation both the piquets and support, in the flank to their works, leaving several prisoners, and and rear: at the same time, another of the a number of their wounded in our hands. enemy's columns attacked, in front, the By five o'clock the entrenchments were again