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tory, held on Sept. 4th. His Holi- province of Avignon . and the ness begins this address with in- county of Venaissin within France, forming his “venerable brothers" and the province of Ferrara on that he could have wished to apprize the left bank of the Po, belonging them earlier of the restitution of to the Holy See as much as the several of their provinces, but restored parts, and of which he that he waited for its completion. does not despair the restitution, He acquaints them that Cardinal or at least an equivalent compenGonsalvi, after fulfilling the com- sation. Proceeding to spiritual mission with which he was charg- concerns, he mentions that the ed to his most Christian Majesty, legate had been instructed to seize proceeded to London, where were the opportunity presented by the assembled the allied sovereigns, projected establishment of the afwith the exception of the Emperor fairs of Germany, to secure upon Francis, and renewed a spectacle their ancient footing the interests which had not been seen for two of the Catholic church in that centuries, that of the public ap- country; but that his labours had pearance of a Cardinal Legate, not hitherto produced any effects, decorated with the distinguishing the congress having been dis. marks of his dignity. He' was solved without any definitive arreceived (the Pope says) at the rangement. court of the Prince Regent, with The attempts of the papal court such marks of kindness and at- to restore the ancient order of tachment to our person, that it things even in Italy were not every was impossible to manifest more. where alike successful. At FloThe legate then delivered a brief rence the re-introduction of mort to each of the sovereigns, soli- main, and the re-establishment citing the restitution of the pro- of the religious orders, met with vinces of which the Holy See had difficulties from the government; been deprived, and stating its and in the Austrian dominions of rights to them. The departure Italy little regard was paid to the of the legate to the congress at wishes of the Pope. The King Vienna is then mentioned, and of Sardinia, on the other hand, his conduct there, the result of showed himself an obedient son which was the restoration of the of the church; and some useful three Legations. For this event public establishments were obacknowledgments are made to liged to give way to the return of those Princes who do not belong monks and nuns. That Soveto the Romish church, and parti- reign, and those of Sicily and cular gratitude is expressed to the Spain, appear to have been the Prince Regent of England for his only catholic monarchs who yieldearnestness in their behalf, which ed to the application for restor. was of great advantage to their ing the order of Jesuits in their cause at the congress. The Pope dominions. then confesses that his joy at this The occupation of Elba by the restitution is somewhat abated by Grand Duke of Florence, though the still continued retention of the an event of no considerable im

portance,

portance, may deserve recording, at first asked for a suspension of on account of the interest attach- arms in order to treat of a sured to that island when the resi- render; but this not being granted, dence of Buonaparte. A body of a convention was entered into, Tuscan troops landed upon it on in consequence of which the TusJuly 30th, and invested Porto cans took possession of all the Ferrajo, the commandant of which military posts of the island.

CHAPTER

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America.-Remaining Incidents of the War with the United States.

Capture of the President Frigate.-Failure of the Attack on New Orleans.-Fort Mobille taken.- Treaty of Peace ratified, and President's Message.Treaty with the Creeks.- Actions of the American Navy against the Barbary Powers.-Commercial Connection with Great Britain.-President's Message in December. --South America.- Arrival of the Spanish Expedition.— Potosi tuken by the Insurgents.-Operations in Venezuela.--Mexico.-Insurrection prevented in Martinique.-Guadaloupe declares for Buonaparte : its Reduction by the British.-Further Occurrences.Transactions in the Assembly of Jamaica.

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THE signature of peace box half, when the Endymion's sails

tween Great Britain and being cut from the yards, the the United States of America at American got a-head. At length, the end of the last year could not the Pomone coming up, and operate to put a period to hostili- firing a few shots, Commodore ties till it had been made known Decatur hailed to say he had surand ratified beyond the Atlantic; rendered. The loss was consiand several actions remain to be derable in both the ships, but related as the conclusion of a de- much the greatest on board the structive war, which wisdom and President. She was a frigate of temper might have entirely pre- the largest rate, and had on board vented.

about 490 persons. On January 15th a British A series of operations of the squadron, consisting of the Ma- British army in the neighbourjestic, Capt. Hayes, and three hood of New Orleans occupied frigates, being stationed off the the last week of December and a coast of New York, in order to part of January. An army had prevent

the escape of the United been collected for an attack on State's ship President, Commo- that town under the command of dore Decatur, and other vessels, Major-Gen. Keane, which, with from Staten Island, descried the the assistance of Admiral Sir. President attempting to get to Alexander Cochrane, was disemsea, and commenced a general barked without resistance on the chase. After a run of many hours, 23d. During the following night the Endymion frigate got along the troops were assaulted with side the President, and a warm vigour by a considerable body on action ensued, which was main- Americans, who, after repeated tained with great gallantry on efforts, were repulsed with loss. both sides for two hours and a On the 25th Major-General Sir

