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upon a Paper which I consider, not as your Imperial Majesty's, but as the argument of the Person who is the Advocate with your Imperial Majesty, of the Measures against which I have ventured to


I am, Sire, with the most entire deference and profound respect, &c.

CASTLEREAGH. His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias.

(Annex.)-British Memorandum. (Extracts.)

Let us examine, under what circumstances, and with what views these Treaties were made; and ascertain, with somewhat more of precision than the Writer has manifested, what has occurred to annul their provisions, or to place at the disposal of one of the Contracting Parties, namely Russia, the right of the 2 others, without their express consent.

The Treaty of the 27th of June, 1813, was the Treaty, upon the faith of which, Austria, being still at Peace with France, bound herself to engage in the War, if her mediation failed to effect a Peace, upon certain principles agreed upon with the Allies.

In determining thus to hazard her existence in the Field, Austria stipulated 2 conditions, both of local importance to her interests and military security; the one was the recovery of her Illyrian Provinces, the other was that she should receive a proportion of the Duchy of Warsaw, which had in part been constructed of Territories but recently wrested from her own Dominions.


Can it be argued from the then state of the Campaign, as rational, or possible to suppose, that Austria would have signed a new Treaty, gratuitously surrendering in September, pretensions, to which she had in June, for obvious reasons, attached the first importance? The Allied Armies, previous to the 9th of September, on which day this Instrument bears date, had obtained important successes before Berlin, in Silesia, and at Culm, but they were still confined within the defiles of Bohemia. Bonaparte was in force at Dresden, and on the line of the Elbe; and the fate of the Campaign was in suspense.



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The Writer of the Memoir has informed us, when arguing on the Article of 1797, that, with the first War, or even what he calls a change of circumstances, the guarantee, however solemn, is dissolved: his series of reasoning is, that War cancels the guarantee, that successful War justifies demands for additional compensation and a new partition, consequently further incorporation into the New Monarchy, under the

Russian Sceptre, of the adjacent Polish Provinces, thus supposed to be secured by a guarantee to Prussia and Austria.

The complacency with which this progress is contemplated, and the facility with which the pretensions of neighbouring Powers are to be satisfied, by extending the partitioning principle, beyond the pale of Poland, to other parts of Europe, are certainly not calculated, should such an authority be unfortunately listened to, to dissipate apprehensions as to the future.

But it is alleged that, admitting the Treaties to be still binding, the Arrangements intended by Russia, with respect to the Duchy of Warsaw, will amply and liberally fulfil their stipulations.

(4.)- The Emperor of Russia to Viscount Castlereagh. MILORD,

Vienne, le' Novembre, 1814. Ayant pris connaissance du Mémoire que vous m'avez transmis en dernier lieu, j'ai jugé nécessaire qu'il y fut fait Réponse, tant pour réfuter quelques assertions peu solides qui s'y trouvoient consignées, que pour donner une nouvelle preuve de la pureté de mes intentions, et de l'invariabilité de mes principes.

J'espère, Milord, que cet envoy fera la clôture de cette Correspon. dance Particulière; vous priant de faire passer vos Papiers d'Office par Ja voye habituelle.

Recevez l'assurance de ma considération très distinguée.
S. E. Lord Castlercagh.


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(See Correspondence between the Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia, relative to Polund; October, 1814, to February, 1815; Pages 549, 773.)




Accessioxs to Treutics. See Treaties.
ACCOUNTS, Financial, Commercial, &c. See Great BRITAIN,

Act of the British Parliament. Trade of Malta with Great Britain and
British America

..230 March, 1815. 402
.... of do.....
... Regulations relative to ens.

12th May, 1815. 409
... of do.......

Abolition of the Commercial Privileges
of the South Seu Company:

12th May, 1815, 428
of do.....

Amendment of do......6th July, 1815. 435
of do..

Pilotage Dues upon Foreign Vessels in

the Port of London., J4th June, 1815, 437
.... of do.......

Execution of the Convention with The

Netherlands and Russia, of 19th Maya
1815. Russiun Dutch Loan.

28th June, 1815. 439
.... of do......

Trude with certain French Colonies,
during Hostilities with France.

6th July, 1815. 411
.... of do.....

..Trade with The United States.

12th July, 1815. 442
Act. Acceptance of the Sovereignty of the Belgian Provinces by

the Prince Soverciyn .. ..The Hayne, 21st July, 1811. 111
Acceptance of the Declaration of Sarony by the Plenipoten-

tiaries of the Five Courts. Rights of the House of Schon-

Vienna, 19th May, 1915. 94
Act of the Congress of The L'nited States. Military Pruce Estab.

.311 March, 1815, 516
of do, Discriminating Duti:s upon Trade of Foreign Nations
in American Ports...

.30 March, 1815. 985
Acts of Accession to Treaties. Scc Treaties.

(Additional) to Treaties. See TREATIES.

Africa. Exportation of Gunpowder, Arms, &c. to. British Orders
in Council...

. February, July, 1815. 925, 935
ALIENS. Regulations relative io. Act of the British Pärliument.

12th May, 1815. 409
do. Proclamations of the Prince Regent of Grent

2d June, 1815. 928, 930
AMERICA, United States of North. See UNITED STATES.

