« PreviousContinue »
CAVALRY. 1071a. Composition and organization of regiment.-Each regiment of Cavalry shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, three majors, fifteen captains, sixteen first lieutenants, sixteen second lieutenants, one headquarters troop, one machine-gun troop, one supply troop, and twelve troops organized into three squadrons of four troops each. Sec. 18, Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 178).
(See paragraph 929i for increase of 17 colonels of Cavalry and 4 colonels of Infantry to equalize inequalities in past promotions of officers of the line of the Army. See, also, paragraph 935a, ante, for authorization for transfer and promotion or transfer without promotion from one arm of the service to another, in order to lessen inequalities in promotion due to increase in number of officers of line of the Army.)
1071b. Provisional organization of Cavalry into Field Artillery or Infantry.-During the present emergency the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to organize provisionally as Field Artillery or Infantry and to use as Field Artillery or Infantry during the existing emergency such regiments of Cavalry as he may designate. Act of Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 398).
1071c. Same-Reorganization as cavalry regiments on termination of war.- Immediately after the termination of the existing emergency such regiments shall be reorganized as Cavalry regiments in accordance with the prescribed organization of such regiments. Id.
1074a. Composition of squadrons and troops.-Each squadron shall consist of one major, one first lieutenant (squadron adjutant), and four troops. Each troop in squadron shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, five sergeants, eight corporals, two cooks, two horseshoers, one saddler, two buglers, ten privates (first class), and thirty-six privates.2 Sec. 18, Act of June
( 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 178).
(For authorization for 1.000 additional sergeants for detail from the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Corps of Engineers, Coast Artillery Corps, Medical Department, and Signal Corps of the Regular Army, with corresponding organizations of the National Guard, to assist in the instruction of its personnel and the care of property; and the similar detail of 100 additional sergeants with the disciplin: ry organizations at the United States Disciplinary Barracks, see paragraph 1332a.)
* Regiments of Cavalry organized provisionally as Field Artillery under the act of October 6, 1917, cease for the time being to be Cavalry regiments. An officer of such a reorganized regiment should wear the insignia and sign his rank as of the regiments of Field Artillery in which he is serving. (War Dept. Bull. 75, Dec. 31, 1917.)
Under the third paragraph of section 1 of the selective-draft act, the President has authority to provide that Cavalry regiments organized provisionally as Field Artillery may retain their existing noncommissioned personnel until absorbed, but no special authority can be given to a single organization to do
(10.) * lIeld, that the national-defense act hy not including farriers in the composition prescribed for Cavalry units abolished that grade with the result thut enlisted men holding the grade of farrier reverted to the grade of private and will continue to serve as such unless they are appointed to some grade authorized by the national-defense act. (War. Dept. Bull. 34, Sept. 12, 1916.)
1074b. Composition of headquarters troops.--Each headquarters troops shall consist of one captain (regimental adjutant), one regimental sergeant major, three squadron sergeants major, one first sergeant (drum major), two color sergeants, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, one sergeant, two cooks, one horseshoer, one saddler, two privates (first class), and nine privates, one band leader, one assistant band leader, one sergeant bugler, two band sergeants, four band corporals, two musicians (first class), four musicians (second class), and thirteen musicians (third class). Id.
1074c. Composition of machine-gun troops.—Each machine-gun troop shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, two second lieutenants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, two horseshoers, five sergeants, six corporals, two cooks, one mechanic, one saddler, two buglers, twelve privates (first class), and thirty-five privates. Id.
1074d. Composition of supply troops.—Each supply troop shall consist of one captain (regimental supply officer), two second lieutenants, three regimental supply sergeants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one stable sergeant, one corporal, one cook, one horseshoer, one saddler, and one wagoner 2 for each authorized wagon of the field and combat train. Id. 179.
(For the next ensuing provision of this section see paragraph 1075a.)
1074e. Commissioned officers for troop organizations to be assigned from officers authorized. The commissioned officers required for the Cavalry headquarters, supply, and machine-gun troops, and for the troops organized into squadrons, shall be assigned from those hereinbefore authorized. Id.
(For the provision of this section immediately preceding this paragraph see 1075a.)
1075a. Increase of noncommissioned officers and privates.-The President may, in his discretion, increase each troop of Cavalry by ten privates (first class) and twenty-five privates; the headquarters
* Held, that service of a commissioned officer in command of such a headquarters company or troop constitutes service “with a troop, battery, or company," within the purview of the detached-service act of 1912. (War Dept. Bull. 39, Oct. 6, 1916.)