Edward

Edward Pakenham arrived, and heartened that they began to watook the command of the army. ver. Major-General Lambert then In the morning of the 27th the bringing up the reserve, met the troops moved forward in two co- whole falling back in the greatlumns, and drove in the enemy's est confusion; and though he picquets to a situation within six restored order so far as to mainmiles of the town, where their tain the ground he occupied, it main body was discovered strong was not thought advisable to rely posted behind a canal, with a new the attempt. On learning breast-work in front, their right the success of Col. Thornton's resting on the Mississipi, in which attack, General Lambert sent an an armed ship was moored, so as artillery officer over the river to to enfilade any advancing assail- examine whether the post was ants, and their left touching a tenable, and from his report be thick wood. From that time to was induced to order it to be rethe 8th of January the interval linquished. Such was the unfor. was occupied in preparations of tunate termination of an enterboth sides for attack and defence. prise which appears to have been On the 8th the British army was undertaken with more courage formed for a general assault upon than judgment. The loss on this the enemy's line, to be preceded day was very serious, including by an attempt with a detached that of the General-in-chief killed, force under Col. Thornton to cross General Gibbs wounded so sethe river during the night, and verely as to die on the next day, proceeding along the right bank, General Keane wounded, 1 lieut.to carry the flanking battery of colonel killed, and 8 wounded, the Americans on that side. Va- and of the rest, officers and men, rious unforeseen difficulties re- about 2000 killed, wounded, and tarded the execution of this part prisoners. The final result was, of the plan till the co-operation that the whole army was relost its intended effect, though, embarked, leaving a few of the in the end, the battery was taken; most dangerously wounded, and and the main attack did not take carrying off its field artillery, place till there was light enough ammunition, and stores. for the enemy to descry the assail- The concluding operation of ants at more than 200 yards dis- the war was the capture of fort tance. A galling fire was imme- Mobille, planned by Admirał diately opened from every part of Cochrane and General Lambert. the American line, and in the The entrance into its bay being midst of it, General Pakenham, so well guarded by a fort that it riding forwards to animate his was thought unsafe to attempt men, received two shots, one of forcing a passage by the smaller which was almost instantly fatal. ships of war ; a body of troops He fell into the arms of his aide- was landed on February 7th, de-camp, and, at the same time, about three miles from the fort, Generals Keane and Gibbs were which was immediately invested, carried off wounded in sight of and the trenches were pushed to the troops, who were so much dis- within pistol-shot of the works.

The

The defence being obviously hope- On Feb. 21st, the President less, the commander capitulated sent a message to both houses of on the 11th, surrendering his Congress, accompanying the treagarrison of 366 men prisoners of ty of peace. In this paper, after

some general observations on the The treaty of peace concluded policy of being at all times in a at Ghent was ratified by the pre- state of preparation against the sident and senate of the United possible necessity of again having States on February 17th. By its recourse to arms, the President articles each party bound itself to expressed his confidence that the restore all places and possessions wisdom of congress would procaptured by it, with an exception vide “ for the maintenance of an of the islands ir Passamaquoddy adequate regular force; for the bay, which were to remain under gradual advance of the naval estatheir present occupation till the blishment; for improving all the right to them should be decided means of harbour-defence; for by two sworn commissioners, adding discipline to the bravery one of each nation. To a similar of the militia ; and for cultivatdecision were also referred some ing the art-military in its essenexisting doubts and disputes re- tial branches, under the liberal specting boundaries on the limits patronage of government.” We between Nova Scotia and the are not informed of the particuNew England States, and on the lars relative to the discussion of line through the Canadian lakes these topics; but it is said that the between the territories of the two peace establishment, after much powers. Prisoners of war were to debate between the two houses, be mutually restored after paying was fixed at 10,000 regulars; the debts they might have con

war.

from which small number it may tracted. Each party engaged to be concluded, that a general averterminate all hostilities with the sion existed against any attempt Indians with whom they might to promote a spirit of conquest in be at war, provided the latter the military system of the United should desist from hostilities on States. their part. Both parties agreed A treaty between Major-Gen. to continue their efforts for the Jackson and the Creek Indians, final abolition of the slave trade. by which the war of the latter Not the least notice was taken of against the United States had any of the national points at is- been terminated in August 1814, sue on the commencement of the was ratified by the President and war, and which were the occasion Senate on February 16th. By the of it; so that the continuance of first of its articles the Creeks cede peace must depend either upon to the United States all the land the absence of those circum- belonging to them within the stances which produced the dis- territories of the States lying putes, or upon a spirit of reeipro- west, south, and south easterly of cal moderation and conciliation, a certain line to be drawn by perhe desirable fruit of dear-bought sons appointed by the President, experience,

reserving, however, a certain por

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