ANHALT Dessau, Bernburg, and Cötuen. Trcaty of Accession to

the Treaty of Alliance against Bonaparte, of 25th March,

Vienna, 271) April, 1815, 478
Federatire Constitution of Germany. Vienna, 8th June, 1815. 114
Treaty with Great Britain. Subsidy.. Paris, 10th July, 1815. 494


Arms, AMMUNITION, &c. Prohibition of the carrying Coastwise, or

the Exportation of, beyond Seas, excepting to the Coast of

Africa. British Orders in Council ... Feb. July, 1815. 925, 935
ARTICLES, Additional. See Treaties.
AUSTRIA. Congress at Vienna. Conferences between the Plenipoten-

tiaries..Sept. 1814 to June, 1815. 549
Correspondence between The Em-

peror of Russia and the British

Plenipotentiary. Poland. 1814. 1173
Correspondence between the Pleni-
potentiaries. Poland, and Sarony.

1814, 1815. 519, 773
Correspondence. The French to

the British Plenipotentiary.

Sovereignty of Naples. 1814. 1071, 814
Correspondence. Union of Genoa with

Sardinia ......J814, 1815. 306,519
Declaration of the 8 Powers against

Bonaparte. 13th March, 1815. 665
Treaty of Alliance against Bona-

parte. 25th March, 1815. 443,450,727
Treaties of Accession to do....... 456
Additional Convention. Subsidy.

30th April, 1815. 452
Correspondence. Accession of France

to Treaty of Alliance against
Bonaparte, of 25th March, 1815.

27th March, 1815..674, 678
Correspondence. Accession of Swit-

zerland to do. ......May, 1815. 1116
Correspondence. Accession of Spain

to do....... March, June, 1815. 1111
Correspondence. Affairs of Swit-

March, 1815. 673
Procès Verbal against Bonaparte.

12th May, 1815. 727
Accessions to do...

General Treaty....9th June, 1815. 3,6
Proclamation. Incorporation of the Lombardo-Venetian

Kingdom with Austria ...... Vienna, 7th April. 1815. 906
Papers. Relations between Austria and Great Britain
and Marshal Murat, King of Naples.....

1814, 1815. 226
Declaration of W'ar against Naples.

Vienna, 12th April, 1815. 297
Constitution of the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom.

Vienna, 24th April, 1815. 908
Federative Constitution of Germany.

Vienna, 8th June, 1813, 114
TREATIES, &c. with Foreign POWERS, viz:

with Bavaria and Prussia. Convention. T'er-

ritorial......Creuznach, 28th May, 1815. 913
France. Accession to Treaty of Alliance,
of the 25th March, 1815, against Bona-

parte... Vienna, 27th March, 1815. 674,678
France, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia,
Russia, Spain, and Sweden. General Con-
gress Treaty...Vienna, 9th June, 1815. 3,6

Declaration. Abolition of Slave

Trade. Vienna, 8th Feb. 1815. 162



with France, &c.

Regulations. Free Navigation

of Rivers..29th March, 1815. 162
Regulation. Precedence be-
tween Diplomatic Agents.

Vienna 19th March, 1815. 179
... France, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia,

Russid, Spain, and Sweden. Declaration,
&c. Helvetic Confederation,

March, May, 1815. 142, 147
............. France and Great Britain. Convention.

Defensive Alliance.

Vienna, 3d January, 1815. 1001
Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia. Treaty.

Alliance against Bonaparte.

Vienna, 25th March, 1815. 443
Declarations. Government

of France..... .727, 450 Convention. Alliance and

Subsidy...... Vienna, 30th April, 1815. 452
... Naples. Treaty. Alliance.

Naples, 11th January, 1814. 228
Additional Article to do.

Chaumont, 3d March, 1814. 233 Conventions. Surrender of Naples,

Gaeta, &c...May, August, 1815. 1073
Netherlands. Treaty. Kingdom of the


Vienna, 31st May, 1815. 136, 982
do. Act. Sovereignty of Belgium.

The Hague, 21st July, 1814. 141
.... do. Convention. Debts of Belgium.

Vienna, 11th October, 1815. 983
Prussia, Russia, &c. Convention. Mi.

litary.. Vienna, 24th April, 1815. 991
Prussia and Russia. Treaty. Cracow.

Vienna, 3d May, 1815. 74
Prussia, Russia, &c. Conventions, Mi.

litury..... Vienna, 19th May, 1815. 995, 997
Prussia and Hesse Darmstadt. Conven-
tion. Territorial.

Vienna, 10th June, 1815. 831
Rome. Convention. Passage of Aus-

trian Troops through the Papal Terri-
tory..... Rome, 14th August, 1815. 1096
Russia. Treaty. Poland.

Vienna, 3d May, 1815. 56
Sardinia. Treaty. Territorial.

Vienna, 20th May, 1815. 152, 959
do. Convention. Military.

Vienna, Ist June, 1815. 1069
Saxony. Treaty. Territorial.

Vienna, 18th May, 1815. 84
Declaration, &c. House of Schon-

.... Wirtemberg. Convention. Passage of
Austrian Troops through Wirtemberg:

Vienna, 5th April, 1815. 914


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