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839.51/3602 The Secretary of State to the Minister in the Dominican Republic

(Schoenfeld) No. 188

WASHINGTON, November 17, 1931. The Secretary of State encloses for the information of the Minister at Santo Domingo a copy of a telegram, which was received from Lee, Higginson and Company,“ dealing with statements which that Company proposes to make to the holders of Dominican bonds. The Minister is informed that the Department has made no comments to Lee, Higginson and Company on the statements which that Company proposes to make.

[File copy not signed]

« Dated November 12, supra.

BOUNDARY DISPUTE WITH HAITI

(See volume I, pages 771 ff.)

ECUADOR

POLITICAL UNREST IN ECUADOR

822.00/791 : Telegram The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Acting Secretary of State

Qurto, August 24, 1931–4 p. m.

[Received August 25–1:03 a. m.] 37. Congress has just accepted resignation of President of Ecuador. Following prior resignation of Cabinet, Colonel Luis Larrea Alba was appointed Minister of Gobernacion and automatically under the constitution becomes Acting President. However, this appointment has not been well received by the people. Situation still continues uncertain.

DAWSON

822.00/792: Telegram The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Acting Secretary of State

QUITO, August 24, 1931–5 p. m.

[Received August 25–1:48 a. m.] 38. At personal request of Mrs. Ayora President and family are my guests in this Legation. Granting of temporary sanctuary is in my opinion fully justified until danger to personal safety of President has passed.

DAWSON

822.00/793: Telegram The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Acting Secretary of State

QUITO, August 25, 1931-8 a. m.

[Received 11:36 a. m.] 39. Colonel Larrea Alba appears to have the situation well in hand and the support of the entire Army. Evidences of popular feeling against him decreased visibly toward evening and the night passed quietly. Quito is quiet this morning and the Legation has no reports of disorders elsewhere.

DAWSON

822.001 Larrea Alba, Luis/2: Telegram The Chargé in Ecuador (Darson) to the Acting Secretary of State

QUITO, August 25, 1931–9 a. m.

[Received 3:32 p. m.] 40. Referring to my telegram No. 37, Colonel Larrea Alba does not have title of President but merely assumes charge of the Executive power. See articles 79 and 81 of Ecuadoran Constitution. Larrea was thoroughly loyal to the last government and took no subversive part in the movement against it. The transfer of the Executive power to him has been effected in accordance with the constitution. In the circumstances it appears to me that the question of recognition does not arise and that the Legation should deal with the present government as the lawfully constituted successor of that previously in power. I shall appreciate an early expression of the Department's views on this point.

DAWSON

322.2222/2: Telegram The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Acting Secretary of State

QUITO, August 25, 1931—11 a. m.

[Received 3:30 p. m.] 41. Referring to my telegram No. 38. As city is quiet Dr. Ayora and his family left the Legation this morning and returned to their home. They will return to the Legation immediately if there is any reason to believe that their safety is menaced.

DAWSON

322.2222/3: Telegram The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson)

WASHINGTON, August 25, 1931–5 p. m. 16. Legation's 38, August 24, 5 p. m. Inasmuch as you were convinced that former President Ayora was exposed to grave personal danger, the Department acquiesces in your keeping him and his family in the Legation during the present emergency but trusts that you will be able to obtain satisfactory assurances with respect to his safety so that he may depart at an early date.

The Department desires to remind you, however, of the consistent policy of this Government with respect to the so-called Doctrine of Asylum.

CASTLE

822.01/72a : Telegram
The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson)

WASHINGTON, August 26, 1931–6 p. m. 17. Legation's 40, August 25, 9 a. m. The Department concurs in your opinion that under the circumstances of Colonel Larrea Alba's accession to the Executive Power the question of recognition does not arise. The Legation may accordingly deal with the present Government as the constitutional successor to that of President Ayora.

Please report when elections shall have been called in accordance with Article 81 of the Constitution.

CASTLE

822.002/108: Telegram
The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Acting Secretary of State

Quito, September 1, 1931–6 p. m.

[Received 11:28 p. m.] 44. By two Executive decrees of today Senator Pedro L. Nunez has been appointed Minister of Finance and Presidential elections have been called for October 20 and 21 in compliance with article No. 81 of the constitution.

DAWSON

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822.00/813 : Telegram
The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Secretary of State

QUITO, October 15, 1931—10 a. m.

[Received 12:30 p. m.] 55. Larrea Alba proclaimed himself dictator at 5 o'clock this morning. He has encountered both military and popular opposition. Shots have already been exchanged between military forces and troops have fired upon the people. Situation very confusing and more fighting is feared.

DAWSON

822.00/814 : Telegram

The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Secretary of State

QUITO, October 15, 1931-4 p. m.

[Received October 16–9:25 a. m.] 56. Attempted dictatorship collapsed in face of opposition of unanimous Congress, people of Quito and majority of local troops. Further bloodshed and political chaos which threatened this morning

have been averted for the present at least by the resignation of Larrea Alba and previous appointment as Minister of Gobernacion of former President Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno who, in compliance with the constitution, has automatically assumed charge of the Executive power.

DAWSON

822.00/815 : Telegram
The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Secretary of State

QUITO, October 16, 1931–4 p. m.

[Received 10:08 p. m.] 57. City is quiet and assumption of Executive power by Baquerizo Moreno has been received with satisfaction on all sides.

DAWSON

822.00/817 : Telegram
The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Secretary of State

QUITO, October 18, 1931–3 p. m.

[Received October 1949:12 a. m.] 58. Following Cabinet Ministers have been appointed and very

well received:

Foreign Relations, Carlos Manuel Larrea; War, Leonardo Sotomayor Luna; Finance, Juan de Dios Martinez Mera; Education, Francisco Perez Borja.

Presidential elections will be held Tuesday and Wednesday as already planned.

DAWSON

822.00/818: Telegram
The Chargé in Ecuador (Dawson) to the Secretary of State

Quito, October 22, 1931—9 a. m.

[Received 4:09 p. m.] 59. Presidential elections held Tuesday and Wednesday were orderly, free and fair. Returns give Bonifaz a large plurality insuring his election. While Bonifaz had declined to identify himself with any party and received considerable conservative support he declared Tuesday night that liberal institutions would have nothing to fear from his administration.

DAWSON

591381-46—YOL. 11-17

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