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hat, by an act, passed, in England, during the war against the French Republicans, and still in existence, any man who shall do what these American Writers and Printers are now doing, is liable to be hanged, have his head cut off, his bowels ripped out, his carcase quartered, his quarters placed at the disposal of the King, and his estates and property confiscated!-Fools! to proclaim such proofs of the difference of the two Governments! The act, to which I allude, says, that "if any person shall attempt, by force or restraint, to compel the king to change his measures or counsels, or shall, in order to put any "force or restraint upon, or to intimidate,

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or overawe, both Houses, or either "House of parliament, or shall express "the same by publishing any printing,

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No. II. AMERICA.-Proofs of the real freedom of her people.-Mr. Randolph's Letter.-Triumph of Republican principles.

or writing, or by any other overt act, every such person shall be deemed a TRAITOR."---Now, this is what is where some of the Printers are actually doing daily through the press of America, advising the people to resist the laws of the Congress by force of arms, and to compel the Congress and President to do what these writers say is for the good of the country. So far are these writers and printers from apprehending any danger from such conduct, that they complain that they

Our Newspapers take infinite delight in speaking of the Hertford Congress, the Maryland Resolutions, &c. which

indicate a disposition in part of the peo-produce no effect by their labours. Mr. Madison and the Congress let them alone. If the people chose to resist; why, it is the people's affair; the measures and counsels must be changed, and all is quiet again. There can be no danger to Mr. Madison or the Members of the Congress, who gain nothing by governing the country; and who can only want to do the best for their own proper estates and liberties, in common with those of the rest of the community. Such a Government can want neither treason laws nor troops to protect it; because the people may put out the rulers, and appoint others when they please, and because those rulers have no private interest to make them regret the loss of of Virginia, who, a great partisan against power. There is a Mr. RANDOLPH, the President and the war, has published a long letter to the people of America, which our Times and Courier have republished, and upon which the Times makes the following remarks, which are very interesting to intelligent readers, because they shew clearly the mortification

ple of America to resist those laws, passed by the Congress, which they deem op pressive, and they found this projected resistance upon the old principle, that resistance of oppression is a RIGHT inherent in freemen.-Our Times, Courier, Chronicle, and other corrupt party papers, applaud this conduct in the discontented part of the Americans.-Fools! they do not see, that the very fact of such intended resistance being openly declared through the American press, without even a thought of it being dangerous so to do, is the greatest compliment that they can possibly pay to the American Government, and the strongest proof that they can give us of the real freedom of her press and her people.Fools! to tell the world so much about this openly proposed resistance, when its passing like a summer cloud, unheeded, is the sure and certain proof of the perfect freedom of the Republican Govern ment, which, in practice, secures the right of resisting, as well as complaining of, oppressionFools! -Fools! do they not know,

and might possibly disturb the peace off
His Majesty's Dominions, request tha
you will be pleased to convene a Meeting
of the County on a day as little distant
as may be convenient, in order to take
into consideration and to discuss the pro-
priety of presenting a Petition to the two
Houses of Parliament, earnestly praying
that no such measure may be adopted;
and also praying for the repeal of laws,
hostile to our rights and liberties, passed
during the late war, and for a constitu-
tional Reform in the Representation of
the People in the Cominons' House of
Parliament.
Date

N. B. The letters, conveying the Requisitions must be post paid; as it is not reasonable that I should be put to any expence on account of it.

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' against the Tyrant before whom all the "rest of Christendom had bowed,' he

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of these hirelings at the language which even their favourites are compelled to use in America in order to avoid universal execration." A New York paper of the 27th of December contains a long letter from the celebrated Mr. Randolph,"fred, and Bacon, aud Shakspeare, "a Statesman no less distinguished by "and Milton, and Locke.' He avows, "his staunch nationality and republican- 'that during our magnanimous stand ism, than by his persevering opposition "to Mr. Madison's Government. The "Convention of the New England States put up fervent prayers for our success ; "at Hertford, and the strong probability "but the fact which he alleges in proof "that their proceedings would terminate "of our having abandoned the high "in a dissolution of the Union, have" "ground on which we then stood, and "called forward Mr. Randolph as a ve- "descended to the level of a jacobinical "hement advocate against a 66 measure hostility, is one which deserves, and "which this gentleman considers so me- "will perhaps hereafter demand some in"nacing to liberty. Happily for him "vestigation. Let not her orators,' says "these alarms are at an end. Our Di-he, declaim against the enormity of plomatists at Ghent have not only French principles, when she permits signed the death-warrant of the Hert-"herself to arm and discipline our "ford Convention, but have abandoned "slaves, and to lead them into the field "to the vengeance of their countrymen "the people of Nantucket, who had" "declared for neutrality, as well as those "of Maine, who had sworn allegiance to "his Majesty. We have forcibly re66 united States destined,' in the pro"phetic language of Mr. Randolph, become within the present century a "mighty nation,-a confederacy which has already given a deep blow to our "maritime pride, and threatens, at no "distant day, to dispute with us the em'pire of the ocean.' It is of importance" cipal object of his letter, Mr. Randolph "that we should urgently call the atten-" is grossly inconsistent. He professes "tion of our readers, as Britous, to this "an ardent love of liberty, not jacobini"language-language proceeding not" cal, but of ancient English growth. He "from a promoter, but from a steady op