2 An enlisted man who was furloughed to the Regular Army Reserve in the grade of wagoner of Cavalry was, upon being recalled to the colors for active duty by the President's summons of July 18, 1916, taken up and carried on the rolls as private, under the view that the grade of wagoner of Cavalry was abolished by the national-defense act of June 3, 1916.
Held, that the grade of wagoner of Cavalry was not abolished by the nationaldefense act, but was preserved in the supply company created for each regiment of Cavalry as provided by section 18 of that act, and that therefore the soldier under consideration was entitled to be carried on the rolls in the grade of wagoner of Cavalry and paid as such, in accordance with paragraph 86 of the Regulations for the Regular Army Reserve, 1916. (War Dept. Bull. 26, May 7, 1917.)
troop by two sergeants, five corporals, one horseshoer, five privates (first class), and eighteen privates; each machine-gun troop by three sergeants, two corporals, one mechanic, one private (first class), and fourteen privates; each supply troop by one corporal, one cook, one saddler, and one horseshoer. Id.
(For the provision of this section immediately preceding this paragraph see paragraph 1074d, and for the ensuing provision see paragraph 1074e.)
1083a. Subscriptions for newspapers and periodicals under Chief of Coust Artillery.-Section thirty-six hundred and forty-eight, Revised Statutes, shall not apply to subscriptions for foreign and professional newspapers and periodicals to be paid for from this appropriation. Act of Mar. 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1063).
1084a. Officers retired before separation of Field and Coast Artillery to be regarded as having belonged to Field Artillery.-In determining the rights of officers in the last proviso of section twentyfourt of said national-defense Act, officers retired before the separation of the Field Artillery from the Coast Artillery shall be regarded as having belonged to the Field Artillery. Act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 623).
(For provisions of this chapter relating to the Field Artillery see paragraph 1090.-10911.)
COAST ARTILLERY CORPS.
1086a. Composition of.—The Coast Artillery Corps əhall consist of one Chief of Coast Artillery, with the rank of brigadier general; 2 twenty-four colonels; twenty-four lieutenant colonels; seventytwo majors; three hundred and sixty captains; three hundred and sixty first lieutenants; three hundred and sixty second lieutenants; thirty-one sergeants majors, senior grade; sixty-four sergeants major, junior grade; forty-one master electricans; seventy-two engineers; ninety-nine electrician sergeants, first class; two hundred and seventy-five assistant engineers; ninety-nine electrician sergeants, second class; one hundred and six firemen; ninety-three radio sergeants; sixty-two master gunners; two hundred and sixty-three first sergeants; two hundred and sixty-three supply sergeants; two hundred and sixty-three mess sergeants; two thousand one hundred and four sergeants; three thousand one hundred and fiftysix corporals; five hundred and twenty-six cooks; five hundred and twenty-six mechanics; five hundred and twenty-six buglers; five thousand two hundred and twenty-five privates, first class; fifteen thousand six hundred and seventy-five privates; and eighteen bands,
See paragraph 958f for the provision referred to.
For provision in section 3, Act of October 6, 1917, giving the Chief of Coast Artillery the rank, pay, and allowances of major general, see paragraph 373, ante.
* For composition of the Engineer band see paragraph 792, ante.
organized as hereinbefore provided for the Engineer Band. Sec. 20, Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 180).
(l'or authorization for 1,000 additional sergeants for detail from the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Corps of Engineers, Coast Artillery Corps, Medical Department, and Signal Corps of the Regular Army, with corresponding orgulnizations of the National Guard, to assist in the instruction of its personnel and the care of property; and the similar detail of 100 additional sergeants with the disciplinary organizations at the United States Disciplinary Barracks, See paragraph 1332a.)
Held, that the effect of the provision quoted from section 28 is only to prevent le reduction in the pay of grades and has no application where a grade is : bolished and a new grade created in lieu thereof, as in the present case, and ihat, therefore, the band corporal who was reduced from a principal musician, could not, while he held the position of band corporal, receive more as base pay than that prescribed by the statute for that grade. (War Dept. Bull. 39, Oct. 0, 1916.)
The plan of organization of the Engineer units is provided for in section 11 of the same act. The grade of mess sergeant is included in each company, but pot specified for the band organization.
