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THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

For the Year 1816.

GENERAL HISTORY.

CHAPTER 1.

Parliamentary proceedings.--Speech of the Prince Regent.Debate on

the address in the House of Commons.Motion for naval monument.Mr. Brougham's motion relative to the Christian treaty, and the treaty of Vienna, Jan. 1815.-- Financial exposition of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and debates.--Mr. Greenfell's motion concerning transactions between the public and the Bank of England. --Lord Grenville's motion on the peace establishment of the army.--Debates on the same in the House of Commons.— Navy estimates, and debates.

N Feb. 1 the speech of the maintaining that alliance between

Prince Regent on opening the confederate powers from the session of parliament was de- which so many advantagos had livered by conimission. It began been derived. It was then menwith adverting to the re-establish tioned that copies of the treaties ment of his Most Christian Ma- and conventions concluded, had jesty's authority in the capital of been ordered to be laid before his dominions, in consequence of both houses--that the extraordithe successes of the allied arms, nary situation in which the powers and the subsequent arrangements of Europe had been placed by the to provide for the lasting repose circumstances of the French revoand security of Europe ; express- lution, had induced the allies to ing his Royal Highness's convic- adopt precautionary measures, in tion that Parliament will be sen- which his Royal Highness had sible of the great importance of concurred, and that he relied on Vol. LVIII.

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their co-operation for carrying assure his Royal Highness that them into effect. The House of the House would speedily underCommons was next congratulated take a revisal of our civil and on the flourishing condition of the military establishments, and also manufactures, commerce, and re- would at an early period take into venue of the kingdom, and assur- serious consideration the present ed that they might rely upon every state of the country. disposition on the part of his The amendment having been Royal Highness to concur in such seconded by Lord John Russel, the measures of economy as would be Chancellor of the Exchequer in refound consistent with the security ply began with refuting the charge of the country, and the station of delay respecting the treaties, by which it occupies in Europe. No- the assertion that the treaty of tice was then taken of the com- peace was only signed on Novemmercial treaty with America ; of ber 20th, and that the exchange the termination of hostilities in of the ratifications did not take Ceylon, and the subsequent ar- place till the 20th of January, so rangement with respect to that that only ten days had elapsed beisland; and of the armistice pre- fore the communication was made paratory to a negociation for peace to parliament, from which period in India : and the speech con- was to be deducted the time of cluded with expressing the Prince its transmission from Paris, and Regent's determination, by the of printing the papers. With réjustice and moderation of his con- spect to the other topics of the duct, to endeavour to maintain amendment, he maintained that the high character which this the speech contained every pledge country has acquired with the which the House could reasonably world, and his hope that the same desire. After a few financial obunion among ourselves, which servations, he then took occasion has brought this eventful strug- to avow the intention of ministers gle to so happy an issue, will con- to continue the income tax at the tinue to promote the public pros- rate of five per cent. perity.

In the debate on this occasion The usual address on the speech several members on each side was agreed to without opposition took a part; but as it was no in the House of Lords. In the more than a kind of preludial House of Commons, after the ad- contest, in which a variety of todress had been moved and se- pics were touched upon in the way conded, Mr. Brand rose to move of conversation, there is no nean amendment, the substance of cessity for entering into partiwhich was to censure the minis- culars. When the division on the ters for not having, without un- amendment took place, the House necessary delay, convened parlia- was so much thinned, that the ment for the purpose of commu- members were no more than For cating those important treaties the Amendment 23, Against it 90: which were now to be laid before Majority 67. Neither the mover them, after having been acted nor seconder appeared in the upon for several months; and to division.

When

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