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the large quantity of mustard-feed allowed by the government to the seamen by way of experiment. The Dutch who refide here, speak of it as a miracle, and make it the chief subject of their conversation.
An abstract of the letters patent, granted by
his Majesty, for the aforesaid invention.
EORGE the Second, by the grace of God, of
Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the faith, &c. To all to whom these
presents shall come, greeting. Whereas our trusty and well-beloved Samuel Sutton, of our city of London, brewer, hath, by his petition, represented unto us, that he has, after long study, much pains, great expense, and repeated experiments, found out, and brought to perfection, a new invention or method for extracting foul air out of ships by means of fire, and will equally contribute to the removing of all noxious air whatsoever, and may be conveniently applied to mines and caverns in the earth, dungeons, prisons, and all infected places; that the said invention may be used in hot-houses and walls, which will greatly warm the carth, for the speedy production of its fruits, and also in granaries for the preservation of corn and grain ; that the faid invention will greatly tend to the prefervation of the lives of great numbers of our subjects, and be of public use and benefit to this our kingdom in general : and as the petitioner is the first and sole discoverer of the said invention, or method, and also, in regard to the great expense of money and time the petitioner has sustained, in making so valuable a discovery;
he therefore most humbly prays us, that we would be pleased to grant him our royal letters patent, for the fole use and benefit of his faid new invention, within that part of our kingdom of Great Britain called England, and the dominion of Wales, and town of Berwick upon Tweed, and in our plantations in America, for the term of fourteen years, according to the statute in fuch casc made and provided : We being willing to give encouragement to all arts and inventions, which may be for the public good, are graciously pleafed to condescend to the petitioner's request. Know ye therefore, that We, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have given and granted, and by these prefents, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, do give and grant unto the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, and af signs, our especial licence, full power, fole privilege, and authority, that he the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, and alligns, and every of them, by himself, and themselves, or by his and their deputy or deputies, fervants or agents, or such others as he the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, or assigns, shall at any time agree with, and no others, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, during the term of years herein expressed, shall and lawfully may make, ufe, exercise, and vend his faid invention, within that part of our kingdom of Great Britain called England, our dominion of Wales, and town of Berwick upon Tweed, and our colonies and plantations in America, in such manner, as to him the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, adminiftrators, and assigns, or any of them, shall in their discretions seem moet : and that the faid Samuel Sut
ton, his executors, administrators, and alligns, shall
or cause to be made, any addition thereunto, or fub. traction from the fame, whereby to pretend himself, or themselves the inventor or inventors, devisor or devisors thereof, without the licence, consent, or agreement of the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, or afligns, in writing under his or their hands and feals, first had and obtained in that behalf, upon such pains and penalties as can or may be justly inflicted on such offenders, for their contempt of this our royal command ; and further, to be answerable to the faid Samuel Sutton, his exécutors, administrators, and assigns, according to law, for his and their damages thereby occafioned. And moreover we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and succesfours, will and command all and singular the justices of the peace, mayors, sheriffs, bailiffs, conftables, headboroughs, and all other officers, and ministers whatsoever of us, our heirs and successours, för the time being, that they or any of them do not, nor shall at any time hereafter, during the faid term hereby granted, in any wise molest, trouble, or hinder the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, or assigns, or any of them, or his, or their deputy, fervants, or agents, in or about the due and lawful use or exercise of the aforesaid invention, or any thing relating thereto.
And lastly, We do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successours, grant unto the faid Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, and assigns, that these our letters patent, or the inrolment or exemplification thereof, shall be in and by all things good, firm, valid, sufficient, and effectual in the law, according to the true intent and meaning thereof, and shall
be taken, construed, and adjudged, in the most favourable and beneficial sense, for the best advantage of the said Samuel Sutton, his executors, administrators, and assigns, as well in all our courts of record as elsewhere, and by all and singular the officers and ministers whatsoever of us, our heirs and successours, in that part of our faid kingdom of Great Britain called England, or dominion of Wales, and town of Berwick upon Tweed, and our colonies and plantations in America aforesaid, and amongst all and every the subjects of us, our heirs and succeflours, whatsoever and wherefoever, notwithstanding the not full and certain describing the nature or quality of the said invention, or of the materials thereto conducing and belonging. In witness whereof, We have caused these our letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at Westminster, the fixteenth day of March, in the feventeenth year of our reign.