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X. The Ratifications of the present Treaty shall be exchanged in 6 weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. Done at Vienna, the 20th of May, in the year of our Lord 1815. (L.S.) CLANCARTY.
(L.S) THE MARQUIS DE ST. MARSAN. (L.S.) THE COUNT ROSSI.
(Annex A. A.)—CONDITIONS which are to serve as the Bases of the Union of the Genoese States to those of His Sardinian Majesty.*
[Annexed to Article IV of the preceding Treaty.]
ART. I. The Genoese shall, in every respect, be placed upon the same footing with the other Subjects of the King. They shall participate with them in the civil, judicial, military, and diplomatic Employments of the Monarchy; and, excepting the privileges which are hereafter granted and guaranteed to them, they shall be subject to the same Laws and Regulations, with such modifications as His Majesty shall judge expedient.
The Genoese Nobility shall be admitted, equally with the Nobility of the other parts of the Monarchy, to the principal Offices and Employments of the Court.
II. The Genoese Military, at present composing the Troops of Genoa, shall be incorporated with the Royal Troops; the Officers and Subaltern Officers shall retain their respective ranks.
III. The Arms of Genoa shall be introduced in the Royal Escutcheon, and its Colours in the Flag of His Majesty.
IV. The Free Port of Genoa shall be re-established, with the regulations which existed under the ancient Government of Genoa. Every facility shall be given by the King to the transit, through his States, of merchandise proceeding from that Free Port, under such restrictions as His Majesty shall judge expedient for preventing the said merchandise being illicitly sold or consumed in the Interior. It shall be subject only to the usual moderate duty.
V. A Provincial Council shall be established within the District of each Intendancy, composed of 30 Members, to be chosen from a List of 300 of the most respectable Persons, of the different Classes in each District.
They shall be named, in the first instance, by the King, and renewed in the same manner, by one-fifth, every 2 years. The retirement of the 4 first 5ths shall be decided by lot. The organization of these Councils shall be regulated by His Majesty.
* See French Version. Page 155.
The President named by the King need not be selected from the Council; but in such case, he shall not possess the right of voting. The Members cannot be re-elected until 4 years after their retirement.
The Council shall attend only to the wants and claims of the Communes of the Intendancy, as to what concerns their particular administration, and shall be allowed to make representations on the subject.
It shall assemble each year at the principal place of the Intendancy, at such period and for such length of time as His Majesty shall determine.
His Majesty shall have the right of assembling it upon extraordinary occasions, should he think fit.
The Intendant of the Province, or he who supplies his place, shall have the right of a seat in the Assembly, as the King's Commissioner.
Whenever the exigencies of the State shall require the levy of new Taxes, the King shall assemble the different Provincial Councils in such City of the ancient Genoese Territory as he shall appoint, and under the presidency of such Person as he shall have delegated for that purpose.
The President, when not chosen from the Councils, shall not have a deliberative vote.
The King shall not send to the Senate of Genoa, for registration, any Edict having for its object the imposing of extraordinary Taxes, until the assent thereto of the Provincial Councils, assembled as above, shall have been received.
A majority of 1 Vote shall determine the question in the Provin cial Councils, whether assembled separately or together.
VI. The maximum of the Taxes, which His Majesty shall have the right to establish in the States of Genoa, without consulting the United Provincial Councils, shall not exceed the proportion actually established in the other parts of his Dominions; the Taxes at present levied shall be regulated by this standard, and His Majesty reserves to himself to make such modifications, as his wisdom and his goodness towards his Genoese Subjects, may dictate, with respect to what assessment should be made, whether upon land, or by means of direct or indirect Taxation.
The maximum of the Taxes being thus regulated, whenever the wants of the State shall require the levy of new Taxes or extraordinary Duties, His Majesty shall obtain from the Provincial Councils their vote of approbation, for the sum which he shall judge it proper to propose, and for the description of Tax to be established.
VII. The Public Debt, such as it legally existed under the late French Government, is guaranteed.
VIII. Pensions, both Civil and Military, granted by the State, according to the Laws and Regulations, shall be continued to all Genoese Subjects living in His Majesty's States.
Under the same conditions, those Pensions shall be continued which have been granted to the Clergy, or to Individuals of both sexes formerly belonging to Religious Institutions; as well as those, which, by way of relief, have been granted to Genoese Nobles by the French Government.
IX. A High Court of Justice or Supreme Tribunal shall be established at Genoa, with the same powers and privileges as those of Turin, Savoy, and Nice, and which, like them, shall be called a Senate.
X. The gold and silver Currency of the ancient State of Genoa, actually in circulation, shall be received at the Public Treasuries equally with Piedmontese Coins.
XI. The Levies of Troops called Provincial Levies, in the Country of Genoa, shall not exceed the proportion of those in the other States of His Majesty. The Naval and Military Services shall be regarded alike.
XII. His Majesty shall raise a Genoese Company of Body Guards, which shall form a 4th Company of his Guards.
XIII. His Majesty shall establish at Genoa a Municipal Body, composed of 40 Nobles; 20 Citizens of independent property, or following any liberal profession, and 20 of the principal Merchants. The first appointments shall be made by the King, and the vacancies shall be filled up by the Municipal Body itself, subject to the King's approbation.
