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A A-Road to the Falls.
B B-Road to St. David's and St. Catharine's.
CC-To Suspension Bridge.
Heights in the afternoon.
No. 1. Spot where Brock fell.
2. Brock's Monument.
3. American line as drawn up in afternoon.
6. Old Fort.
6. Vromont's Battery.
Christie, that Sir George Prevost was not, Non-arrival of reinforcements from Europe, and therefore, in a position which would warrant movements in Lower Province. - General
his weakening the force under his iminediate Brock's reception at Queenston.—Nature of command, and it will be further seen that the the country along the Niagara frontier.—Brit- activity of the enemy at various points, kept ish force along the Niagara frontier at the time him fully employed, and, indeed, coinpelled of General Brock's return from Detroit. —The him to embody another battalion of militia, force of the American army.--General Van called the fifth battalion, afterwards “CanaRanselaer's plans. Despatches of General dian chasseurs.” A corps of voyageurs was Brock. - Battle of Queenston Heights.—Des. also raised by the North-West Company, patches from the two commanding officers which was disbanded in the spring, while the compared.-Personal appearance of General merchants and tradesmen of Montreal organBrock. – Public opinion of General Brock's ized themselves into four companies of voluncharacter and value.
teers, for garrison duty and field service, in case Sir George Prevost, in his despatch to Gen. of emergency. According to Christie, our Nin-arrival of rein
Brock about the middle troops, both regular and militia, seem, at this
Eu- of September, advised, it crisis, to have had their time fully occupied, Tope, and in Lower Province. may be remembered, that for we find that a party of Americans, one officer of the impossibility of sending him any hundred and fifty strong, under Captain Forreinforcements, until there should be a "con- syth,crossed over from Gravelly Point to Ganasiderable increase to the regular force in the noque, eighteen miles below Kingston, from Province," as the presence of a large body of whence they dislodged a party of fifty militin, American regulars on the Lower Canadian and took possession of a quantity of arms and frontier required every soldier who was in the ammunition, which they carried away, after country. A short extract from Christie will burning the store and a small quantity of show how Sir George was situated, and how provisions. Mr. Christie adds—“Their confar any expectations of his being strength. duct is represented to have been disgraceful ened were realized. “The slender rein- towards the defenceless inhabitants,” We forcements that arrived were barely sufficient see also, from the same writer, that, “from to relieve the citizens of Quebec for a short the frequent interruptions of the convoys from time from garrison duty. They consisted but Montreal, or rather Lachine, to Kingston, in of the i03rd regiment from England, with a Upper Canada, by the Americans at Ogdensfew recruits from other regiments, and a bat- burg, opposite Prescott, Col. Lethbridge, comtalion of the 1st (or Royal Scots) from the manding at the latter place, formed the design West Indies; and the three battalions of Que- of dislodging the enemy, and possessing him. bec militia resumed garrison duty in the be- self of Ogdensburg. With a view of effecting ginning of October, which they continued this purpose, he assembled a force of some throughout the winter, each taking in turn its hundred and fifty men, regular and militia, Week." It is obvious, from this statement of and having collected a sufficient number of
Gen. Brock's recep
batteaux, he pushed off on the forenoon of It may, perhaps, enable the reader to the 3rd October, under cover of a cannonnade Nature of the country comprehend the difficul
along the Niagara fronfrom Prescott, with twenty-five batteaux es- tier.
ties which attended any corted by two gun-boats. They advanced movement in force, and to perceive also the without opposition, until mid channel, when causes which left the troops, on both sides, in the enemy opened a tremendous discharge such apparent ignorance of each other's tacof artillery, which checked their progress. tics, if we take a bird's-eye view of the Confusion immediately ensued, and they were general face and character of the country. Its compelled to make a precipitate retreat, with appearance at the present day is thus describthe loss of three men killed and four wounded. ed in “Canada; Past, Present, and Future," The Americans were commanded by Brigadier before, however, quoting the passage, we will General Brown, and behaved with much cool suppose the reader to be on the crest of the ness and intrepidity.” It may be as well 10 eminence immediately above Fonthill, just state that this enterprise, undertaken without twelve miles west of Chippewa. A glance at the sanction of the commander of the forces, the accompanying map will assist this. was censured by him; and that public opinion According to Mr. Smith, “The tourist condemned it also as rash. With this brief after travelling for some miles along a glance at the state of affairs in the Lower road, where his view of the country on either Province, we return to General Brock and the side of him has seldom extended beyond two Niagara frontier.