'against their masters, in the hope of exciting by their example a general 'insurrection, and thus rendering Virginia another St. Domingo.' What grounds there may be for this charge--a heavy one it undoubtedly is--we pre"jess not to know; but we do trust it "will not turn out, upon enquiry, that we have sanctioned the American trea

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chery of bribing our seamen to desert,

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by an example of conduct still more to be reprobated. In regard to the prin

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argues, that this liberty must perish in "America if the prescut constitution be overthrown; and yet he tacitly admits "that under that constitution every spark "of real liberty has become extinct. Atheists and madmen,' says he, 'have been our lawgivers. The press is "under a virtual imprimatur.'The "union is held together by no common "authority to which men can look up "with confidence and respect.' 'Cou

ponent of the war; not from an ad"mirer, but from an open despiser of the "American cabinet. Yet even this man, "in the moment of actual bankruptcy "to the Government, and of impending "dissolution to the union of the States, "can triumph over Great Britain, and augur the speedy subjection of her power! What will he say, when he "learns that the uplifted rod of vengeance was stayed by a treaty, in which we affected to consult only the honour and the fair pretensions' of Ame"rica? He will not even give us credit for "our liberality; for as the general tenour of his letter shews him to be con"vinced that our conduct in the war has "been mean, and dastardly, and barba

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rous, so he will attribute to nothing "but cowardice the abandonment of all

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our high pretensions at the peace. Mr. Randolph, unlike most of his countrys men, professes to be proud of the Eng"lish blood in his veins,' and to look "back with pride on the names of Al

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"would have held out to all the States of commerce, now preparing between “who knew how to value the gift, a liberal | America and France, has been two months "and BROTHERLY ALLIANCE, such as in force, and we see the sea covered with that so eloquently sketched in Burke's American ships, the Members of the "address to the North American colo- | Hertford Convention will have been as nists-perhaps the most beautiful and completely forgotten as the insects, on "affecting State Paper ever penned."-which they have trodden, going to and Now, reader, do you happen to know, from the place of their sittings.-The whether the sublime BURKE penned this triumph of republican principles is now "most beautiful and affecting State- complete in America. The press has Paper" before, or after, he got his pen- never, in any one instance, been shackled; sion for life of 3,000l. a year?-Fool! every one has been free to say, to write, he wished did he, for "a brotherly alli- to publish, just what he pleased, "though “ance" with those states, who knew the country was invaded in many parts "how to value the gift." Oh ass! Insuf- at once, and though the Houses of the ferable fool! how will the Americans Congress and President were in flames. laugh at the idea of a "brotherly all- No law for the security of freedom has “once” with. . . . and . . . . and . . ever been suspended; no restraint put and .... Oh, that I could speak out! upon the tongue or the pen of any man, But, faith, they will speak out for me on other than the natural, the just, restraint the other side of the water. "A brotherly imposed by public opinion, by a sense of “alliance!" I told the fool long ago, that shame, or by a fear of the contempt and he knows nothing of the Americans. I hatred of men's neighbours. The Presitold him, that, whatever noise the aris- dent and the Congress have stood in need tocrats might make about a separation of no guards to defend them. All has of the Union, they would draw in their been free and safe at heart, and every horns, when the pinch came, and even hostile arm at the disposal of the country join the rest of the people against us. for its defence against the foreign enemy. It is very true, however, as this man-The fool of the Times keeps harping observes, that, in the treaty of Ghent, upon the bankrupt state of the American "we signed the death warrant of the Government. Oh, fool, fool! Why, this "Hertford convention;" but, so far ought only adds to the praises of the repubwe to be from lamenting this, we ought to lican system, which gets the better of all rejoice at it, seeing that that convention such difficulties; which knows no weakhad for its real object the forcing into nesses from such a cause; which, with power a set of aspiring men, who aim at or without money, pushes out its squathe debasement of their country by the drons, arms its people, and obtains peace introduction of distinctions incompatible on honorable terms. This fool has so long with republican freedom. If those men been used to talk of money as the sinews had succeeded in their undertaking, of war; to look upon subsidies and merAmerica would have become an object cenary troops and secret services as the of contempt, instead of being, what she means of defending a country, that he now is, an object of envy. The flame supposes, that the moment a government of real liberty it was the design of these is poor, the country must be subdued, vain men to extinguish. Ought we not if any one will be at the trouble of atto rejoice, that the death warrant of tacking. The fool does not perceive, that such a nest of conspirators was signed national defence, in America, is the busiby our worthy Regent? We do not likeness of the people themselves; that the conspirators at home; why ought we to President has no more to do with it, as like them abroad? The leaders of the to his private interest, than any other "British convention," in Scotland, who man; and, in short, every citizen having wanted a reform of Parliament, were something to fight for, the Commontransported to Botany Bay, The lead-wealth is defended, with all its instituers of the New England Convention, tions, laws and liberties, though there be will be merely" sent to Coventry." They not a shilling in the public treasury. may, perhaps, now and then, meet with PAINE observed very truly, that a rich a republican to spit upon them; but, government made a poor people. In that will be the utmost of their punish-America the people are rich and the goBy the time that the new treaty | vernment poor; and that, apparently is