This Body shall receive from the King its particular regulations with respect to its President and the division of its labours.
The Presidents of this Body shall take the title of Syndics, and shall be chosen from among its Members.
The King reserves to himself, whenever he shall judge it proper, to appoint a Person of the first distinction as President of the Municipal Body.
The powers belonging to the Municipal Body shall be, the Administration of the City Revenues, the Superintendence of the Petty Police of the City, and the care of its Public Charitable Institutions.
A Commissioner of the King shall assist at the sittings and deliberations of the Municipal Body.
The Members of this Body shall wear a particular dress, and the Syndics shall have the privilege of wearing a robe or gown similar to that of the Presidents of Tribunals.
XIV. The University of Genoa shall be maintained, and shall enjoy the same privileges as that of Turin.
His Majesty will consider of the means of providing for its
His Majesty shall take this Establishment under his special protection, as well as the other Institutions of instruction, education, the belles lettres, and charity, which shall also be maintained.
His Majesty will preserve to his Genoese Subjects, the exhibitions which they enjoy in the College called the Lyceum, at the expense of Government; reserving to himself the adoption of such regulations upon this subject as he shall judge proper.
XV. The King shall preserve to Genoa, a Tribunal and a Chamber of Commerce, with the powers actually belonging to those 2 Establishments.
XVI. His Majesty shall take into his particular consideration, the situation of Persons in the States of Genoa who are now in Office.
XVII. His Majesty will consider the plans and propositions which may be presented to him upon the means of re-establishing the Bank of St. George.
(Annex B.B.)-CESSION made by His Majesty the King of Sardinia, to the Canton of Geneva.*
[Annexed to Article VII of the preceding Treaty.]
ART. 1. His Majesty the King of Sardinia places at the disposal of the High Allied Powers, that part of Savoy which is situated between the River Arve, the Rhone, the Limits of that part of Savoy occupied by France, and Mount Salève, as far as Veiry inclusive, also that part which lies between the high road, called that of the Simplon, the Lake of Geneva, and the present Territory of the Canton of Geneva, from Venezas to the point where the River of Hermance crosses the said road; and from thence, following the course of that River to where it enters the Lake of Geneva, to the East of the Village of Hermance (the whole of the road of the Simplon continuing to be possessed by His Majesty the King of Sardinia) in order that these Countries may be united to the Canton of Geneva; with the reservation, however, of determining more precisely, by Commissioners respectively, the Limits, particularly of that part which relates to the demarcation above Veiry, and on Mount Salève. His Majesty renounces, for Himself and his Successors, in perpetuity, all rights of Sovereignty, and other rights which may belong to him, in all the Places and Territories comprised in this Line of Frontier, without exception or reservation.
II. His Majesty consents that the communication between the Canton of Geneva and the Valais, by the road of the Simplon, shall be established, in the same manner as it has been agreed to by France, between Geneva and the Canton of Vaud, by the route of Versoy. A free communication shall also be at all times granted for the Genevese Militia, between the Territory of Geneva and the jurisdiction of
* See French Version. Page 158.
Jussy, and such facilities shall be allowed as may be necessary for proceeding by the lake to the said road of the Simplon.
III. On the other hand, His Majesty being averse to giving his consent that a part of his Territory should be ceded to a State whose prevailing Religion is different, without securing to the Inhabitants of the Country so ceded by him, the certain enjoyment of the free exercise of their Religion, the means of keeping up their Religious Establishments, and the free enjoyment of all rights of Citizenship;
It is agreed, that:
1. The Roman Catholic Religion shall be maintained and protected, in the same manner as at present, in all the Communes ceded by His Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be united to the Canton of Geneva.
2. The existing parishes which are neither dismembered nor divided. by the new Frontier Line, shall retain their present Boundaries, and shall be served by the same number of Clergymen; and with regard to the dismembered portions, which are not sufficiently extensive to constitute a parish, application shall be made to the Bishop of the Diocese, to obtain their annexation to some other parish of the Canton of Geneva.
3. If the number of Protestants in the said Communes ceded by His Majesty, is less than that of the Roman Catholics, the School. masters shall at all times be Roman Catholics.
No Protestant place of worship shall be established, excepting 1 iu the Town of Carrouge.
Two-thirds, at least, of the Municipal Officers shall always be Roman Catholics; and of the 3 Individuals who fill the office of Mayor, and his 2 Assistants, 2 shall always be Roman Catholics.
In case the number of Protestants, in any of the Communes, shall equal that of the Roman Catholics, they shall stand upon an equal footing, and shall be alternately elected to the Municipal Body, and to the Office of Mayor; in this case, however, there shall always be a Roman Catholic Schoolmaster, even if there be a Protestant one established.
The present Article is not intended to prevent Protestants, residing in a Commune inhabited by Roman Catholics, from erecting, at their own expense, a private Chapel, for the exercise of their religion, if they think proper; or from having likewise, at their own expense, a Protestant Schoolmaster, for the private education of their Children.
4. The Funds, Revenues, and the Administration of existing Charitable Endowments and Institutions, shall remain untouched; and private Individuals shall not be prevented from making new ones.
5. The new Government shall continue the provision made by the present Government, for the support of the Clergy and of Religious Worship.
6. The Roman Catholic Church, now established at Geneva, shall