Making American Foreign Policy: President-Congress Relations from the Second World War to the Post-Cold War Era

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Rowman & Littlefield, 1994 - History - 251 pages
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Expanded from the original edition to include the post-Cold War era, Making American Foreign Policy explores the struggle between the President and the Congress to shape U.S. foreign policy from World War II, through Vietnam and "Operation Desert Storm," to the Clinton Administration's policy in Somalia. Case studies make the book especially useful for classroom teaching and the six common themes identified give students a more focused understanding of foreign policy formulation.

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Contents

Introduction
1
Constitutional Setting
2
The Cases Studied
7
Congress and Collective Security The Resolutions of 1943
15
Republicans to Be Consulted
17
The House Acts First
20
Hull Facilitates Congressional Action
21
The Senate Follows Suit
24
The Senate Consents
103
Summing Up
104
Kennedy and the Congress The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963
107
Kennedys Efforts
110
Congressional Doubts
111
A Bipartisan Strategy
114
Dirksens Role
120
Summing Up
122

Summing Up
28
Epilogue
29
Congress and Bipartisanship The Formation of NATO 1949
31
Forming NATO
33
Fully Bipartisan?
35
Congressional Opposition
37
The Treaty Approved
41
Summing Up
42
Congress and Franco Spain The Pact of Madrid 1953
47
The Spanish Lobby
50
The Administration Weakens
57
Negotiations and Agreement
64
Summing Up
66
Epilogue
67
Congress and the Cold War USChina Policy 1955
69
Truman and Chiang Kaishek
70
The New Look
71
LegislativeExecutive Relations
72
Into the Abyss
74
Hitting First
76
Ridgway Not Consulted
77
Lehman Langer and Morse
78
UN Agenda Items
80
Treaty Ties Approved
80
Summing Up
81
Congress and the Middle East The Eisenhower Doctrine 1957
83
Dulles and the Middle East
85
Congress and the High Dam
87
Dulles and the Doctrine
89
A Bipartisan Strategy
92
Dulles under Fire
95
The Senate Balks
99
Nixon Versus the Congress The War Powers Resolution 1973
125
Political Context
128
Nixon and the War
130
Congressional Assertiveness
132
The War Powers Resolution
134
Nixon versus the Congress
139
Summing Up
141
The Grenada Intervention 1983
143
Decision to Intervene
145
Combat and Congressional Response
147
The Trust Factor
151
Summing Up
153
Congress and the Gulf War From Desert Shield to Desert Storm 1991
155
Desert Shield
157
Congressional Resistance
159
Authorizing War
161
Summing Up
164
Common Themes and a Look at Clintons Congressional Relations
167
Common Themes
171
Clinton and the Congress
184
Clinton the Congress and Somalia
187
The Fulbright Resolution
189
The Vandenberg Resolution
191
The Formosa Resolution
193
War Powers Resolution
195
Authorization for Use of Military Force against Iraq Resolution
201
Notes
203
Bibliography
229
Index
243
About the Author
251
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Philip J. Briggs is professor of political science at East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania

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