nient.

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the state of things which that queer sort | None of these addresses have vet been of a nation prefers. We like a different translated; but their general tendency state of things. We like a rich and splen- may be easily inferred, from the followdid government, decorated with Crowns, ing Answer of the King to the adCaronets, Mitres, Robes and Gowns, dress presented by the Nobility of dignified Wigs, Maces and Golden Naples. This answer also shews, that Coaches, and tall strait beautiful men on Murat himself entertains no fears as to horseback and on foot dressed in scarlet, the safety of his throne or the independblue, and gold. Our taste is, out of allance of the nation;--" The address of "the Nobility of my kindom was highly " flattering to my heart; the feeling and "wishes which it expresses fully agree. "with my views and sentiments. Never "did the Nobility shew itself more wor

doubt, the best; but, then, we may lot the poor hoghanmoghan republicans quietly enjoy their meals of beef, geese, ducks, and turkeys. They are feasting the belly; we the eyes. If ours is the most refined taste, let us pity the repub-thy than on this solemu occasion, when

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licans, and suffer them to feast in quiet.

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setting aside its own pretensions, and "forgetting its ancient privileges, it has MURAT, KING OF NAPLES.-There "spoken for the good of the Sovereign can be no doubt, from the proceedings "aud of the State. It has spoken the on the trial of General Excelinan, that " language of patriotism and honour. Joachim Murat is, at this moment, re- "The Neapolitan nation will eternally garded as an enemy by the present reign- honour the name of so many long ceing family of France. I am sorry for lebrated families, of so many distinthis, because, although I have no very guished by late services; and my sucgreat liking for Kings, I consider Murat«cessors will know how to distinguish to be one of the Lest Sovereigns that has them, who have now, by their disinappeared in Europe for, at least, a cen-terestedness, acquired fresh glory. The tury. According to the most correct in- nobility wish for institutions which may formation, his subjects are entirely de- "insure the duration of a liberal Govoted to him, and this would not be the vernment. This wish must be that' case if he were a despot, er abandoned i of the whole nation, and I know that it to the gratification of umatural, or inor-is-so. It would have been alreadydinate passions, instead of making the fullled had not political storms inwelfare of his people the chief object of peded my views. Our first want is his care. But, however much he may the independence of the notion, THIS be hated by the Bourbons, and by the "IS OBTAINED-it is secured by the priests, who, I have no doubt, were the authors of the late attempt to poison him, Murat appears to be on the best possible terms with the Emperor of Austria, who possesses the means of making his ally be respected, should there be any intention on the part of France to question his right to the throne of Naples With regard to what is said about Jenckim's designs against the Pope, nothing has appeared in a shape suficiently authentic, to enable me to form a correet opinion, though I should be well pleased to hear that the tempora!, as well

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valour of my army. We may now em"ploy curselves in the internal organiz "ation of the kingdom, and all my

thoughts are directed to this important object. Institutions suitable to our "times are equally necessary for the good