1cld, that the organization of each of the 18 bands of the Coast Artillery Corps being legally the same as that of the Engineer band, the grade of sergeant is not included, since this grade is not included in the Engineer Corps as prescribed by statute. It is the intention of that law that the 263 mess sergeants authorized in section 20 of the act of June 3, 1916, shall suffice for all organizations of the Coast Artillery Corps, and band sergeants of said corps may not be detailed as mess sergeants. (Comp. Treas., Apr. 10, 1917; War Dept. Bull. 26, May 7, 1917.)
1086b. Same_Composition and number of rated men; pay of coxsuains.-The rated men of the Coast Artillery Corps shall consist of casemate electricians; observers, first class; plotters; chief planters; coxswains; chief loaders; observers, second class; gun commanders and gun pointers. The total number of rated men shall not exceed one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four. Coxswains shall receive $9 per month in addition to the pay of their grade. Id.
1086c. Chief of Coast Artillery to have rank of major general.Hereafter the Chief of Coast Artillery shall have the rank, pay, and allowances of a major general. Act of July 6, 1916 (39 Stat. 349).
FIELD ARTILLERY.1 1090a. Composition and organization of.—The Field Artillery, including mountain artillery, light artillery, horse artillery, heavy artillery (field and siege types), shall consist of one hundred and twenty-six gun or howitzer batteries organized into twenty-one regiments. Sec. 19, Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stut. 179).
(For provision that certain officers retired before the separation of the Field Artillery froin the Coast Artillery shall be regarded as having belonged to the Fielil Artillery in determining their rights, see paragraph 1084a, ante.)
1090b. Organization of ammunition and depot batteries and battalions and artillery parks in time of actual or threatened hostilities.-In time of actual or threatened hostilities the President is authorized to organize such number of ammunition batteries and
?For authorization for the provisional organization of cavalry into Field Artillery or Infantry during the present emergency, see paragraphs 1071b and 1071c, ante.
battalions, depot batteries and battalions, and such artillery parks, with such number and grades of personnel and such organizations as he may deem necessary. The officers necessary for such organization shall be supplied from the Officers' Reserve Corps provided by this Act and by temporary appointment, as authorized by section eight of the Act of Congress approved April twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and fourteen. The enlisted men necessary for such organizations shall be supplied from the Regular Army Reserve provided by this Act or from the Regular Army. Id.
1090c. Composition of regiment.---Each regiment of Field Artillery shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one captain, one headquarters company, one supply company, and such number of gun and howitzer battalions as the President may direct. Nothing shall prevent the assembling, in the same regiment, of gun and howitzer battalions of different calibers and classes. Id.
1091a. Composition of gun or howitzer battery.-Each gun or howitzer battery shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, two second lieutenants, one first sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, one mess sergeant, six sergeants, thirteen corporals, one chief mechanic, one saddler, two horseshoers, one mechanic, two buglers, three cooks, twenty-two privates (first class), and seventyone privates. Id.
For authorization of 1,000 additional sergeants for detail from the Infantry, Cavalry. Field Artillery. Corps of Engineers, Coast Artillery Corps, Medical Department, and Signal Corps of the Regular Army, with corresponding organizations of the National Guard, to assist in the instruction of its personnel and the care of property ; and the similar detail of 100 additional sergeants with the disciplinary organizations at the United States Disciplinary Barracks, see paragraph 133 a.)
1091b. Same-Packmaster, assistant, and cargador for mountain battery in absence of enlisted men of Quartermaster Corps for such positions. When no enlisted men of the Quartermaster Corps are attached for such positions there shall be added to each battery of mountain artillery one packmaster (sergeant, first class), one assistant packmaster (sergeant), and one cargador (corporal). Id.
1091c. Composition of headquarters company in regiment of two battalions. Each headquarters company of a regiment of two battalions shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one regimental sergeant major, two battalion sergeants major, one first sergeant, two color sergeants, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, two sergeants, nine corporals, one horseshoer, one
See chapter entitled “ Volunteers,” paragraph 1389, or 38 Stat. 349.
* Held, that it is clearly the intent of the statute that said rates in the Quartermaster Corps shall apply to enlisted men occupying the positions of packmaster, assistant packmaster, and cargador, respectively, whether the men are assigned from the Quartermaster Corps or are “added " as provided by the act.
(War Dept. Bull, 28, Aug. 18, 1916.)