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enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and for other purposes,"

approved June fifteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other

purposes, approved May 16, 1918.

An act to prevent in time of war departure from or entry into the United States

contrary to the public safety, approved May 22, 1918..

An act making appropriations to supply additional urgent deficiencies in appro-

priations for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and

eighteen, on account of war expenses and for other purposes, approved

June 4, 1918

An act inaking appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for

the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nineteen, and for

other purposes, approved July 1, 1918.

An act making appropriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nineteen, and for other purposes, ap-

proved July 1, 1918...

An act making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial ex-

penses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen

hundred and nineteen, and for other purposes, approved July 3, 1918.

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the

fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, and prior

fiscal years, on account of war expenses, and for other purposes, approved

July 8, 1918..

An act making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense, for

the armament thereof, for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial and

service, and for other purposes, approved July 8, 1918..

An act providing for the protection of the uniform of friendly nations, and for

other purposes, approved July 8, 1918....

An act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year

ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nineteen, approved July 9,

1918..

An act conferring on the President power to prescribe charter rates and freight

rates and to requisition vessels, and for other purposes, approved July 18,

1918.

An act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal

year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nineteen, approved Oc-

tober 1, 1918

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, and prior fiscal years, on accountof warex-

penses, and for other purposes, approved November 4, 1918.

An act relating to the importation, manufacture, production, compounding,

sale, dealing in, dispensing, and giving away of opium or coca leaves, their

salts, derivatives, or preparations thereof, approved February 24, 1919.

An act making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial

expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, and

for other purposes, approved March 1, 1919.

An act to provide for the fourteenth and subsequent decennial censuses,

approved March 3, 1919.

An act making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense,

for the armament thereof, and for the procurement of heavy ordnance for

trial and service, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, and for other pur-

poses, approved March 3, 1919

An act making appropriations for the Diplomatic and Consular Service for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, approved March 4, 1919.

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, and prior fiscal years, and for other purposes,

approved July 11, 1919

An act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year

ending June 30, 1920, and for other purposes, approved July 11, 1919.

An act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government

for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, and for other purposes, approved

July 19, 1919

An act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1920, approved July 24, 1919

Joint resolution making Sundry Civil Appropriations available from July 1,

1919, approved July 31, 1919

200

214

An act entitled National Prohibition Act, approved by passage after veto; by

the House of Representatives, October 27, 1919; by the Senate, October

28, 1919..

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, and prior fiscal years, and for other pur-

poses, approved November 4, 1919.

An act regulating further the entry of aliens into the United States, presented

to the President October 29, 1919, and not having been returned by him to

the house of Congress in which it originated within the time prescribed by the

Constitution of the United States, became a law without his approval

An act to deport certain undesirable aliens and to deny readmission to those

deported, approved May 10, 1920.

An act making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense, for

the armament thereof, and for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial

and service, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, and for other purposes,

approved May 21, 1920

An act making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial ex-

penses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, and for

other purposes, approved May 29, 1920.

An act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1921, approved May 31, 1920..

An act making appropriations for the Diplomatic and Consular Service for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, approved June 4, 1920....

An act to remove a certain tract or lots of land in Cristobal, Canal Zone, from

the operation and effect of the Executive order of the President of December

5, 1912, pursuant to the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912 (Thirty-seventh

Statutes, chapter 390, page 565), approved June 5, 1920

An act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, and for other purposes, approved June

5, 1920.

An act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year

ending June 30, 1921, and for other purposes, approved June 5, 1920

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, and prior fiscal years, and for other pur-

poses, approved June 5, 1920.

An act authorizing suits against the United States in Admiralty, salvage

service, and providing for release of merchant vessels belonging to the

United States, approved March 9, 1920..

An act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in the appropriations for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, and prior fiscal years, and for other

purposes, approved March 1, 1921.

An act making appropriations for the Diplomatic and Consular Service for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 19 appr March 2, 1921.
An act making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense, for

the armament thereof, and for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial

and service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, and for other purposes,

approved March 3, 1921...

Joint resolution declaring that certain Acts of Congress, joint resolutions, and

proclamations shall be construed as if the war had ended and the present or

existing emergency expired, approved March 3, 1921.

An act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, and for other purposes, approved

March 4, 1921.

An act relating to the landing and operation of submarine cables in the United

States, May 27, 1921.

An act to provide a national budget system, etc.

221

INTRODUCTION.

This annotated volume of TREATIES AND ACTS OF CONGRESS RELATING TO THE PANAMA CANAL is published in conjunction with an annotated volume of Executive Orders Relating to The Panama Canal and an annotated volume of Laws of the Canal Zone.

All page number references in the footnotes are to this volume, unless otherwise indicated.

The following abbreviations are used in footnote references: "E. O. 260" to indicate reference to page 260 of volume of Executive Orders Relating to The Panama Canal; “L. C. Z. 140" to indicate page 140 of the volume of Laws of the Canal Zone; “2 C. 2. Rept. 123" to indicate page 123 of volume 2 of Reports of the Supreme Court of the Canal Zone. Where the Treaties and Acts of Congress Relating to The Panama Canal are referred to in other volumes, the abbreviation used is: "T. & A. 205."

11

TREATIES RELATING TO THE PANAMA CANAL.

Convention as to ship-canal connecting Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, 1850. (Clayton

Bulwer Treaty.) Concluded April 19, 1850; ratification advised by the Senate May 22, 1850; ratified by the President May 23, 1850; ratificatiois exchanged July 4, 1850; proclaimed July 5, 1850.

ARTICLES.

1. Declarations as to control of canal, occupation of territory, and commercia!

advantages.
II. Neutrality of canal in case of war.
III. Protection of construction.
IV. Mutual influence to facilitate construction.
V. Guarantee of neutrality.
VI. Cooperation of other States.
VII. Mutual encouragement to speedy construction.
VIII. Protection to other communications.

IX. Ratification. The United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which is so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a Convention their views and intentions with reference to any means of communication by ship canal, which may be constructed between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by the way of the River San Juan de Nicaragua and either or both of the Lakes of Nicaragua or Managua, to any port or place on the · Pacific Ocean,-The President of the United States has conferred full powers on John M. Clayton, Secretary of State of the United States; and Her Britannic Majesty on the Right Honorable Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, a member of Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, Knight Commander of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Her Britannic Majesty to the United States, for the aforesaid purpose; and the said Plenipotentiaries having exchanged their full powers, which were found to be in proper form, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE I.

The Governments of the United States and Great Britain hereby declare, that neither the one nor the other will ever obtain or maintain for itself any exclusive control over the said Ship Canal; agreeing that neither will ever erect or maintain any fortifications commanding the same, or in the vicinity thereof, or occupy, or fortify, or colonize, or assume or exercise any dominion over Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito Coast, or any part of Central America; nor will either make use of any protection which either affords or may afford, or any alliance which either has or may have, to or with any State or People for the purpose of erecting or maintaining any such fortifications, or of occupying, fortifying, or colonizing Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito Coast, or any part of Central America, or of assuming or exercising dominion over the same; nor will the United States or Great Britain take advantage of any intimacy, or use any alliance, connection or influence that either may possess with any State or Government through whose territory the said Canal may pass, for the purpose of acquiring or holding, directly or indirectly, for the citizens or subjects of the one, any rights or advantages in regard to commerce or navigation through the said canal which shall not be offered on the same terms to the citizens or subjects of the other.

Superseded by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty. p. 16.

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