or three miles, on reaching this elevation, finds As soon as it was ascertained that the a most magnifcent panorama, as it were by
General had reached magic, displayed to his astonished vision. An ton at Queenston. Chippewa, it was sug. immense plain, extending for many miles, lies gested by Col. Holcroft, that a deputation of before and below him, studded with towns, the principal residents in the district should villages, groves and winding streams; before wait on him, to congratulate his Excellency him lies the Welland Canal, crowded with reson the complete success which had attended sels moving either way; beyond it, the perhis arms at Detroit. This deputation was ac- petually dashing, roaring cataract of Niagara, cordingly organized, and the procession met on one side, the waters of Lake Erie, and, on their General at Queenston, as he was pro- the other, those of Ontario. We know of no ceeding in an open carriage to Fort George. other spot from whence so extensive a view We have been assured by an eye-witness of can be obtained. An observatory has been the meeting, that General Brock was inex- erected on the brow of the hill, and a telescope pressibly gratified at his enthusiastic recep- is kept for the accommodation of visitors.” tion, and the deep devotion testified by each We will now observe, that the hill here member of the cortège to the cause, for which spoken of, is one of very inconsiderable elevathey were then in arnis. So re-assured, in- tion, consequently, the fatness of the surdeed, was he, as to be enabled, with rounding district presenting such an extendpolicy, to give but a cool recepti n to a party ed view, may be easily imagined. When, of Indians who had been playing fast and therefore, the country was covered with dense loose, and whose adherence to the British had forests, and it was impossible to gain, by obbeen only secured by the intelligence, just reservation, any insight into the marchings and ceived, of the successes at Detroit. It must countermarchings of either force, the difficulty have strengthened and checred the General's of obtaining correct information may be easily heart to witness the enthusiasm with which, understood, especially when we call to mind, on that occasion, so many of Canada's best that the various excellent roads which everyand bravest sons appeared to renew their where now open up the country, at that time pledge, that they were ready and willing to existed only in the prophetic imaginings of sacrifice their lives to prevent an invader's some far seeker into the future destinies of footstep polluting the soil of their native or this great Province. Adopted country. The procession, forming on We have said enough on the subject to asboth sides of the carriage, escorted General sign at least one probable cause for the apparmnh to Niagara
ently contradictory orders, which, as our nar.
rative will shew, were issued, and the conse men, of whom nearly two thirds were regular quent indecision which seemed to characterize troops."* many of the movements during the campaign Here was a force of regulars amounting to of 1812 and '13.
four thousand men, opposed to one of six
hundred; yet it will be shewn that various The whole British force along a frontier of attempts have been made by American wri.
nearly thirty-six miles ters, to assign the inferiority of numbers, as British force along the Niagara frontier at the
in extent, did not, at the the reason why the attack on Queenston so time of General Brock's date of General Brock's signally miscarried. return from Detroit.
return from Detroit, amount to more than twelve hundred men, at As it was quite out of the question for Genleast half of which were militia. These troops General
eral Brock, in the preswere disposed of in the following manner :-
ence of so superior & At Chippewa, a small detachment of the 41st, force, to adopt any other than precautionary under Capt. Bullock, and the flank companies and defensive measures, we will lay before of the 20 Lincoln militia, under Capts. R. the reader a sketch of what were really Hamilton and Rows;—at Queenston, Capts. General Van Ranselaer's views. This we are Dennis and Williams, with the flank compan- enabled to do by means of a pamphlet publishies of the 49th, with a small body of militia, ed by Col. S. Van Ranselaer, his nephew and were stationed; nearly all the remainder of aide-de-camp. the force was at Fort George, under General The instructions from General Dearborn, Sheaffe, with the exception of a few militia on which General Van Ranselaer had to base scattered here and there along the line. It his plan of operations, were as follows:will thus be seen how inadequately so extend
“At all events, we must calculate on poss. ed a frontier was defended, and how the few troops scattered along the line were exposed essing Upper Canada before winter sets in. to be cut off in detail by an energetic or en
General Harrison will, I am assured, enter terprising enemy.
Canada by Detroit, with not less than from
six to seven thousand men, exclusive of the The American army, commanded by Major troops necessary for guarding the frontier The American Army, General Van Ranselaer against Indian depredations. force of consisted, according to
The force at Sackett's Harbour and that their own official returns, * of five thousand vicinity, is over two thousand, including an
old two hundred and six men.
of regular artillery, and a large This amount in
company of old riflemen. cludes all the reinforcements which had arrived at the date of the battle of Queenston, in operation in the navy department on Lako
“I have great confidence in the exertions now but is exclusive of three hundred field and Ontario. In fact, we have nothing to fear, light artillery, with eight hundred of the 6th, and much to hope as to the ultimate success 13th, and 23d regiments at Fort Niagara. –
of measures now in operation with a view to This gives a total of over six thousand three hundred men.
Upper Canada; but much may iinmediately James disposes of this force as follows:-"Of this powerful force, sixteen depend on what may happen at your post.“ hundred and fifty regulars, under the com
Such was the confident tone of General mand of Brigadier General Smith, were at
Dearborn's instructions, and that General Van Black Rock,t-three hundred and eighty-six
Ranselear felt confidence also, may be assummilitia, at the latter place and Buffalo,-uine
ed from the admission made by his nephew, hundred regulars and twenty-two hundred
Col. S. Van Ranselear. “He did not wish to
be drawn from the object he had in view, by and seventy militia at Lewiston, distant from Black Rock, about twenty eight miles, -at a controversy with General Smyth, particuFort Niagara, were eleven hundred more, giv
larly so, as he knew that the forces which by ing a force of six thousand three hundred this time had collected in his own immediato
vicinity were amply sufficient for the purpose." • Wilkinson's Memoris, Vol. 1, page 558.
Wilkiilson's Memoirs, Vol. 1, page 553.
• Vide Wilkinson.