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of the nation, and for the splendour "and security of the throne. I declare

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that it gives me less pleasure to govern, than in the midst of this people “whom I so greatly love, and which has "sheren so much love to me, to found a regular Government, surrounded by the Counsellers of the nation, to preserve

as the spiritual power of is Holiness,it from passion end error; eGovernhad received an irrecoverable blow.- ment, which will always be opp roved by In the midst of the dangers which" the brave Neapolitan nation, because its threaten Murat, addresses of congra-only object can be their happiness. if tulation are pouring in from all parts of the Nobility leave to their successors his kingdom, to which his great merits," the glorious character they now disnot only as a Sovereign, and a States- play, my successers will find in them, man, but as a man, are much, and, in as I do, the brightest support of the my opinion, deservedly dwelt upon."

"C

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throne."

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THE INQUISITION.

SIR, I beg leave to call the attention of your readers to the following most extraordinary proclamation, which I have copied from the Times newspaper of the 1st instant: "Madrid, Jan. 12. "By order of Don Francisco Mier y "Campillo, Bishop of Almeria, and Inquisitor-General, a proclamation, in "substance as follows, has been affix"ed to the doors of all the churches: "[It begins with reciting the Pope's "Bull (formerly published) against 'free-masons, &c. and then proceeds "as follows:-We have learned that a "number of Spaniards, yielding to the "frightful yoke of our oppressors, and "drawn into foreign countries, have had "the weakness to connect themselves "with those societies which lead to sedi"tion, insubordination, to every error, " and to all crimes; we at the same time "trust that such individuals, restored to

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liberty and their country, will recollect "that they are Spaniards, and will, "after the example of their ancestors, "submit with docility and respect to "the voice of the Supreme Pastor, and "of our legitimate Sovereign. With "the advice of the Members of his "Majesty's Council, and of the Holy "Inquisition, we offer now to receive, with open arms, and all the tenderness befitting our character and functions, "those who within a fortnight from the "date of the publication of the present edict, shall voluntarily and spontanecsly give themselves up to us: "but if any one (which God forbid!) "continue obstinate in the path of per-will, the entire government of its in"dition, we will employ, to our great mates. No circumstance the most trifling regret, severity and rigour, and sub-can take place, without his knowledge or ject them to all the penalties inflicted concurrence, even to visitors received, or by the civil and canon law. We visits paid. In families not rich enough. "order the present edict to be read in to render the residence of a priest suffi"all the churches of the kingdom, and ciently comfortable, the daily visitor is as "to be fixed up at all the church-doors, much master of every action that passes "from whence it must not be taken within doors, as though he resided in the "down without our permission, under house. The chief inquisitor, in towns "pain of the greater excommunication, of moderate size, is not always a priest. "and 200 ducats fine." This procla- He is very often the principal inhabitant; mation cannot but excite in the minds that is to say, the person possessing the of all liberal men, the most lively sen-most consideration. In this case, the sations of alarm.-For several days appointment is received by him from the past all accounts from Spain have Inquisitor General at Madrid; and he is brought the information, that it was obliged to undertake the office, and per the intention of Ferdinand the VIIth to form its functions, however repugnant adopt, at the advice of M. Cevallos, they may be to his feeling. Tins it of

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measures of conciliation towards the suffering inhabitants of his kingdom. It is therefore with encreased astonishment that I have perused the above document. A long residence in that coun try, and a very perfect knowledge of its customs, enables me to judge very accurately the inclinations, and manners of thinking, of the great body of the peopie. I have, therefore, no hesitation in most positively stating, in defiance of whatever the hireling press may say to the contrary, that the establishment of the dominion of the priests, is in complete contradiction to the general wish of the people. The effect of the Inquisition is little understood in this country. It is either greatly exaggerated, or, by its apologists, extenuated into nothing. I will endeavour to explain to you, Sir, its general operations upon society, which is by far the most important way in which it ought to be considered, affecting as it does the interior economy of every family.

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The chief seat of this tribunal is at Madrid, where it is under the government of the Inquisitor General, a numerous council, and a very extended suite of subordinate officers. In every city, and even to the smallest towns in the kingdom, a miniature fac simile of this establishment exists, composed precisely in the same way; with this single difference, that in the provinces the inquisitors are not publicly avowed, only guessed at. In every family, there is either a resident priest, or one who daily visits, or investigates its most minute concerns. If he resides in the house, he regulates at his

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