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Extract from act of Congress of February 20, 1907, creating and defining the duties the Immigration Commission.

That a commission is hereby created, consisting of three Senators, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and three Members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and three person to be appointed by the President of the United States. Said commission shall mak full inquiry, examination, and investigation, by subcommittee or otherwise, into th subject of immigration. For the purpose of said inquiry, examination, and investi gation said commission is authorized to send for persons and papers, make all necessary travel, either in the United States or any foreign country, and, through the chairma of the commission, or any member thereof, to administer oaths and to examine wit nesses and papers respecting all matters pertaining to the subject, and to emplo necessary clerical and other assistance. Said commission shall report to Congress the conclusions reached by it, and make such recommendations as in its judgment may seem proper. Such sums of money as may be necessary for the said inquiry, exami nation, and investigation are hereby appropriated and authorized to be paid out o the "immigrant fund" on the certificate of the chairman of said commission, includ ing all expenses of the commissioners, and a reasonable compensation, to be fixed by the President of the United States, for those members of the commission who are no Members of Congress;

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a Died February 20, 1908.

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Appointed to succeed Mr. Latimer, February 25, 1908. Died December 22, 1909 Appointed to succeed Mr. McLaurin, March 16, 1910.

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BRIEF STATEMENT OF THE CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION, WITH VIEWS OF THE MINORITY.

INTRODUCTORY.

The Immigration Commission was created by section 39 of the immigration act of February 20, 1907, which provides as follows:

That a commission is hereby created, consisting of three Senators, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and three members of the House of Representatives, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and three persons to be appointed by the President of the United States. Said commission shall make full inquiry, examination, and investigation, by subcommittee or otherwise, into the subject of immigration. For the purpose of said inquiry, examination, and investigation said commission is authorized to send for persons and papers, make all necessary travel, either in the United States or any foreign country, and through the chairman of the commission, or any member thereof, to administer oaths and to examine witnesses and papers respecting all matters pertaining to the subject, and to employ necessary clerical and other assistance. Said commission shall report to Congress the conclusions reached by it, and make such recommendations as in its judgment may seem proper. Such sums of money as may be necessary for the said inquiry, examination, and investigation are hereby appropriated and authorized to be paid out of the "immigrant fund on the certificate of the chairman of said commission, including all expenses of the commissioners, and a reasonable compensation, to be fixed by the President of the United States, for those members of the commission who are not Members of Congress; *

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THE IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION OF 1907.

When the bill which was finally enacted as the immigration law of February 20, 1907, was reported from the Senate Committee on Immigration March 29, 1906, it proposed several important amendments to the existing law. However, no change in the immigration policy of the Government was suggested. The duty or "head tax" on immigrants was increased from $2 to $5; imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, unaccompanied children under 17 years of age, and persons "who are found to be and are certified by the examining surgeon as being mentally or physically defective, such mental or physical defect being of a nature which may affect the ability of such aliens to earn a living," were added to the excluded classes; the provision of existing law excluding prostitutes was amended to include "women or girls coming into the United States for the purpose of prostitution or for any other immoral purpose;" steamship companies were required to furnish lists of outgoing alien passengers; and the creation of a division of distribution in the Bureau of Immigration was authorized. In the Senate the bill was amended by the insertion of a literacy test, which provided for the exclusion from the United States ofall persons over 16 years of age and physically capable of reading who can not read the English language or some other language; but an admissible immigrant or a person now in or hereafter admitted to this country may bring in or send for his wife, his children under 18 years of age, and his parents or grandparents over 50 years of age, if they are otherwise admissible, whether they are so able to read or not.

a Senate bill 4403, Fifty-ninth Congress, first session.

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